Music Appreciation Final

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Music Quizzes & Trivia
Music Appreciation Final Exam Prep

  
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  • 1. 
    The curriculum called the quadrivium was made up of what subjects?
    • A. 

      Arithmetic, grammar, geometry, and music

    • B. 

      Music, geometry, astronomy and logic

    • C. 

      Music, arthimatic, geometry, and astronomy

    • D. 

      None of the above

    • E. 

      Rhetoric, music, arithmetic, astronomy


  • 2. 
    Boethius transcribed ancient treatises from what country?
    • A. 

      Italy

    • B. 

      Greece

    • C. 

      France

    • D. 

      Germany

    • E. 

      England


  • 3. 
    A ______ occurs when two or ore pitches sound simultaneously.
    • A. 

      Melody

    • B. 

      Motive

    • C. 

      Concerto

    • D. 

      Chord

    • E. 

      Diminuendo


  • 4. 
    The term, referring to the organization of time in music, gives shape to the pitches of the melody.
    • A. 

      Accent

    • B. 

      Rhythm

    • C. 

      Meter

    • D. 

      Harmony

    • E. 

      Syncopation


  • 5. 
    When beats are gathered into regular groups, what is the result?
    • A. 

      Meter

    • B. 

      Rhythm

    • C. 

      Ritard

    • D. 

      Upbeats

    • E. 

      Tempo


  • 6. 
    The downbeat is:
    • A. 

      The strongest beat in any given measure

    • B. 

      The first beat in a measure

    • C. 

      More accented than other beats

    • D. 

      Indicated by a downward movement of the conductor's hand

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 7. 
    Which term describes placing an accent on a weak beat or between the beats?
    • A. 

      Ritard

    • B. 

      Tempo

    • C. 

      Syncopation

    • D. 

      Triad

    • E. 

      Pickup


  • 8. 
    Which term means the speed at which beats progress?
    • A. 

      Tempo

    • B. 

      Syncopation

    • C. 

      Accent

    • D. 

      Dissonance

    • E. 

      Homophony


  • 9. 
    What is the term for the even pulse that divides the passing of musical time into equal segments?
    • A. 

      Measure

    • B. 

      Tempo

    • C. 

      Phrase

    • D. 

      Beat

    • E. 

      Ritard


  • 10. 
    Which definition is appropriate to melody?
    • A. 

      A recognizable and memorable series of notes that form a cohesive musical line

    • B. 

      An arrangement of pitches that ascend and descend in a fixed, unvarying pattern

    • C. 

      The movement of music through time

    • D. 

      A short, distinctive figure

    • E. 

      The element that adds depth and dimension to music


  • 11. 
    What is the name for the central pitch around which melodies gravitate and on which they generally end?
    • A. 

      Phrase

    • B. 

      Consequent

    • C. 

      Clef

    • D. 

      Key

    • E. 

      Tonic


  • 12. 
    What is the term describing the change in tonal center from one key to another?
    • A. 

      Modulation

    • B. 

      Cadence

    • C. 

      Tonality

    • D. 

      Syncopation

    • E. 

      Counterpoint


  • 13. 
    _________ is the pattern of pitches that form a scale.
    • A. 

      Great staff

    • B. 

      Key signature

    • C. 

      Mode

    • D. 

      Ritard

    • E. 

      Timbre


  • 14. 
    What is a unit of two or more pitches that sound at the same time?
    • A. 

      Arpeggio

    • B. 

      Blues

    • C. 

      Interval

    • D. 

      Chord

    • E. 

      Meter


  • 15. 
    Chords that are _____ consist of pitches that sound agreeable and stable.
    • A. 

      Homophonic

    • B. 

      Syncopated

    • C. 

      Consonant

    • D. 

      Motivic

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 16. 
    The term that refers to the level of volume at which sounds are produced is:
    • A. 

      Homophony

    • B. 

      Crescendo

    • C. 

      Texture

    • D. 

      Dynamics

    • E. 

      Sforzando


  • 17. 
    Which term is synonymous with "color"?
    • A. 

      Crescendo

    • B. 

      Glissando

    • C. 

      Tremolo

    • D. 

      Timbre

    • E. 

      Counterpoint


  • 18. 
    Which term consists of a single melody without accompaniment?
    • A. 

      Consonant

    • B. 

      Monophony

    • C. 

      Homophony

    • D. 

      Counterpoint

    • E. 

      Timbre


  • 19. 
    The musical texture involving two or more simultaneously sounding lines is called ______.
    • A. 

      Homophony

    • B. 

      Contrast

    • C. 

      Rallentando

    • D. 

      Polyphony

    • E. 

      Variation


  • 20. 
    Four of the statements about Gregorian chants are correct. Which one is wrong?
    • A. 

      Unaccompanied monophonic vocal music

    • B. 

      Setting of sacred Latin texts for the eight monastic hours of prayer and the Mass

    • C. 

      Composed over the course of fifteen centuries, from the time of the earliest Fathers of the Church to the Council of Trent

    • D. 

