Econ Test Practise

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Econ Test Practise

  
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1.  If a person did at least one hour of work as a paid employee during the survey week, how is she classified?
A.
B.
C.
D.
2.  Aggregate demand curves are
A.
B.
C.
D.
3.  An economic policy initiative results in the AD curve shifting to the right. As a result,
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  In the United States, by far the largest expenditure component in GDP is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  If the economy is in a recessionary gap,
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  An increase in the money supply may __________ total expenditures, leading to a __________ shift of the AD curve.
A.
B.
C.
D.
7.  A decrease in the price of electricity will cause
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  In the definition of GDP, the words "total market value" refer to total
A.
B.
C.
D.
9.  You have data for compensation of employees, proprietors' income, rental income, and net interest. Can you compute national income?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  A decrease in the price level
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  A recession is always part of a
A.
B.
C.
D.
12.  An increase in the price of oil will cause
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  If there are 10 job losers, 12 job leavers, 13 reentrants, and 12 new entrants, then there are __________ unemployed persons.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  Suppose the real exchange rate of 115 Japanese yen to the dollar moves to 105 yen to the dollar. The dollar has __________, making Japanese goods __________ expensive for Americans.
A.
B.
C.
D.
15.  Exhibit 7-1   
Consumption expenditures $ 2,150
Federal government purchases of goods and services 250
State and local government’s purchases 331
Investment 692
Proprietors income 150
Compensation of employees 2,080
Corporate profits 134
Corporate profits taxes 23
Rental income 31
Capital consumption allowance 295
Indirect business taxes 146
Net interest 147
Exports 300
Imports 320
Undistributed corporate profits 111
Transfer payments 66
Personal taxes 45
Dividends                        0
Income Earned from the Rest of the World                     252
Income Earned by the Rest of the World                     667
Social Insurance taxes 222
Statistical discrepancy 5
Refer to Exhibit 7-1. Which of the following summations represents GDP using the expenditure approach?
A.
B.
C.
D.
16.  Look at the following data: GDP = $7,920 billion; investment = $2,100 billion; exports = $300 billion; government purchases = $1,450 billion; consumption = $4,500 billion. What does import spending equal?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  In order to be classified as unemployed, a person must
A.
B.
C.
D.
18.  Real GDP is always measured in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  If aggregate quantity supplied is greater than aggregate quantity demanded at a particular price level, then a
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  The short-run aggregate supply curve is
A.
B.
C.
D.
21.  A decrease in the money supply may __________ total expenditures and thus __________ aggregate demand.
A.
B.
C.
D.
22.  Suppose the economy's short-run equilibrium point is to the left of the Natural Real GDP. Which of the following is true?
A.
B.
C.
D.
23.  What is the proper sequence of the phases of a business cycle?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Expectation of higher future income is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
25.  According to Say's law, there can be
A.
B.
C.
D.
26.  Which of the following is counted in GDP?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  If investment changes because of a change in a factor other than the price level, then the
A.
B.
C.
D.
28.  Which of the following would definitely not be included in the measurement of GDP?
A.
B.
C.
D.
29.  Gross Domestic Product is computed by using
A.
B.
C.
D.
30.  The unemployment due to changes in the types of skills employers require is called __________ unemployment.
A.
B.
C.
D.
31.  If Real GDP is greater than Natural Real GDP, the economy is in a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
32.  "Full employment" is said to exist when the unemployment rate equals
A.
B.
C.
D.
33.  Say's law says
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  In an economy with 100 million people, 70 million hold jobs and 19 million are not working but are looking for jobs. The number counted as unemployed is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  As the interest rate rises, the cost of a given investment project __________ and businesses invest __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
36.  If the CPI is 100 in the base year and 150 in the current year, how much did prices rise between these two years?
A.
B.
C.
D.
37.  A plumber who quits his job in San Diego and moves to Orlando where additional plumbers are needed is said to be ___________________ unemployed
A.
B.
C.
D.
38.  What does annual economic growth refer to?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  If the price level is constant, but consumption increases, then the real balance effect will
A.
