Geography Quiz 1-a

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Geography Quizzes & Trivia
Geography quiz 1

  
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  • 1. 
    A map scale shows the:
    • A. 

      Distribution of phenomena in a place

    • B. 

      Relationship between human and physical features in a place

    • C. 

      Relationship between features on a map and on the ground area it represents

    • D. 

      Density of population in a place

    • E. 

      Size and weight of geographic features in a place


  • 2. 
    Which of the following is an example of a small-scale map?
    • A. 

      1:25,000

    • B. 

      1:10,000

    • C. 

      1:50,000

    • D. 

      1:100,000

    • E. 

      1:250,000


  • 3. 
    ___________ of a place is its position north or south of the equator, measured in degrees.
    • A. 

      Longitude

    • B. 

      Altitude

    • C. 

      Latitude

    • D. 

      Relative Location

    • E. 

      Scale


  • 4. 
    ___________ is the study of the distribution of people and their activities.
    • A. 

      Physical geography

    • B. 

      Human geography

    • C. 

      Regional geography

    • D. 

      Systematic geography

    • E. 

      Political geography


  • 5. 
    The increasing level of interconnections among people and places throughout the world is referred to as:
    • A. 

      Localization

    • B. 

      Regionalization

    • C. 

      Industrialization

    • D. 

      Globalization

    • E. 

      Transformation


  • 6. 
    All of the following are aspects of localization, except:
    • A. 

      The spread of ideas, technologies, and diseases

    • B. 

      Religious differences in Iraq

    • C. 

      Separatist groups in Indonesia

    • D. 

      Local customs and practices in Nigeria

    • E. 

      Nationalism in China


  • 7. 
    The natural process in the Earth's atmosphere by which light rays are absorbed in the lower atmosphere by water vapor and carbon gases, raising the temperature of the air, is known as:
    • A. 

      Atmospheric pollution

    • B. 

      Ozone depletion

    • C. 

      Greenhouse effect

    • D. 

      Plate tectonics

    • E. 

      Ecosystem


  • 8. 
    Tropical climates are characterized by all of the following, except:
    • A. 

      High temperatures throughout the year

    • B. 

      They have short winters

    • C. 

      Massive thundercloud developments near the equator are common

    • D. 

      They have marked seasonal temperature differences between summer and winter

    • E. 

      Intense hurricanes and typhoons occur poleward of 10 degrees of latitude


  • 9. 
    What percentage of the Earth's surface is occupied by the continents and islands?
    • A. 

      10%

    • B. 

      20%

    • C. 

      30%

    • D. 

      40%

    • E. 

      50%


  • 10. 
    Which of the following religions is an ethnic religion – a religion closely tied to family and region, and considered a matter of birth by adherents?
    • A. 

      Islam

    • B. 

      Judaism

    • C. 

      Christianity

    • D. 

      Buddhism

    • E. 

      Hinduism


  • 11. 
    A culture hearth is a region:
    • A. 

      Which has experienced cultural conflict

    • B. 

      Where several cultures originated

    • C. 

      From which techniques and social norms diffused to other regions

    • D. 

      Where the cultural revolution started

    • E. 

      That has experienced a loss of cultural identity


  • 12. 
    An overall population growth of 1 percent will lead to population doubling time of:
    • A. 

      10 years

    • B. 

      20 years

    • C. 

      30 years

    • D. 

      50 years

    • E. 

      70 years


  • 13. 
    A population pyramid represents which of the following aspects of a population?
    • A. 

      Education and occupation

    • B. 

      Age and sex

    • C. 

      Gender and marital status

    • D. 

      Age and ethnicity

    • E. 

      Race and class


  • 14. 
    By 2002, ___________ people worldwide lived outside their country of birth.
    • A. 

      10 million

    • B. 

      60 million

    • C. 

      150 million

    • D. 

      1 billion

    • E. 

      400 million


  • 15. 
    ___________ study how human and natural resources are utilized and scarce goods are produced around the world.
    • A. 

      Political geographers

    • B. 

      Physical geographers

    • C. 

      Urban geographers

    • D. 

      Economic geographers

    • E. 

      Cultural geographers


  • 16. 
    Which of the following is an example of a primary sector activity?
    • A. 

      Grocery shop

    • B. 

      Financial institution

    • C. 

      Community College

    • D. 

      Auto manufacturing plant

    • E. 

