Geography Quiz 1-a

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Geography quiz 1

  
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1.  A map scale shows the:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  Which of the following is an example of a small-scale map?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  ___________ of a place is its position north or south of the equator, measured in degrees.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  ___________ is the study of the distribution of people and their activities.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  The increasing level of interconnections among people and places throughout the world is referred to as:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  All of the following are aspects of localization, except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  The natural process in the Earth's atmosphere by which light rays are absorbed in the lower atmosphere by water vapor and carbon gases, raising the temperature of the air, is known as:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  Tropical climates are characterized by all of the following, except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  What percentage of the Earth's surface is occupied by the continents and islands?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  Which of the following religions is an ethnic religion – a religion closely tied to family and region, and considered a matter of birth by adherents?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  A culture hearth is a region:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  An overall population growth of 1 percent will lead to population doubling time of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  A population pyramid represents which of the following aspects of a population?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  By 2002, ___________ people worldwide lived outside their country of birth.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  ___________ study how human and natural resources are utilized and scarce goods are produced around the world.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  Which of the following is an example of a primary sector activity?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  The predominant religion of South Asia is Hinduism.
A.
B.
18.  The birth rate is the average number of births per woman in her lifetime.
A.
B.
19.  Of the top Multinational Corporations (MNCs) with the highest level of assets outside their home country in the early 2000s, 70 were based in Europe.
A.
B.
20.  In the materially poor countries of the world, the greatest proportion of the workforce are employed in the primary sector.
A.
B.
21.  ___________ is the relative difficulty of moving from one place to another, which increases with miles, cost, or travel time.
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  The current population of the world is approximately ___________
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  Globalization may best be described as ___________
A.
B.
C.
D.
24.  Major global city-regions include all of the following except ___________
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  A ___________ is a center from which techniques, useful materials, and social norms diffused to other regions.
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  ___________ is an example of deposition.
A.
B.
C.
D.
27.  ___________ is the total value of goods and services produced within a country in a year.
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  ___________ is a development approach that encourages countries to produce goods for export, allow foreign investment, and increase privatization.
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  Orographic lifting, a process that triggers cloud formation and precipitation, occurs when ___________
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  Wealth, education, and perceived birthright are common bases for ___________ distinctions.
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  ___________ is an ethnic religion that is closely tied to family and region.
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  The Andes Mountains of South America formed as a result of one tectonic plate forcing another upward at a(n) ___________
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  A nation is ___________
A.
B.
C.
D.
34.  The secondary sector of the economy includes ___________
A.
B.
C.
D.
35.  Tundras are found where ___________
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  Primary emerging countries, which have growing economies and play a significant role in the global marketplace, include all of the following except ___________
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  ___________ is the average number of births per woman in her lifetime.
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  Sustainable human development ___________
A.
B.
C.
D.
39.  The Kyoto Protocol, which sets targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions, was ratified by the United States in February of 2005. ___________
A.
B.
40.  Rural areas contain most of the populations of materially poorer countries. ___________
A.
B.
41.  Since 1978, the People's Republic of China has experienced an increase in central economic planning and a corresponding decrease in free market enterprise. ___________
A.
B.
42.  About 20 percent of the world's ___________ industry output occurs along the Rhine river.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  The area along the Czech, Poland, and German borders referred to as the Black Triangle is known for:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Which of the following does NOT belong to the Germanic language group?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  In a communist, planned economy, decisions about production are made by:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  To counter the formation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) by European countries and the United States in 1949, the Soviet Union created a military alliance in 1955 known as:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  Trade expeditions overseas in the 1400s, which brought in precious metals, were led by two groups of Europeans, namely:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Which of the following statements about the industrial revolution in the mid 1700s is incorrect?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  What country is often referred to as the 'motor' of Europe and is responsible for much of Western Europe's economic growth?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  Nuclear-powered electricity generation represents 76% and 54% respectively of the national energy totals of what pair of European countries?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  Europe dominates the international tourist market. In 2003, it received of the 763 million tourists worldwide.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  Which of the following statements about Western Europe is incorrect?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  What country has the largest sawmill industry in Europe, and accounts for about 10% of the world's exports?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  The Mediterranean Sea is an almost closed sea with a single narrow connection to the Atlantic Ocean at:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  The Mediterranean Action Plan (MAP) was developed in 1975 to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  Between the late 1700s and the end of World War I in 1918, most of Central Europe was dominated by four great Empires, namely:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  Germany, France, and United Kingdom receive the least number of refugees in Europe.
A.
B.
58.  The Danube River is longer than the Rhine, but the latter is the world's busiest waterway.
A.
B.
59.  Europe's climates are mostly temperate and humid, but include long freezing winters in the north and dry summers in the south.
A.
B.
60.  The Mediterranean Sea is one of the world's major shipping lanes, carrying over 50 percent of the world's sea-borne oil traffic.
A.
B.
61.  ____________ receives more international tourists than any other country in the world.
A.
B.
C.
D.
62.  Fjords, which are common along the coast of Norway, formed where ____________
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  The industrial revolution began in the mid-1700s in ____________ and then spread to other parts of Western Europe.
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  The ____________, a river used heavily for transportation, is the world's busiest waterway.
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  The International Court of Justice, located in ____________, set up a special war crimes tribunal to deal with atrocities related to ethnic cleansing in the former Yugoslavia.
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  Romance languages include all of the following except ____________
A.
B.
C.
D.
67.  As a result of recent demographic trends in Europe, ____________
A.
B.
C.
D.
