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Biology Midterm Exam

44 Questions
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Biology midterm exam for indian Valley high.

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
     The theme that reflects the idea that there has been a gradual change in the characteristics of species over time is          
    • A. 

      Evolution

    • B. 

      Energy

    • C. 

      Reproduction

  • 2. 
     All living things         to make more living things.
    • A. 

      Reproduce

    • B. 

      Develope

    • C. 

      Grow

  • 3. 
    Key to the study of biology is learning about the       
    • A. 

      Rocks

    • B. 

      Life around us

    • C. 

      Chemicals

  • 4. 
    A scientific explanation of known facts arrived at through repeated testing over time is a(n)       
    • A. 

      Theory

    • B. 

      Observation

    • C. 

      Natural law

  • 5. 
    • A. 

      A problem that may be solved

    • B. 

      A test of a hypthesis

    • C. 

      An observation about nature

  • 6. 
    • A. 

      Burning of forests

    • B. 

      Photosynthesis

    • C. 

      Combustion of fossil fuels

  • 7. 
    Anecologist who studies how several species in an area interact among each other and with the abiotic parts of the enviroment is interested in the biological organization level called a(n          
    • A. 

      Community

    • B. 

      Population

    • C. 

      Ecosystem

  • 8. 
    Ecosystems, biotic factors, and abiotic factors make up the       
    • A. 

      Biosphere

    • B. 

      Atmosphere

    • C. 

      Earth

  • 9. 
    Organism, population, and community make up the        
    • A. 

      Ecosystem

    • B. 

      World

    • C. 

      Species

  • 10. 
    Both the alga and the fungus are benefited from their relationship in a lichen. This relationship is one of              
    • A. 

      Abiotic

    • B. 

      Mutualism

    • C. 

      Hope

  • 11. 
    Wind, Humidity, and rocks are all               in a terrestrial ecosystem
    • A. 

      Abiotic

    • B. 

      Biotic

    • C. 

      World

  • 12. 
    A group of organisms all of the same species
    • A. 

      Producer

    • B. 

      Population

    • C. 

      Food chain

  • 13. 
    A symbolic relationship in which both species benefit
    • A. 

      Commensalism

    • B. 

      Parasitism

    • C. 

      Mutualism

  • 14. 
    A symbiotic relationship in which one species benefits and the other species is neither harmed nor benefited
    • A. 

      Parasitism

    • B. 

      Heterotroph

    • C. 

      Producer

  • 15. 
    The region of the ocean shallow enough for sunlight to penetrate is the         
    • A. 

      Photic zone

    • B. 

      Ozone

    • C. 

      Secondary succession

  • 16. 
    The replacements of one community by another as environmental conditions change
    • A. 

      Succession

    • B. 

      Tundra

    • C. 

      Taiga

  • 17. 
    An uncut lawn becomes a neadow and eventually a forest. This process is an example of           
    • A. 

      Secondary succession

    • B. 

      Aphotic zones

    • C. 

      Estuary

  • 18. 
    The stable ecosystem that develops due to succession              
    • A. 

      Is called a nich

    • B. 

      Is always a forest

    • C. 

      Is called a climax community

  • 19. 
    Fires, natural disasters, and human intervention are possible causes of           
    • A. 

      Tolerance

    • B. 

      Secondary succession

    • C. 

      Estuary

  • 20. 
    The first organism to appear in an area undergoing succession are known as
    • A. 

      Pioneer species

    • B. 

      Primary

    • C. 

      Secondary

  • 21. 
    • A. 

      Growth rate

    • B. 

      Population

    • C. 

      Disease

  • 22. 
    A(n)           -shaped curve desribes the tendancy of a population to grow without limit to its size
    • A. 

      S

    • B. 

      J

    • C. 

      B

  • 23. 
    Which of the following organisms do not have cell walls?
    • A. 

      Fungi

    • B. 

      Becteria

    • C. 

      Animals

  • 24. 
    All living things are made up of         
    • A. 

      Cells

    • B. 

      Cork

    • C. 

      Wastes

  • 25. 
    • A. 

      Plant cell

    • B. 

      Eukaryotic cell

    • C. 

      Animal cell

  • 26. 
    Short, hairlike projections used for locomotion are       
    • A. 

      Prokaryote

    • B. 

      Cilia

    • C. 

      Cell wall

  • 27. 
    In plants, the structures that transform light energy into chemical energy are called
    • A. 

      Chlorplasts

    • B. 

      Organelles

    • C. 

      Cilia

  • 28. 
    Water moves into a cell placed in a(n)                 solution
    • A. 

      Osmotic

    • B. 

      Hypertonic

    • C. 

      Hypotonic

  • 29. 
    Water moves out of a cell if the cell is placed in a(n) solution
    • A. 

      Hypertonic

    • B. 

      Isotonic

    • C. 

      Hyptonic

  • 30. 
    A cells moves particles from a region of lesser concentration toa region of greater concentration by            
    • A. 

      Osmosis

    • B. 

      Diffusion

    • C. 

      Active transport

  • 31. 
    The structure most responsible for maintaining cell homeostasis is the           
    • A. 

      Mitochondrion

    • B. 

      Cytoplasm

    • C. 

      Plasma membrane

  • 32. 
    The causes of cancer may include which of the following?
    • A. 

      Enviromental influences

    • B. 

      Viruses

    • C. 

      UV radiation

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 33. 
    • A. 

      Cell walls

    • B. 

      Centriles

    • C. 

      Nucleoli

  • 34. 
    The longest phase of the cell cycle is            
    • A. 

      Prophase

    • B. 

      Interphase

    • C. 

      Metaphase

  • 35. 
    The main energy-trapping molecule in plants is        
    • A. 

      Chloroplast

    • B. 

      Chlorophyll

    • C. 

      Stroma

  • 36. 
    Chlorophyll traps          from sunlight
    • A. 

      Oxygen

    • B. 

      Energy

    • C. 

      Hydrogen

  • 37. 
    A green pigment that traps energy from sunlight is          
    • A. 

      Carotenoid

    • B. 

      ATP

    • C. 

      Chlorophyll

  • 38. 
    Which sugar is a part of adenosine diphosphate?
    • A. 

      Adenin

    • B. 

      Ribose

    • C. 

      Glucose

  • 39. 
    In photosynthessis, the series of reactions that synthesize simple sugars from carbon dioxide and hydrogen is known as the            
    • A. 

      Light reaction

    • B. 

      Calvin cycle

    • C. 

      Photolysis

  • 40. 
  • 41. 
    List three density dependent factors
  • 42. 
  • 43. 
    What is death rate?
  • 44. 
    What is demography?