      Rice farm


  • 17. 
    The predominant religion of South Asia is Hinduism.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 18. 
    The birth rate is the average number of births per woman in her lifetime.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 19. 
    Of the top Multinational Corporations (MNCs) with the highest level of assets outside their home country in the early 2000s, 70 were based in Europe.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 20. 
    In the materially poor countries of the world, the greatest proportion of the workforce are employed in the primary sector.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 21. 
    ___________ is the relative difficulty of moving from one place to another, which increases with miles, cost, or travel time.
    • A. 

      Physical distance

    • B. 

      Absolute distance

    • C. 

      Relative motion

    • D. 

      Friction of distance


  • 22. 
    The current population of the world is approximately ___________
    • A. 

      750 million.

    • B. 

      3.8 billion.

    • C. 

      6.6 billion.

    • D. 

      10 billion.


  • 23. 
    Globalization may best be described as ___________
    • A. 

      An increase in imports of manufactured goods from various countries around the world.

    • B. 

      The increasing level of interconnections among people and places throughout the world.

    • C. 

      The geographic differentiation of places among and within countries.

    • D. 

      The emergence of a uniform global culture.


  • 24. 
    Major global city-regions include all of the following except ___________
    • A. 

      Venice.

    • B. 

      New York City.

    • C. 

      London.

    • D. 

      Tokyo.


  • 25. 
    A ___________ is a center from which techniques, useful materials, and social norms diffused to other regions.
    • A. 

      Culture fault line

    • B. 

      Biome

    • C. 

      Primary sector

    • D. 

      Culture hearth


  • 26. 
    ___________ is an example of deposition.
    • A. 

      The dissolution of rocks as a result of a chemical reaction

    • B. 

      The dropping of sediments by a river as it flows into an ocean

    • C. 

      The wearing away of rocks by running water

    • D. 

      The uplift of a mountain range by tectonic forces


  • 27. 
    ___________ is the total value of goods and services produced within a country in a year.
    • A. 

      Gross domestic product

    • B. 

      Per capita income

    • C. 

      Purchasing power parity

    • D. 

      The Human Development Index


  • 28. 
    ___________ is a development approach that encourages countries to produce goods for export, allow foreign investment, and increase privatization.
    • A. 

      Localization

    • B. 

      Structural adjustment

    • C. 

      Responsible growth

    • D. 

      Import substitution


  • 29. 
    Orographic lifting, a process that triggers cloud formation and precipitation, occurs when ___________
    • A. 

      Mountain ranges in the path of moisture-laden winds force air upward.

    • B. 

      Warm, humid air streams collide near the equator, forcing the air to rise.

    • C. 

      Air masses from mid-latitude regions move poleward and ascend as they cool.

    • D. 

      Continental air masses are heated and rise as they move out over the ocean.


  • 30. 
    Wealth, education, and perceived birthright are common bases for ___________ distinctions.
    • A. 

      Class

    • B. 

      Race

    • C. 

      Ethnic

    • D. 

      Gender


  • 31. 
    ___________ is an ethnic religion that is closely tied to family and region.
    • A. 

      Islam

    • B. 

      Christianity

    • C. 

      Hinduism

    • D. 

      Buddhism


  • 32. 
    The Andes Mountains of South America formed as a result of one tectonic plate forcing another upward at a(n) ___________
    • A. 

      Divergent plate margin.

    • B. 

      Transform plate margin.

    • C. 

      Uplift plate margin.

    • D. 

      Convergent plate margin.


  • 33. 
    A nation is ___________
    • A. 

      A political unit with a government that has sovereignty over its inhabitants.

    • B. 

      The first group of inhabitants of any modern country.

    • C. 

      A country that divides authority between a central government and states or provinces.

    • D. 

      A group of people, often associated with a specific area of land, who believe they share common cultural features.


  • 34. 
    The secondary sector of the economy includes ___________
    • A. 

      Information-based services.

    • B. 

      Farming, mining, fishing, and forestry.

    • C. 

      Manufacturing and construction.

    • D. 

      Consumer and producer services.


  • 35. 
    Tundras are found where ___________
    • A. 

      Climatic conditions are favorable for tree growth.

    • B. 

      Long cold seasons and strong winds prevent tree growth.

    • C. 

      Evaporation exceeds water supply, supporting little or no vegetation.

    • D. 

      Annual burning by humans restricts tree growth.


  • 36. 
    Primary emerging countries, which have growing economies and play a significant role in the global marketplace, include all of the following except ___________
    • A. 

