We have sent an email with your new password.


AP Psychology ChAPter 9 Quiz

100 Questions  I  By Thancock01
AP psychology chAPter 9 quiz

  
Changes are done, please start the quiz.


Question Excerpt

Removing question excerpt is a premium feature

Upgrade and get a lot more done!
1.  When Fred pronounced the words “this” and “that,” he noticed that they share a common
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
2.  During the earliest stage of speech development, infants
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
3.  Marlene forgot to bring a pillow on the camping trip, so she spent a very uncomfortable and restless night. Unfortunately, she never thought of using her down-filled jacket as a pillow. Marlene's oversight best illustrates
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
4.  A European visitor to the United States asked a taxi driver, “Can you please a ride to the airport me give?” This visitor has apparently not yet mastered the ________ of the English language.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
5.  The representativeness heuristic refers to our tendency to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
6.  When we use the term Hispanic to refer to a category of people, we are using this word as a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
7.  Jamilla systematically tried each successive key on her dad's key ring until she found the one that unlocked his office door. This best illustrates problem solving by means of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
8.  At some point during the babbling stage, infants begin to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
9.  In the words “lightly,” “neatly,” and “shortly,” the “ly” ending is a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
10.  The sudden comprehension of the double meaning of a humorous pun best illustrates
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
11.  Stockbrokers often believe that their own expertise will enable them to select stocks that will outperform the market average. This belief best illustrates
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
12.  Stockbrokers who market their services with confidence that they can outperform the market average in picking stocks are especially likely to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
13.  When Larina started college, she was certain that she would never smoke marijuana. By the end of her freshman year, however, Larina had used this drug on three different occasions. Larina's experience best illustrates
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
14.  In Wolfgang Köhler's experiment, the chimpanzee Sultan retrieved a long stick with a short stick to retrieve a piece of fruit. Sultan was able to reach the fruit as a result of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
15.  Anika resisted changing her answer to a test question after reminding herself that “it's always best to stick with your first answer.” Anika's decision best illustrates the use of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
16.  On Monday, the meteorologist forecast a 20 percent chance of rain, so Sheryl took her umbrella to work. On Friday, he reported an 80 percent chance that it would not rain, so Sheryl left her umbrella at home. Sheryl's behavior illustrates the impact of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
17.  In the process of classifying objects, people are especially likely to make use of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
18.  Contemporary psychologists are most likely to criticize Whorf's linguistic determinism hypothesis for
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
19.  The various vowel sounds that can be placed between a “t” and an “n” produce words such as tan, ten, tin, and ton. These various vowel sounds represent different
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
20.  The tendency to conclude that a person who likes to read poetry is more likely to be a college professor of classics than a truck driver illustrates the use of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
21.  Dean overestimates the proportion of family chores for which he takes sole responsibility because it's easier for him to recall what he has done than to recall what other family members have done. This best illustrates the impact of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
22.  The rock musician was hit with a rotten egg while performing his latest hit song. The fact that you can recognize two different meanings for the word “hit” in the preceding sentence demonstrates the importance of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
23.  English words are constructed from about ________ different phonemes.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
24.  Some people are unable to arrange six matches to form four equilateral triangles because they fail to consider a three-dimensional arrangement. This best illustrates the effects of ________ on problem solving.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
25.  The earliest stage of speech development is called the ________ stage.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
26.  Cognitive psychologists are most directly concerned with the study of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
27.  Which of the following best accounts for people's greater fear of commercial air flights than of driving an automobile?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
28.  Professor Thompson's research focuses on the impact of prototypes on the speed of object recognition and identification. Which specialty area does this research best represent?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
29.  Scientists are trained to carefully observe and record any research outcomes that are inconsistent with their hypotheses. This practice most directly serves to reduce
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
30.  Which term refers to all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
31.  Although Steve was certain that he answered between 70 and 80 items correctly on his biology test, he actually was right on only 55 items. Steve's misjudgment of his test performance illustrates
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
32.  Many people perceive carjackings as more serious threats to their lives than failing to use seatbelts because carjackings are so much more memorable. This best illustrates the importance of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
