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Bio 191 Chapter 1

40 Questions
Science Quizzes & Trivia

Biology - Concepts & Connections, 6th EditionChapter 1

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Tissues are composed of ____________
    • A. 

      Organ systems

    • B. 

      Ecosystems

    • C. 

      Populations

    • D. 

      Cells

    • E. 

      Organs

  • 2. 
    Humans are members of the ______________
    • A. 

      Domain Archaea

    • B. 

      Kingdom Plantae

    • C. 

      Domain Eukarya

    • D. 

      Domain Bacteria

    • E. 

      Kingdom Fungi

  • 3. 
    There are a number of properties that all organisms share. In humans, exposure to ultraviolet light can result in a darkening of the skin.  What kind of property is this?
    • A. 

      Response to the environment

    • B. 

      Regulation

    • C. 

      Energy processing

    • D. 

      Order

    • E. 

      Growth and development

  • 4. 
    Biology is the study of ______________
    • A. 

      Animal structures

    • B. 

      Fossils

    • C. 

      How organisms produce energy

    • D. 

      Patterns of inheritance

    • E. 

      Life

  • 5. 
    Humans are members of the
    • A. 

      Kingdom Animalia

    • B. 

      Domain Archaea

    • C. 

      Domain Bacteria

    • D. 

      Kingdom Prostista

    • E. 

      Kingdom Plantae

  • 6. 
    Identify the correct combination of positive and negative consequences from the use of more effective farming technologies.
    • A. 

      More food, leads to fewer jobs

    • B. 

      More food, leads to overpopulation

    • C. 

      Less food, leads to fewer jobs

    • D. 

      Less food, leads to pollution

  • 7. 
    What is the appropriate term for an interacting group of individuals of a single type?
    • A. 

      Species

    • B. 

      Community

    • C. 

      Population

    • D. 

      Ecosystem

    • E. 

      Habitat

  • 8. 
    A property of life known as energy processing refers to the fact that living things _______.
    • A. 

      Extract and store energy and materials from the environment

    • B. 

      Display heredity based on nucleic acids

    • C. 

      Can reproduce

    • D. 

      Can maintain constant internal conditions

    • E. 

      Can sense stimuli from the environment

  • 9. 
    Natural selection requires ______________________.
    • A. 

      Only differential reproductive success

    • B. 

      Both heritable variation and differential reproductive success

    • C. 

      Only heritable variation

    • D. 

      A small population size

    • E. 

      Heritable variation, differential reproductive success and a small population size

  • 10. 
    Typically in which environment might we find archaea?
    • A. 

      Evergreen forest

    • B. 

      Urban

    • C. 

      Savanna

    • D. 

      Grassland

    • E. 

      Arctic

  • 11. 
    Evolution by natural selection was formulated by___________________
    • A. 

      Watson

    • B. 

      McClintock

    • C. 

      Darwin

    • D. 

      Crick

    • E. 

      Beadle

  • 12. 
    At which level of interaction does life first appear?
    • A. 

      Organism

    • B. 

      Tissue

    • C. 

      Cell

    • D. 

      Organelle

    • E. 

      Molecule

  • 13. 
    Protists can be distinguished from the plants and fungi because
    • A. 

      Protists are eukaryotic and include both unicellular organisms and include both unicellular organisms and multicellular algae

    • B. 

      Protists are prokaryotic

    • C. 

      Protists are a form of bacteria

    • D. 

      Protists may have chloroplasts and lack nuclei

    • E. 

      Protists lack DNA

  • 14. 
    What is the molecular commonality that is the basis of life's variety?
    • A. 

      Protein

    • B. 

      Natural selection

    • C. 

      Mutation

    • D. 

      The ecosystem

    • E. 

      DNA

  • 15. 
    What is the correct order for the hierarchy of biological organization?
    • A. 

      Atom, molecule, organelle, cell, tissue, organ, organ system, organism, population, community, ecosystem

    • B. 

      Atom, molecule, organelle, tissue, cell, organ, organ system, organism, population, community, ecosystem

    • C. 

      Atom, molecule, cell, tissue, organelle, organ, organ system, organism, population, community, ecosystem

    • D. 

