Geography Quiz 1-a

126 Questions  I  By Garrett987
Geography quiz 1

  
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1.  Fjords, which are common along the coast of Norway, formed where ____________
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  During Soviet times, boundaries were sometimes drawn in a way that would divide and dilute non-Russians, thereby solidifying central control over the vast territory. __________
A.
B.
3.  ___________ is the relative difficulty of moving from one place to another, which increases with miles, cost, or travel time.
A.
B.
C.
D.
4.  The predominant religion of South Asia is Hinduism.
A.
B.
5.  What percentage of the Earth's surface is occupied by the continents and islands?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  The current population of the world is approximately ___________
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  Mediterranean Europe is characterized by all of the following, except:
8.  A major wheat-producing region is found in __________
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  Since the breakup of the Soviet Union, the Russian Federation has been characterized by the following urban trends, except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Most of the countries of __________ were formerly controlled by the Soviet Union, which imposed Communist economic policies.
A.
B.
C.
D.
11.  Central Asia's five countries were once part of a land called Turkestan, a loose confederation of tribes.
A.
B.
12.  By 2002, ___________ people worldwide lived outside their country of birth.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  The European Union represents __________, the idea that different nations can cooperate so closely for their mutual benefit that they can share the same government, economy, social policies, and military.
A.
B.
C.
D.
14.  Wealth, education, and perceived birthright are common bases for ___________ distinctions.
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  Trade expeditions overseas in the 1400s, which brought in precious metals, were led by two groups of Europeans, namely:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  **** Tea and citrus fruits are important agricultural products of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
17.  What three countries in Russia and Neighboring countries straddle the Caucasus mountains and are frequently called the Transcaucus, meaning 'across the mountains'?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  ___________ is the study of the distribution of people and their activities.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  The primary Slavic languages of this region (Russian, Belarussian, and Ukrainian) are written using the __________ alphabet.
A.
B.
C.
D.
20.  Nuclear-powered electricity generation represents 76% and 54% respectively of the national energy totals of what pair of European countries?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Which of the following statements about the industrial revolution in the mid 1700s is incorrect?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  __________ constitute the majority population in Serbia's southern province of Kosovo.
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  The Mediterranean Sea is one of the world's major shipping lanes, carrying over 50 percent of the world's sea-borne oil traffic.
A.
B.
24.  Europe dominates the international tourist market. In 2003, it received of the 763 million tourists worldwide.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  Siberia's economic significance is primarily due to its __________
26.  Islam is the predominant religion among all of the following peoples except __________
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  Under collectivization, which was called for in Stalin's first five-year plan, __________
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  Which of the following is an example of a small-scale map?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Concentration of European agriculture has resulted in __________
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  Orographic lifting, a process that triggers cloud formation and precipitation, occurs when ___________
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  The name Ukraine means:
32.  A nation is ___________
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  In 1917, at the time of the Bolshevik Revolution, what percentage of Russians lived in small towns and cities?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  An overall population growth of 1 percent will lead to population doubling time of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  What country is often referred to as the 'motor' of Europe and is responsible for much of Western Europe's economic growth?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  ___________ is the total value of goods and services produced within a country in a year.
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  A population pyramid represents which of the following aspects of a population?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  The natural process in the Earth's atmosphere by which light rays are absorbed in the lower atmosphere by water vapor and carbon gases, raising the temperature of the air, is known as:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  __________ has been reduced to less than half its previous size as a result of irrigation projects that have diverted water from the rivers that feed it.
A.
B.
C.
D.
40.  **** The yurt is a national symbol for which of the following groups?
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  After declaring independence, all the former republics of the Soviet Union formed the Commonwealth of Independent States, except three, namely:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  European oil and natural gas fields are concentrated in the __________
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  About 20 percent of the world's ___________ industry output occurs along the Rhine river.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  **** Of the following countries, the one that is culturally closest to the Romanians is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  A culture hearth is a region:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Christianity became significant in Europe after the __________ adopted it as their empire's official religion.
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  The Russian Federation's heartland includes the Arctic regions around Murmansk, the mining areas east of the Urals, and the resource-rich Siberia.
A.
B.
48.  A large part of this region experiences especially cold winters and hot summers resulting from location far from the moderating effects of large water bodies, a condition termed __________
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  The Slavic countries have experienced rapid population growth in recent years. __________
A.
B.
