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AP Psychology ChAPter 2

85 Questions
AP Psychology Quizzes & Trivia
Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The nineteenth-century theory that bumps on the skull reveal a person's abilities and traits is called
    • A. 

      Evolutionary psychology.

    • B. 

      Behavior genetics.

    • C. 

      Molecular biology.

    • D. 

      Biological psychology.

    • E. 

      Phrenology.

  • 2. 
    Dendrites are branching extensions of
    • A. 

      Neurotransmitters.

    • B. 

      Endorphins.

    • C. 

      neurons.

    • D. 

      Glial cells.

    • E. 

      Endocrine glands.

  • 3. 
    An axon is
    • A. 

      A cell that serves as the basic building block of the nervous system.

    • B. 

      A layer of fatty tissue that encases the fibers of many neurons.

    • C. 

      An antagonist molecule that blocks neurotransmitter receptor sites.

    • D. 

      The extension of a neuron that carries messages away from the cell body.

    • E. 

      A junction between a sending and receiving neuron.

  • 4. 
    In transmitting sensory information to the brain, an electrical signal travels from the ________ of a single neuron.
    • A. 

      Cell body to the axon to the dendrites

    • B. 

      Dendrites to the axon to the cell body

    • C. 

      Axon to the cell body to the dendrites

    • D. 

      Dendrites to the cell body to the axon

    • E. 

      Axon to the dendrites to the cell body

  • 5. 
    The speed at which a neural impulse travels is increased when the axon is encased by a(n)
    • A. 

      Association area.

    • B. 

      Myelin sheath.

    • C. 

      Endocrine gland.

    • D. 

      Glial cell.

    • E. 

      Synaptic vesicle.

  • 6. 
    A brief electrical charge that travels down the axon of a neuron is called the
    • A. 

      Synapse.

    • B. 

      Agonist.

    • C. 

      Action potential.

    • D. 

      Myelin sheath.

    • E. 

      refractory period.

  • 7. 
    The slowdown of neural communication in multiple sclerosis involves a degeneration of the
    • A. 

      Amygdala.

    • B. 

      Dendrites.

    • C. 

      Corpus callosum.

    • D. 

      Myelin sheath.

    • E. 

      Pituitary gland.

  • 8. 
    The movement of positively charged ions across the membrane of a neuron can produce a(n)
    • A. 

      Action potential.

    • B. 

      Synapse.

    • C. 

      Glial cell.

    • D. 

      Myelin sheath.

    • E. 

      Interneuron.

  • 9. 
    The depolarization of a neural membrane can create a(n)
    • A. 

      Action potential.

    • B. 

      Myelin sheath.

    • C. 

      Lesion.

    • D. 

      Neural network.

    • E. 

      Interneuron.

  • 10. 
    The longest part of a motor neuron is likely to be the
    • A. 

      Dendrite.

    • B. 

      Axon.

    • C. 

      Cell body.

    • D. 

      Synapse.

    • E. 

      Neurotransmitter

  • 11. 
    The selective permeability of a neural membrane creates a(n)
    • A. 

      Myelin sheath.

    • B. 

      Resting potential.

    • C. 

      Neural network.

    • D. 

      Association area.

    • E. 

      Lesion.

  • 12. 
    An all-or-none response pattern is characteristic of the
    • A. 

      Initiation of neural impulses.

    • B. 

      Release of endorphins into the central nervous system.

    • C. 

      Release of hormones into the bloodstream.

    • D. 

      Activation of either the sympathetic or the parasympathetic system.

    • E. 

      Inheritance of behavioral predispositions.

  • 13. 
    Resting potential is to action potential as ________ is to ________.
    • A. 

      Association area; neural network

    • B. 

      Sensory neuron; motor neuron

    • C. 

      Temporal lobe; occipital lobe

    • D. 

      Polarization; depolarization

    • E. 

      Right hemisphere; left hemisphere

  • 14. 
    The function of dendrites is to
    • A. 

      Receive incoming signals from other neurons.

    • B. 

      Release neurotransmitters into the spatial junctions between neurons.

    • C. 

      Coordinate the activation of the parasympathetic and sympathetic nervous systems.

