AP Psychology ChAPter 2

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1.  The nineteenth-century theory that bumps on the skull reveal a person's abilities and traits is called
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2.  Dendrites are branching extensions of
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3.  An axon is
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4.  In transmitting sensory information to the brain, an electrical signal travels from the ________ of a single neuron.
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5.  The speed at which a neural impulse travels is increased when the axon is encased by a(n)
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6.  A brief electrical charge that travels down the axon of a neuron is called the
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7.  The slowdown of neural communication in multiple sclerosis involves a degeneration of the
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8.  The movement of positively charged ions across the membrane of a neuron can produce a(n)
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9.  The depolarization of a neural membrane can create a(n)
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10.  The longest part of a motor neuron is likely to be the
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11.  The selective permeability of a neural membrane creates a(n)
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12.  An all-or-none response pattern is characteristic of the
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13.  Resting potential is to action potential as ________ is to ________.
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14.  The function of dendrites is to
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15.  With regard to the process of neural transmission, a refractory period refers to a time interval in which
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16.  Increasing excitatory signals above the threshold for neural activation will not affect the intensity of an action potential. This indicates that a neuron's reaction is
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17.  Neurotransmitters are released from vesicles located on knoblike terminals at the end of the
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18.  Sir Charles Sherrington observed that impulses took more time to travel a neural pathway than he might have anticipated. His observation provided evidence for the existence of
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19.  A synapse is a(n)
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20.  The chemical messengers released into the spatial junctions between neurons are called
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21.  The spatial junctions where impulses are chemically transmitted from one neuron to another are called
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22.  Neurotransmitters are chemical messengers that travel across the
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23.  Reuptake refers to the
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24.  Transferring messages from a motor neuron to a leg muscle requires the neurotransmitter known as
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25.  Opiate drugs occupy the same receptor sites as
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26.  José has just played a long, bruising football game but feels little fatigue or discomfort. His lack of pain is most likely caused by the release of
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27.  An undersupply of serotonin is most closely linked to
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28.  In order for you to experience the pain of a sprained ankle, ________ must first relay messages from your ankle to your central nervous system.
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29.  The peripheral nervous system is to sensory neurons as the central nervous system is to
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30.  The body's speedy, electrochemical information system is called the
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31.  Nerves are neural cables containing many
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32.  When the release of ACh is blocked, the result is
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33.  Information travels from the spinal cord to the brain via
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34.  Motor neurons are an important part of the
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35.  Motor neurons are to the ________ nervous system as interneurons are to the ________ nervous system.
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36.  The somatic nervous system is a component of the ________ nervous system.
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37.  Messages are transmitted from your spinal cord to your digestive system's stomach muscles by the
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38.  When Mr. Valdez thought his 1-year-old daughter had fallen down the stairs, his heartbeat accelerated, his blood pressure rose, and he began to perspire heavily. Mr. Valdez's state of arousal was activated by his ________ nervous system.
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39.  An accelerated heartbeat is to a slowed heartbeat as the ________ nervous system is to the ________ nervous system.
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40.  Stimulated digestion is to inhibited digestion as the ________ nervous system is to the ________ nervous system.
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41.  The knee-jerk reflex is controlled by interneurons in the
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42.  The strengthening of synaptic connections facilitates the formation of
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43.  Neural networks refer to
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44.  People can simultaneously process many aspects of sensory information such as color, shape, and size. This best illustrates the functioning of multiple
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45.  Hormones are the chemical messengers of the
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46.  The chemical messengers of the endocrine system are called
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47.  The ovaries in females and the testes in males are part of the
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48.  Epinephrine and norepinephrine are released by the
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49.  Which endocrine gland regulates body growth?
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50.  If a professor accused you of cheating on a test, your adrenal glands would probably release ________ into your bloodstream.
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51.  The master gland of the endocrine system is the
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52.  Surgical destruction of brain tissue is called a(n)
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53.  The sequence of brain regions from the evolutionarily oldest to newest is
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54.  The reticular formation is located in the
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55.  Your life would be most immediately threatened if you suffered destruction of the
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56.  The medulla is to the control of ________ as the cerebellum is to the control of ________.
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57.  Your ability to experience the physical pleasure of a hot shower is most likely to be disrupted by damage to your
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58.  Which brain structure relays information from the eyes to the visual cortex?
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59.  Which brain structure receives information from all the senses except smell?
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60.  The “little brain” attached to the rear of the brainstem is called the
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61.  Which of the following is the component of the limbic system that plays an essential role in the processing of new memories?
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62.  Addictive drug cravings are likely to be associated with reward centers in the
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63.  The brain structure that provides a major link between the nervous system and the endocrine system is the
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64.  Olds and Milner located reward centers in the brain structure known as the
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65.  The surgical removal of a large tumor from Dane's occipital lobe resulted in extensive loss of brain tissue. Dane is most likely to suffer some loss of
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66.  The occipital lobes are to ________ as the temporal lobes are to ________.
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67.  The parietal lobes are to ________ as the occipital lobes are to ________.
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68.  Which lobes of the brain receive the input that enables you to feel someone scratching your back?
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69.  An area at the rear of the frontal lobes that controls voluntary movements is called the
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70.  Direct stimulation of the motor cortex would be most likely to result in
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71.  In order to trigger a person's hand to make a fist, José Delgado stimulated the individual's
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72.  By simply thinking about a move, which activates their brain cells, people may be able to move a robotic arm. This best illustrates
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73.  The sensory cortex is most critical for our sense of
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74.  The cortical regions that are not directly involved in sensory or motor functions are known as
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75.  The most extensive regions of the cerebral cortex, which enable learning and memory, are called the
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76.  The region of your cerebral cortex that enables you to recognize a person as your own mother is
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77.  The capacity of one brain area to take over the functions of another damaged brain area is known as brain
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78.  A person whose hand had been amputated actually felt sensations on his nonexistent fingers when his face was stroked. This best illustrates the consequences of
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79.  The benefits of brain plasticity are most clearly demonstrated in
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80.  Information is most quickly transmitted from one cerebral hemisphere to the other by the
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81.  Split-brain patients have had their ________ surgically cut.
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82.  In a recent car accident, Tamiko sustained damage to his right cerebral hemisphere. This injury is most likely to reduce Tamiko's ability to
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83.  Damage to the left cerebral hemisphere is most likely to reduce people's ability to
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84.  If your ________ is destroyed, the left side of your brain could not control the movements of your right hand.
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85.  A picture of a cat is briefly flashed in the left visual field and a picture of a mouse is briefly flashed in the right visual field of a split-brain patient. The individual will be able to use her
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