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Chapter 10 Multiple Choice

9 Questions
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10 multiple choice questions.

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    HOw does the AMerican media differ from the media in most other countries?
    • A. 

      Almost all American radio and television stations are privately owned

    • B. 

      The US government has little power to regulate broadcasters.

    • C. 

      The US has very strict libel laws, & untruths about public officials usually result in fines.

    • D. 

      Most other countries have a Freedom of Information Act that permits the media to request information about the government.

    • E. 

      Because of federal grants & special funding, the media in the US don't have to worry much about profit.

  • 2. 
    Broadcast journalism changed the media's converage of politics in all of the following ways EXCEPT
    • A. 

      A broadcast allows public officials to speak directly to audiences without their remarks being flitered through editors.

    • B. 

      Politicians can reach voters on a national scale without the support of political parties.

    • C. 

      People could easily ignore a speech by changing the channel

    • D. 

      Citizens get more detailed & specific informations about programs & policies than they could get from the print media.

    • E. 

      Public officials must do something bold or sufficiently colorful to gain free access to the broadcast media.

  • 3. 
    When Gary Hart ran for the Democratic nomination in 1987, he told the press to go ahead & follow him, because "they would be bored." The resulting sexual scandal that arose is an example of the media's role as
    • A. 

      A gatekeeper who influences what subjects become national political issues & for how long

    • B. 

      A scorekeeper who keeps track of & helps make political reputations

    • C. 

      A reporter who covers important facts in an unbiased manner

    • D. 

      A referee who carefully balances coverage of all the candidates

    • E. 

      A watchdog who closely scrutinizes candidates' backgrounds & activities.

  • 4. 
    Which of the following have to be proved in order for a public offical to recover damages for libel?I. the statements were made with maliceII. the statements are untrueIII. the statements were made with a reckless disregard for the truthIV the statement caused harm to the public official
    • A. 

      I and II

    • B. 

      I, II, and III

    • C. 

      II, and III

    • D. 

      III and IV

    • E. 

      I, II, III, and IV

  • 5. 
    The government can use all of the following tools to encourage positive stories & constrain negative stories written by journalists EXCEPT
    • A. 

      "spinning" a story by attacking a politicians critics

    • B. 

      Closing the "leaks" given to particular reporters.

    • C. 

      Revoking the licenses of stations that give unfavorable coverage

    • D. 

      Using the press corps to release favorable stories

    • E. 

      Refusing to give important background information

  • 6. 
    Which of the following is the best example of a trial balloon?
    • A. 

      A candidate for office runs ads in one state on a single ussue to see how the public will react

    • B. 

      An anonymous White House source makes a statement that's then reported on the news.

    • C. 

      A newspaper covers the flooding in a neighboring state & chooses to delete stories of interest.

    • D. 

      A TV special report covers drug dealers in a community but doesn't cover efforts to end drug abuse.

    • E. 

      The president holds a news conference to annoince a new program to stop the spread of AIDS.

  • 7. 
    Why is there more news converage of the president than of Congress in the courts?
    • A. 

      Because the president is one person and is viewed by the public as the center of the government

    • B. 

      Because the president has the ability to call news conferences, whereas members of Congress must act through their leaders

    • C. 

      Because the courrts issues opinions that are difficult to understand, and it's difficult for the press to explain court decisions clearly.

    • D. 

      Because congressional committee hearins are ususally closed to the press and public

    • E. 

      The statement is inaccurate; Congress actually gets as muich press coverage as the president does.

  • 8. 
    Since the early 1970's, how has the relationship between the president and the press changed?
    • A. 

      It's become friendlier because presidents are now more willing to answer questions.

    • B. 

      It's become more adversarial, partly as a result of the Vietnam War and Watergate

    • C. 

      It's become more adversarial because embarrassing stores sell more newspapers

    • D. 

      It has not changed, because we have always had a free press

    • E. 

      It has become less critical of the president because surveys show that people do not like the cynicism of the media.

  • 9. 
    Which of the following stores would msot likely receive media coverage?
    • A. 

      A discussion of the detailed party platforms of each oresidential candidate

    • B. 

      A story about a missing woman and her romantic relationship with a member of Congress

    • C. 

      A report about the safety recommendations made for all new SUV's

    • D. 

      A duscussion of the leading economic indicators

    • E. 

      A study comparing birth defects in the US with those in Canada

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