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Bio Midterm Review

47 Questions
Bio Midterm Review

This is a test to help study for honors biology mid-term. I've taken information from my review sheet and put it into a way to study that'll give you results and will eventually tell you what you have to work on. There will be a a slightly different test every time because questions will be in a random order each time. Does not include Chapter 7, 8 or 11 in the book/found on the review sheet. BIOLOGY

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    So ummm you may ask why i put a spongebob video into this...and I have no answer other than to say that possibly by studying "you're good, you're good" for the midterm???? okay im gonna just say not to write anything for this question because it is not graded.
  • 2. 
    What are the levels of organization, in order from largest (most complex) to smallest (simplest)?
    • A. 

      Cell, Group of Cells, Organism, Population, Community, Ecosystem, Biosphere

    • B. 

      Biosphere, Ecosystem, Population, Community, Organism, Group of Cells, Cell

    • C. 

      Ecosystem, Biosphere, Population, Community, Organism, Group of Cells, Cell

    • D. 

      Biosphere, Ecosystem, Community, Population, Organism, Group of Cells, Cell

    • E. 

      Cell, Group of Cells, Organism, Community, Population, Biosphere, Ecosystem

  • 3. 
    Which age structure diagram is an example of a developed country? A B
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      Both

  • 4. 
    This is an example of logistic growth.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    The graph below is an example of ______________ growth. Contrary to the growth where the data reaches carrying capacity. 
  • 6. 
    All the parts of the planet that are inhabited by living things are called the...
    • A. 

      Biosphere

    • B. 

      Atmosphere

    • C. 

      Ecosystem

    • D. 

      Population

  • 7. 
    Cells without nuclei are called
    • A. 

      Prokaryotic

    • B. 

      Eukaryotic

    • C. 

      Unicellular

    • D. 

      Example: Bacteria

    • E. 

      Multicellular

    • F. 

      Example: Fungi

  • 8. 
    The specialized wings of a bird are an example of the ____________________ theme of biology.
  • 9. 
    Not every organism is made of cells, but every cell is in an organism.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    The four elements that make up about 96 percent of the living matter in the human body are
    • A. 

      Carbon, hydrogen, calcium, and phosphorus.

    • B. 

      Carbon, hydrogen, calcium, and oxygen.

    • C. 

      Carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen.

    • D. 

      Calcium, phosphorus, potassium, and sulfur

    • E. 

      Oxygen, potassium, hydrogen, and carbon

  • 11. 
    Trace elements make up less than .01% of your body mass.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    Ionic bonds and covalent bonds ares similar due to the fact that
    • A. 

      They both result in ions

    • B. 

      Each is the result of uneven electric charge

    • C. 

      They both can hold atoms in compounds together

    • D. 

      They both result in molecules

    • E. 

      They both involve the sharing of electron

  • 13. 
    The attraction of opposite electrical charges plays a role in
    • A. 

      Isotopes

    • B. 

      Ionic Bonds

    • C. 

      Covalent Bonds

  • 14. 
    Atoms within molecules are bound to each other by
    • A. 

      Hydrogen Bonds

    • B. 

      Covalent Bonds

    • C. 

      Ionic Bonds

    • D. 

      Compounds

  • 15. 
    The  diagram below is an example of
    • A. 

      Ionic Bonding

    • B. 

      Covalent Bonding

    • C. 

      All Chemical Bonding

  • 16. 
    The diagram below is an example of ionic bonding.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    A and B are
    • A. 

      Protons

    • B. 

      Electrons

    • C. 

      Protons and Electrons

    • D. 

      Electrons and Neutrons

    • E. 

      Neutrons

    • F. 

      Protons and Neutrons

    • G. 

      All of the Above

  • 18. 
    • A. 

      H2O

    • B. 

      NH3

    • C. 

      O2

    • D. 

      NaCO3

    • E. 

      CH4

  • 19. 
    Adding water to break down a polymer/substance into a monomer is called ________.
  • 20. 
    What is dehydration?
    • A. 

      Adding a water molecule to break down a polymer

    • B. 

      Taking away a water molecule to break down a polymer

    • C. 

      Taking away a water molecule to build a polymer

    • D. 

      Adding a water molecule to split a polymer into a monomer

    • E. 

      When your system has too much water to handle and you "drown" yourself

  • 21. 
    Hydrophilic is
    • A. 

      Water hating

    • B. 

      Water loving

    • C. 

      Polar

    • D. 

      B and c (polar and water loving)

  • 22. 
    How can you tell that a fat is unsaturated?
    • A. 

      When there is a double bond and no kink in the fatty acid chain

    • B. 

      When there is not a double bond or a kink in the fatty acid chain

    • C. 

      When there is a double bond and a kink in the fatty acid chain

    • D. 

      When there are no carbon molecules in the lipid

    • E. 

      When there 5 fatty acid chains rather than three

  • 23. 
    What are the types of Nucliec Acids?
    • A. 

      RNA, DNA, sRNA, tRNA, mRNA, rRNA

    • B. 

      RNA and DNA

    • C. 

      SRNA, tRNA, mRNA, rRNA

    • D. 

      DNA

    • E. 

      RNA

  • 24. 
    Enzymes...
    • A. 

      Help break down foods

    • B. 

      Facilitate almost everything in the body

    • C. 

      Help in the digestive system

    • D. 

      Are found plentiful in the small intestine

    • E. 

      All of the Above

    • F. 

      None of the Above

  • 25. 
    What is shown below is called  _________________.DNA--(transcription)----->RNA---(translation)---->Protein
    • A. 

      Denaturation

    • B. 