    • D. 

      Control pain through the release of opiate-like chemicals into the brain.

    • E. 

      Transmit signals to other neurons.

  • 15. 
    With regard to the process of neural transmission, a refractory period refers to a time interval in which
    • A. 

      A neuron fires more rapidly than usual.

    • B. 

      An electrical charge travels from a sensory neuron to a motor neuron.

    • C. 

      Positively charged ions are pumped back outside a neural membrane.

    • D. 

      An individual reflexively withdraws from a pain stimulus.

    • E. 

      Dendrites transmit more electrical signals to axons.

  • 16. 
    Increasing excitatory signals above the threshold for neural activation will not affect the intensity of an action potential. This indicates that a neuron's reaction is
    • A. 

      Inhibited by the myelin sheath.

    • B. 

      Delayed by the refractory period.

    • C. 

      An all-or-none response.

    • D. 

      Dependent on neurotransmitter molecules.

    • E. 

      Primarily electrical rather than chemical.

  • 17. 
    Neurotransmitters are released from vesicles located on knoblike terminals at the end of the
    • A. 

      Dendrites.

    • B. 

      Cell body.

    • C. 

      Axon.

    • D. 

      Myelin sheath.

    • E. 

      Synapse.

  • 18. 
    Sir Charles Sherrington observed that impulses took more time to travel a neural pathway than he might have anticipated. His observation provided evidence for the existence of
    • A. 

      Association areas.

    • B. 

      Glial cells.

    • C. 

      Synaptic gaps.

    • D. 

      Interneurons.

    • E. 

      Neural networks.

  • 19. 
    A synapse is a(n)
    • A. 

      Chemical messenger that triggers muscle contractions.

    • B. 

      Automatic response to sensory input.

    • C. 

      Neural network.

    • D. 

      Junction between a sending neuron and a receiving neuron.

    • E. 

      Neural cable containing many axons.

  • 20. 
    The chemical messengers released into the spatial junctions between neurons are called
    • A. 

      Hormones.

    • B. 

      Neurotransmitters.

    • C. 

      Synapses.

    • D. 

      Genes.

    • E. 

      Glial cells.

  • 21. 
    The spatial junctions where impulses are chemically transmitted from one neuron to another are called
    • A. 

      Neurotransmitters.

    • B. 

      Neural networks.

    • C. 

      Synapses.

    • D. 

      Association areas.

    • E. 

      Thresholds.

  • 22. 
    Neurotransmitters are chemical messengers that travel across the
    • A. 

      Cell body.

    • B. 

      Synaptic gap.

    • C. 

      Axon.

    • D. 

      Myelin sheath.

    • E. 

      Threshold.

  • 23. 
    Reuptake refers to the
    • A. 

      Movement of neurotransmitter molecules across a synaptic gap.

    • B. 

      Release of hormones into the bloodstream.

    • C. 

      Inflow of positively charged ions through an axon membrane.

    • D. 

      Reabsorption of excess neurotransmitter molecules by a sending neuron.

    • E. 

      The ending of the refractory period.

  • 24. 
    Transferring messages from a motor neuron to a leg muscle requires the neurotransmitter known as
    • A. 

      Dopamine.

    • B. 

      Epinephrine.

    • C. 

      Acetylcholine.

    • D. 

      Insulin.

    • E. 

      Endorphin.

  • 25. 
    Opiate drugs occupy the same receptor sites as
    • A. 

      Acetylcholine.

    • B. 

      Serotonin.

    • C. 

      Endorphins.

    • D. 

      Dopamine.

    • E. 

      Epinephrine.

  • 26. 
    José has just played a long, bruising football game but feels little fatigue or discomfort. His lack of pain is most likely caused by the release of
    • A. 

      Glutamate.

    • B. 

      Dopamine.

    • C. 

      Acetylcholine.

    • D. 

      Endorphins.

    • E. 

      Insulin.

  • 27. 
    An undersupply of serotonin is most closely linked to
    • A. 

      Alzheimer's disease.

    • B. 

      Schizophrenia.

    • C. 

      Parkinson's disease.

    • D. 

      Depression.

    • E. 

      Euphoria.