      China.

    • B. 

      Romania.

    • C. 

      Brazil.

    • D. 

      India.


  • 37. 
    ___________ is the average number of births per woman in her lifetime.
    • A. 

      Birth rate

    • B. 

      Population doubling time

    • C. 

      The rate of natural increase

    • D. 

      Total fertility rate


  • 38. 
    Sustainable human development ___________
    • A. 

      Is based on foreign direct investment to expand export industries.

    • B. 

      Encourages materially poor countries to maximize the development of natural resources.

    • C. 

      Involves economic growth that preserves resources and environmental quality.

    • D. 

      Aims to increase food supplies through the application of genetically modified crops and increased agricultural inputs.


  • 39. 
    The Kyoto Protocol, which sets targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions, was ratified by the United States in February of 2005. ___________
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 40. 
    Rural areas contain most of the populations of materially poorer countries. ___________
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 41. 
    Since 1978, the People's Republic of China has experienced an increase in central economic planning and a corresponding decrease in free market enterprise. ___________
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 42. 
    About 20 percent of the world's ___________ industry output occurs along the Rhine river.
    • A. 

      Chemical

    • B. 

      Fishing

    • C. 

      Agricultural

    • D. 

      Manufacturing

    • E. 

      Mining


  • 43. 
    The area along the Czech, Poland, and German borders referred to as the Black Triangle is known for:
    • A. 

      Extensive deforestation

    • B. 

      Significant impacts of global warming

    • C. 

      Overfishing

    • D. 

      The largest concentration of Black bears in the world

    • E. 

      Highest levels of acid pollution


  • 44. 
    Which of the following does NOT belong to the Germanic language group?
    • A. 

      Danish

    • B. 

      Swedish

    • C. 

      English

    • D. 

      French

    • E. 

      Dutch


  • 45. 
    In a communist, planned economy, decisions about production are made by:
    • A. 

      Private corporations

    • B. 

      Individual consumers

    • C. 

      Corporations owned by the state

    • D. 

      Factory workers

    • E. 

      Trade Union groups


  • 46. 
    To counter the formation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) by European countries and the United States in 1949, the Soviet Union created a military alliance in 1955 known as:
    • A. 

      The Soviet Pact

    • B. 

      The Warsaw Pact

    • C. 

      The Communist Alliance

    • D. 

      The Russian Alliance

    • E. 

      Union of Communist Nations


  • 47. 
    Trade expeditions overseas in the 1400s, which brought in precious metals, were led by two groups of Europeans, namely:
    • A. 

      Italians and Swedish

    • B. 

      Spanish and British

    • C. 

      Germans and French

    • D. 

      Portuguese and French

    • E. 

      Spanish and Portuguese


  • 48. 
    Which of the following statements about the industrial revolution in the mid 1700s is incorrect?
    • A. 

      Railroads become less important during this period

    • B. 

      Machines were used for mass production of goods

    • C. 

      Coal was a major energy source during this period

    • D. 

      Large urban centers devoted to industrial work emerged

    • E. 

      Huge port facilities were developed in the estuaries of Europe's major rivers


  • 49. 
    What country is often referred to as the 'motor' of Europe and is responsible for much of Western Europe's economic growth?
    • A. 

      Germany

    • B. 

      Britain

    • C. 

      France

    • D. 

      Italy

    • E. 

      Spain


  • 50. 
    Nuclear-powered electricity generation represents 76% and 54% respectively of the national energy totals of what pair of European countries?
    • A. 

      Italy and France

    • B. 

      Germany and Britain

    • C. 

      France and Belgium

    • D. 

      Spain and Switzerland

    • E. 

      Belgium and Austria


  • 51. 
    Europe dominates the international tourist market. In 2003, it received of the 763 million tourists worldwide.
    • A. 

      34%

    • B. 

      70%

    • C. 

      52%

    • D. 

      85%

    • E. 

      40%


  • 52. 
    Which of the following statements about Western Europe is incorrect?
    • A. 

      Many Western Europeans are the driving force behind the spread of Protestant Christianity

    • B. 

      From the 800s to 1200s, its Viking inhabitants were powerful and extended their control far beyond the region

    • C. 

      They were among the first to experience the Industrial Revolution

    • D. 

      All countries in the region rank within the top 20 on the Human Development Index

    • E. 

