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AP Psychology ChAPter 2

85 Questions  I  By Thancock01
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1.  Stimulated digestion is to inhibited digestion as the ________ nervous system is to the ________ nervous system.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  If your ________ is destroyed, the left side of your brain could not control the movements of your right hand.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Dendrites are branching extensions of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Resting potential is to action potential as ________ is to ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  A synapse is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  The most extensive regions of the cerebral cortex, which enable learning and memory, are called the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Opiate drugs occupy the same receptor sites as
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  The longest part of a motor neuron is likely to be the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  Which brain structure receives information from all the senses except smell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  The movement of positively charged ions across the membrane of a neuron can produce a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Addictive drug cravings are likely to be associated with reward centers in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  If a professor accused you of cheating on a test, your adrenal glands would probably release ________ into your bloodstream.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Sir Charles Sherrington observed that impulses took more time to travel a neural pathway than he might have anticipated. His observation provided evidence for the existence of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  The function of dendrites is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Hormones are the chemical messengers of the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  The somatic nervous system is a component of the ________ nervous system.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  The body's speedy, electrochemical information system is called the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  When the release of ACh is blocked, the result is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  The brain structure that provides a major link between the nervous system and the endocrine system is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  The capacity of one brain area to take over the functions of another damaged brain area is known as brain
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  The medulla is to the control of ________ as the cerebellum is to the control of ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Direct stimulation of the motor cortex would be most likely to result in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  A person whose hand had been amputated actually felt sensations on his nonexistent fingers when his face was stroked. This best illustrates the consequences of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Information is most quickly transmitted from one cerebral hemisphere to the other by the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  The region of your cerebral cortex that enables you to recognize a person as your own mother is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Information travels from the spinal cord to the brain via
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Transferring messages from a motor neuron to a leg muscle requires the neurotransmitter known as
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  The occipital lobes are to ________ as the temporal lobes are to ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  The speed at which a neural impulse travels is increased when the axon is encased by a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  The cortical regions that are not directly involved in sensory or motor functions are known as
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Motor neurons are to the ________ nervous system as interneurons are to the ________ nervous system.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  In order to trigger a person's hand to make a fist, José Delgado stimulated the individual's
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  An all-or-none response pattern is characteristic of the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  The knee-jerk reflex is controlled by interneurons in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  The chemical messengers of the endocrine system are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  José has just played a long, bruising football game but feels little fatigue or discomfort. His lack of pain is most likely caused by the release of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  The peripheral nervous system is to sensory neurons as the central nervous system is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  The depolarization of a neural membrane can create a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  A picture of a cat is briefly flashed in the left visual field and a picture of a mouse is briefly flashed in the right visual field of a split-brain patient. The individual will be able to use her
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  Split-brain patients have had their ________ surgically cut.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  The parietal lobes are to ________ as the occipital lobes are to ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  The sequence of brain regions from the evolutionarily oldest to newest is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Your ability to experience the physical pleasure of a hot shower is most likely to be disrupted by damage to your
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Your life would be most immediately threatened if you suffered destruction of the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  Nerves are neural cables containing many
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Damage to the left cerebral hemisphere is most likely to reduce people's ability to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  An accelerated heartbeat is to a slowed heartbeat as the ________ nervous system is to the ________ nervous system.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  The ovaries in females and the testes in males are part of the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  Surgical destruction of brain tissue is called a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  In a recent car accident, Tamiko sustained damage to his right cerebral hemisphere. This injury is most likely to reduce Tamiko's ability to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  Neural networks refer to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  The benefits of brain plasticity are most clearly demonstrated in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  The “little brain” attached to the rear of the brainstem is called the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  When Mr. Valdez thought his 1-year-old daughter had fallen down the stairs, his heartbeat accelerated, his blood pressure rose, and he began to perspire heavily. Mr. Valdez's state of arousal was activated by his ________ nervous system.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  An area at the rear of the frontal lobes that controls voluntary movements is called the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  Which lobes of the brain receive the input that enables you to feel someone scratching your back?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  Which endocrine gland regulates body growth?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  The surgical removal of a large tumor from Dane's occipital lobe resulted in extensive loss of brain tissue. Dane is most likely to suffer some loss of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  With regard to the process of neural transmission, a refractory period refers to a time interval in which
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  The slowdown of neural communication in multiple sclerosis involves a degeneration of the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  Olds and Milner located reward centers in the brain structure known as the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  Epinephrine and norepinephrine are released by the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  In order for you to experience the pain of a sprained ankle, ________ must first relay messages from your ankle to your central nervous system.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  A brief electrical charge that travels down the axon of a neuron is called the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  The strengthening of synaptic connections facilitates the formation of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  Increasing excitatory signals above the threshold for neural activation will not affect the intensity of an action potential. This indicates that a neuron's reaction is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  Reuptake refers to the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  The nineteenth-century theory that bumps on the skull reveal a person's abilities and traits is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  Which of the following is the component of the limbic system that plays an essential role in the processing of new memories?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  People can simultaneously process many aspects of sensory information such as color, shape, and size. This best illustrates the functioning of multiple
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  The chemical messengers released into the spatial junctions between neurons are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  The master gland of the endocrine system is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  An axon is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  The reticular formation is located in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
75.  Messages are transmitted from your spinal cord to your digestive system's stomach muscles by the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  Motor neurons are an important part of the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  The sensory cortex is most critical for our sense of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  The spatial junctions where impulses are chemically transmitted from one neuron to another are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  Neurotransmitters are chemical messengers that travel across the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
80.  Neurotransmitters are released from vesicles located on knoblike terminals at the end of the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  The selective permeability of a neural membrane creates a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  Which brain structure relays information from the eyes to the visual cortex?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  In transmitting sensory information to the brain, an electrical signal travels from the ________ of a single neuron.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  By simply thinking about a move, which activates their brain cells, people may be able to move a robotic arm. This best illustrates
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  An undersupply of serotonin is most closely linked to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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