      Lacks a sense of meter or regular rhythmic structure

    • E. 

      Pope Gregory the Great initiated the practice of composing chant, and wrote so many that this music was named after him


  • 21. 
    Which church administrator decreed that certain chants should be sung on certain days of the liturgical year?
    • A. 

      Pope Gregory the Great

    • B. 

      Hildegard of Bingen

    • C. 

      St. Benedict

    • D. 

      Leoninus

    • E. 

      Machaut


  • 22. 
    What is the term for the early polyphony of the Western Church?
    • A. 

      Melismatic singing

    • B. 

      Chanson

    • C. 

      Motet

    • D. 

      Rondaeu

    • E. 

      Organum


  • 23. 
    The most important composer of the Ars Nova, this individual was also a gifted poet whose works are considered equivalent to those of his English counterpart, Geoffery Chaucer.
    • A. 

      Hildegard of Bingen

    • B. 

      Machaut

    • C. 

      Dufay

    • D. 

      Leoninus

    • E. 

      Josquin


  • 24. 
    What was the name of Medieval court music?
    • A. 

      Estampie

    • B. 

      Mass

    • C. 

      Organum

    • D. 

      Plainchant

    • E. 

      Chanson


  • 25. 
    Which statement does not apply to the musical style of the Medieval period?
    • A. 

      Monophonic music sung mainly in notes of equal value without clearly marked rhythms

    • B. 

      Polyphony has dissonant phrases that end with open, hollow-sounding chords

    • C. 

      Duple meter used almost exclusively throughout the period

    • D. 

      Mainly vocal music, few instrumental compositions survive

    • E. 

      Melodies mostly move by step within a narrow range and rarely uses the chromatic notes of the scale


  • 26. 
    A performance style of singing Gregorian Chant consisting of a soloist singing a phrase then followed by the choir is called?
    • A. 

      Organum

    • B. 

      Antiphonal

    • C. 

      Syllabic

    • D. 

      Responsorial

    • E. 

      Melismatic


  • 27. 
    What does "humanism" mean?
    • A. 

      The literary curriculum of three academic disciplines taught in Renaissance schools and universities

    • B. 

      The belief that people have the capacity to shape their world, and create good and beautiful things; emphasizes self-esteem and human worth

    • C. 

      The philosophy that people are faceless objects in a great, divine pageant

    • D. 

      A society of amateur musicians dedicated to the performance of music, nowadays music of the Middle Ages, Renaissance, and Baroque eras

    • E. 

      A movement in music wherein composers sought to emphasize indigenous qualities in their music by incorporating folk songs, native scales, dance rhythms and local instrumental sounds


  • 28. 
    Select the response that best defines the term "motet".
    • A. 

      Early polyphony of the Western Church from the ninth though the thirteenth centuries

    • B. 

      A slow, elegant triple meter dance with a strong accent of the second beat

    • C. 

      A composition, with form similar to a Mass, sung in a capella with varying text.

    • D. 

      One of the five sung portions of the Mass for which the texts are invariable

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 29. 
    Which term designates a composition sung by a choir without instrumental accompaniment?
    • A. 

      A capella

    • B. 

      Falsetto

    • C. 

      Castrato

    • D. 

      Discant

    • E. 

      Counterpoint


  • 30. 
    The process by which one or more musical voices, or parts, enter and duplicate exactly for a period of time the music presented by the previous voice is known as:
    • A. 

      Word painting

    • B. 

      Counerpoint

    • C. 

      Imitation

    • D. 

      Sequence

    • E. 

      Falsetto


  • 31. 
    This temperamental and egotistical composer, who was described as the musical equivalent of Michaelangelo, was so talented that he could demand twice the salary of his gifted peers
    • A. 

      Palestrina

    • B. 

      Dufay

    • C. 

      Machaut

    • D. 

      Josquin

    • E. 

      Lully


  • 32. 
    The Counter-Reformation was a reactionary movement in the Roman Catholic church that sought to stem the tide of the Protestant Reformation by cleansing the church of abuses and establishing a more conservative, pious environment.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 33. 
    The Council of Trent, influenced by the music of ______, decided to retain polyphony in the Mass.
    • A. 

      Josquin

    • B. 

      Machaut

    • C. 

      Lully

    • D. 

      Palestrina

    • E. 

      Vivaldi


  • 34. 
    When adult male singers use their head voice to produce a high, soprano-like sound, the result is called:
    • A. 

      Sprechstimme

    • B. 

      Bel canto

    • C. 

      Falsetto

    • D. 

      Divertimento

    • E. 

      Invertible counterpoint


  • 35. 
    ____ spent nearly his entire career working at major churches in Rome. His serene musical style came to epitomize the restrained spirit of the Counter-Reformation.
    • A. 

      Palestrina

    • B. 

      Vivaldi

    • C. 

      Weelkes

    • D. 

      Josquin

    • E. 

      Corelli


  • 36. 
    Whose music was so widely admired that later composers, including Bach and Motzart, incorporated elements of his style into some of their sacred words?
    • A. 

      Machaut

    • B. 

