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Midterm Study Guide

100 Questions
Midterm Quizzes & Trivia
Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 2. 
    • A. 

      Activated Charcoal

    • B. 

      CaEDTA

    • C. 

      Dialysis

    • D. 

      Flumazenil

    • E. 

      Naloxone

  • 3. 
    What percent oxygen does a patient receive from a nasal cannula (flowing at 1-6 LPM)? 
    • A. 

      < 25 percent

    • B. 

      25-50 percent

    • C. 

      50-75 percent

    • D. 

      75-100 percent

  • 4. 
    Distal refers to 
    • A. 

      Above

    • B. 

      Below

    • C. 

      Closer to trunk

    • D. 

      Further from trunk

    • E. 

      Middle

  • 5. 
    A patient with a nose bleed should be positioned: 
    • A. 

      On his back

    • B. 

      On his side (the recovery position)

    • C. 

      Seated, leaning back

    • D. 

      Seated, leaning forward

    • E. 

      Seated, with head between knees

  • 6. 
    • A. 

      Hyperglycemia

    • B. 

      Hypoglycemia

  • 7. 
    Is the epiglottis superior to the larynx
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    What is crepitus
    • A. 

      A blood condition

    • B. 

      A bone in the foot

    • C. 

      A bone in the skull

    • D. 

      A boney sound

    • E. 

      A lung sound

  • 9. 
    The transverse process is located in the: 
    • A. 

      Back

    • B. 

      Cranium

    • C. 

      Foot

    • D. 

      Knee

    • E. 

      Shoulder

  • 10. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    Should you bend at the waist when lifting or carrying a patient? 
    • A. 

      Yes

    • B. 

      No

  • 12. 
    What should you give for a morphine overdose? 
    • A. 

      Naprosyn

    • B. 

      Naproxen

    • C. 

      Narcan

    • D. 

      Neurontin

    • E. 

      Novacaine

  • 13. 
    Oxygen supplied via a non-rebreather mask should be provided at the rate of: 
    • A. 

      2-4 lpm

    • B. 

      4-8 lpm

    • C. 

      6-12 lpm

    • D. 

      12-15 lpm

    • E. 

      15-20 lpm

  • 14. 
    What is the term for a patient who is standing face forward with palms forward? 
    • A. 

      Anatomical

    • B. 

      Distal

    • C. 

      Medial

    • D. 

      Posterior

    • E. 

      Supine

  • 15. 
    The atria are superior to the ventricles. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    The first task you should perform when you encounter an apparently unresponsive patient is: 
    • A. 

      Ask bystanders the MOI

    • B. 

      Check for scene safety

    • C. 

      Check the level of responsiveness

    • D. 

      Look for signs of major bleeding

    • E. 

      Open the airway (using the jaw-thrust technique)

  • 17. 
    What does hypoxemia mean? 
    • A. 

      Low iron in blood

    • B. 

      Low iron in body tissue

    • C. 

      Low oxygen in blood

    • D. 

      Low oxygen in body tissue

  • 18. 
    Which of the following sounds might you expect to hear when you auscultate a patient with CHF? 
    • A. 

      Bubbling

    • B. 

      Wheezing

  • 19. 
    When treating a drug overdose, which question should you not ask: 
    • A. 

      How many pills did you take?

    • B. 

      What drug did you take?

    • C. 

      When did you take the pills?

    • D. 

      Where is the pill container?

    • E. 

      Who gave you the pills?

  • 20. 
    Lack of oxygen is called: 
    • A. 

      Apnea

    • B. 

      Dyspnea

    • C. 

      Hypoxemia

    • D. 

      Hypoxia

  • 21. 
    The immediate threat caused by an open wound is infection. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    A myocardial infarction can lead to: 
    • A. 

      Anaphylactic Shock

    • B. 

      Cardiogenic Shock

    • C. 

      Hypovolemic Shock

    • D. 

      Neurogenic Shock

    • E. 

      Psychogenic Shock

  • 24. 
    Fever, chills, and sore muscles are typical symptoms of a: 
    • A. 

      Heart attack

    • B. 

      Infection

    • C. 

      Pregnancy

    • D. 

      Stroke

    • E. 

      Trauma

  • 25. 
    Which of the following types of muscle is under direct voluntary control of the brain 
    • A. 

      Automatic

    • B. 

      Cardiac

    • C. 

      Homogenous

    • D. 

      Skeletal

    • E. 

      Smooth

  • 26. 
    The pulse that can be palpated near the top of the foot is called the: 
    • A. 

      Carotid Pulse

    • B. 

      Dorsalis Pedis Pulse

    • C. 

      Femoral Pulse

    • D. 

      Radial Pulse

    • E. 