      Two of the countries occupy two of the permanent seats of the UN Security Council, the most powerful organ of the United Nations


  • 53. 
    What country has the largest sawmill industry in Europe, and accounts for about 10% of the world's exports?
    • A. 

      Switzerland

    • B. 

      Finland

    • C. 

      Denmark

    • D. 

      Norway

    • E. 

      Sweden


  • 54. 
    The Mediterranean Sea is an almost closed sea with a single narrow connection to the Atlantic Ocean at:
    • A. 

      The Strait of Malacca

    • B. 

      Strait of Hormuz

    • C. 

      Suez Canal

    • D. 

      The Strait of Gibraltar

    • E. 

      The Caspian Sea


  • 55. 
    The Mediterranean Action Plan (MAP) was developed in 1975 to:
    • A. 

      Promote economic development in Mediterranean Europe

    • B. 

      Seek political cooperation among the countries of the region

    • C. 

      Encourage trade between the Mediterranean countries and the other regions of Europe

    • D. 

      Increase agricultural productivity and food security in the region

    • E. 

      Tackle pollution problems in the region


  • 56. 
    Between the late 1700s and the end of World War I in 1918, most of Central Europe was dominated by four great Empires, namely:
    • A. 

      Russian, German, Austro-Hungarian, and Ottoman empires

    • B. 

      Ottoman, Roman, German, and Assyrian empires

    • C. 

      Russian, Austro-Hungarian, Chaldean, and Roman empires

    • D. 

      German, Russian, Ottoman, and Inca empires

    • E. 

      Austro-Hungarian, Inca, Assyrian, and Ottoman empires


  • 57. 
    Germany, France, and United Kingdom receive the least number of refugees in Europe.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 58. 
    The Danube River is longer than the Rhine, but the latter is the world's busiest waterway.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 59. 
    Europe's climates are mostly temperate and humid, but include long freezing winters in the north and dry summers in the south.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 60. 
    The Mediterranean Sea is one of the world's major shipping lanes, carrying over 50 percent of the world's sea-borne oil traffic.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 61. 
    ____________ receives more international tourists than any other country in the world.
    • A. 

      Germany

    • B. 

      France

    • C. 

      Italy

    • D. 

      Portugal


  • 62. 
    Fjords, which are common along the coast of Norway, formed where ____________
    • A. 

      Divergent tectonic plates created rift valleys in the Kjöllen Mountains.

    • B. 

      Rivers deposited sediments as they flowed into the ocean.

    • C. 

      Glaciated valleys flooded with ocean water when sea levels rose.

    • D. 

      Mountain ranges were worn down by erosion and then raised again by faulting.


  • 63. 
    The industrial revolution began in the mid-1700s in ____________ and then spread to other parts of Western Europe.
    • A. 

      France

    • B. 

      Germany

    • C. 

      Great Britain

    • D. 

      The Netherlands


  • 64. 
    The ____________, a river used heavily for transportation, is the world's busiest waterway.
    • A. 

      Danube

    • B. 

      Po

    • C. 

      Thames

    • D. 

      Rhine


  • 65. 
    The International Court of Justice, located in ____________, set up a special war crimes tribunal to deal with atrocities related to ethnic cleansing in the former Yugoslavia.
    • A. 

      The Hague, Netherlands

    • B. 

      Reykjavik, Iceland

    • C. 

      Vienna, Austria

    • D. 

      Bucharest, Romania


  • 66. 
    Romance languages include all of the following except ____________
    • A. 

      English.

    • B. 

      French.

    • C. 

      Spanish.

    • D. 

      Italian.


  • 67. 
    As a result of recent demographic trends in Europe, ____________
    • A. 

      Most countries are experiencing rapid population growth.

    • B. 

      Aging populations have increased the burden on welfare systems.

    • C. 

      The proportion of the population over age 65 has been decreasing.

    • D. 

      Total fertility rates are higher than they were forty years ago.


  • 68. 
    Most of the countries of __________ were formerly controlled by the Soviet Union, which imposed Communist economic policies.
    • A. 

      Northern Europe

    • B. 

      East Central Europe

    • C. 

      Western Europe

    • D. 

      Mediterranean Europe


  • 69. 
    Concentration of European agriculture has resulted in __________
    • A. 

      An increase in the proportion of the population engaged in agriculture.

    • B. 

      The production of a greater variety of crops on individual farms.

    • C. 

      An increase in the number of small farms.

    • D. 

      Fewer but much larger farms.