50.  Which of the following is an example of a primary sector activity?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  The __________ climate prevails along the Mediterranean Sea coastlands of southern Europe.
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  The collectivization program launched by Stalin in the Soviet Union in 1928 aimed to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  ___________ is the average number of births per woman in her lifetime.
A.
B.
C.
D.
54.  The secondary sector of the economy includes ___________
A.
B.
C.
D.
55.  Armenia, the smallest country within the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), is only the size of what two states combined?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  Primary emerging countries, which have growing economies and play a significant role in the global marketplace, include all of the following except ___________
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  ____________ receives more international tourists than any other country in the world.
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  Central Asia's fertile river valleys of the Amu Darya and Syr Darya are one of the cradles of civilization.
A.
B.
59.  All of the following except __________ are members of the Group of Eight, an informal organization representing the world's most materially wealthy countries.
A.
B.
C.
D.
60.  The ____________, a river used heavily for transportation, is the world's busiest waterway.
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  Globalization may best be described as ___________
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  All five countries of Central Asia produce similar commodities, namely:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  The Mediterranean Action Plan (MAP) was developed in 1975 to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  Romance languages include all of the following except ____________
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  In the context of reforms in the Soviet Union in the mid 1980s, the concept of perestroika refers to a policy of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  Rural areas contain most of the populations of materially poorer countries. ___________
A.
B.
67.  ___________ of a place is its position north or south of the equator, measured in degrees.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  The Mediterranean Sea is an almost closed sea with a single narrow connection to the Atlantic Ocean at:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  The birth rate is the average number of births per woman in her lifetime.
A.
B.
70.  Germany, France, and United Kingdom receive the least number of refugees in Europe.
A.
B.
71.  Which of the following religions is an ethnic religion – a religion closely tied to family and region, and considered a matter of birth by adherents?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  The Andes Mountains of South America formed as a result of one tectonic plate forcing another upward at a(n) ___________
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  All of the following rivers are in Central Asia, except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  **** The most populous country to emerge from the former Soviet Union is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  European countries have experienced substantial deindustrialization in recent decades. __________
A.
B.
76.  All of the following are aspects of localization, except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  __________ was a Soviet policy of the late 1980s designed to restructure the economy in a capitalist fashion.
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  By 2000, Russia produced about ___________ percent of the world's GDP.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  The main cause of population decline in the Slavic countries is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
80.  A ___________ is a center from which techniques, useful materials, and social norms diffused to other regions.
A.
B.
C.
D.
81.  Polish, Lithuanian, and Austrian influence on Belarus is seen in the fact that:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  Living standards in Northern European countries are lower than those in other subregions of the continent. __________
83.  The __________ is the world's largest forest region, which dominates areas north of Moscow and across Siberia.
A.
B.
C.
D.
84.  Tropical climates are characterized by all of the following, except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, many __________ hoped to once again unite their country with Romania.
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.  The Soviet Union had a __________ economy, a system in which all aspects of production and distribution were controlled by government agencies.
A.
B.
C.
D.
87.  Of the top Multinational Corporations (MNCs) with the highest level of assets outside their home country in the early 2000s, 70 were based in Europe.
A.
B.
88.  The area along the Czech, Poland, and German borders referred to as the Black Triangle is known for:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  Which of the following statements about Western Europe is incorrect?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
90.  The establishment of parliaments with limited powers in Scotland and Wales is an example of __________, the process by which local peoples seek greater authority in government.
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  The majority population of Nagorno-Karabakh is __________
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  ___________ study how human and natural resources are utilized and scarce goods are produced around the world.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
93.  Europe's climates are mostly temperate and humid, but include long freezing winters in the north and dry summers in the south.
A.
B.
94.  The Kyoto Protocol, which sets targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions, was ratified by the United States in February of 2005. ___________
A.
B.
95.  To counter the formation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) by European countries and the United States in 1949, the Soviet Union created a military alliance in 1955 known as:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
96.  ___________ is an example of deposition.
A.
B.
C.
D.
97.  ___________ is a development approach that encourages countries to produce goods for export, allow foreign investment, and increase privatization.
A.
B.
C.
D.
98.  Russia has come under international criticism for its recent military campaigns in __________, a republic that has suffered high death tolls in its quest for independence.
A.
B.
C.
D.
99.  The Danube River is longer than the Rhine, but the latter is the world's busiest waterway.
A.
B.