      Posterior Tibial Pulse

  • 27. 
    The hole at the base of the skull is called the: 
    • A. 

      Foramen Magnum

    • B. 

      Mandible

    • C. 

      Manubrium

  • 28. 
    The left ventricle sends blood to the: 
    • A. 

      Aorta

    • B. 

      Brain

    • C. 

      Legs

    • D. 

      Liver

    • E. 

      Lungs

  • 29. 
    Where is the cricoid cartilage? 
    • A. 

      Ankle

    • B. 

      Hip

    • C. 

      Knee

    • D. 

      Neck

    • E. 

      Sternum

  • 30. 
    Posterior refers to 
    • A. 

      Above

    • B. 

      Back

    • C. 

      Below

    • D. 

      Front

    • E. 

      Middle

  • 31. 
    Passive rewarming of a hypothermic patient includes placing heat-packs or hot water bottles near the patient’s axillary and groin. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 32. 
    Inferior refers to 
    • A. 

      Above

    • B. 

      Below

    • C. 

      Center

    • D. 

      Middle

    • E. 

      Side

  • 33. 
    The T in OPQRST stands for 
    • A. 

      Temperature

    • B. 

      Tender

    • C. 

      Time

    • D. 

      Tickle

    • E. 

      Transport

  • 34. 
    What percent oxygen does a patient receive from rescue breathing without supplemental oxygen? 
    • A. 

      13 percent

    • B. 

      16 percent

    • C. 

      19 percent

    • D. 

      22 percent

    • E. 

      25 percent

  • 35. 
    To size an oropharyngeal airway, measure from the: 
    • A. 

      Corner of the mouth to the ear canal

    • B. 

      Corner of the mouth to the ear lobe

    • C. 

      Nostril to the corner of the mouth

    • D. 

      Nostril to the ear canal

    • E. 

      Nostril to the ear lobe

  • 36. 
    The systolic blood pressure indicates the pressure when the left ventricle contracts: 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 37. 
    The term for an injury where a body part is separated from the body is 
    • A. 

      Abrasion

    • B. 

      Amputation

    • C. 

      Avulsion

    • D. 

      Laceration

    • E. 

      Puncture

  • 38. 
    The right ventricle sends blood to the: 
    • A. 

      Body

    • B. 

      Brain

    • C. 

      Inferior Vena Cava

    • D. 

      Legs

    • E. 

      Lungs

  • 39. 
    The P in OPQRST stands for 
    • A. 

      Pain

    • B. 

      Permanent

    • C. 

      Precursor

    • D. 

      Previous

    • E. 

      Provokes

  • 40. 
    The L in SAMPLE history stands for: 
    • A. 

      Last Bowel Movement

    • B. 

      Last Oral Intake

    • C. 

      Lucidity

    • D. 

      Lumbar

  • 41. 
    What percent oxygen does a patient receive when breathing room air? 
    • A. 

      9 percent

    • B. 

      12 percent

    • C. 

      15 percent

    • D. 

      18 percent

    • E. 

      21 percent

  • 42. 
    The heart contains: 
    • A. 

      2 chambers

    • B. 

      3 chambers

    • C. 

      4 chambers

    • D. 

      5 chambers

    • E. 

      6 chambers

  • 43. 
    • A. 

      4

    • B. 

      5

    • C. 

      7

    • D. 

      12

    • E. 

      14

  • 44. 
    The sacrum is located in the: 
    • A. 

      Abdomen

    • B. 

      Ear

    • C. 

      Pelvis

    • D. 

      Penis

    • E. 

      Shoulder

  • 45. 
    Smooth muscle refers to: 
    • A. 

      Abdominal muscle

    • B. 

      Cardiac muscle

    • C. 

      Involuntary muscle

    • D. 

      Voluntary muscle

  • 46. 
    What percent oxygen does a patient receive from a non-rebreather mask (flowing at 10-15 LPM)? 
    • A. 

      20-40 percent

    • B. 

      40-60 percent

    • C. 

      60-80 percent

    • D. 

      80-90 percent

    • E. 

      90-100 percent

  • 47. 
    Hypertension, erratic respirations, and slowing heart rate my indicate: 
    • A. 

      Cushing's Disease

    • B. 

      Cushing's Triad

    • C. 

      Dunphy's Sign

    • D. 

      Hepatopulmonary Edema

  • 48. 
    Is the mandible superior to the maxilla? 
    • A. 

      Yes

    • B. 

      No

  • 49. 
    The dorsalis pedis pulse is located on: 
    • A. 

      Behind the ankle

    • B. 

      Top of the foot

  • 50. 
    The carpals are located near the: 
    • A. 

      Foot

    • B. 

      Hand

    • C. 

      Hip

    • D. 

      Knee

    • E. 