      Dufay

    • C. 

      Palestrina

    • D. 

      Josquin

    • E. 

      Corelli


  • 37. 
    Identify the incorrect statement regarding the madrigal.
    • A. 

      It emerged in Italy about the year 1530

    • B. 

      Sung by a large a cappella choris

    • C. 

      Sung in some vernacular (non-Latin) language

    • D. 

      Emphasizes the meaning of the poetry at any given moment

    • E. 

      Men and women could perform this music together


  • 38. 
    When music artfully depicts, or even mimics, the text, the result is called:
    • A. 

      A madrigal

    • B. 

      Point of imitation

    • C. 

      Falsetto

    • D. 

      Word painting

    • E. 

      Canonic


  • 39. 
    Identify the incorrect statement about musical style of the Renaissance.
    • A. 

      Melody mainly consists of stepwise motion within a moderately narrow range

    • B. 

      The triad, a consonant chord, becomes the basic building block of harmony

    • C. 

      Exciting, driving, energized rhythms propel music forward with vigor

    • D. 

      The predominant sound remains that of unaccompanied vocal music, whether for soloists or for choir

    • E. 

      Polyphony for four or five vocal lines is the dominant texture, through occasional passages of chordal homophony are inserted for variety


  • 40. 
    Name the five sections of the ordinary of the mass.
    • A. 

      Kyrie, Gloria, Communion, Sanctus, Agnus Dei

    • B. 

      Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Ave Maria, Sanctus

    • C. 

      Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, Ave Maria

    • D. 

      Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, Agnus Dei

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 41. 
    All of the composers listed below were active during the Renaissance with the exception of:
    • A. 

      Machaut

    • B. 

      Josquin

    • C. 

      Palestrina

    • D. 

      Lasso

    • E. 

      Weelkes


  • 42. 
    What was considered the work-horse instrument of the Renaissance?
    • A. 

      Recorder

    • B. 

      Lute

    • C. 

      Sackbut

    • D. 

      Viol

    • E. 

      Organ


  • 43. 
    During which style period was the madrigal a principal genre of composition?
    • A. 

      Baroque

    • B. 

      Renaissance

    • C. 

      Classical

    • D. 

      Middle Ages

    • E. 

      Modern


  • 44. 
    Name the four "Fine Arts" of the renaissance
    • A. 

      Poetry, painting, music, architecture

    • B. 

      Poetry, painting, dance, architecture

    • C. 

      Poetry, drama, music, architecture

    • D. 

      Music, painting, sculpting, poetry

    • E. 

      Music, dance, painting, poetry


  • 45. 
    All of the following characterize Baroque art, with the exception of:
    • A. 

      Grandeur

    • B. 

      Drama

    • C. 

      Rational restraint

    • D. 

      Overt sensuality

    • E. 

      Extravagance


  • 46. 
    The era known as the Baroque period was from:
    • A. 

      1475-1600

    • B. 

      1750-1820

    • C. 

      476-1475

    • D. 

      1600-1750

    • E. 

      1500-1650


  • 47. 
    When and where did Baroque music first appear?
    • A. 

      Around 1475 in Paris

    • B. 

      Around 1600 in northern Italy

    • C. 

      Around 1685 in central Germany

    • D. 

      Around 1710 in London

    • E. 

      Around 1725 in Austria


  • 48. 
    What is the name given to the new kind of solo singing that emerged during the late Renaissance and early Baroque era?
    • A. 

      Madrigal

    • B. 

      Monody

    • C. 

      Terraced dynamics

    • D. 

      Motet

    • E. 

      Chanson


  • 49. 
    What is the term for a small ensemble that provides a foundation for the melody or melodies above, requires at least two instrumentalists, and is heard almost exclusively in Baroque music?
    • A. 

      Figured bass

    • B. 

      Basso ostinatio

    • C. 

      Basso continuo

    • D. 

      Canon

    • E. 

      Counterpoint


  • 50. 
    The most common basso continuo group was the:
    • A. 

      Harpsichord and cello

    • B. 

      Organ and theorbo

    • C. 

      Low sting instrument and bassoon

    • D. 

      Piano and organ

    • E. 

      Harpsichord and flute


  • 51. 
    Which statement best describes the melodic style of the Baroque period?
    • A. 

      Generally characterized by large leaps, a wide range, and chromaticism

    • B. 

      Reflects the influence of virtuosic solo singing

    • C. 

      Melodic patterns idiomatic to particular musical instruments emerge

    • D. 

      Introduction of melodic sequence

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 52. 
    The dramatic text that composers set to music in an opera, oratorio, or cantata is called:
    • A. 

      Toccata

    • B. 

      Libretto

    • C. 

      Monody

    • D. 

      Arioso

    • E. 

      Ostinato


  • 53. 
    Which Italian musician composed the first important opera and spent a significant portion of his career as the mastero di cappella of St. Mark's Basilica in Venice?
    • A. 

      Monteverdi

    • B. 

      Vivaldi

    • C. 

      Corelli

    • D. 

      Strozzi

    • E. 