  • 28. 
    In order for you to experience the pain of a sprained ankle, ________ must first relay messages from your ankle to your central nervous system.
    • A. 

      The limbic system

    • B. 

      Interneurons

    • C. 

      The reticular formation

    • D. 

      Motor neurons

    • E. 

      Sensory neurons

  • 29. 
    The peripheral nervous system is to sensory neurons as the central nervous system is to
    • A. 

      Motor neurons.

    • B. 

      Neurotransmitters.

    • C. 

      Interneurons.

    • D. 

      The sympathetic nervous system.

    • E. 

      The parasympathetic nervous system.

  • 30. 
    The body's speedy, electrochemical information system is called the
    • A. 

      Circulatory system.

    • B. 

      Reproductive system.

    • C. 

      Cerebral cortex.

    • D. 

      Nervous system.

    • E. 

      Endocrine system.

  • 31. 
    Nerves are neural cables containing many
    • A. 

      Hormones.

    • B. 

      Endorphins.

    • C. 

      Interneurons.

    • D. 

      Axons.

    • E. 

      Lesions.

  • 32. 
    When the release of ACh is blocked, the result is
    • A. 

      Depression.

    • B. 

      Muscular paralysis.

    • C. 

      Aggression.

    • D. 

      Schizophrenia.

    • E. 

      Euphoria.

  • 33. 
    Information travels from the spinal cord to the brain via
    • A. 

      Interneurons.

    • B. 

      The circulatory system.

    • C. 

      Sensory neurons.

    • D. 

      The sympathetic nervous system.

    • E. 

      The endocrine system.

  • 34. 
    Motor neurons are an important part of the
    • A. 

      Limbic system.

    • B. 

      Reticular formation.

    • C. 

      Peripheral nervous system.

    • D. 

      Brainstem.

    • E. 

      Motor cortex.

  • 35. 
    Motor neurons are to the ________ nervous system as interneurons are to the ________ nervous system.
    • A. 

      Sympathetic; parasympathetic

    • B. 

      Central; peripheral

    • C. 

      Autonomic; somatic

    • D. 

      Parasympathetic; sympathetic

    • E. 

      Peripheral; central

  • 36. 
    The somatic nervous system is a component of the ________ nervous system.
    • A. 

      Peripheral

    • B. 

      Autonomic

    • C. 

      Central

    • D. 

      Sympathetic

    • E. 

      Parasympathetic

  • 37. 
    Messages are transmitted from your spinal cord to your digestive system's stomach muscles by the
    • A. 

      Limbic system.

    • B. 

      Central nervous system.

    • C. 

      Sympathetic nervous system.

    • D. 

      Somatic nervous system.

    • E. 

      Reticular formation.

  • 38. 
    When Mr. Valdez thought his 1-year-old daughter had fallen down the stairs, his heartbeat accelerated, his blood pressure rose, and he began to perspire heavily. Mr. Valdez's state of arousal was activated by his ________ nervous system.
    • A. 

      Parasympathetic

    • B. 

      Sympathetic

    • C. 

      Somatic

    • D. 

      Sensorimotor

    • E. 

      Central

  • 39. 
    An accelerated heartbeat is to a slowed heartbeat as the ________ nervous system is to the ________ nervous system.
    • A. 

      Somatic; autonomic

    • B. 

      Autonomic; somatic

    • C. 

      Central; peripheral

    • D. 

      Sympathetic; parasympathetic

    • E. 

      Parasympathetic; sympathetic

  • 40. 
    Stimulated digestion is to inhibited digestion as the ________ nervous system is to the ________ nervous system.
    • A. 

      Somatic; autonomic

    • B. 

      Autonomic; somatic

    • C. 

      Central; peripheral

    • D. 

      Sympathetic; parasympathetic

    • E. 

      Parasympathetic; sympathetic

  • 41. 
    The knee-jerk reflex is controlled by interneurons in the
    • A. 

      Limbic system.

    • B. 

      Spinal cord.

    • C. 

      Brainstem.

    • D. 

      Cerebellum.

    • E. 

      Frontal lobe.

  • 42. 
    The strengthening of synaptic connections facilitates the formation of
    • A. 