      Shoulder

  • 51. 
    What is the normal respiration rate for an adult? 
    • A. 

      5 to 10 breaths per minute

    • B. 

      10 to 20 breaths per minute

    • C. 

      12 to 20 breaths per minute

    • D. 

      15 to 30 breaths per minute

    • E. 

      25 to 50 breaths per minute

  • 52. 
    A sound typically associated with asthma or an allergic reaction is: 
    • A. 

      Gurgling

    • B. 

      Snoring

    • C. 

      Wheezing

  • 53. 
    What is optimum on-scene time for a critical trauma patient? 
    • A. 

      10 minutes

    • B. 

      12 minutes

    • C. 

      45 minutes

    • D. 

      60 minutes

  • 54. 
    The prongs on a nasal cannula should curve 
    • A. 

      Downward

    • B. 

      Upward

  • 55. 
    The term wheezing typically refers to which type of airway obstruction? 
    • A. 

      Upper

    • B. 

      Lower

  • 56. 
    The coarse rattling sound (somewhat like snoring) that can be heard when auscultating lungs is called: 
    • A. 

      Stridor

    • B. 

      Wheezing

    • C. 

      Kussmaul breathing

    • D. 

      Rhonchi

  • 57. 
    The manubrium is near the: 
    • A. 

      Frontal Lobe

    • B. 

      Lower Sternum Notch

    • C. 

      Upper Jaw Bone

    • D. 

      Upper Sternum

  • 58. 
    Which of the following flow rates should you select when using a BVM device with a reservoir? 
    • A. 

      10 L/min

    • B. 

      15 L/min

    • C. 

      17 L/min

    • D. 

      20 L/min

    • E. 

      4 L/min

  • 59. 
    Red blood cells transport oxygen: 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 60. 
    During a seizure, you should insert an oral airway to prevent the patient from biting his or her tongue. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 61. 
    Which of the following signs of inadequate breathing is more prominent in children than in adults? 
    • A. 

      Grunting Respirations

    • B. 

      Nasal Flaring

    • C. 

      See-sawing of the Chest and Abdomen

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 62. 
    The SA node is located near the: 
    • A. 

      Left Atrium

    • B. 

      Left Ventricle

    • C. 

      Right Atrium

    • D. 

      Right Ventricle

  • 63. 
    The liver is located in the? 
    • A. 

      LLQ

    • B. 

      LUQ

    • C. 

      RLQ

    • D. 

      RUQ

  • 64. 
    The distal end of the Achilles tendon attaches to the: 
    • A. 

      Calcaneus

    • B. 

      Medial Malleolus

    • C. 

      Medial Cuneiform

    • D. 

      Navicular

    • E. 

      Talus

  • 65. 
    The term stridor typically refers to which type of airway obstruction? 
    • A. 

      Upper

    • B. 

      Lower

  • 66. 
    Anatomy refers to: 
    • A. 

      Body functions

    • B. 

      Body structures

    • C. 

      Both A and B

  • 67. 
    The mid-axillary line runs in which direction? 
    • A. 

      Diagonally

    • B. 

      Front-to-back

    • C. 

      Horizontally

    • D. 

      Vertically

  • 68. 
    Platelets help the blood clot. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 69. 
    Which of the following would be a closed injury? 
    • A. 

      Abrasion

    • B. 

      Amputation

    • C. 

      Avulsion

    • D. 

      Hematoma

    • E. 

      Laceration

  • 70. 
    Which type of fracture is more common in younger patients than in older patients? 
    • A. 

      Compound

    • B. 

      Greenstick

    • C. 

      Spiral

    • D. 

      Stress

    • E. 

      Transverse

  • 71. 
    What do you call a pH that is less than 7.35? 
    • A. 

      Acidosis

    • B. 

      Alkalosis

  • 72. 
    Which of the following is NOT one of the stages of grief? 
    • A. 

      Acceptance

    • B. 

      Anger

    • C. 

      Bargaining

    • D. 

      Bitterness

    • E. 

      Denial

  • 73. 
    The left atrium sends blood to the: 
    • A. 

      Aorta

    • B. 

      Inferior Vena Cava

    • C. 

      Left Ventricle

    • D. 

      Right Atrium

    • E. 

      Right Ventrical

  • 74. 
    The S in SAMPLE history stands for: 
    • A. 

      Stabilize the Spine

    • B. 

      Signs and Symptoms

    • C. 

      Supine

    • D. 

      Superior

  • 75. 
    The A in SAMPLE history stands for: 
    • A. 

      Alert

    • B. 

      Allergies

    • C. 

      Ambulatory

    • D. 

      Ambivalent

  • 76. 
    A sound typically associated with a blocked airway is:
     
     
    • A. 

      Gurgling

    • B. 

      Snoring

    • C. 