B.
C.
D.
40. 
Given Change in Economic Factor Real GDP Price Level
Increase in foreign real national income (1) (2)
Decrease in wage rates (3) (4)
Beneficial supply shock (5) (6)
Decrease in government purchases (7) (8)
Increase in personal income taxes (8) (10)
Decrease in labor productivity (11) (12)
Refer to Exhibit 8-2.  Based on the given change, what word (rises or falls) should go in blank (3) and blank (4), respectively, to summarize the resulting impact on short run equilibrium?
A.
B.
C.
D.
41.  An increase in labor's productivity will cause the SRAS curve to shift __________ and the price level to __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
42.  If in the process of calculating GDP, the market value of all intermediate goods is added to the market value of all final goods, this would
A.
B.
C.
D.
43.  If the natural unemployment rate is 5 percent and the current unemployment rate is 6 percent, then the economy is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Suppose the market basket consists of 10X, 20Y, and 30Z. Current-year prices are $1.20 for each unit of X, $0.96 for each unit of Y, and $1.30 for each unit of Z. Base-year prices are $1.00 for each unit of X, Y, and Z. What is the approximate CPI in the current year?
A.
B.
C.
D.
45.  Underground activities are not counted in GDP because
A.
B.
C.
D.
46.  Greater wealth makes __________ people willing to spend the national income, causing __________ the economy's AD curve.
A.
B.
C.
D.
47.  Suppose consumption increases at each price level. As a result, aggregate demand __________, and the AD curve shifts __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
48.  The unemployment rate equals the
A.
B.
C.
D.
49.  Which of the following factors can shift the AD curve?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  Suppose the civilian non-institutional population equals 100,000; the civilian labor force equals 75,000; there are 70,000 employed persons and 5,000 unemployed persons. If 5,000 persons who are currently "not in the labor force" decide to join the civilian labor force, and 3,000 are unemployed, then
A.
B.
C.
D.
51.  If a person is waiting to be called back to a job from which she has been laid off, how is she classified?
A.
B.
C.
D.
52.  An increase in labor productivity shifts the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  If investment changes because of a change in the price level, then the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  If consumption changes because of a change in a factor other than the price level, then the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  Short-run equilibrium exists
A.
B.
C.
D.
56.  The best reason economists take only final goods and services into account when calculating GDP is that
A.
B.
C.
D.
57.  In order to be classified as unemployed, a person must
A.
B.
C.
D.
58.  Which of the following is a nonmarket good?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  According to the classical theorists, it is impossible to have
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  An aggregate demand (AD) curve shows the
A.
B.
C.
D.
61.  If the CPI is 170 and nominal income is $45,000, approximately what does real income equal?
A.
B.
C.
D.
62. 
Given Change in Economic Factor Real GDP Price Level
Increase in foreign real national income (1) (2)
Decrease in wage rates (3) (4)
Beneficial supply shock (5) (6)
Decrease in government purchases (7) (8)
Increase in personal income taxes (8) (10)
Decrease in labor productivity (11) (12)
Refer to Exhibit 8-2.  Based on the given change, what word (rises or falls) should go in blank (11) and blank (12), respectively, to summarize the resulting impact on short run equilibrium?
A.
B.
C.
D.
63.  After an adverse supply shock occurs, the  ____________ curve shifts _____________ resulting in a(n) _________________ in the U.S. price level and a(n) ________________ in Real GDP.
A.
B.
C.
D.
64.  As the interest rate rises, businesses invest __________ and the AD curve shifts to the __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
65.  John just bought shares of stock in IBM for $10,000 and paid a $90 commission to his broker. How did this affect GDP?
A.
B.
C.
D.
66.  As the price level falls,
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  The employment rate equals the number of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  Juan lost his job as a nuclear physicist working for a defense contractor.  He can not find a job because no firms in the defense industry or any other industry are hiring people with his skills.  Juan is ______________ unemployed.
A.
B.
C.
D.
69.  In 2009, the U.S. GDP was approximately
A.
B.
C.
D.
70. 
