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Government Final

40 Questions
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Government Final

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Examples of a labor interest group are?
    • A. 

      The Teamsters

    • B. 

      The AFL-CIO

    • C. 

      IRS

    • D. 

      KKK

  • 2. 
    The best description of the ideal of pluralism is?
    • A. 

      Interests should be free to compete with each other for governmental influence

    • B. 

      Interests should cost money to compete with each other

    • C. 

      Interests should be free for the poor

  • 3. 
    Organized interest groups enhance what?
    • A. 

      Republicans encouraging political participation

    • B. 

      Not representing others

    • C. 

      American democracy by representing the interests of large numbers of people and encouraging political participation.

  • 4. 
    Interest groups are Political parties are
    • A. 

      Interests groups are concerned with the policies of government Political parties are concerned with the personnel of government

    • B. 

      Interests suck Political parties are raw

  • 5. 
    All of the following are  theoretical assumption of pluralism except?
    • A. 

      All interests are represented.

    • B. 

      Not represented

    • C. 

      The result of competition among interests is in the common good.

    • D. 

      All groups have equal access to the political process.

  • 6. 
    All of the following are  functions of interest groups besides?
    • A. 

      To influence governmental decisions

    • B. 

      To lobby government officials

    • C. 

      Not to lobby government officials

    • D. 

      To educate their members and the public about the issues that affect them

  • 7. 
    When membership in an organization allows for a reduction in the price of museum tickets, it is called
    • A. 

      Material benefit

    • B. 

      Cost price

    • C. 

      Reduction guaranteed

  • 8. 
    The Christian Coalition is best described as
    • A. 

      A dumb group.

    • B. 

      An ideological group.

    • C. 

      A Christian group.

  • 9. 
    If one enjoys the benefits of a group’s collective efforts but did not contribute to those efforts, one is called
    • A. 

      Knight rider

    • B. 

      Free rider

    • C. 

      The king

  • 10. 
    It is difficult for political scientists to categorize unrepresented interests because
    • A. 

      There are no organizations that can present their identities and demands.

    • B. 

      Because there is no point in trying to.

    • C. 

      Because they have no trace.

  • 11. 
    Successful interest groups quickly become
    • A. 

      Out of control

    • B. 

      Fired

    • C. 

      Bureaucratized.

  • 12. 
    All of the following are key organizational components of interest groups except?
    • A. 

      Members

    • B. 

      Money

    • C. 

      Leadership

    • D. 

      Gym membership

  • 13. 
    When a group is called a membership association
    • A. 

      Members recline

    • B. 

      Members play an important role in the daily activities of the group.

    • C. 

      Members create boycotts

  • 14. 
    The major organizational factors shared by most interest groups are except
    • A. 

      Leadership

    • B. 

      Money

    • C. 

      An agency or office

    • D. 

      Members

    • E. 

      Congress

  • 15. 
    The free-rider problem occurs
    • A. 

      Because thats the way it is

    • B. 

      Because they are free to do whatever

    • C. 

      Because the benefits of a group’s actions are broadly available and cannot be denied to nonmembers.

  • 16. 
    The solidary benefits of interest groups include
    • A. 

      Friendship and consciousness-raising.

    • B. 

      Hard work

    • C. 

      Unfair behavior

  • 17. 
    Approximately how many members does the AARP have? 
    • A. 

      5,000

    • B. 

      35,000,000

    • C. 

      25,000,000

  • 18. 
    A political party is best adapted to organizing
    • A. 

      The lower classes

    • B. 

      The upper classes

    • C. 

      The middle classes

  • 19. 
    What are the primary variables for predicting the likelihood of joining an interest group.
    • A. 

      Having a higher income and education

    • B. 

      Having a low income and horrible education

    • C. 

      Determination to join on

  • 20. 
    All of the following issues are part of the agenda of the New Politics Movement except
    • A. 

      Non-consumer protections

    • B. 

