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DNA Vocabulary Quiz

10 Questions
DNA Quizzes & Trivia

DNA vocabulary quiz 1

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The subunits that are chemically bonded together in proteins.  The order of these in a protein is what gives it the ability to do its job.
    • A. 

      Messenger RNA

    • B. 

      Genetic code word

    • C. 

      Anticodon

    • D. 

      Transfer RNA

    • E. 

      Amino Acid

  • 2. 
    A very large molecule made from thousands of atoms.  DNA, messenger RNA and proteins are all examples of this.
    • A. 

      Replication of DNA

    • B. 

      Macromolecule

    • C. 

      Nucleotide subunit

    • D. 

      Amino Acid

    • E. 

      Ribosome

  • 3. 
    The process that occurs when DNA makes exact copy of itself before cell division.
    • A. 

      Replication of DNA

    • B. 

      Proteins

    • C. 

      Anticodon

    • D. 

      Genetic Code Word

    • E. 

      Transfer RNA

  • 4. 
    This molecule carries instructions for making proteins from the nucleus to a ribosome.
    • A. 

      Transfer RNA

    • B. 

      Messenger RNA

    • C. 

      Nucleotide Subunit

    • D. 

      Replication of DNA

    • E. 

      Ribosomes

  • 5. 
    Molecules made up of long chains of amino acids.  They build living material, fight disease, and help transport things out of the cell.  An important class of these is enzymes and they act to control the rates of chemical reactions.  Most of these are enzymes.
    • A. 

      Transfer RNA

    • B. 

      Messenger RNA

    • C. 

      Proteins

    • D. 

      Replication of DNA

    • E. 

      Ribosomes

  • 6. 
    The Subunits that make up DNA.  Each one of these has a phosphate group, a deoxyribose sugar group, and a nitrogen-containing base; either adenine, thymine, cytosine, or guanine.
    • A. 

      Transfer RNA

    • B. 

      Ribosomes

    • C. 

      Macromolecule

    • D. 

      Nucleotide Subunit

    • E. 

      Amino Acid

  • 7. 
    The organelles where proteins are assembled.
    • A. 

      Macromolecule

    • B. 

      Transfer RNA

    • C. 

      Replication of DNA

    • D. 

      Ribosomes

    • E. 

      Nucleotide subunit

  • 8. 
    The three letter word of a transfer RNA that corresponds to the amino acid it carries.  It matches up with the codon of the messenger-RNA.
    • A. 

      Anticodon

    • B. 

      Amino Acid

    • C. 

      Genetic Code Word

    • D. 

      Transfer RNA

    • E. 

      Nucleotide subunit

  • 9. 
    A small RNA molecule that can pick up amino acids.  By matching this to the messenger RNA codon the amino acid is put into the protein chain correctly.
    • A. 

      Macromolecule

    • B. 

      Transfer RNA

    • C. 

      Messenger RNA

    • D. 

      Proteins

    • E. 

      Replication of DNA

  • 10. 
    Three DNA nucleotide subunits in a row, such as AAA or AGA, that represent amino acids.
    • A. 

      Genetic Code Word

    • B. 

      Amino Acid

    • C. 

      Anticodon

    • D. 

      Messenger RNA

    • E. 

      Transfer RNA