AP Psychology ChAPter 9 Quiz

100 Questions  I  By Thancock01

  
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1.  Compared with deaf children exposed to sign language from birth, those who first learn sign language as teens are less likely to
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2.  Stockbrokers often believe that their own expertise will enable them to select stocks that will outperform the market average. This belief best illustrates
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3.  Semantics refers to the
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4.  At 17 months of age, Julie says “wada” whenever she wants a drink of water. Julie is most likely in the ________ stage of language development.
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5.  People more easily detect male prejudice against women than female prejudice against men because the former more closely resembles their prejudice
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6.  State lottery officials send residents a facsimile of a contest-winning check for over $5 million so as to encourage them to imagine themselves as possible winners. The lottery promoters are most clearly exploiting the influence of
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7.  Despite overwhelming and highly publicized evidence that Senator McEwan was guilty of serious political corruption and misconduct, many who had supported her in past elections remained convinced of her political integrity. Their reaction best illustrates
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8.  Which term refers to all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating?
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9.  A European visitor to the United States asked a taxi driver, “Can you please a ride to the airport me give?” This visitor has apparently not yet mastered the ________ of the English language.
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10.  Dean overestimates the proportion of family chores for which he takes sole responsibility because it's easier for him to recall what he has done than to recall what other family members have done. This best illustrates the impact of
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11.  Jacquelyn suffered symptoms so similar to those associated with pregnancy-induced morning sickness that she erroneously concluded that she was pregnant. Jacquelyn's conclusion best illustrates the influence of
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12.  In the words “lightly,” “neatly,” and “shortly,” the “ly” ending is a(n)
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13.  Mistakenly concluding that the forgetful acts of an elderly person must be indicative of Alzheimer's disease best illustrates the impact of
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14.  The inability to see a problem from a new perspective is called
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15.  A single, memorable case of welfare fraud has a greater impact on estimates of the frequency of welfare abuse than do statistics showing that this case is actually the exception to the rule. This illustrates that judgments are influenced by the
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16.  The tendency to search for information consistent with our preconceptions is called
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17.  The earliest stage of speech development is called the ________ stage.
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18.  Jamilla systematically tried each successive key on her dad's key ring until she found the one that unlocked his office door. This best illustrates problem solving by means of
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19.  Judging the likelihood that things fall into a certain category on the basis of how well they seem to match a particular prototype refers to the use of the
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20.  Eva had difficulty recognizing that a sea horse was a fish because it did not closely resemble her fish
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21.  By dividing broad concepts into increasingly smaller and detailed subgroupings, we create
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22.  After spending two hours trying to solve an engineering problem, Amira finally gave up. As she was trying to fall asleep that night, a solution to the problem popped into her head. Amira's experience best illustrates
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23.  A prototype is a
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24.  A chess-playing computer program that routinely calculates all possible outcomes of all possible game moves best illustrates problem solving by means of
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25.  People are very likely to decide to be organ donors when the default option on their renewable drivers' license forms is yes but they can choose to drop out. They are much less likely to decide to be organ donors if the default option on their license forms is no but they can choose to opt in. This best illustrates the effects of
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26.  Whorf's linguistic determinism hypothesis emphasizes that
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27.  English-speaking children learn to put the object of a sentence last, whereas Japanese-speaking children put the object before the verb. Chomsky suggests that this illustrates a difference in the two languages'
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28.  Prototypes are especially important in the process of
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29.  If our capacity to form concepts depends on our verbal memory, this would best illustrate
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30.  When her teacher mentioned the arms race, Krista understood that the word “arms” referred to weapons and not to body parts. Krista's correct interpretation best illustrates the importance of
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31.  The sudden comprehension of the double meaning of a humorous pun best illustrates
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32.  In testing thousands of different materials for use as lightbulb filaments, Thomas Edison best illustrated a problem-solving approach known as
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33.  During the earliest stage of speech development, infants
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34.  Simple thinking strategies that allow us to solve problems and make judgments efficiently are called
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35.  Scientists are trained to carefully observe and record any research outcomes that are inconsistent with their hypotheses. This practice most directly serves to reduce
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36.  It is very difficult to get someone to change his or her unrealistically negative self-image. This best illustrates the importance of
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37.  Children begin to demonstrate that they know how to put words in a sensible order during the ________ stage.
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38.  In the process of classifying objects, people are especially likely to make use of
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39.  English words are constructed from about ________ different phonemes.
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40.  Our capacity for thinking without language is best illustrated by
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41.  Some people are unable to arrange six matches to form four equilateral triangles because they fail to consider a three-dimensional arrangement. This best illustrates the effects of ________ on problem solving.
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42.  After taking two years of college economics courses, Lionel thinks he knows enough about business to become a millionaire. Lionel should become more aware of
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43.  Professor Thompson's research focuses on the impact of prototypes on the speed of object recognition and identification. Which specialty area does this research best represent?