  • 70. 
    __________, the largest city in northern Italy, is a major center of financial and other services as well as producer of a diverse group of manufactured goods.
    • A. 

      Milan

    • B. 

      Madrid

    • C. 

      Rome

    • D. 

      Venice


  • 71. 
    __________ constitute the majority population in Serbia's southern province of Kosovo.
    • A. 

      Greeks

    • B. 

      Slovenes

    • C. 

      Albanians

    • D. 

      Croats


  • 72. 
    The violence that has plagued Northern Ireland has primarily been due to conflicts between __________
    • A. 

      The military and Communist rebels trying to seize power.

    • B. 

      Those who want to join the European Union and those who do not.

    • C. 

      Irish Catholics and Muslims who immigrated from the former Yugoslavia.

    • D. 

      Irish nationalists who want to unite with the Irish republic and Unionists who want to maintain union with the UK.


  • 73. 
    Christianity became significant in Europe after the __________ adopted it as their empire's official religion.
    • A. 

      Ottomans

    • B. 

      Romans

    • C. 

      British

    • D. 

      Greeks


  • 74. 
    European oil and natural gas fields are concentrated in the __________
    • A. 

      North Sea.

    • B. 

      North European Plain.

    • C. 

      Dinaric Alps.

    • D. 

      Mediterranean Sea.


  • 75. 
    The European Union represents __________, the idea that different nations can cooperate so closely for their mutual benefit that they can share the same government, economy, social policies, and military.
    • A. 

      Irredentism

    • B. 

      Imperialism

    • C. 

      Colonialism

    • D. 

      Supranationalism


  • 76. 
    The __________ climate prevails along the Mediterranean Sea coastlands of southern Europe.
    • A. 

      Oceanic temperate

    • B. 

      Subtropical winter rain

    • C. 

      Continental temperate

    • D. 

      Tropical rainy


  • 77. 
    The establishment of parliaments with limited powers in Scotland and Wales is an example of __________, the process by which local peoples seek greater authority in government.
    • A. 

      Specialization

    • B. 

      Devolution

    • C. 

      Extensification

    • D. 

      Irredentism


  • 78. 
    All of the following except __________ are members of the Group of Eight, an informal organization representing the world's most materially wealthy countries.
    • A. 

      Germany

    • B. 

      France

    • C. 

      Spain

    • D. 

      The United Kingdom


  • 79. 
    European countries have experienced substantial deindustrialization in recent decades. __________
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 80. 
    The three Baltic Republics of the Soviet Union which became independent in 1991 are:
    • A. 

      Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania

    • B. 

      Ukraine, Lithuania, and Georgia

    • C. 

      Armenia, Belarus, and Ukraine

    • D. 

      Uzbekistan, Georgia, and Latvia

    • E. 

      Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan


  • 81. 
    Armenia, the smallest country within the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), is only the size of what two states combined?
    • A. 

      New Jersey and New York

    • B. 

      Florida and Texas

    • C. 

      Maryland and Delaware

    • D. 

      Ohio and Indiana

    • E. 

      Maine and Vermont


  • 82. 
    All of the following rivers are in Central Asia, except:
    • A. 

      Volga river

    • B. 

      Amu Darya river

    • C. 

      Syr river

    • D. 

      Yuenisey river

    • E. 

      Tigris river


  • 83. 
    Which of the following statements about the physical geography of Russia and Neighboring countries is incorrect?
    • A. 

      Plains and low plateaus dominate most of the landscapes of this region

    • B. 

      The southern boundary of the region is marked by mountain systems

    • C. 

      The regions coldest climates are found around the Black and Caspian seas and in the Central Asian countries

    • D. 

      Much of the region has moderate precipitation falling mainly in summer

    • E. 

      The vegetation is characterized by deserts, grassland, forest, and tundra


  • 84. 
    Polish, Lithuanian, and Austrian influence on Belarus is seen in the fact that:
    • A. 

      About 20% of Belarus's population is Roman Catholic

    • B. 

      The four countries have the same political institutions

    • C. 

      The four countries have established an Economic Union

    • D. 

      There are no restrictions on immigration among the four countries

    • E. 

      Most of the immigrants in Poland, Lithuania, and Austria have come from Belarus


  • 85. 
    The main cause of population decline in the Slavic countries is:
    • A. 

      Change in religious practices

    • B. 

      Economic hardships

    • C. 

      Environmental degradation

    • D. 