      Interneurons.

    • B. 

      Endorphins.

    • C. 

      Neural networks.

    • D. 

      Glial cells.

    • E. 

      Lesions.

  • 43. 
    Neural networks refer to
    • A. 

      The branching extensions of a neuron.

    • B. 

      Interconnected clusters of neurons in the central nervous system.

    • C. 

      Neural cables containing many axons.

    • D. 

      Junctions between sending and receiving neurons.

    • E. 

      Neurons that connect the central nervous system to the rest of the body.

  • 44. 
    • A. 

      ACh agonists.

    • B. 

      Reticular formations.

    • C. 

      Endorphins.

    • D. 

      Neural networks.

    • E. 

      ACh antagonists.

  • 45. 
    Hormones are the chemical messengers of the
    • A. 

      Cerebral cortex.

    • B. 

      Autonomic nervous system.

    • C. 

      Endocrine system.

    • D. 

      Limbic system.

    • E. 

      Reticular formation.

  • 46. 
    The chemical messengers of the endocrine system are called
    • A. 

      Neurotransmitters.

    • B. 

      Glial cells.

    • C. 

      Hormones.

    • D. 

      Agonists.

    • E. 

      Genes.

  • 47. 
    The ovaries in females and the testes in males are part of the
    • A. 

      Limbic system.

    • B. 

      Endocrine system.

    • C. 

      Sympathetic nervous system.

    • D. 

      Reticular formation.

    • E. 

      Central nervous system.

  • 48. 
    Epinephrine and norepinephrine are released by the
    • A. 

      Thyroid gland.

    • B. 

      Pituitary gland.

    • C. 

      Parathyroids.

    • D. 

      Adrenal glands.

    • E. 

      Pancreas.

  • 49. 
    Which endocrine gland regulates body growth?
    • A. 

      Parathyroid

    • B. 

      Adrenal

    • C. 

      Thyroid

    • D. 

      Pituitary

    • E. 

      Pancreas

  • 50. 
    If a professor accused you of cheating on a test, your adrenal glands would probably release ________ into your bloodstream.
    • A. 

      Endorphins

    • B. 

      Acetylcholine

    • C. 

      Seratonin

    • D. 

      Epinephrine

    • E. 

      Insulin

  • 51. 
    The master gland of the endocrine system is the
    • A. 

      Thyroid gland.

    • B. 

      Adrenal gland.

    • C. 

      Pituitary gland.

    • D. 

      Pancreas.

    • E. 

      Hypothalamus.

  • 52. 
    Surgical destruction of brain tissue is called a(n)
    • A. 

      Endorphin.

    • B. 

      EEG.

    • C. 

      Synapse.

    • D. 

      Lesion.

    • E. 

      MRI.

  • 53. 
    The sequence of brain regions from the evolutionarily oldest to newest is
    • A. 

      Limbic system; brainstem; cerebral cortex.

    • B. 

      Brainstem; cerebral cortex; limbic system.

    • C. 

      Limbic system; cerebral cortex; brainstem.

    • D. 

      Brainstem; limbic system; cerebral cortex.

    • E. 

      Cerebral cortex; brainstem; limbic system.

  • 54. 
    The reticular formation is located in the
    • A. 

      Brainstem.

    • B. 

      Limbic system.

    • C. 

      Sensory cortex.

    • D. 

      Motor cortex.

    • E. 

      Cerebellum.

  • 55. 
    Your life would be most immediately threatened if you suffered destruction of the
    • A. 

      Amygdala.

    • B. 

      Hippocampus.

    • C. 

      Angular gyrus.

    • D. 

      Corpus callosum.

    • E. 

      Medulla.

  • 56. 
    The medulla is to the control of ________ as the cerebellum is to the control of ________.
    • A. 

      Eating; sleeping

    • B. 

      Breathing; walking

    • C. 

      Emotion; motivation

    • D. 

      Memory; attention

    • E. 

      Hearing; seeing

  • 57. 
    Your ability to experience the physical pleasure of a hot shower is most likely to be disrupted by damage to your
    • A. 

      Corpus callosum.

    • B. 

      Angular gyrus.