      Environmental protection

    • C. 

      Health and safety legislation

    • D. 

      Consumer protections

  • 21. 
    Members of interest groups in the United States are typically people:
    • A. 

      With higher levels of income and education.

    • B. 

      Who work in management or professional occupations.

    • C. 

      Who work for low income

    • D. 

      Who live in the ghetto

  • 22. 
    Interest groups most effectively serve
    • A. 

      Black people

    • B. 

      The middle class

    • C. 

      The lower class

    • D. 

      The upper classes.

  • 23. 
    All of the following groups were established out of the New Politics Movement except
    • A. 

      Common Cause

    • B. 

      National Organization for Men

    • C. 

      National Organization for Women

    • D. 

      Environmental Defense Fund

  • 24. 
    The New Politics movement gave rise to
    • A. 

      Public interest groups

    • B. 

      Political events

    • C. 

      Black people

  • 25. 
    Public interest groups differ from other types of interest groups in that
    • A. 

      They claim to serve the common good, not just their own particular interests.

    • B. 

      They are selfish

    • C. 

      They steal money from others

  • 26. 
    Lobbyists try to exert pressure directly on
    • A. 

      Other lobbyists

    • B. 

      Governmental officials themselves

    • C. 

      On political figures

  • 27. 
    Lobbying is an attempt by an individual or group to influence the passage of legislation by
    • A. 

      Putting pressure on the president

    • B. 

      Barack Obama

    • C. 

      Exerting direct pressure on members of Congress or a state legislature.

  • 28. 
    The practice of lobbying is protected by
    • A. 

      The fifth amendment

    • B. 

      The first amendment

    • C. 

      The second amendment

  • 29. 
    What is the most important and beneficial resource that lobbyists provide the government officals?
    • A. 

      Information

    • B. 

      Sources

    • C. 

      Terrorists

    • D. 

      Food

  • 30. 
    An iron triangle is made up of an alliance between a
    • A. 

      Legislative committee

    • B. 

      Interest group

    • C. 

      Lobbyists

    • D. 

      Executive agency

  • 31. 
    What is an Example of mobilizing public opinion.
    • A. 

      When interest groups advertise

    • B. 

      When interest groups take out advertisements and hold marches

    • C. 

      When mobilizer mobilize the mobilization period

  • 32. 
    The theory of pluralism states that all interests should be free to compete for
    • A. 

      Anything they want to

    • B. 

      Influence and the result will be compromise and moderation.

    • C. 

      Whatever they believe is right

  • 33. 
    Alexis de Tocqueville argued that the proliferation of groups
    • A. 

      Would ruin the world

    • B. 

      Would help the politics

    • C. 

      Extended the industry

    • D. 

      Promoted governmental responsiveness.

  • 34. 
    In order to increase enrollment, interest groups try to provide members with
    • A. 

      With normal bribes

    • B. 

      Benefits that are unavailable to anyone else.

    • C. 

      Nothing, they don't care about them

  • 35. 
    Interest groups are NOT prohibited by federal law from lobbying administrative agencies.
    • A. 

      False

    • B. 

      True

  • 36. 
    What is the primary function of a political action committee?
    • A. 

      To build a better network between interest groups and political parties

    • B. 

      To break up from politics

    • C. 

      To run away

  • 37. 
    By 2002, there were approximately
    • A. 

      10,000

    • B. 

      2,000

    • C. 

      4,000 PACs in the United States.

  • 38. 
    It is very infrequent that interest groups try to
    • A. 

      Remain solo

    • B. 

      Join other parties

    • C. 

      Form their own political party.

  • 39. 
    Staff organizations are NOT dependent on volunteers to conduct most of a group’s activities.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 40. 
    A criticism of interest-group pluralism is its class bias in favor of those with?
    • A. 

      With great financial resources

    • B. 

      With lesser financial resources

    • C. 

      With no resources