Durable goods $2,000
Services   4,000
Business purchases of capital goods     200
Fixed investment    600
Exports     600
Imports     800
Nondurable goods     500
Inventory investment                300
Government transfer payments     400
Purchases of new residential housing     400
Government purchases     900
  111.   Refer to Exhibit 7-3.  Net exports is equal to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  Changes in which of the following will not cause the SRAS curve to shift?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  As interest rates rise, the  ____________ curve shifts _____________ resulting in a(n) 
A.
B.
C.
D.
73.  The civilian non-institutional population can be broken down into two groups:
A.
B.
C.
D.
74. 
Consumption expenditures $ 2,150
Federal government purchases of goods and services 250
State and local government’s purchases 331
Investment 692
Proprietors income 150
Compensation of employees 2,080
Corporate profits 134
Corporate profits taxes 23
Rental income 31
Capital consumption allowance 295
Indirect business taxes 146
Net interest 147
Exports 300
Imports 320
Undistributed corporate profits 111
Transfer payments 66
Personal taxes 45
Dividends                        0
Income Earned from the Rest of the World                     252
Income Earned by the Rest of the World                     667
Social Insurance taxes 222
Statistical discrepancy 5
Refer to Exhibit 7-1. Which of the following summations represents disposable income?
A.
B.
C.
D.
75.  Personal income is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  Suppose the price level is rising and it is widely forecast to rise even further. This forecast might cause __________ of some consumption plans, resulting in __________ the AD curve.
A.
B.
C.
D.
77.  Which of the following items is a final good?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  The sum of durable goods, nondurable goods, and services equals
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  The standard definition of "recession" is
A.
B.
C.
D.
80. 
Given Change in Economic Factor Real GDP Price Level
Increase in foreign real national income (1) (2)
Decrease in wage rates (3) (4)
Beneficial supply shock (5) (6)
Decrease in government purchases (7) (8)
Increase in personal income taxes (8) (10)
Decrease in labor productivity (11) (12)
Refer to Exhibit 8-2.  Based on the given change, what word (rises or falls) should go in blank (1) and blank (2), respectively, to summarize the resulting impact on short run equilibrium?
A.
B.
C.
D.
81.  Part of the story of the interest rate effect is that a lower price level causes __________ in the supply of credit, which then causes the interest rate to __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
82.  Smith's income was $50,000 in year 1 and $55,600 in year 2. The CPI was 114 in year 1 and 124 in year 2. What was the approximate percentage change in Smith's real income between the two years?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  One of the reasons why the AD curve slopes downward is that as the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  Suppose there are 50 million people in the population, 25 million people in the civilian labor force, and 20 million people are employed.  The number of people unemployed is _______ million and the unemployment rate is ___________ percent.
A.
B.
C.
D.
85.  If Real GDP was $8,742 billion in year 2 and it had been $8,509 billion in year 1, what was the approximate economic growth rate during this time period?
A.
B.
C.
D.
86.   If the economy is self-regulating and in a recessionary gap,
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  Suppose the real exchange rate of 10 Mexican pesos to the dollar moves to 9 pesos to the dollar. The dollar has ________________, making Mexican goods __________ expensive for Americans.
A.
B.
C.
D.
88.  According to Say's law,
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  A rise in wage rates
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
90.  According to classical economists, the relationship between the amount of funds households plan to save and the interest rate is
A.
B.
C.
D.
91.  According to classical economists, the relationship between the amount of funds firms plan to invest and the interest rate is
A.
B.
C.
D.
92.  If Real GDP is less than Natural Real GDP, the economy is in
A.
B.
C.
D.
93.  If the SRAS curve intersects the AD curve to the left of Natural Real GDP, the economy is
A.
B.
C.
D.
94. 