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44.  The smallest speech units that carry meaning are called
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45.  University students were asked to figure out the rule used to devise the three-number sequence 2-4-6. After generating sets of three numbers to learn whether their sets met the rule, they typically convinced themselves of the wrong rule. Their errors best illustrated the impact of
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46.  When Fred pronounced the words “this” and “that,” he noticed that they share a common
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47.  Jahmal cites his cousin Luana's many car accidents as evidence that women are worse drivers than men. He overlooks the fact that his wife and three daughters have had far fewer car accidents than he and his two sons. Jahmal's prejudicial conclusion about women's driving skills best illustrates the effects of
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48.  To combine words into grammatically sensible sentences, we need to apply proper rules of
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49.  At some point during the babbling stage, infants begin to
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50.  In trying to solve a potentially complicated problem quickly, we are most likely to rely on
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51.  The risks of smoking are more alarming when presented in terms of the number of smokers with lung cancer than the percentage of smokers with lung cancer. This illustrates the importance of
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52.  The tendency to think of objects only in terms of their normal uses is called
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53.  The representativeness heuristic refers to our tendency to
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54.  Although intuition can at times hinder rationality, it is often valuable because it facilitates
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55.  The system of rules in a language that enables us to understand and communicate with others is called
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56.  Lavonne was careful to avoid the use of dangling participles and run-on sentences in her essay because she did not want to lose points for faulty
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57.  People are less upset than when they miss getting an early payment discount than when they are asked to bear a late payment surcharge. This best illustrates the importance of
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58.  Noam Chomsky has emphasized that the acquisition of language by children is facilitated by
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59.  Research findings suggest that the best advice to give people who want to avoid belief perseverance is
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60.  The various vowel sounds that can be placed between a “t” and an “n” produce words such as tan, ten, tin, and ton. These various vowel sounds represent different
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61.  Many people overestimate how long they actually remain awake during restless nights because their moments of wakefulness are easier to recall than their moments of sleep. This best illustrates the impact of
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62.  Stockbrokers who market their services with confidence that they can outperform the market average in picking stocks are especially likely to
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63.  The tendency to conclude that a person who likes to read poetry is more likely to be a college professor of classics than a truck driver illustrates the use of
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64.  Many people perceive carjackings as more serious threats to their lives than failing to use seatbelts because carjackings are so much more memorable. This best illustrates the importance of
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65.  Contemporary psychologists are most likely to criticize Whorf's linguistic determinism hypothesis for
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66.  The smallest distinctive sound unit of language is a
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67.  When 3-year-old Rosalie complained, “Boris hitted me with a ball,” she was illustrating the tendency of young children to
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68.  Cognitive psychologists are most directly concerned with the study of
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69.  College students routinely underestimate how much time it will take them to complete assigned course projects. This best illustrates the impact of
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70.  An algorithm is a
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71.  By encouraging people to imagine their homes being destroyed by a fire, insurance salespeople are especially successful at selling large homeowners' policies. They are most clearly exploiting the influence of
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72.  The tendency to estimate that the letter “k” appears more often as the first letter of words than as the third letter best illustrates our use of
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73.  The use of heuristics rather than algorithms is most likely to
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74.  At the age of 15 months, Anita repeatedly cries “hoy” when she wants her mother to hold her. Anita is most likely in the ________ stage of language development.
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75.  Morphemes are
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76.  Consumers respond more positively to ground beef advertised as “75 percent lean” than to ground beef described as “25 percent fat.” This illustrates that consumer reactions are influenced by
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77.  The rock musician was hit with a rotten egg while performing his latest hit song. The fact that you can recognize two different meanings for the word “hit” in the preceding sentence demonstrates the importance of
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78.  Marlene forgot to bring a pillow on the camping trip, so she spent a very uncomfortable and restless night. Unfortunately, she never thought of using her down-filled jacket as a pillow. Marlene's oversight best illustrates
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79.  The confirmation bias refers to the tendency to
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80.  A sudden realization of the solution to a problem is called
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81.  Ojinska sold many more raffle tickets when she told potential buyers they had a 10 percent chance of winning a prize than when she told them they had a 90 percent chance of not winning. This best illustrates
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82.  When we use the term Hispanic to refer to a category of people, we are using this word as a(n)
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83.  Logical, methodical step-by-step procedures for solving problems are called
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84.  Myra has such low self-esteem that she typically expects critical comments about her appearance and behavior. Myra's behavior best illustrates the dangers of
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85.  As he attempted to spell the word “receive,” Tim reminded himself “i before e except after c.” Tim's self-reminder best illustrates the use of
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86.  Anika resisted changing her answer to a test question after reminding herself that “it's always best to stick with your first answer.” Anika's decision best illustrates the use of
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87.  B. F. Skinner emphasized the importance of ________ in language acquisition.
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88.  Which of the following best accounts for people's greater fear of commercial air flights than of driving an automobile?
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89.  Infants are first able to discriminate speech sounds during the ________ stage.
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90.  In Wolfgang Köhler's experiment, the chimpanzee Sultan retrieved a long stick with a short stick to retrieve a piece of fruit. Sultan was able to reach the fruit as a result of
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91.  Although Steve was certain that he answered between 70 and 80 items correctly on his biology test, he actually was right on only 55 items. Steve's misjudgment of his test performance illustrates
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