33.  Jahmal cites his cousin Luana's many car accidents as evidence that women are worse drivers than men. He overlooks the fact that his wife and three daughters have had far fewer car accidents than he and his two sons. Jahmal's prejudicial conclusion about women's driving skills best illustrates the effects of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
34.  The inability to take a new perspective on a problem is called a
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
35.  The smallest distinctive sound unit of language is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
36.  After spending two hours trying to solve an engineering problem, Amira finally gave up. As she was trying to fall asleep that night, a solution to the problem popped into her head. Amira's experience best illustrates
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
37.  A single, memorable case of welfare fraud has a greater impact on estimates of the frequency of welfare abuse than do statistics showing that this case is actually the exception to the rule. This illustrates that judgments are influenced by the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
38.  At 17 months of age, Julie says “wada” whenever she wants a drink of water. Julie is most likely in the ________ stage of language development.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
39.  Consumers respond more positively to ground beef advertised as “75 percent lean” than to ground beef described as “25 percent fat.” This illustrates that consumer reactions are influenced by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
40.  The confirmation bias refers to the tendency to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
41.  People are less upset than when they miss getting an early payment discount than when they are asked to bear a late payment surcharge. This best illustrates the importance of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
42.  By encouraging people to imagine their homes being destroyed by a fire, insurance salespeople are especially successful at selling large homeowners' policies. They are most clearly exploiting the influence of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
43.  Many people overestimate how long they actually remain awake during restless nights because their moments of wakefulness are easier to recall than their moments of sleep. This best illustrates the impact of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
44.  When we use the word automobile to refer to a category of transport vehicles, we are using this word as a(n)
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
45.  University students were asked to figure out the rule used to devise the three-number sequence 2-4-6. After generating sets of three numbers to learn whether their sets met the rule, they typically convinced themselves of the wrong rule. Their errors best illustrated the impact of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
46.  Eva had difficulty recognizing that a sea horse was a fish because it did not closely resemble her fish
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
47.  A chess-playing computer program that routinely calculates all possible outcomes of all possible game moves best illustrates problem solving by means of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
48.  B. F. Skinner emphasized the importance of ________ in language acquisition.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
49.  People are very likely to decide to be organ donors when the default option on their renewable drivers' license forms is yes but they can choose to drop out. They are much less likely to decide to be organ donors if the default option on their license forms is no but they can choose to opt in. This best illustrates the effects of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
50.  The tendency to search for information consistent with our preconceptions is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
51.  As he attempted to spell the word “receive,” Tim reminded himself “i before e except after c.” Tim's self-reminder best illustrates the use of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
52.  Noam Chomsky has emphasized that the acquisition of language by children is facilitated by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
53.  Our capacity for thinking without language is best illustrated by
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
54.  Research findings suggest that the best advice to give people who want to avoid belief perseverance is
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
55.  English-speaking children learn to put the object of a sentence last, whereas Japanese-speaking children put the object before the verb. Chomsky suggests that this illustrates a difference in the two languages'
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
56.  Logical, methodical step-by-step procedures for solving problems are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
57.  People more easily detect male prejudice against women than female prejudice against men because the former more closely resembles their prejudice
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
58.  Jacquelyn suffered symptoms so similar to those associated with pregnancy-induced morning sickness that she erroneously concluded that she was pregnant. Jacquelyn's conclusion best illustrates the influence of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
59.  In testing thousands of different materials for use as lightbulb filaments, Thomas Edison best illustrated a problem-solving approach known as
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
60.  When 3-year-old Rosalie complained, “Boris hitted me with a ball,” she was illustrating the tendency of young children to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
61.  Judging the likelihood that things fall into a certain category on the basis of how well they seem to match a particular prototype refers to the use of the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
62.  By dividing broad concepts into increasingly smaller and detailed subgroupings, we create
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
63.  Children begin to demonstrate that they know how to put words in a sensible order during the ________ stage.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