Durable goods $2,000
Services   4,000
Business purchases of capital goods     200
Fixed investment    600
Exports     600
Imports     800
Nondurable goods     500
Inventory investment                300
Government transfer payments     400
Purchases of new residential housing     400
Government purchases     900
Refer to Exhibit 7-3.  Investment is equal to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
95.  Exhibit 7-1   
Consumption expenditures $ 2,150
Federal government purchases of goods and services 250
State and local government’s purchases 331
Investment 692
Proprietors income 150
Compensation of employees 2,080
Corporate profits 134
Corporate profits taxes 23
Rental income 31
Capital consumption allowance 295
Indirect business taxes 146
Net interest 147
Exports 300
Imports 320
Undistributed corporate profits 111
Transfer payments 66
Personal taxes 45
Dividends                        0
Income Earned from the Rest of the World                     252
Income Earned by the Rest of the World                     667
Social Insurance taxes 222
Statistical discrepancy 5
Refer to Exhibit 7-1. Which of the following summations represents net domestic product?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
96.  A lower income tax rate __________ consumption, causing a __________ the AD curve.
A.
B.
C.
D.
97.  The change in the purchasing power of dollar-denominated assets (such as cash holdings) is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
98. 
Consumption expenditures $ 2,150
Federal government purchases of goods and services 250
State and local government’s purchases 331
Investment 692
Proprietors income 150
Compensation of employees 2,080
Corporate profits 134
Corporate profits taxes 23
Rental income 31
Capital consumption allowance 295
Indirect business taxes 146
Net interest 147
Exports 300
Imports 320
Undistributed corporate profits 111
Transfer payments 66
Personal taxes 45
Dividends                        0
Income Earned from the Rest of the World                     252
Income Earned by the Rest of the World                     667
Social Insurance taxes 222
Statistical discrepancy 5
Refer to Exhibit 7-1. What is the value of  personal income?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
99.  Suppose there are 200 million people in the population, 120 million people in the civilian labor force, and 90 million people are employed.  The number of people unemployed is _______ million and the unemployment rate is ___________ percent.
A.
B.
C.
D.
100.  A falling interest rate affects the demand for consumer __________ and shifts AD to the __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
101.  Increases in import spending
A.
B.
C.
D.
102.  Persons who are retired or engaged in own-home housework are considered to be in which of the following categories?
A.
B.
C.
D.
103.  An increase in the interest rate __________ purchases of consumer __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
104.  Which of the following is the correct equation for computing personal income?
A.
B.
C.
D.
105.  Which of the following statements is false?
A.
B.
C.
D.
106.  Which of the following does GDP omit?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
107.  Expectation of lower future prices is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
108.  Which of the following is not consistent with a self-regulating economy?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
109.  The civilian non-institutional population consists of everyone in the population who is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
110.  A person in the civilian labor force falls into one of two categories:
A.
B.
C.
D.
111.  A depreciation of the U.S. dollar tends to __________ U.S. net exports and shift the U.S. AD curve to the __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
112.  Persons who are retired or engaged in own-home housework are considered to be in which of the following categories?
A.
B.
C.
D.
113.  The real balance effect describes the change in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
114.  The CPI was 138 in one year and 146 the following year. Approximately how much did prices rise between the two years?
A.
B.
C.
D.
115.  Suppose consumption decreases at each price level. As a result, aggregate demand __________, and the AD curve shifts __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
116.  As the price level falls, ceteris paribus, people holding some of their wealth in monetary form become
A.
B.
C.
D.
117.  Exhibit 7-1   
Consumption expenditures $ 2,150
Federal government purchases of goods and services 250
State and local government’s purchases 331
Investment 692
Proprietors income 150
Compensation of employees 2,080
Corporate profits 134
Corporate profits taxes 23
Rental income 31
Capital consumption allowance 295
Indirect business taxes 146
Net interest 147
Exports 300
Imports 320
Undistributed corporate profits 111
Transfer payments 66
Personal taxes 45
Dividends                        0
Income Earned from the Rest of the World                     252
Income Earned by the Rest of the World                     667
Social Insurance taxes 222
Statistical discrepancy 5
 Refer to Exhibit 7-1. What is the value of  gross domestic product?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
118.  If the price level remains constant but the wage rate increases, then there will be __________ in production and the SRAS curve will shift __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
119.  A short-run aggregate supply curve shows the
A.