      Handel


  • 54. 
    Musically heightened speech that relates the action or dramatic narrative to the audience is called:
    • A. 

      Ritornello

    • B. 

      Aria

    • C. 

      Libretto

    • D. 

      Recitative

    • E. 

      Cantata


  • 55. 
    What forms the core of sound in the Western classical orchestra?
    • A. 

      Woodwinds

    • B. 

      Brasses

    • C. 

      Percussion

    • D. 

      Strings

    • E. 

      Keyboard


  • 56. 
    ____ was a strict disciplinarian who insisted on high performance standards from his musicians, and known to beat them if they erred. His death resulted from gangrene, which occurred after striking his own foot with his conducting stick.
    • A. 

      Lully

    • B. 

      Corelli

    • C. 

      Vivaldi

    • D. 

      Bach

    • E. 

      Purcell


  • 57. 
    A bass line that moves at a moderate pace, mostly in equal note values, and often stepwise up or down the scale is known as:
    • A. 

      Walking base

    • B. 

      Basso profundo

    • C. 

      Ground bass

    • D. 

      Alberti bass

    • E. 

      Basso ostinato


  • 58. 
    The soloists in a concerto grosso constitute a subgroup called the:
    • A. 

      Solo concerto

    • B. 

      Tutti

    • C. 

      Opus

    • D. 

      Sonata da camera

    • E. 

      Concertino


  • 59. 
    What form is typically used in the first and third movements of a concerto grosso?
    • A. 

      Fugue

    • B. 

      Binary

    • C. 

      Ritornello form

    • D. 

      Basso ostinato

    • E. 

      Ternary


  • 60. 
    This composer, who was born and raised in Venice, was also an ordained priest as well as a virtuoso violinist. His worldly pursuits, particularly his relationship with a French soprano, eventually brought trouble from church authorities. In spite of his talent and musical genius, he died in obscurity and poverty.
    • A. 

      Vivaldi

    • B. 

      Purcell

    • C. 

      Monteverdi

    • D. 

      Strozzi

    • E. 

      Corelli


  • 61. 
    ___ learned to compose music by studying the works of Corelli, Vivaldi, Pachelbel, and Palestrina. He also learned to play the organ, in party by emulating others, and soon became the most renowned organ virtuoso in Germany.
    • A. 

      Purcell

    • B. 

      Bach

    • C. 

      Monteverdi

    • D. 

      Handel

    • E. 

      Lully


  • 62. 
    Which Baroque genre opens with a section called the "exposition"?
    • A. 

      French overture

    • B. 

      Church cantata

    • C. 

      Concerto grosso

    • D. 

      Dance suite

    • E. 

      Fugue


  • 63. 
    Identify the genre that is not typical of the late Baroque?
    • A. 

      Church cantata

    • B. 

      Opera

    • C. 

      Oratorio

    • D. 

      Concerto grosso

    • E. 

      String quartet


  • 64. 
    The "Four Seasons" was composed by what composer?
    • A. 

      Bach

    • B. 

      Handel

    • C. 

      Vivaldi

    • D. 

      Monteverdi


  • 65. 
    The Brandenburg Concerti were composed by what composer?
    • A. 

      Bach

    • B. 

      Handel

    • C. 

      Vivaldi

    • D. 

      Corelli


  • 66. 
    How many movements does a concerto have?
    • A. 

      1

    • B. 

      2

    • C. 

      3

    • D. 

      4


  • 67. 
    Who was considered by many the greatest opera composer of the Baroque?
    • A. 

      Handel

    • B. 

      Monteverdi

    • C. 

      Bach

    • D. 

      Vivaldi


  • 68. 
    The years between ____ is known as the Classical Period.
    • A. 

      1700-1850

    • B. 

      1750-1820

    • C. 

      1685-1750

    • D. 

      1770-1900

    • E. 

      1475-1600


  • 69. 
    The Classical era was particularly fascinated by the culture of which society?
    • A. 

      Ancient Egypt

    • B. 

      China

    • C. 

      Aztec

    • D. 

      Ancient Greece and Rome

    • E. 

      Ottoman


  • 70. 
    Which idea did not emerge during the Enlightenment?
    • A. 

      The rise of a natural religion called Deism

    • B. 

      A new appreciation for such middle-class values as honesty, common sense, and hard work

    • C. 

      The principles of social justice, equality, religious tolerance, and freedom of speech

    • D. 

      The importance of communication passion no matter what sort of imbalance, contradiction, or formal inconsistency might result

    • E. 

      Philosophers pursued rational scientific, philosophical, and political beliefs


  • 71. 
    Identify the musical trait that is not typical of Classical period style.
    • A. 

      Texture emphasizes homophonic character rather than polyphonic

    • B. 

      Melodies tend to be tuneful, simple, and short

    • C. 

      There are frequent cadences

    • D. 

      Rhythm moves in a regular, constant pattern throughout the movement

    • E. 