      Atom, molecule, organelle, cell, tissue, organ, organ system, organism, population, ecosystem, community

    • E. 

      Atom, molecule, organelle, cell, tissue, organ, organ system, organism, ecosystem, community, population

  • 16. 
    Which of these terms is in th sequence of biological organization from the simplest to the most complex?
    • A. 

      Community, population, ecosystem, habitat

    • B. 

      Organism, ecosystem. community, population

    • C. 

      Molecule,tissue, cell, membrane

    • D. 

      Tissue, organ system, organ, cell

    • E. 

      Cell, tissue, organ, population

  • 17. 
    Which of these is an example of a population?
    • A. 

      Liver

    • B. 

      A desert

    • C. 

      Water

    • D. 

      All of the grasses on a paririe

    • E. 

      All of the red oak trees in a forest

  • 18. 
    In which kingdom can multicellular photosynthetic organisms be found?
    • A. 

      Archaea

    • B. 

      Bacteria

    • C. 

      Animalia

    • D. 

      Fungi

    • E. 

      Plantae

  • 19. 
    Eukaryotic organisms that decompose dead organisms and absorb the nutrients are generally found in which kingdom?
    • A. 

      Archaea

    • B. 

      Plantae

    • C. 

      Bacteria

    • D. 

      Animalia

    • E. 

      Fungi

  • 20. 
    Members of the domain Bacteria are more closely related to ________________ than to ___________.
    • A. 

      Fungi...Plantae

    • B. 

      Archea...Monera

    • C. 

      Prostista...Archaea

    • D. 

      Fungi...Animalia

    • E. 

      Archae...Fungi

  • 21. 
    Plants obtain their energy from _______.
    • A. 

      Carbon dioxide

    • B. 

      Light

    • C. 

      chemicals

    • D. 

      Water

    • E. 

      The soil

  • 22. 
    An increase in antibiotic-resistant tuberculosis bacteria is proving to be a problem in treating this disease. This is due to ______________.
    • A. 

      Evolution

    • B. 

      Procreation

    • C. 

      Invention

    • D. 

      Lack of medicine

    • E. 

      Mitosis

  • 23. 
    All protists possess___________________.
    • A. 

      Chloroplasts

    • B. 

      Zygotes

    • C. 

      Cell walls

    • D. 

      Flagella

    • E. 

      Nuclei

  • 24. 
    The chemical energy used by most organisms for metabolism and growth ultimately come from________________.
    • A. 

      Heat

    • B. 

      The sun

    • C. 

      Evolution

    • D. 

      Carbon dioxide

    • E. 

      The decomposition of plants

  • 25. 
    Science itself is capable of _______________.
    • A. 

      Determining the physical causes for physical phenomena

    • B. 

      Explaining unnatural events

    • C. 

      Determining personal reasons behind decisions

    • D. 

      Formulating untestable hypotheses

    • E. 

      Addressing questions of ethical dilemmas

  • 26. 
    Experimentation is only one part of the scientific process, but it is a very important step because it _________________.
    • A. 

      Gives the investigator a systematic, unbiased result

    • B. 

      Ensures that hypotheses can be confirmed with certainty

    • C. 

      Gives scientists a chance to work in the laboratory

    • D. 

      Allows rejection of some alternative hypotheses

    • E. 

      Ensures that the variable being tested is measured without error

  • 27. 
    Which group within the domain Eukarya represents organisms that are generally single-celled?
    • A. 

      Protista

    • B. 

      Plantae

    • C. 

      Animalia

    • D. 

      Fungi

    • E. 

      Photosynthesizers

  • 28. 
    Which of these is a scientific hypothesis?
    • A. 

      My computer is unplugged

    • B. 

      There is a God

    • C. 

      It is dark out

    • D. 

      My excessive urination may mean that I have high blood pressure

    • E. 

      Why do I have a headache?

  • 29. 
    A theory is ___________________.
    • A. 

      A well supported concept that has broad explanatory power

    • B. 

      Not correct unless it is several years old

    • C. 

      A proposed explanation for an observation

    • D. 

      Is the same thing as a hypothesis

    • E. 

      A poorly supported idea that has little backing but might be correct

  • 30. 
    Which domain includes mutlicellular photosynthetic organisms?
    • A. 