      Government imposed restrictions on fertility

    • E. 

      Political change from communist to a democratic system


  • 86. 
    In 1917, at the time of the Bolshevik Revolution, what percentage of Russians lived in small towns and cities?
    • A. 

      40%

    • B. 

      50%

    • C. 

      5%

    • D. 

      17%

    • E. 

      1%


  • 87. 
    Since the breakup of the Soviet Union, the Russian Federation has been characterized by the following urban trends, except:
    • A. 

      The movement of richer families to the suburbs around Moscow

    • B. 

      Congestion and pollution of inner city

    • C. 

      Development of suburban shopping malls

    • D. 

      Reduction in urban crime rate

    • E. 

      The construction of new private housing


  • 88. 
    In the context of reforms in the Soviet Union in the mid 1980s, the concept of perestroika refers to a policy of:
    • A. 

      Economic restructuring

    • B. 

      Transformation of political institutions

    • C. 

      Promoting cultural diversity

    • D. 

      Reducing environmental pollution

    • E. 

      Minimizing U.S influences on the Soviet Union


  • 89. 
    After declaring independence, all the former republics of the Soviet Union formed the Commonwealth of Independent States, except three, namely:
    • A. 

      Ukraine, Lithuania, and Georgia

    • B. 

      Armenia, Belarus, and Ukraine

    • C. 

      Uzbekistan, Georgia, and Latvia

    • D. 

      Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania

    • E. 

      Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan


  • 90. 
    The collectivization program launched by Stalin in the Soviet Union in 1928 aimed to:
    • A. 

      Promote the development of cities in the country

    • B. 

      Encourage communities and groups to establish small-scale industries

    • C. 

      Assist the peoples of the Soviet Union to collectively resist the appeal of capitalism

    • D. 

      Make farmers into factory-like workers

    • E. 

      Help factory workers to organize collectively to become home owners


  • 91. 
    By 2000, Russia produced about ___________ percent of the world's GDP.
    • A. 

      1.5%

    • B. 

      5.4%

    • C. 

      0.8%

    • D. 

      2.2%

    • E. 

      8.5%


  • 92. 
    Which of the following statements about Russia's heartland is FALSE?
    • A. 

      It lies east of the Urals

    • B. 

      It is known as the Russian homeland

    • C. 

      It includes the Volga river region

    • D. 

      Local manufacturing in the region includes vehicle and textile industries

    • E. 

      It includes many of the original eastern Slav territories


  • 93. 
    All five countries of Central Asia produce similar commodities, namely:
    • A. 

      Cotton, wheat, and soybeans

    • B. 

      Wheat, tea, and potatoes

    • C. 

      Oil, cotton, and rice

    • D. 

      Oil, wheat, and rice

    • E. 

      Natural gas, oil, and cotton


  • 94. 
    In 1990, Siberia produced 20 percent of Russia's oil, 30 percent of its natural gas, and 50% percent of its coal.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 95. 
    Central Asia's five countries were once part of a land called Turkestan, a loose confederation of tribes.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 96. 
    Central Asia's fertile river valleys of the Amu Darya and Syr Darya are one of the cradles of civilization.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 97. 
    The Russian Federation's heartland includes the Arctic regions around Murmansk, the mining areas east of the Urals, and the resource-rich Siberia.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 98. 
    The line between Europe and Asia is marked by the __________
    • A. 

      Syr Darya River.

    • B. 

      Kamchatka Peninsula.

    • C. 

      Yenisey River.

    • D. 

      Ural Mountains.


  • 99. 
    The primary Slavic languages of this region (Russian, Belarussian, and Ukrainian) are written using the __________ alphabet.
    • A. 

      Latin

    • B. 

      Arabic

    • C. 

      Cyrillic

    • D. 

      Runic


  • 100. 
    The Soviet Union had a __________ economy, a system in which all aspects of production and distribution were controlled by government agencies.
    • A. 

      Laissez-faire

    • B. 

      Command

    • C. 

      Free market

    • D. 

      Subsistence


  • 101. 
    A major wheat-producing region is found in __________
    • A. 

      Eastern Siberia.

    • B. 

      Central Asia's Fergana Valley.

    • C. 

      The southern Caucasus.

    • D. 

      The plains of Ukraine, western Russia, and Kazakhstan.


  • 102. 
    The majority population of Nagorno-Karabakh is __________
    • A. 

      Georgian.

