AP Psychology ChAPter 2

85 Questions  I  By Thancock01 on October 29, 2012

  

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1.  Which brain structure receives information from all the senses except smell?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  The region of your cerebral cortex that enables you to recognize a person as your own mother is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  The benefits of brain plasticity are most clearly demonstrated in
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Motor neurons are to the ________ nervous system as interneurons are to the ________ nervous system.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  With regard to the process of neural transmission, a refractory period refers to a time interval in which
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  The surgical removal of a large tumor from Dane's occipital lobe resulted in extensive loss of brain tissue. Dane is most likely to suffer some loss of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  When the release of ACh is blocked, the result is
A.
B.
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D.
E.
8.  The peripheral nervous system is to sensory neurons as the central nervous system is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  The nineteenth-century theory that bumps on the skull reveal a person's abilities and traits is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  The medulla is to the control of ________ as the cerebellum is to the control of ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  The brain structure that provides a major link between the nervous system and the endocrine system is the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  The spatial junctions where impulses are chemically transmitted from one neuron to another are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  The selective permeability of a neural membrane creates a(n)
A.
B.
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D.
E.
14.  An axon is
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B.
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15.  Increasing excitatory signals above the threshold for neural activation will not affect the intensity of an action potential. This indicates that a neuron's reaction is
A.
B.
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D.
E.
16.  Which lobes of the brain receive the input that enables you to feel someone scratching your back?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  Split-brain patients have had their ________ surgically cut.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  An undersupply of serotonin is most closely linked to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  The chemical messengers of the endocrine system are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  The ovaries in females and the testes in males are part of the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  When Mr. Valdez thought his 1-year-old daughter had fallen down the stairs, his heartbeat accelerated, his blood pressure rose, and he began to perspire heavily. Mr. Valdez's state of arousal was activated by his ________ nervous system.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Your life would be most immediately threatened if you suffered destruction of the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  The function of dendrites is to
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B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  The body's speedy, electrochemical information system is called the
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B.
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D.
E.
25.  Which brain structure relays information from the eyes to the visual cortex?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Information travels from the spinal cord to the brain via
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B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  An all-or-none response pattern is characteristic of the
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B.
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D.
E.
28.  A brief electrical charge that travels down the axon of a neuron is called the
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B.
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D.
E.
29.  Nerves are neural cables containing many
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30.  The occipital lobes are to ________ as the temporal lobes are to ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  A synapse is a(n)
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B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Your ability to experience the physical pleasure of a hot shower is most likely to be disrupted by damage to your
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Resting potential is to action potential as ________ is to ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  The strengthening of synaptic connections facilitates the formation of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  Neurotransmitters are chemical messengers that travel across the
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B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  In transmitting sensory information to the brain, an electrical signal travels from the ________ of a single neuron.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  An area at the rear of the frontal lobes that controls voluntary movements is called the
A.
B.
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D.
E.
38.  The chemical messengers released into the spatial junctions between neurons are called
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B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  The most extensive regions of the cerebral cortex, which enable learning and memory, are called the
A.
B.
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D.
E.
40.  Dendrites are branching extensions of
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B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  The knee-jerk reflex is controlled by interneurons in the
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B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  The longest part of a motor neuron is likely to be the
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B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Hormones are the chemical messengers of the
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B.
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D.
E.
44.  José has just played a long, bruising football game but feels little fatigue or discomfort. His lack of pain is most likely caused by the release of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  The sensory cortex is most critical for our sense of
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B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Damage to the left cerebral hemisphere is most likely to reduce people's ability to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  Which endocrine gland regulates body growth?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  Surgical destruction of brain tissue is called a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  The sequence of brain regions from the evolutionarily oldest to newest is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  Sir Charles Sherrington observed that impulses took more time to travel a neural pathway than he might have anticipated. His observation provided evidence for the existence of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  Stimulated digestion is to inhibited digestion as the ________ nervous system is to the ________ nervous system.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  In order to trigger a person's hand to make a fist, José Delgado stimulated the individual's
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B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  The master gland of the endocrine system is the
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B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  The somatic nervous system is a component of the ________ nervous system.
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B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  In a recent car accident, Tamiko sustained damage to his right cerebral hemisphere. This injury is most likely to reduce Tamiko's ability to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  By simply thinking about a move, which activates their brain cells, people may be able to move a robotic arm. This best illustrates
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B.
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D.
E.
57.  Epinephrine and norepinephrine are released by the
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D.
E.
58.  Olds and Milner located reward centers in the brain structure known as the
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59.  Neural networks refer to
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D.
E.
60.  The capacity of one brain area to take over the functions of another damaged brain area is known as brain
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D.
E.
61.  Addictive drug cravings are likely to be associated with reward centers in the
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B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  In order for you to experience the pain of a sprained ankle, ________ must first relay messages from your ankle to your central nervous system.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  An accelerated heartbeat is to a slowed heartbeat as the ________ nervous system is to the ________ nervous system.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  The reticular formation is located in the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  Direct stimulation of the motor cortex would be most likely to result in
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B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  Opiate drugs occupy the same receptor sites as
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  The cortical regions that are not directly involved in sensory or motor functions are known as
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  The depolarization of a neural membrane can create a(n)
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B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  A person whose hand had been amputated actually felt sensations on his nonexistent fingers when his face was stroked. This best illustrates the consequences of
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B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  Neurotransmitters are released from vesicles located on knoblike terminals at the end of the
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B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  Reuptake refers to the
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B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  The “little brain” attached to the rear of the brainstem is called the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  Which of the following is the component of the limbic system that plays an essential role in the processing of new memories?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  The speed at which a neural impulse travels is increased when the axon is encased by a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
75.  If a professor accused you of cheating on a test, your adrenal glands would probably release ________ into your bloodstream.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  Transferring messages from a motor neuron to a leg muscle requires the neurotransmitter known as
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B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  The slowdown of neural communication in multiple sclerosis involves a degeneration of the
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B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  The movement of positively charged ions across the membrane of a neuron can produce a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  Information is most quickly transmitted from one cerebral hemisphere to the other by the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
80.  The parietal lobes are to ________ as the occipital lobes are to ________.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  A picture of a cat is briefly flashed in the left visual field and a picture of a mouse is briefly flashed in the right visual field of a split-brain patient. The individual will be able to use her
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  Motor neurons are an important part of the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  If your ________ is destroyed, the left side of your brain could not control the movements of your right hand.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  People can simultaneously process many aspects of sensory information such as color, shape, and size. This best illustrates the functioning of multiple
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  Messages are transmitted from your spinal cord to your digestive system's stomach muscles by the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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