      Bacteria

    • B. 

      Archaea

    • C. 

      Eukarya

    • D. 

      Protista

    • E. 

      Fungi

  • 31. 
    The best method for determining whether bean plants require sodium is to________________.
    • A. 

      Measure the amount of sodium in a few bean plants

    • B. 

      Look for sodium in leaf tissues using autoradiography

    • C. 

      Grow beans with and without sodium

    • D. 

      Measure how fast radioactive sodium enters the plant

    • E. 

      Analyze root contents for sodium

  • 32. 
    Which of the following statements is true about chemical nutrients in an ecosystem?
    • A. 

      They flow through the system losing some nutrients in the process

    • B. 

      They can be converted to energy

    • C. 

      They cannot be obtained from decomposition

    • D. 

      They cycle within the ecosystem and are constantly reused

    • E. 

      They depend on sunlight as their source

  • 33. 
    A pesticide kills 99.9% of a pest population.  What will be the result of the continued application of this pesticide?
    • A. 

      Every time the pesticide is applied, it will kill 99.9% of the pest population.

    • B. 

      The pest population will reach an equilibrium point at which the pesticide is 50% effective

    • C. 

      Eventually, all of the pest population will be wiped out

    • D. 

      Through time, the pesticide will become less effective at killing the pest.

    • E. 

      The pesticide will become resistant to the pest.

  • 34. 
    What would happen if an ecosystem lacked decomposers?
    • A. 

      There would be more energy available to plants.

    • B. 

      There would be more nutrients available to plants.

    • C. 

      More energy would flow into any ecosystem.

    • D. 

      There would be more nutrients available to animals.

    • E. 

      The ecosystem would stop functioning.

  • 35. 
    A company was testing a new drug they thought would help decrease the risk of transmitting viruses from mother to fetus. In an experiment to test the compound, a worker gave 400 pregnant rats a small dose of the experimental drug and inoculated each with a type of virus known to cause disease n rats. 400 additional pregnant rats were only given only the virus. 203 of the rat pups born to the females that received both the virus and the drug showed no symptoms of the disease; 207 rat pups born to virus-only females showed symptoms. From this test,we can best conclude_____________.
    • A. 

      That the drug is 2% efective and testing on humans should begin

    • B. 

      That the drug seems to have little effect on viral transmission at the dosage given

    • C. 

      Nothing, because no control group was used in the test of the drug

    • D. 

      Nothing, because no independent variable could be identified

    • E. 

      The drug enhances disease progression

  • 36. 
    Discovery science is based on ___________________.
    • A. 

      Experimentation

    • B. 

      Inductive reasoning

    • C. 

      Deductive reasoning

    • D. 

      Hypothesis testing

    • E. 

      Biology

  • 37. 
    _________________ is to science as _____________ is to engineering.
    • A. 

      Discovery...invention

    • B. 

      Discovery...application

    • C. 

      Experimentation...invention

    • D. 

      Evolution...discovery

    • E. 

      Application...invention

  • 38. 
    Radon is a radioactive gas that seeps into homes from the soil. It is thought to be a leading cause of lung cancer. A research team investigates this theory. They gather large amounts of data on basement radon concentrations and lung cancer rates and conclude that the more radon there is, the more likely is lung cancer. After the study is published, other researchers criticize it by asserting that the studied neighborhoods with higher radon concentrations may have a higher percentage of old people and higher percentage of cigarette smokers than the low-radon neighborhoods. Both advance age and cigarette smoking increase the risk of lung cancer. This criticism, if correct, shows that the radon study  suffered from _______________________.
    • A. 

      Lack of replication

    • B. 

      Uncontrolled variables

    • C. 

      A small sample size

    • D. 

      An unfalsifiable hypothesis

    • E. 

      Nonsystematic observation

  • 39. 
    Natural selection tends to act at which of the following levels?
    • A. 

      Population

    • B. 

      Phylum

    • C. 

      Species

    • D. 

      Class

    • E. 

      Kingdom

  • 40. 
    Energy is incorporated into most ecosystems by __________________.
    • A. 

      Fungi

    • B. 

      Plants

    • C. 

      Decomposers

    • D. 

      Animals

    • E. 

      Humans

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