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AP Psychology ChAPter 13

95 Questions  I  By Thancock01
AP psychology chAPter 13

  
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1.  The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator classifies people according to personality types identified by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  While attending college, Saeb impulsively and carelessly spends all his time and money on “wine, women, and song.” Freud would have suggested that Saeb shows signs of a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Freud's theory of personality has been criticized because it
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B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  Compared with those who perceive an external locus of control, people who perceive an internal locus of control are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  Coping with anxiety by retreating to behavior patterns characteristic of an earlier, more infantile stage of development is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  Byron is always looking to others for advice, approval, and affection. According to the psychoanalytic perspective, Byron is most likely fixated at the ________ stage.
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B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Free association is central to the process of
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D.
E.
8.  According to terror-management theory, anxiety about our own mortality motivates our pursuit of
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D.
E.
9.  The perception that one's fate is determined by luck reflects
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D.
E.
10.  Carl Jung emphasized the importance of ________ in personality functioning.
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B.
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E.
11.  According to Freud, the part of personality that represents our sense of right and wrong and our ideal standards is the
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D.
E.
12.  Freud became interested in unconscious personality dynamics when he noticed that certain patients' symptoms
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B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  Freud suggested that slips of the tongue illustrate an incomplete
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C.
D.
E.
14.  The defense mechanism in which self-justifying explanations replace the real, unconscious reasons for actions is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Maslow most clearly interjected his own personal values into his study of self-actualized individuals by
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D.
E.
16.  A psychotherapist instructs Dane to relax, close his eyes, and state aloud whatever thoughts come to mind no matter how trivial or absurd. The therapist is using a technique known as
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D.
E.
17.  Freud suggested that the process of identification is most directly responsible for the development of
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D.
E.
18.  Freud emphasized that unresolved childhood conflicts often lead to
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B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  The Big Five trait dimensions were identified by means of
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B.
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D.
E.
20.  The concept of personality most clearly embodies the notion of
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D.
E.
21.  Psychoanalytic theory suggests that the ego disguises threatening impulses and reduces anxiety by means of
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B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  Which of the following is most likely to be associated with high self-esteem?
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B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  Contemporary psychodynamic theorists are most likely to disagree with Freud's assumption that
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C.
D.
E.
24.  According to Freud, the most important erogenous zone during earliest infancy consists of the
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D.
E.
25.  The humanistic perspective is to Maslow as the social-cognitive perspective is to
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D.
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26.  Characteristic patterns of behavior and conscious motives are called
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D.
E.
27.  Which of the following tests characteristically describes personality in flattering terms?
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D.
E.
28.  During the early psychosexual stages, the id's psychic energy is focused on
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D.
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29.  According to psychoanalytic theory, the part of the personality that strives for immediate gratification of basic drives is the
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30.  Which neo-Freudian theorist emphasized the influence of the collective unconscious in personality development?
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31.  Which perspective most clearly emphasizes the interactive influences of traits and situations on human behavior?
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32.  According to Freud's theory, the behavior of a newborn is controlled by
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33.  According to Freud, understanding how the id, ego, and superego interact is essential to grasping the nature of
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34.  Emma believes that she will succeed in business if she works hard and carefully manages her time. Her belief most clearly illustrates
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  An individual who perceives an internal locus of control would most likely show signs of a
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B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  Celine recently had a vivid dream that was strikingly similar to an ancient but unfamiliar religious myth. This coincidence would have been of particular interest to
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B.
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D.
E.
37.  People who cheat on their taxes are especially likely to think many others do as well. This false consensus effect is most similar to Freud's concept of
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D.
E.
38.  Freud suggested that in the process of development, people pass through
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D.
E.
39.  Tests that present ambiguous stimuli designed to uncover hidden personality dynamics are called ________ tests.
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40.  Coretta is quiet, pessimistic, anxious, and moody. In terms of the Eysencks' basic personality dimensions she would be classified as
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D.
E.
41.  Freud suggested that the superego develops through the process of
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D.
E.
42.  Sasha believes that the questions on college tests are so unrelated to course work that studying is useless. Sasha's belief most clearly illustrates
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B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  No matter how long and hard Lerae studies, she always feels she hasn't studied as much as she should have. A Freudian psychologist would suggest that Lerae shows signs of a
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B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  Unrealistic optimism could best be described as a(n)
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B.
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D.
E.