68.  Most of the countries of __________ were formerly controlled by the Soviet Union, which imposed Communist economic policies.
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  Concentration of European agriculture has resulted in __________
A.
B.
C.
D.
70.  __________, the largest city in northern Italy, is a major center of financial and other services as well as producer of a diverse group of manufactured goods.
A.
B.
C.
D.
71.  __________ constitute the majority population in Serbia's southern province of Kosovo.
A.
B.
C.
D.
72.  The violence that has plagued Northern Ireland has primarily been due to conflicts between __________
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  Christianity became significant in Europe after the __________ adopted it as their empire's official religion.
A.
B.
C.
D.
74.  European oil and natural gas fields are concentrated in the __________
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  The European Union represents __________, the idea that different nations can cooperate so closely for their mutual benefit that they can share the same government, economy, social policies, and military.
A.
B.
C.
D.
76.  The __________ climate prevails along the Mediterranean Sea coastlands of southern Europe.
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  The establishment of parliaments with limited powers in Scotland and Wales is an example of __________, the process by which local peoples seek greater authority in government.
A.
B.
C.
D.
78.  All of the following except __________ are members of the Group of Eight, an informal organization representing the world's most materially wealthy countries.
A.
B.
C.
D.
79.  European countries have experienced substantial deindustrialization in recent decades. __________
A.
B.
80.  The three Baltic Republics of the Soviet Union which became independent in 1991 are:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  Armenia, the smallest country within the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), is only the size of what two states combined?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  All of the following rivers are in Central Asia, except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  Which of the following statements about the physical geography of Russia and Neighboring countries is incorrect?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  Polish, Lithuanian, and Austrian influence on Belarus is seen in the fact that:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  The main cause of population decline in the Slavic countries is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.  In 1917, at the time of the Bolshevik Revolution, what percentage of Russians lived in small towns and cities?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  Since the breakup of the Soviet Union, the Russian Federation has been characterized by the following urban trends, except:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  In the context of reforms in the Soviet Union in the mid 1980s, the concept of perestroika refers to a policy of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  After declaring independence, all the former republics of the Soviet Union formed the Commonwealth of Independent States, except three, namely:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
90.  The collectivization program launched by Stalin in the Soviet Union in 1928 aimed to:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
91.  By 2000, Russia produced about ___________ percent of the world's GDP.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
92.  Which of the following statements about Russia's heartland is FALSE?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
93.  All five countries of Central Asia produce similar commodities, namely:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
94.  In 1990, Siberia produced 20 percent of Russia's oil, 30 percent of its natural gas, and 50% percent of its coal.
A.
B.
95.  Central Asia's five countries were once part of a land called Turkestan, a loose confederation of tribes.
A.
B.
96.  Central Asia's fertile river valleys of the Amu Darya and Syr Darya are one of the cradles of civilization.
A.
B.
97.  The Russian Federation's heartland includes the Arctic regions around Murmansk, the mining areas east of the Urals, and the resource-rich Siberia.
A.
B.
98.  The line between Europe and Asia is marked by the __________
A.
B.
C.
D.
99.  The primary Slavic languages of this region (Russian, Belarussian, and Ukrainian) are written using the __________ alphabet.
A.
B.
C.
D.
100.  The Soviet Union had a __________ economy, a system in which all aspects of production and distribution were controlled by government agencies.
A.
B.
C.
D.
101.  A major wheat-producing region is found in __________
A.
B.
C.
D.
102.  The majority population of Nagorno-Karabakh is __________
A.
B.
C.
D.
103.  After the dissolution of the Soviet Union, many __________ hoped to once again unite their country with Romania.
A.
B.
C.
D.
104.  The __________ is a political and economic organization made up of twelve former republics of the Soviet Union.
A.
B.
C.
D.
105.  The __________ is the world's largest forest region, which dominates areas north of Moscow and across Siberia.
A.
B.
C.
D.
106.  Tensions have arisen between Kyrgyzstan and __________ over water allocation in the Fergana Valley.
A.
B.
C.
D.
107.  The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was established in 1922 under the leadership of __________
A.
B.
C.
D.
108.  Russia has come under international criticism for its recent military campaigns in __________, a republic that has suffered high death tolls in its quest for independence.
A.
B.
C.
D.
109.  Georgia, Armenia, and Azerbaijan straddle the __________ Mountains.
A.
B.
C.
D.
110.  __________ has been reduced to less than half its previous size as a result of irrigation projects that have diverted water from the rivers that feed it.
A.
B.
C.
D.
111.  __________ was a Soviet policy of the late 1980s designed to restructure the economy in a capitalist fashion.
A.
B.
C.
D.
112.  A large part of this region experiences especially cold winters and hot summers resulting from location far from the moderating effects of large water bodies, a condition termed __________
A.
B.
C.
D.
113.  Under collectivization, which was called for in Stalin's first five-year plan, __________
A.
B.
C.
D.
114.  During Soviet times, boundaries were sometimes drawn in a way that would divide and dilute non-Russians, thereby solidifying central control over the vast territory. __________
A.
B.
115.  The Slavic countries have experienced rapid population growth in recent years. __________
A.
B.
116.  ***In the context of reforms in the Soviet Union in the mid 1980s, the concept of glasnost refers to a policy of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
117.  **** Of the following countries, the one that is culturally closest to the Romanians is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
118.  **** Tea and citrus fruits are important agricultural products of:
A.
B.
C.
D.
119.  **** The most populous country to emerge from the former Soviet Union is:
A.
B.
C.
D.
120.  **** The yurt is a national symbol for which of the following groups?
A.
B.
C.
D.
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