    • B. 

      Armenian.

    • C. 

      Kazakh.

    • D. 

      Azerbaijani.


  • 103. 
    After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, many __________ hoped to once again unite their country with Romania.
    • A. 

      Moldovans

    • B. 

      Tajiks

    • C. 

      Armenians

    • D. 

      Ukrainians


  • 104. 
    The __________ is a political and economic organization made up of twelve former republics of the Soviet Union.
    • A. 

      Russian Federation

    • B. 

      Commonwealth of Independent States

    • C. 

      Warsaw Pact

    • D. 

      Group of Twelve (G12)


  • 105. 
    The __________ is the world's largest forest region, which dominates areas north of Moscow and across Siberia.
    • A. 

      Tundra

    • B. 

      Taiga

    • C. 

      Steppe

    • D. 

      Permafrost


  • 106. 
    Tensions have arisen between Kyrgyzstan and __________ over water allocation in the Fergana Valley.
    • A. 

      Kazakhstan

    • B. 

      Georgia

    • C. 

      Uzbekistan

    • D. 

      Turkmenistan


  • 107. 
    The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was established in 1922 under the leadership of __________
    • A. 

      Vladimir I. Lenin.

    • B. 

      Joseph Stalin.

    • C. 

      Nicholas Romanov.

    • D. 

      Mikhail Gorbachev


  • 108. 
    Russia has come under international criticism for its recent military campaigns in __________, a republic that has suffered high death tolls in its quest for independence.
    • A. 

      Chechnya

    • B. 

      Tatarstan

    • C. 

      Turkmenistan

    • D. 

      Yakutia


  • 109. 
    Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan straddle the __________ Mountains.
    • A. 

      Tien Shan

    • B. 

      Altay

    • C. 

      Caucasus

    • D. 

      Ural


  • 110. 
    __________ has been reduced to less than half its previous size as a result of irrigation projects that have diverted water from the rivers that feed it.
    • A. 

      The Aral Sea

    • B. 

      Lake Baikal

    • C. 

      The Sea of Azov

    • D. 

      The Caspian Sea


  • 111. 
    __________ was a Soviet policy of the late 1980s designed to restructure the economy in a capitalist fashion.
    • A. 

      Central planning

    • B. 

      Perestroika

    • C. 

      Bolshevism

    • D. 

      Glasnost


  • 112. 
    A large part of this region experiences especially cold winters and hot summers resulting from location far from the moderating effects of large water bodies, a condition termed __________
    • A. 

      Continentality.

    • B. 

      Aridity.

    • C. 

      Humidity.

    • D. 

      Temperature inversion.


  • 113. 
    Under collectivization, which was called for in Stalin's first five-year plan, __________
    • A. 

      Restrictions were placed on basic freedoms such as speech and religion.

    • B. 

      Individual workers were given greater control of operations on farms and in factories.

    • C. 

      Small family farms were merged into large, government-run farms.

    • D. 

      Industries were expanded to meet the rising demand for consumer goods.


  • 114. 
    During Soviet times, boundaries were sometimes drawn in a way that would divide and dilute non-Russians, thereby solidifying central control over the vast territory. __________
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 115. 
    The Slavic countries have experienced rapid population growth in recent years. __________
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False


  • 116. 
    ***In the context of reforms in the Soviet Union in the mid 1980s, the concept of glasnost refers to a policy of:
    • A. 

      Economic restructuring

    • B. 

      Information openness

    • C. 

      Promoting cultural diversity

    • D. 

      Reducing environmental pollution

    • E. 

      Minimizing U.S influences on the Soviet Union


  • 117. 
    **** Of the following countries, the one that is culturally closest to the Romanians is:
    • A. 

      Azerbaijan.

    • B. 

      Moldova.

    • C. 

      Latvia.

    • D. 

      Russia.


  • 118. 
    **** Tea and citrus fruits are important agricultural products of:
    • A. 

      Belarus

    • B. 

      Kazakhstan

    • C. 

      Russia

    • D. 

      Georgia


  • 119. 
    **** The most populous country to emerge from the former Soviet Union is:
    • A. 

      Ukraine

    • B. 

      Russia

    • C. 

      Kazakhstan

    • D. 

      Lithuania


  • 120. 
    **** The yurt is a national symbol for which of the following groups?
    • A. 

      Kyrgyz

    • B. 

      Russians

    • C. 

      Georgians

    • D. 

      Chukchi


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