AP Biology (plants)

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 AP biology (plants)
   This quiz is designed to help AP Biology students review Kindgom Plantae.                   This covers Chapters 29, 30, 35, 36, 37, 38, and 39.  

  
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  • 1. 
    The simplest phlya of plants are called
    • A. 

      Pteridophytes

    • B. 

      Gymnosperms

    • C. 

      Bryophytes

    • D. 

      Angiosperms


  • 2. 
    Which of the following are not shared by all phyla of vascular plants?
    • A. 

      The development of seeds

    • B. 

      Alternation of generation

    • C. 

      Dominance of the diploid sporophyte generation

    • D. 

      Xylem and phloem


  • 3. 
    In plants, which of the following are produced by meiosis?
    • A. 

      Haploid gametes

    • B. 

      Haploid spores

    • C. 

      Diploid gametes

    • D. 

      Diploid spores


  • 4. 
    Which of the following is a land plant that produces flagellated sperm and has a sporophyte dominate life cycle?
    • A. 

      Moss

    • B. 

      Fern

    • C. 

      Liverwort

    • D. 

      Hornwort


  • 5. 
    A fruit is most commonly
    • A. 

      A mature ovary

    • B. 

      A thickened style

    • C. 

      An enlarged ovule

    • D. 

      A modified root


  • 6. 
    Which of the following is not a characteristic that distinguishes gymnosperms and angiosperm from other plants?
    • A. 

      Alternation of generation

    • B. 

      Ovules

    • C. 

      Pollen

    • D. 

      Dependent gametophytes


  • 7. 
    Gymnosperms and Angiosperms have all the following in common except
    • A. 

      Seeds

    • B. 

      Pollen

    • C. 

      Vascular tissue

    • D. 

      Ovaries


  • 8. 
    Which of the following represent the female structures of flowers?
    • A. 

      Sepal and petal

    • B. 

      Anther and filament

    • C. 

      Stamen and carpel

    • D. 

      Stigma and style


  • 9. 
    Which of the following are male structures in flowers?
    • A. 

      Sepal and petal

    • B. 

      Anther and filament

    • C. 

      Stamen and carpel

    • D. 

      Stigma and style


  • 10. 
    Xylem is a vascular tissue that functions in the transport of _____________through plants.
    • A. 

      Food

    • B. 

      Water

    • C. 

      Light

    • D. 

      Organic substances


  • 11. 
    Phloem is a vascular tissue that is responsible for transporting _____________ through plants.
    • A. 

      Water

    • B. 

      Organic food substances

    • C. 

      Light particles

    • D. 

      All of the above


  • 12. 
    ____ is to xylem as ____ is to phloem.
    • A. 

      Sclerenchyma cell; parenchyma cell

    • B. 

      Apical meristem; vascular cambium

    • C. 

      Vessel element; sieve-tube member

    • D. 

      Cortex; pith

    • E. 

      Vascular cambium; cork cambium


  • 13. 
    The productivity of a crop declines when leaves begin to wilt mainly because
    • A. 

      The chlorophyll of wilting leaves decomposes

    • B. 

      Flaccid mesophyll cells are incapable of photosynthesis

    • C. 

      Stomata close, preventing CO2 from entering the leaf.

    • D. 

      Photolysis, the water-splitting step of photosynthesis, cannot occur when there is a water deficiency.

    • E. 

      An accumulation of CO2 in the leaf inhibits the enzymes required for photosynthesis.


  • 14. 
    Most of the mass of organic material of a plant comes from
    • A. 

      Water.

    • B. 

      Carbon dioxide

    • C. 

      Soil minerals

    • D. 

      Atmospheric oxygen.

    • E. 

      Nitrogen


  • 15. 
    Mycorrhizae enhance plant nutrition mainly by
    • A. 

      Absorbing water and minerals through the fungal hyphae.

    • B. 

      Providing sugar to the root cells, which have no chloroplasts of their own

    • C. 

      Converting atmospheric nitrogen to ammonia

    • D. 

      Enabling the roots to parasitize neighboring plants

    • E. 

      Stimulating the development of root hairs.


  • 16. 
    Carnivorous adaptations of plants mainly compensate for soil that has a relatively low content of
    • A. 

      Potassium

    • B. 

      Nitrogen

    • C. 

      Calcium

    • D. 

      Water

    • E. 

      Phosphate


  • 17. 
    A plant that has small, green petals is most likely to be
    • A. 

      Bee pollinated

    • B. 

      Bird pollinated

    • C. 

      Bat pollinated

    • D. 

      Wind pollinated


  • 18. 
    Pollen grain is to ____ as ____ is to female gametophyte
    • A. 

      Male gametophyte; embryo sac

    • B. 

      Embryo sac; ovule

    • C. 

      Ovule; sporophyte

    • D. 

      Anther; seed

    • E. 

      Petal; sepal


  • 19. 
    Which of the following conditions is needed by almost all seeds to break dormancy?
    • A. 

      Exposure to light

    • B. 

      Imbibition

    • C. 

      Abrasion of the seed coat

    • D. 

      Exposure to cold

    • E. 

      Covering of fertile soil


  • 20. 
    Which hormone is incorrectly paired with its function?
    • A. 

      Auxin—promotes stem growth through cell elongation

    • B. 

      Cytokinins—initiate programmed cell death

    • C. 

      Gibberellins—stimulate seed germination

    • D. 

      Abscisic acid—promotes seed dormancy

    • E. 

      Ethylene—inhibits cell elongation


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