45.  Ingrid is a married woman who pursues sexual gratification by means of kissing rather than through sexual intercourse. According to Freud, this illustrates a(n)
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B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  The tendency to accept more personal responsibility for one's successes than for one's failures best illustrates
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B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  Individuals with high self-esteem are more likely than those with low self-esteem to
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B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  According to Bandura, reciprocal determinism involves multidirectional influences among
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D.
E.
49.  Researchers have observed that the experience of repeated uncontrollable traumatic events contributes to
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D.
E.
50.  The defense mechanism in which self-justifying explanations replace the real, unconscious reasons for actions is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  According to Freud's theory, the ego
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  Survivors' memories of Nazi death camp experiences most clearly challenge Freud's concept of
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D.
E.
53.  In convincing people that they can accurately assess their personalities, astrologers, palm readers, and graphologists take advantage of
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D.
E.
54.  The trait of optimism is most closely related to a strong sense of
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D.
E.
55.  The tendency to accept favorable descriptions of one's personality that could really be applied to almost anyone is known as
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E.
56.  Parents who disguise hostility toward their children by becoming overly protective of them are very likely using the defense mechanism of
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D.
E.
57.  Who emphasized that slips of the tongue often reveal the personality dynamics that contribute to psychological disorders?
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D.
E.
58.  The Thematic Apperception Test requires people to respond to
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D.
E.
59.  According to psychoanalytic theory, boys' fear of castration is most closely associated with
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D.
E.
60.  The major reason for criticism of the Rorschach test is that
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61.  Medical students earn higher grades if they have a clear vision of themselves as successful doctors. This best illustrates the motivational significance of
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D.
E.
62.  Reaction formation refers to the process by which people
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63.  The social-cognitive perspective suggests that the best way to predict a political candidate's performance effectiveness after election is to assess that individual's
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D.
E.
64.  People with high self-esteem are less likely than those with low self-esteem to
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B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  The MMPI is an example of a(n)
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B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  According to Freud, the defense mechanism that underlies all others is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  Randy's substandard academic performance is both a result and a cause of his feelings of academic inferiority. This best illustrates the importance of
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B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  The humanistic perspective emphasized the importance of
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B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  Which of the following techniques did Freud use to discover the latent content of his patients' dreams?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  Freud would have suggested that an excessive fixation is most likely to contribute to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  The defense mechanism by which people disguise threatening impulses by attributing them to others is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  Karen Horney, a prominent neo-Freudian, disputed Freud's assumption that women
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  The perception that one can strongly influence the outcome and destiny of one's own life exemplifies
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  Being highly imaginative is most closely related to the Big Five trait dimension of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
75.  Abraham Maslow studied the lives of Abraham Lincoln, Thomas Jefferson, and Eleanor Roosevelt in order to understand the nature of
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B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  Humanistic psychologists would most likely be criticized for underestimating the value of
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B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  Freud believed that certain troubling symptoms could be traced to painful unconscious memories. This led him to suspect that these symptoms resulted from
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  A person whose self-esteem is momentarily threatened is especially likely to
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B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  In suggesting that the mind is like an iceberg, Freud was most clearly emphasizing the importance of the
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B.
C.
D.
E.
80.  Forgotten memories that we can easily recall were said by Freud to be
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B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  The best indicator of a person's level of optimism is his or her
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  Carl Jung referred to a shared reservoir of memory traces from our species history as the
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B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  Low self-esteem is associated with
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B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  Morris is hostile, aggressive, and socially destructive. According to Carl Rogers, this behavior pattern results from
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  Freud suggested that orally fixated adults are especially likely to exhibit
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.  The Thematic Apperception Test is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  Martin Seligman advocates a positive psychology, which focuses on topics such as:
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B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  Carl Rogers emphasized that a positive self-concept is promoted by
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B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  Neo-Freudian personality theorists were most likely to disagree with Freud about the importance of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
90.  Which perspective on human personality emphasizes reciprocal determinism?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
91.  Hasina was an abused child; as an adult, she is homeless and squanders any money she can find on alcohol. Alfred Adler would have suggested that Hasina suffers from
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
92.  Displacement refers to the process by which people
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B.
C.
D.
E.
93.  According to the social-cognitive perspective, one of the best ways to predict a person's future behavior is to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
94.  Which neo-Freudian theorist emphasized that personality development is strongly influenced by feelings of inferiority?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
95.  Within the framework of Bandura's reciprocal determinism, an external locus of control refers to a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
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