B.
C.
D.
120.  Suppose a drop in stock prices makes people feel less wealthy. This would cause __________ the economy's AD curve.
A.
B.
C.
D.
121. 
Consumption expenditures $ 2,150
Federal government purchases of goods and services 250
State and local government’s purchases 331
Investment 692
Proprietors income 150
Compensation of employees 2,080
Corporate profits 134
Corporate profits taxes 23
Rental income 31
Capital consumption allowance 295
Indirect business taxes 146
Net interest 147
Exports 300
Imports 320
Undistributed corporate profits 111
Transfer payments 66
Personal taxes 45
Dividends                        0
Income Earned from the Rest of the World                     252
Income Earned by the Rest of the World                     667
Social Insurance taxes 222
Statistical discrepancy 5
Refer to Exhibit 7-1. What is the value of  disposable income?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
122. 
Consumption expenditures $ 2,150
Federal government purchases of goods and services 250
State and local government’s purchases 331
Investment 692
Proprietors income 150
Compensation of employees 2,080
Corporate profits 134
Corporate profits taxes 23
Rental income 31
Capital consumption allowance 295
Indirect business taxes 146
Net interest 147
Exports 300
Imports 320
Undistributed corporate profits 111
Transfer payments 66
Personal taxes 45
Dividends                        0
Income Earned from the Rest of the World                     252
Income Earned by the Rest of the World                     667
Social Insurance taxes 222
Statistical discrepancy 5
Refer to Exhibit 7-1. What is the value of  net domestic product?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
123.  The cyclical unemployment rate is defined as the __________ unemployment rates.
A.
B.
C.
D.
124.  Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is the total market value of all
A.
B.
C.
D.
125.  Unemployment that arises as a result of the time it takes for unemployed people to locate a job utilizing their transferable skills is called __________ unemployment.
A.
B.
C.
D.
126.  The real balance effect is one of the
A.
B.
C.
D.
127.  An appreciation of the U.S. dollar tends to __________ U.S. net exports and shift the U.S. AD curve to the __________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
128. 
Durable goods $2,000
Services   4,000
Business purchases of capital goods     200
Fixed investment    600
Exports     600
Imports     800
Nondurable goods     500
Inventory investment                300
Government transfer payments     400
Purchases of new residential housing     400
Government purchases     900
Refer to Exhibit 7-3.  GDP is equal to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
129.  When the economy is at its full employment Real GDP, the unemployment rate is equal to
A.
B.
C.
D.
130.  The real balance effect helps to create "a change in
A.
B.
C.
D.
131.  The natural rate of unemployment exists at
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
132.  If consumption changes because of a change in the price level, then the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
133.  Velocity is the average number of times a dollar is spent to buy
A.
B.
C.
D.
134.  An inflationary gap exists when AD and SRAS
A.
B.
C.
D.
135.  Suppose there are five goods in the economy, A-E. The current-year quantity of each is 10A, 20B, 30C, 40D, and 50E. Current-year prices are $1 for each unit of A, $2 for each unit of B, $3 for each unit of C, $4 for each unit of D, and $5 for each unit of E. Base-year prices are $1 for each good. Real GDP in the current year equals _________ and GDP equals _________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
136.  The interest rate effect is one of the
A.
B.
C.
D.
137. 
Durable goods $2,000
Services   4,000
Business purchases of capital goods     200
Fixed investment    600
Exports     600
Imports     800
Nondurable goods     500
Inventory investment                300
Government transfer payments     400
Purchases of new residential housing     400
Government purchases     900
Refer to Exhibit 7-3.  Consumption is equal to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
138.  Suppose that C = $700, I = $200, G = $200, NX = $100, and that the money supply is equal to $400.  Based upon these assumptions, velocity is equal to ________________.  If consumption and velocity both rise beyond their initial levels, then it follows that another component of spending ___________ necessarily fall.
A.
B.
C.
D.