      Wheezing

  • 77. 
    The P in SAMPLE history stands for: 
    • A. 

      Pain Response

    • B. 

      Past History

    • C. 

      Presents

    • D. 

      Provokes

  • 78. 
    Before use, the reservoir bag on a non-rebreather mask should be pre-inflated to: 
    • A. 

      10% of capacity

    • B. 

      50% of capacity

    • C. 

      100% of capacity

  • 79. 
    Palpation is: 
    • A. 

      Something you feel

    • B. 

      Something you hear

    • C. 

      Something you see

    • D. 

      Something you smell

    • E. 

      Something you taste

  • 80. 
    Which of the following is the more common diabetic emergency? 
    • A. 

      Hyperglycemia

    • B. 

      Hypoglycemia

  • 81. 
    Most EMT-B protocols allow them to assist patients with prescribed nitroglycerin. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 82. 
    It is acceptable to ask patients to walk when triaging an MCI. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 83. 
    What is the name of the knee cap? 
    • A. 

      Femur

    • B. 

      Fibula

    • C. 

      Humerus

    • D. 

      Patella

    • E. 

      Tibia

  • 84. 
    Nitroglycerin is a: 
    • A. 

      Vasoconstrictor

    • B. 

      Vasodilator

  • 85. 
    When the pupils are in a dark room, they will: 
    • A. 

      Constrict

    • B. 

      Contract

    • C. 

      Dilate

    • D. 

      Shrink

  • 86. 
    Phalanges are located near the: 
    • A. 

      Ankle

    • B. 

      Chest

    • C. 

      Ear

    • D. 

      Pelvis

    • E. 

      Spine

  • 87. 
    The peripheral nerves are a part of the central nervous system. 
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 88. 
    The medical term for the heel bone is the: 
    • A. 

      Calcaneus

    • B. 

      Metatarsal

    • C. 

      Osteoheel

    • D. 

      Talus

    • E. 

      Tibia

  • 89. 
    One of the best ways to prevent disease transmission is: 
    • A. 

      Ask patients about HIV exposure

    • B. 

      Frequent hand washing

    • C. 

      Prophylactic antibiotics

    • D. 

      Thorough medical reports

  • 90. 
    This heart valve is located between the right atrium and right ventricle: 
    • A. 

      Aortic valve

    • B. 

      Mitral valve

    • C. 

      Pulmonic valve

    • D. 

      Tricuspid valve

    • E. 

      Zygomatic valve

  • 91. 
    Crepitus and false motion are: 
    • A. 

      Seen only with open fractures

    • B. 

      Signs of a dislocation

    • C. 

      Signs of a fracture

    • D. 

      Signs of severe pain

    • E. 

      Symptoms of severe pain

  • 92. 
    When the diaphragm contracts: 
    • A. 

      Air moves into the lungs

    • B. 

      Air moves out of the lungs

  • 93. 
    When packaging a young child to a spine board, you should consider padding under the: 
    • A. 

      Feet

    • B. 

      Head

    • C. 

      Pelvis

    • D. 

      Shoulders

  • 94. 
    This heart valve is located where the blood leaves the left ventricle: 
    • A. 

      Aortic valve

    • B. 

      Mitral (bicuspid) valve

    • C. 

      Pulmonic valve

    • D. 

      Tricuspid valve

    • E. 

      Zygomatic

  • 95. 
    Proximal refers to: 
    • A. 

      Above

    • B. 

      Below

    • C. 

      Closer to trunk

    • D. 

      Further from trunk

    • E. 

      Middle

  • 96. 
    Never insert the tip of a suction tip: 
    • A. 

      More than 2 inches

    • B. 

      More than 3 inches

    • C. 

      More than 4 inches

    • D. 

      More than 5 inches

    • E. 

      Further than you can see

  • 97. 
    This heart valve is located between the right ventricle and the pulmonary artery: 
    • A. 

      Aortic valve

    • B. 

      Mitral (bicuspid) valve

    • C. 

      Pulmonic valve

    • D. 

      Tricuspid valve

    • E. 

      Zygomatic

  • 98. 
    Oxygen supplied via a non-rebreather mask should be set to a flow rate of: 
    • A. 

      2-4 lpm

    • B. 

      4-8 lpm

    • C. 

      6-10 lpm

    • D. 

      10-15 lpm

    • E. 

      15-20 lpm

  • 99. 
    The term flushed refers to: 
    • A. 

      Blotchy

    • B. 

      Blue-gray

    • C. 

      Green

    • D. 

      Red

    • E. 

      Yellow

  • 100. 
    • A. 

      Carina

    • B. 

      Clavicular Notch

    • C. 

      Cricoid Cartilage

    • D. 

      Hocking Notch

    • E. 

      Xyphoid process