    • C. 

      Hippocampus.

    • D. 

      Amygdala.

    • E. 

      Thalamus.

  • 58. 
    Which brain structure relays information from the eyes to the visual cortex?
    • A. 

      Thalamus

    • B. 

      Amygdala

    • C. 

      Medulla

    • D. 

      Hippocampus

    • E. 

      Cerebellum

  • 59. 
    Which brain structure receives information from all the senses except smell?
    • A. 

      Hippocampus

    • B. 

      Amygdala

    • C. 

      Pons

    • D. 

      Thalamus

    • E. 

      Medulla.

  • 60. 
    The “little brain” attached to the rear of the brainstem is called the
    • A. 

      Limbic system.

    • B. 

      Corpus callosum.

    • C. 

      Cerebellum.

    • D. 

      Reticular formation.

    • E. 

      Thalamus.

  • 61. 
    Which of the following is the component of the limbic system that plays an essential role in the processing of new memories?
    • A. 

      Hypothalamus

    • B. 

      Thalamus

    • C. 

      Hippocampus

    • D. 

      Medulla

    • E. 

      Cerebellum

  • 62. 
    Addictive drug cravings are likely to be associated with reward centers in the
    • A. 

      Thalamus.

    • B. 

      Cerebellum.

    • C. 

      Reticular formation.

    • D. 

      Limbic system.

    • E. 

      Angular gyrus.

  • 63. 
    The brain structure that provides a major link between the nervous system and the endocrine system is the
    • A. 

      Cerebellum.

    • B. 

      Amygdala.

    • C. 

      Reticular formation.

    • D. 

      Hypothalamus.

    • E. 

      Medulla.

  • 64. 
    Olds and Milner located reward centers in the brain structure known as the
    • A. 

      Sensory cortex.

    • B. 

      Hypothalamus.

    • C. 

      Cerebellum.

    • D. 

      Medulla.

    • E. 

      Amygdala.

  • 65. 
    The surgical removal of a large tumor from Dane's occipital lobe resulted in extensive loss of brain tissue. Dane is most likely to suffer some loss of
    • A. 

      Muscular coordination.

    • B. 

      Language comprehension.

    • C. 

      Visual perception.

    • D. 

      Speaking ability.

    • E. 

      Pain sensations.

  • 66. 
    The occipital lobes are to ________ as the temporal lobes are to ________.
    • A. 

      Hearing; sensing movement

    • B. 

      Seeing; sensing touch

    • C. 

      Sensing pleasure; sensing pain

    • D. 

      Seeing; hearing

    • E. 

      Speaking; hearing

  • 67. 
    The parietal lobes are to ________ as the occipital lobes are to ________.
    • A. 

      Hearing; speaking

    • B. 

      Sensing touch; seeing

    • C. 

      Sensing pleasure; sensing pain

    • D. 

      Tasting; smelling

    • E. 

      Speaking; seeing

  • 68. 
    Which lobes of the brain receive the input that enables you to feel someone scratching your back?
    • A. 

      Parietal

    • B. 

      Temporal

    • C. 

      Occipital

    • D. 

      Frontal

    • E. 

      Cerebral.

  • 69. 
    An area at the rear of the frontal lobes that controls voluntary movements is called the
    • A. 

      Angular gyrus.

    • B. 

      Hypothalamus.

    • C. 

      Motor cortex.

    • D. 

      Reticular formation.

    • E. 

      Frontal association area.

  • 70. 
    Direct stimulation of the motor cortex would be most likely to result in
    • A. 

      Feelings of anger.

    • B. 

      Acceleration of heartbeat.

    • C. 

      A sensation of being touched on the arm.

    • D. 

      Movement of the mouth and lips.

    • E. 

      Intense pain.

  • 71. 
    In order to trigger a person's hand to make a fist, José Delgado stimulated the individual's
    • A. 

      Motor cortex.

    • B. 

      Hypothalamus.

    • C. 

      Sensory cortex.

    • D. 

      Reticular formation.

    • E. 

      Limbic system.

  • 72. 
    By simply thinking about a move, which activates their brain cells, people may be able to move a robotic arm. This best illustrates
    • A. 