      Piano replaces harpsichord as principal keyboard instrument


  • 72. 
    As director of music, he was required to write symphonies, divertimentos, and operas for his patron's evening entertainment, as well as string trios that his patron could perform. Further, he was responsible for an orchestra that was never larger than twenty-five musicians and saw to it that all his musicians appeared in uniform and followed instructions.
    • A. 

      Beethoven

    • B. 

      Haydn

    • C. 

      Mozart


  • 73. 
    One of the most influential creators of the mature Classical style, he composed 104 symphonies and was the first to use theme and variations for for the movement in that genre. Because of his innovations, he is known as the "father of the string quartet".
    • A. 

      Beethoven

    • B. 

      Haydn

    • C. 

      Mozart


  • 74. 
    As a child he displayed extraordinary musical: playing the piano, violin, and organ as well as composing by the age of six. He could identify the notes played in any chord, and identify a wrong note in a musical score while crawling on his back across a table (184-5)
    • A. 

      Beethoven

    • B. 

      Haydn

    • C. 

      Mozart


  • 75. 
    He was considered the father of the modern piano concerto, composing twenty-three original works, most of which were written to impress Viennese audiences with his dazzling display of keyboard virtuosity. (218)
    • A. 

      Beethoven

    • B. 

      Haydn

    • C. 

      Mozart


  • 76. 
    The section in a sonata-allegro form that presents the main thematic material of the movement is the:
    • A. 

      Retransition

    • B. 

      Coda

    • C. 

      Development

    • D. 

      Recapitulation

    • E. 

      Exposition


  • 77. 
    When does most of the drama occur during a movement in sonata-allegro form?
    • A. 

      Second theme

    • B. 

      Recapitulation

    • C. 

      Exposition

    • D. 

      Development

    • E. 

      Coda


  • 78. 
    Identify the statement that does not apply to the sinfonia.
    • A. 

      A one-movement work in three sections

    • B. 

      The first section is in a slow tempo with dotted rhythms, while the second is in a fast, imitative style

    • C. 

      It was used as an overture to Italian operas in the late seventeenth century

    • D. 

      The literal meaning of the term is "a harmonious sounding together"

    • E. 

      It developed into the four-movement symphony


  • 79. 
    Who is considered the "father of the string quartet"?
    • A. 

      Beethoven

    • B. 

      Haydn

    • C. 

      Motzart


  • 80. 
    The number and form of the movements in a Classical string quartet are identical to those of the Classical:
    • A. 

      French overture

    • B. 

      Serenade

    • C. 

      Sonata

    • D. 

      Concerto

    • E. 

      Symphony


  • 81. 
    It was the chance to perform together in ______ that gave rise to a lasting friendship between Haydn and Mozart.
    • A. 

      Operas

    • B. 

      Symphonies

    • C. 

      Double concertos

    • D. 

      String quartets

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 82. 
    Which instrument is most closely associated with the genre of the sonata?
    • A. 

      Flute

    • B. 

      Violin

    • C. 

      Piano

    • D. 

      Timpani

    • E. 

      Harpsichord


  • 83. 
    Which genre was typically in three movements (fast-slow-fast) and played by amateur musicians to entertain their family, friends, and potential suitors in the intimacy of their own home.
    • A. 

      Sonata

    • B. 

      Sinfonia

    • C. 

      String quartet

    • D. 

      Singspiel

    • E. 

      Concerto


  • 84. 
    Which genre uses double exposition form?
    • A. 

      String quartet

    • B. 

      Symphony

    • C. 

      Opera

    • D. 

      Concerto

    • E. 

      Sonata


  • 85. 
    What is the term for German comic opera?
    • A. 

      Zauberflote

    • B. 

      Scherzo

    • C. 

      Sprechstimme

    • D. 

      Zerlina

    • E. 

      Singspiel


  • 86. 
    Beethoven was a bridge to the Romantic era.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 87. 
    Beethoven studied with Mozart.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 88. 
    Beethoven's performing instrument was the:
    • A. 

      Violin

    • B. 

      Piano

    • C. 

      Organ

    • D. 

      Harpsichord


  • 89. 
    The idea of "art for art's sake" was born of the Romantic spirit.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 90. 
    Which term describes when a performer momentarily alters the tempo to enhance the expressive quality of the music?
    • A. 

      Rubato

    • B. 

      Syncopation

    • C. 

      Chromaticism

    • D. 

      Glissando

    • E. 

      Diminuendo


  • 91. 
    Identify the statement that does not apply to the character piece.
    • A. 

      A brief work that lasts only a minuet of two

    • B. 

      Sought to capture the essence of one single mood, sentiment, or emotion

    • C. 

      Generally composed for a small instrumental ensemble

    • D. 

      Often made use of simple binary or ternary form

    • E. 

      Frequently provided with a title, such as impromptu, romance, or humoresque


  • 92. 
    What was average size of the orchestra during the Romantic period?
    • A. 

      About 25

    • B. 

      Roughly 45-50

    • C. 

      Usually around 60

    • D. 

      Close to 100

    • E. 

      Musician's unions required a minimum of 467


  • 93. 
    Identify the group of composers whoa re not considered representative of the nineteenth century.
    • A. 