139.  A market basket is made up of three goods, 10X, 12Y, and 18Z. The prices in the base year are $1.20, $2.10, and $3.25, respectively. The prices in the current year are $1.44, $2.23, and $3.88. What is the approximate consumer price index in the current year?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
140.  If consumption increases,
A.
B.
C.
D.
141.  An increase in the price of nonlabor inputs
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
142.  If some of a person's wealth is in cash, it follows that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
143. 
Given Change in Economic Factor Real GDP Price Level
Increase in foreign real national income (1) (2)
Decrease in wage rates (3) (4)
Beneficial supply shock (5) (6)
Decrease in government purchases (7) (8)
Increase in personal income taxes (8) (10)
Decrease in labor productivity (11) (12)
Refer to Exhibit 8-2.  Based on the given change, what word (rises or falls) should go in blank (9) and blank (10), respectively, to summarize the resulting impact on short run equilibrium?
A.
B.
C.
D.
144.  Look at the following data: personal income = $4,900 billion; personal taxes = $900 billion; transfer payments = $980 billion. What is disposable income?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
145.  Disposable income is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
146.  "Economic growth" has occurred if the
A.
B.
C.
D.
147.  If the economy is self-regulating and in an inflationary gap,
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
148.  In an economy with 100 million people, 70 million hold jobs and 19 million are not working but are looking for jobs. The unemployment rate is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
149.  Which of the following illustrates double counting?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
150.  An increase in the price level
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
151. 
Consumption expenditures $ 2,150
Federal government purchases of goods and services 250
State and local government’s purchases 331
Investment 692
Proprietors income 150
Compensation of employees 2,080
Corporate profits 134
Corporate profits taxes 23
Rental income 31
Capital consumption allowance 295
Indirect business taxes 146
Net interest 147
Exports 300
Imports 320
Undistributed corporate profits 111
Transfer payments 66
Personal taxes 45
Dividends                        0
Income Earned from the Rest of the World                     252
Income Earned by the Rest of the World                     667
Social Insurance taxes 222
Statistical discrepancy 5
Refer to Exhibit 7-1. What is the value of  national income?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
152.  One measure of the inflation rate is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
153. 
Consumption expenditures $ 2,150
Federal government purchases of goods and services 250
State and local government’s purchases 331
Investment 692
Proprietors income 150
Compensation of employees 2,080
Corporate profits 134
Corporate profits taxes 23
Rental income 31
Capital consumption allowance 295
Indirect business taxes 146
Net interest 147
Exports 300
Imports 320
Undistributed corporate profits 111
Transfer payments 66
Personal taxes 45
Dividends                        0
Income Earned from the Rest of the World                     252
Income Earned by the Rest of the World                     667
Social Insurance taxes 222
Statistical discrepancy 5
Refer to Exhibit 7-1. Which of the following summations represents personal income?
A.
B.
C.
D.
154.  As the price level rises, ceteris paribus, people holding some of their wealth in monetary form become
A.
B.
C.
D.
155. 
Given Change in Economic Factor Real GDP Price Level
Increase in foreign real national income (1) (2)
Decrease in wage rates (3) (4)
Beneficial supply shock (5) (6)
Decrease in government purchases (7) (8)
Increase in personal income taxes (8) (10)
Decrease in labor productivity (11) (12)
Refer to Exhibit 8-2.  Based on the given change, what word (rises or falls) should go in blank (7) and blank (8), respectively, to summarize the resulting impact on short run equilibrium?
A.
B.
C.
D.
156.  Which of the following would not be included in the calculation of this year's GDP?
A.
B.
C.
D.
157.  Which of the following would not be included in the measurement of GDP?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
158. 
Given Change in Economic Factor Real GDP Price Level
Increase in foreign real national income (1) (2)
Decrease in wage rates (3) (4)
Beneficial supply shock (5) (6)
Decrease in government purchases (7) (8)
Increase in personal income taxes (8) (10)
Decrease in labor productivity (11) (12)
Refer to Exhibit 8-2.  Based on the given change, what word (rises or falls) should go in blank (5) and blank (6), respectively, to summarize the resulting impact on short run equilibrium?
A.
B.
C.
D.
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