      Hydrophobic

    • C. 

      A Carbohydrate

    • D. 

      The Central Dogma

    • E. 

      Stoichiometry

  • 26. 
    What happens in denaturation?
    • A. 

      A protein loses its shape due to temperature fluctuation.

    • B. 

      A protein is built.

    • C. 

      A molecule of water is taken away to build a polymer.

    • D. 

      A water molecule is added to break down a polymer into a monomer.

  • 27. 
    Carbohydrates...
    • A. 

      Are Macromolecules

    • B. 

      Provide the Body with fuel

    • C. 

      Are Ring Structures

    • D. 

      Have a 1-2-1 ratio

    • E. 

      All of the Above

    • F. 

      A and B only

    • G. 

      A, B and D only

  • 28. 
    Proteins are
    • A. 

      Enzymes

    • B. 

      Made up of Amino Acids (building Blocks)

    • C. 

      Made up of little Oxygen and Heavy Carbon and Hydrogen

    • D. 

      Made up of C H O and N

    • E. 

      Give structure to hair and nails

    • F. 

      Only #1, 2, 4, 5

    • G. 

      All of the Above

    • H. 

      Only Number 3

  • 29. 
    This is a
    • A. 

      Lipid

    • B. 

      Carbohydrate

    • C. 

      Nucleic Acid

    • D. 

      Unsaturated Fat

    • E. 

      #1 and #4

  • 30. 
    Glucose is stored as ___________ in the liver.
  • 31. 
    Where is amylase found?
    • A. 

      Small intestine

    • B. 

      Small intestine and Mouth

    • C. 

      Mouth

    • D. 

      Large Intestine and mouth

  • 32. 
    What magnification(s) are related to the light microscope?
    • A. 

      40x, 100x, 400x

    • B. 

      1x, 10x, 100x

    • C. 

      1000x

    • D. 

      2000x

    • E. 

      Hundreds of thousands of times

    • F. 

      2x, 20x, 200x

  • 33. 
    What macromolecule does the cellular membrane have?
    • A. 

      Carbs

    • B. 

      Lipids

    • C. 

      Proteins

    • D. 

      Nucleic Acids

  • 34. 
    What does this diagram represent?
    • A. 

      Exocytosis

    • B. 

      Diffusion

    • C. 

      Endocytosis

    • D. 

      Osmosis

  • 35. 
    Animal cells do not have a cell wall make it more of a circular shape than a rectangular shape.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 36. 
    A solution with a higher concentration of solute is
    • A. 

      Hypotonic

    • B. 

      Isotonic

    • C. 

      Hydrophobic

    • D. 

      Hydrophilic

    • E. 

      Hypertonic

  • 37. 
    Osmosis is best defined as the movement of
    • A. 

      Water molecules inside a container.

    • B. 

      Water molecules across a membrane from an area of low concentration of water to an area of higher concentration.

    • C. 

      Water from an area of high solute concentration to an area of lower concentration.

    • D. 

      Water from an area of low concentration of solute to an area of higher concentration of solute.

  • 38. 
    This is the cell membrane, what is the ovular (oval shaped) purple things that are coming out of the gray and have smaller purple things connected underneath them?
    • A. 

      Carbohydrate

    • B. 

      Phospholipid Bilayer

    • C. 

      Glycoprotein

    • D. 

      Integral Protein

    • E. 

      Peripheral Protein

    • F. 

      Cholesterol

  • 39. 
    What are the nitrogenous bases of DNA?
    • A. 

      MRNA, tRNA and rRNA

    • B. 

      Adenine, Guanine, Thymine, and Cytosine

    • C. 

      Sugar and Phosphate

    • D. 

      Hydrogen bonds

  • 40. 
    Why can't certain things pass through a cell membrane? (Why is it selectively permeable)Think of the phospholipid bilayer while answering.
    • A. 

      Because heads are polar so they can not pass through the membrane

    • B. 

      Heads are non-polar so they cannot pass though the membrane

    • C. 

      Hydrophilic molecules cannot pass through, membrane rejects these

    • D. 

      Some molecules are too large to be able to pass through without facilitated diffusion

    • E. 

      A and D

    • F. 

      B and C

  • 41. 
    A(n) _________________ is an organism that produces it's own food.
  • 42. 
    A consumer is also a heterotroph, which is like a human.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 43. 
    What are the 3 magnifications of a light microscope? In order from lowest magnification to highest quality..
    • A. 

      Scanning, Low Power, High Power

    • B. 

      Low Power, Scanning, High Power

    • C. 

      High Power, Low Power, Scanning

  • 44. 
    Label in order starting at number one each part, use commas to separate each part of the microscope. Exclude number 2 and 4+5 (only write what all three of them are in one word...starts with an "o" and is plural) Do not write in numbers just the part of the microscope. #8+9 are two words.ex. using colors: blue, red, yellow
  • 45. 
    What is unique about the phospholipid bilayer?
    • A. 

      The phospholipids are nonpolar and hydrophobic making the membrane able to filter

    • B. 

      The phospholipids have hydrophilic heads and hydrophobic tails making the membrane able to select what to filter

    • C. 

      The phospholipids have hydrophobic heads and hydrophilic tails making the membrane able to select what to filter

    • D. 

      None of the Above

  • 46. 
    Facilitated Diffusion is a type of passive transport that
    • A. 

      Allow substances to cross membranes with help from transport proteins

    • B. 

      Uses proteins in the membrane to guide polar molecules and ions in an out of the membrane

    • C. 

      Does not require energy

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      A and B

  • 47. 
    Active transport does not require energy. But passive transport does.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False