      Chopin, Robert Schumann, Liszt, Schubert

    • B. 

      Berlioz, Mendelssohn, Dvorak, Mussorgsky

    • C. 

      Telemann, Monteverdi, Corelli, Lully

    • D. 

      Verdi, Wagner, Puccini, Bizet

    • E. 

      Mahler, Brahms, Beethoven


  • 94. 
    Which art form was particularly important to composers?
    • A. 

      Painting

    • B. 

      Literature

    • C. 

      Architecture

    • D. 

      Dance

    • E. 

      Sculpture


  • 95. 
    What is the genre of art song, for voice and piano accompaniment, that originated in Germany around 1800?
    • A. 

      Character piece

    • B. 

      Lied

    • C. 

      Program symphony

    • D. 

      Strophic

    • E. 

      Bagatelle


  • 96. 
    Which composer had the greatest success in writing Lieder?
    • A. 

      Brahms

    • B. 

      Medelssohn

    • C. 

      Schubert

    • D. 

      Robert Schumann

    • E. 

      Clara Schumann


  • 97. 
    The musical form of Schubert's Erlking is:
    • A. 

      Ternary

    • B. 

      Strophic

    • C. 

      Through-composed

    • D. 

      Modified strophic

    • E. 

      Theme and variations


  • 98. 
    When a song features ever-changing melodic and harmonic material, it is:
    • A. 

      Ternary

    • B. 

      Strophic

    • C. 

      Through-composed

    • D. 

      Modified strophic

    • E. 

      Theme and variations


  • 99. 
    Determined to become a piano virtuoso, this composer moved to Leipzig to study music. Hopes for a career as a virtuoso were dashed when he/she permanently damaged his/her right hand. Thereafter all his/her creative energies were poured to musical composition and criticisms; he/she became an advocate for new music within the German Romantic movement, supporting the works of such "radical" young composers as Berlioz, Chopin, Mendelssohn, and Brahms
    • A. 

      Dvorak

    • B. 

      Robert Schumann

    • C. 

      Tchaikovsky

    • D. 

      Clara Schumann

    • E. 

      Schubert


  • 100. 
    Which genre of composition consists of three, four, or five movements that together tell or depict a succession of specific events drawn from some extra-musical work or story?
    • A. 

      Incidental music

    • B. 

      Character piece

    • C. 

      Song cycle

    • D. 

      Symphonic poem

    • E. 

      Program symphony


  • 101. 
    Which genre typically precedes an opera or a play and consists of a single movement that encapsulates the essence of the drama?
    • A. 

      Incidental music

    • B. 

      Concert overture

    • C. 

      Dramatic overture

    • D. 

      Symphonic poem

    • E. 

      Program symphony


  • 102. 
    Identify the genre of program music that consists of a single movement in free form.
    • A. 

      Incidental music

    • B. 

      Concert overture

    • C. 

      Dramatic overture

    • D. 

      Symphonic poem

    • E. 

      Program symphony


  • 103. 
    Performances of this author's plays made a deep impression on Berlioz.
    • A. 

      Shakespear

    • B. 

      Blazac

    • C. 

      Moliere

    • D. 

      Goethe

    • E. 

      Ibsen


  • 104. 
    This composer was appointed music director of the Gewandhaus Orchestra in Leipzig, a post he held for twelve years and where he established the pattern that an orchestra should perform a repertoire of musical masterpieces from the past as well as new compositions.
    • A. 

      Dvorak

    • B. 

      Tchaikovsky

    • C. 

      Mahler

    • D. 

      Mendelssohn

    • E. 

      Musorgsky


  • 105. 
    What form does a concert overature use?
    • A. 

      Fugue

    • B. 

      Strophic

    • C. 

      Sonata

    • D. 

      Rondo


  • 106. 
    This composer is known as the "poet of the piano" and considered a national hero in Poland.
    • A. 

      Brahms

    • B. 

      Mahler

    • C. 

      Chopin

    • D. 

      Clara Schumann

    • E. 

      Liszt


  • 107. 
    Which genre is a traditional Polish dance in triple meter with an accent on the second beat?
    • A. 

      Nocturne

    • B. 

      Mazurka

    • C. 

      Furiant

    • D. 

      Slav

    • E. 

      Humoresque


  • 108. 
    Which genre of piano music suggests moonlit nights, romantic longing, and a certain painful melancholy?
    • A. 

      Nocturne

    • B. 

      Musical moment

    • C. 

      Impromptu

    • D. 

      Mazurka

    • E. 

      Sarabande


  • 109. 
    Considered the greatest pianist of all time, this composer wrote some of the ost difficult works ever composed for that instrument as well as a steady stream of large-scale orchestral works, including twelve symphonic poems.
    • A. 

      Liszt

    • B. 

      Clara Shumann

    • C. 

      Brahms

    • D. 

      Chopin

    • E. 

      Bizet


  • 110. 
    This genre is a short, one-movement composition designed to improve one or more aspects of a performer's technique.
    • A. 

      Character piece

    • B. 

      Incidental music

    • C. 