      Neurogenesis.

    • B. 

      Constraint-induced therapy.

    • C. 

      Neural prosthetics.

    • D. 

      Magnetic resonance imaging.

    • E. 

      Hemispheric specialization.

  • 73. 
    • A. 

      Taste.

    • B. 

      Sight.

    • C. 

      Hearing.

    • D. 

      Touch.

    • E. 

      Smell.

  • 74. 
    The cortical regions that are not directly involved in sensory or motor functions are known as
    • A. 

      Interneurons.

    • B. 

      Broca's area.

    • C. 

      Frontal lobes.

    • D. 

      Association areas.

    • E. 

      Parietal lobes.

  • 75. 
    The most extensive regions of the cerebral cortex, which enable learning and memory, are called the
    • A. 

      Reticular formation.

    • B. 

      Medulla.

    • C. 

      Sensory areas.

    • D. 

      Cerebellum.

    • E. 

      Association areas.

  • 76. 
    The region of your cerebral cortex that enables you to recognize a person as your own mother is
    • A. 

      Wernicke's area.

    • B. 

      The limbic system.

    • C. 

      The angular gyrus.

    • D. 

      Broca's area.

    • E. 

      An association area.

  • 77. 
    The capacity of one brain area to take over the functions of another damaged brain area is known as brain
    • A. 

      Tomography.

    • B. 

      Phrenology.

    • C. 

      Hemispherectomy.

    • D. 

      Aphasia.

    • E. 

      Plasticity.

  • 78. 
    A person whose hand had been amputated actually felt sensations on his nonexistent fingers when his face was stroked. This best illustrates the consequences of
    • A. 

      Tomography.

    • B. 

      Brain plasticity.

    • C. 

      Lateralization.

    • D. 

      Hemispherectomy.

    • E. 

      Aphasia.

  • 79. 
    The benefits of brain plasticity are most clearly demonstrated in
    • A. 

      Children who have had a cerebral hemisphere surgically removed.

    • B. 

      People paralyzed by a severed spinal cord.

    • C. 

      Individuals with Alzheimer's disease.

    • D. 

      Adults with aphasia.

    • E. 

      People free of any disease or brain damage.

  • 80. 
    Information is most quickly transmitted from one cerebral hemisphere to the other by the
    • A. 

      Medulla.

    • B. 

      Corpus callosum.

    • C. 

      Angular gyrus.

    • D. 

      Limbic system.

    • E. 

      Reticular formation.

  • 81. 
    Split-brain patients have had their ________ surgically cut.
    • A. 

      Hippocampus

    • B. 

      Limbic system

    • C. 

      Corpus callosum

    • D. 

      Sensory cortex

    • E. 

      Reticular formation

  • 82. 
    In a recent car accident, Tamiko sustained damage to his right cerebral hemisphere. This injury is most likely to reduce Tamiko's ability to
    • A. 

      Facially express emotions.

    • B. 

      Solve arithmetic problems.

    • C. 

      Understand simple verbal requests.

    • D. 

      Process information in an orderly sequence.

    • E. 

      Control his aggression.

  • 83. 
    Damage to the left cerebral hemisphere is most likely to reduce people's ability to
    • A. 

      Speak fluently.

    • B. 

      Copy drawings.

    • C. 

      Recognize faces.

    • D. 

      Recognize familiar melodies.

    • E. 

      See colors.

  • 84. 
    If your ________ is destroyed, the left side of your brain could not control the movements of your right hand.
    • A. 

      Cerebral cortex

    • B. 

      Amygdala

    • C. 

      Hippocampus

    • D. 

      Angular gyrus

    • E. 

      Corpus callosum

  • 85. 
    A picture of a cat is briefly flashed in the left visual field and a picture of a mouse is briefly flashed in the right visual field of a split-brain patient. The individual will be able to use her
    • A. 

      Right hand to indicate she saw a cat.

    • B. 

      Left hand to indicate she saw a mouse.

    • C. 

      Right hand to indicate she saw a mouse.

    • D. 

      Left or right hand to indicate she saw a cat.

    • E. 

      Left or right hand to indicate she saw a mouse.

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