64.  Professor Pegler's research efforts focus on how the use of heuristics influences the way people assess financial risks. Which specialty area does his research best represent?
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
65.  Despite overwhelming and highly publicized evidence that Senator McEwan was guilty of serious political corruption and misconduct, many who had supported her in past elections remained convinced of her political integrity. Their reaction best illustrates
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
66.  Although intuition can at times hinder rationality, it is often valuable because it facilitates
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
67.  To combine words into grammatically sensible sentences, we need to apply proper rules of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
68.  The indelible memories of the 9/11 terrorist tragedy unduly inflated many people's estimates of the risks associated with air travel. This best illustrates the importance of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
69.  The value of generating positive first impressions in your initial interactions with a new employer is best underscored by the research on
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
70.  When her teacher mentioned the arms race, Krista understood that the word “arms” referred to weapons and not to body parts. Krista's correct interpretation best illustrates the importance of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
71.  Ojinska sold many more raffle tickets when she told potential buyers they had a 10 percent chance of winning a prize than when she told them they had a 90 percent chance of not winning. This best illustrates
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
72.  In trying to solve a potentially complicated problem quickly, we are most likely to rely on
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
73.  It is very difficult to get someone to change his or her unrealistically negative self-image. This best illustrates the importance of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
74.  Lavonne was careful to avoid the use of dangling participles and run-on sentences in her essay because she did not want to lose points for faulty
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
75.  Semantics refers to the
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
76.  A sudden realization of the solution to a problem is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
77.  People told that a chemical in the air is projected to kill 10 out of every 10,000 people feel more frightened than if told the fatality risk is one-tenth of 1 percent. This best illustrates the importance of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
78.  Morphemes are
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
79.  Mistakenly concluding that the forgetful acts of an elderly person must be indicative of Alzheimer's disease best illustrates the impact of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
80.  A prototype is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
81.  Simple thinking strategies that allow us to solve problems and make judgments efficiently are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
82.  The risks of smoking are more alarming when presented in terms of the number of smokers with lung cancer than the percentage of smokers with lung cancer. This illustrates the importance of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
83.  Whorf's linguistic determinism hypothesis emphasizes that
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
84.  The tendency to think of objects only in terms of their normal uses is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
85.  When someone mentions Ivy League colleges, Trisha immediately thinks of Harvard University. In this instance, Harvard University is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
86.  Prototypes are especially important in the process of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
87.  State lottery officials send residents a facsimile of a contest-winning check for over $5 million so as to encourage them to imagine themselves as possible winners. The lottery promoters are most clearly exploiting the influence of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
88.  The inability to see a problem from a new perspective is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
89.  Myra has such low self-esteem that she typically expects critical comments about her appearance and behavior. Myra's behavior best illustrates the dangers of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
90.  The use of heuristics rather than algorithms is most likely to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
91.  If our capacity to form concepts depends on our verbal memory, this would best illustrate
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
92.  Compared with deaf children exposed to sign language from birth, those who first learn sign language as teens are less likely to
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
93.  The smallest speech units that carry meaning are called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
94.  An algorithm is a
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
95.  After taking two years of college economics courses, Lionel thinks he knows enough about business to become a millionaire. Lionel should become more aware of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
96.  The system of rules in a language that enables us to understand and communicate with others is called
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
97.  At the age of 15 months, Anita repeatedly cries “hoy” when she wants her mother to hold her. Anita is most likely in the ________ stage of language development.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
98.  Infants are first able to discriminate speech sounds during the ________ stage.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
99.  The tendency to estimate that the letter “k” appears more often as the first letter of words than as the third letter best illustrates our use of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
100.  College students routinely underestimate how much time it will take them to complete assigned course projects. This best illustrates the impact of
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
Back to top

Removing ad is a premium feature

Upgrade and get a lot more done!
Take Another Quiz