      Etude

    • D. 

      Mazurka

    • E. 

      Nocturne


  • 111. 
    The Italian term for "beautiful singing" is:
    • A. 

      Col legno

    • B. 

      Bel canto

    • C. 

      Gesmtkunstwerk

    • D. 

      Verismo

    • E. 

      Legato


  • 112. 
    During his lifetime he was the most popular opera composer in Europe and even today his operas are performed more than those by any other composer.
    • A. 

      Musorgsky

    • B. 

      Tchiakovsky

    • C. 

      Bizet

    • D. 

      Brahms

    • E. 

      Verdi


  • 113. 
    Identify the correct answer for "recitativo accompangato."
    • A. 

      Verdi used it in his operas

    • B. 

      Recitative accompanied by the orchestra rather than the continuo

    • C. 

      Used to narrate the action

    • D. 

      Allows the action to flow smoothly from recitative to aria without a jarring change of texture

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 114. 
    A fast-concluding aria in which increased speed of the music allows one or more soloists to race off stage at the end of a scene or act is known as a:
    • A. 

      Cadenza

    • B. 

      Bel canto

    • C. 

      Allegro molto

    • D. 

      Follie

    • E. 

      Cabaletta


  • 115. 
    This composer created an operatic tradition that was distinct to Germany, and he exerted enormous influence on this muscial style of other composers during the end of the nineteenth century (303)
    • A. 

      Mahler

    • B. 

      Mendelssohn

    • C. 

      Robert Schumann

    • D. 

      Wagner

    • E. 

      Brahms


  • 116. 
    Which term did Wagner use to describe compositions for the stage?
    • A. 

      Verismo

    • B. 

      Music drama

    • C. 

      Leitmotif

    • D. 

      Sprechstimme

    • E. 

      Singspiel


  • 117. 
    This term, literally meaning "total art work," describes the unification of all the arts (poetry, music, acting, set design, etc.) for a single dramatic purpose.
    • A. 

      Gesamtkunstwerk

    • B. 

      Verismo

    • C. 

      Realistic opera

    • D. 

      Bel canto

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 118. 
    This operatic term describes a melodic gesture associated with a person, object, or idea.
    • A. 

      Bel canto

    • B. 

      Idee fixe

    • C. 

      Recitativo accompagnato

    • D. 

      Risorgimento

    • E. 

      Leitmotif


  • 119. 
    What is the typical subject matter of realistic opera?
    • A. 

      Mythology

    • B. 

      Comedy

    • C. 

      Everyday life

    • D. 

      Heroic action

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 120. 
    What popular dance is derived from the "Habanero"?
    • A. 

      Minuet

    • B. 

      Mambo

    • C. 

      Waltz

    • D. 

      Tango


  • 121. 
    Musical nationalism was expressed through:
    • A. 

      National anthems

    • B. 

      Native dances

    • C. 

      Protest songs

    • D. 

      Victory symphonies

    • E. 

      All of the above


  • 122. 
    This composer was a member of "The Mighty Handful," or Russian Five, a group of young composers who rejected the influence of WEstern music and composed in a distinctly Russian style; he was the most original and least Western in musical style of this group (318)
    • A. 

      Puccini

    • B. 

      Musorgsky

    • C. 

      Dvorak

    • D. 

      Tchiakovsky

    • E. 

      Wagner


  • 123. 
    Which music came to dominate European culture during the last decades of the nineteenth century?
    • A. 

      German orchestral

    • B. 

      Russian ballet

    • C. 

      French opera

    • D. 

      Italian chamber music

    • E. 

      English choral


  • 124. 
    This composer first came to the public's attention in 1853, when Robert Schumann wrote an article praising him as heir to the tradition of Haydn, Mozart, and Beethoven. After Robert was confined to a mental institution, he became Clara Schumann's confidant, yet while his friendship and respect deepened into love, their relationship did not result in marriage. (325-6)
    • A. 

      Mahler

    • B. 

      Wagner

    • C. 

      Liszt

    • D. 

      Dvorak

    • E. 

      Brahms


  • 125. 
    What is the term for instrumental music that is free of a text or any preexisting program?
    • A. 

      Aleatoric

    • B. 

      Absolute

    • C. 

      Acoustic

    • D. 

      Character piece

    • E. 

      Diatonic


  • 126. 
    This musician, the most prolific composer of late-nineteenth-century program music, wrote in every genre of nineteenth-century music, but excelled in music requiring a large orchestra (the program symphony, symphonic poem, and ballet). The musical strengths of his compositions lie in their sweeping melodies, a colorful instrumentation, dramatic contrasts, and grand gestures.
    • A. 

      Brahms

    • B. 

      Mahler

    • C. 

      Tchikovsky

    • D. 

      Medelssohn

    • E. 

      Berlioz


  • 127. 
    He left Vienna to conduct the Metropolitan Opera and the new Your Philharmonic, but after doctors diagnosed a heart condition, he returned to Vienna in 1911, where he died of heart failure.
    • A. 

      Brahms

    • B. 

      Mahler

    • C. 

      Dvorak

    • D. 

      Musorgsky

    • E. 

      Robert Schumann


  • 128. 
    The term "Impressionism" was first associated with which particular art form?
    • A. 

      Painting

    • B. 

      Drawing

    • C. 

      Singing

    • D. 

      Writing


  • 129. 
    Where did Impressionism come from?
    • A. 

      Germany

    • B. 

      Sweeden

    • C. 

      Russia

    • D. 

      France


  • 130. 
    Who is the main composer of Impressionism?
    • A. 

      Ives

    • B. 

      Debussy

    • C. 

      Prokofiev

    • D. 

      Copland


  • 131. 
    Debussy was influenced by:
    • A. 

      Germanic music

    • B. 

      Italian music

    • C. 

      Russian music

    • D. 

      Chinese music


  • 132. 
    Prelude to the Afternoon was based on his original work.
    • A. 

      Pablo Picasso

    • B. 

      Joseph Stalin

    • C. 

      Dmitri Shostakovich

    • D. 

      Stephane Mallarme


  • 133. 
    The first nationalistic composer in America was:
    • A. 

      Stravinsky

    • B. 

      Schoenberg

    • C. 

      Bartok

    • D. 

      Debussy

    • E. 

      Ives


  • 134. 
    What trait is not characteristic of Impressionist music?
    • A. 

      Melody varies from short dabs of sound to long, free-flowing lines; rarely tuneful or singable

    • B. 

      Primarily homophonic; triad is extended to form seventh and ninth chords

    • C. 

      More emphasis on the woodwinds and brasses and less on violins as primary carriers of melody

    • D. 

      Usually free and flexible with irregular accents, making it sometimes difficult to determine meter

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 135. 
    Which term describes sounds drawn from outside the traditional Western European musical experience?
    • A. 

      Parallel motion

    • B. 

      Exoticism

    • C. 

      Bolero

    • D. 

      Impresario

    • E. 

      Syncopation


  • 136. 
    Name of the indonesian orchestra:
    • A. 

      Metallophone

    • B. 

      Chinoiserie

    • C. 

      Gamelan

    • D. 

      Exoticism


  • 137. 
    Identify the erroneous statement about Sprechstimme.
    • A. 

      A vocal technique that requires the vocalist to declaim the text more than to sing it

    • B. 

      Voice executes the rhythmic values exactly

    • C. 

      Once it hits a pitch, it is to quit the tone immediately, sliding up or down

    • D. 

      A new vocal technique performed in expressionistic music

    • E. 

      None of the above


  • 138. 
    Music without a key center is considered:
    • A. 

      Ritornello form

    • B. 

      Atonal music

    • C. 

      Syncopated music

    • D. 

      Tonal music


  • 139. 
    A highly original composer, he created atonal music, used Sprechstimme to project inner anxiety, and was the father of twelve-tone composition.
    • A. 

      Alban Berg

    • B. 

      Anton Webern

    • C. 

      Arnold Schoenberg

    • D. 

      Aaron Copland


  • 140. 
    Compositions that place such elements as pitch, timbre, rhythm, and dynamics in a fixed order is called:
    • A. 

      Serial music

    • B. 

      Melodic sequence

    • C. 

      French overture

    • D. 

      Twelve-tone composition


  • 141. 
    Which statement does not apply to Neoclassicism?
    • A. 

      Sought to revive the balanced melodies, lighter textures, and clear forms of earlier music

    • B. 

      Rejected the large orchestra and the emotionalism of the Romantic style

    • C. 

      Rejected extreme sort of dissonance and atonality

    • D. 

      None of the above


  • 142. 
    Profoundly influenced by folk music, he traveled throughout Eastern Europe and parts of North Africa using Edison's newly invented recording machine to capture peasant music. His mind became saturated with driving rhythms, odd-numbered meters, and unusual scales of folk music.
    • A. 

      Stephane Mallarme

    • B. 

      Charles Ives

    • C. 

      Bela Bartok

    • D. 

      Dimitri Shostakovich


  • 143. 
    The greatest and most eccentric of American composers, he was the first to employ polytonality extensively.
    • A. 

      Charles Ives

    • B. 

      Aaron Copland

    • C. 

      Ellen Taaffe Zwilich

    • D. 

      Edgard Varese


  • 144. 
    This compositional method involves an element of unpredictability (rolling dice, choosing cards, etc.) or whimsy on the part of the performers. It is especially popular with avant-grade composers.
    • A. 

      Ellen Taaffe Zwilich

    • B. 

      Egard Varese

    • C. 

      John Adams

    • D. 

      John Cage


  • 145. 
    This style of modern music takes a very small amount of musical material and repeats it over and over to form a composition.
    • A. 

      Chance music

    • B. 

      Minimalism

    • C. 

      Musik conrete

    • D. 

      Atonal music


  • 146. 
    What is the term for art or music made up of disparate materials taken from very different places?
    • A. 

      Atonal music

    • B. 

      Minimalism

    • C. 

      Musik concrete

    • D. 

      Chance music


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