Anatomy And Physiology

72 Questions  I  By Karlyparrish
Final, a and p, biology

  
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1.  The two general sense are _______ and ______.
2.  The 5 special senses are ___, _____, _____, ____,____.
3.  What are the four types of sensory receptors?
4.  Mechanoreceptors respond to.......
5.  Chemoreceptors respond to......
6.  Thermoreceptors respond to........
7.  Nociceptors respond to......
8.  What are the 4 steps in the process of sensation?1.2.3.4.
9.  Name and describe ALL receptors associated with the skin/touch.1. Free nerve ending = unspecific, simple. found throughout the body. pain, temp., itch, movement2. Touch= more complex  crude touch-- something has contacted skin  find touch- where, what, and texture (specific)
10.   ------ TYPES OF TOUCH RECEPTORS ----Merkel disc=
A.
B.
C.
11.  --- TYPES OF TOUCH RECEPTORS ---Ruffini End Organs=
12.  --- TYPES OF TOUCH RECEPTORS ---Pacinian Corpuscles=
A.
B.
C.
13.  Explain thermal sensation.thermoreceptors- free nerve endings. warmth vs. coldness - different receptors. anything above or below stimulate pain receptors.
14.  Explain painful sensation. Nociceptors- free nerve endings. everywhere except brain. extreme, thermal, mechanical, or chemical stimuli. tissue damage causes release of prostaglandins, kinins, and potassium ions. pain may persist because chemicals linger.
15.  3 cell types found in the noseolfactory receptor cells=
16.  3 cell types found in the noseSupporting cells=
17.  3 cell types found in the noseBasal stem cells =
18.  _______, _______, ______, ______ are the 4 types of taste buds.
19.  What are the 5 primary taste?
20.  Describe TASTE BUDS.
21.  Vallate taste buds=
22.  Fungiform taste buds
A.
B.
C.
23.  Foliate taste buds
A.
B.
C.
24.  Filiform taste buds
A.
B.
C.
25.  Tastant dissolved in salivia - taste pores - contact with taste hairs - release of neurotransmitter - depoloarization of axons- facial nerve- medulla oblongata-thalamus- cerebral cortex
26.  List the accessory structures that protect, move, and lubricate eye. 1.2.3.4.5.6.7.8.
27.  PARTS OF THE LACRIMAL APPARATUS    W/ FunctionsLacrimal glands=
28.  PARTS OF THE LACRIMAL APPARATUS W/ FunctionsExcretory lacrimal ducts = ________
29.  PARTS OF THE LACRIMAL APPARATUSLacrimal puncta=
30.  PARTS OF THE LACRIMAL APPARATUS  W/ FUNCTION
31.  What are the function of tears (lacrimal fluid)?
32.  LIST THE EXTRINSIC EYE MUSCLES1. ________ -parallel2. ___________- up3. ______ - down4. __________ - outward5. __________ - inward6. __________ - roll up7. _________ - roll down
33.  ___, ____, _____ are the 3 layers of the eyeball.
34.  What is the function of the fibrous layer of the eye?
35.  What is the function of the vascular layer of the eye?
36.  What is the function of the nervous layer of the eye?
37.  Describe the lens.
38.  List the CHAMBERS of the eye.
39.  What is the function of aqueous humor?
40.  What is the function of vitreous humor?
41.  What are the neural layers of the retina?
42.  Describe rods.
43.  Describe cones.
44.  _____, ______, _____ are the 3 sections of the ear.
45.  EXTERNAL EAR____ part you rest your glasses on_____ opening through temporal membrane_____ between meatus and middle ear
46.  MIDDLE EAR____ limits movement of eardrum____ dampens vibrations of stapes_____ eustachian tube
47.  INNER EAR_________ = series of tunnels and chambers in temporal bone. the three regions are chochlea, semicircular canals, and vestibule. lined with periosteum. filled with perilymp_____ = inside bony. vestibular and basilar membrane. filled with endolymph. cochlear duct is inbetween.
48.  Name the 3 channels of the cochlea.
49.  The spiral organ is located in the ______
50.  What is the function of the spiral organ?
51.  List the steps in the physiology of hearing.
52.  What are otoacoustic emissions?
53.  Describe static equlibrium and how it is maintained.
54.  Describe dynamic equilibrium and how it is maintained.
55.  What are the 5 functions of the skeleton?
56.  What are the 3 types of cartilage?
57.  What are the components of (bones) matrix?
58.  What are the components of (bones) cells?
59.  What are the 3 types of bone cells?
60.  What is the function of osteoblast?
61.  What is the function of osteocytes?
62.  What is the function of osteoclasts?
63.  What is the function of osteochondral progenitor cells?
64.  WOVEN BONE =
65.  COMPACT BONE =
A.
B.
C.
66.  LAMELLAR BONE=
A.
B.
C.
67.  _____  bone is greater in length then width_______ cube shaped bone_______- thin parallel plates compact bone with spongy bone in between_____ complex shapes______ found inside surfaces between some cranial bones______ develop in tendons (patella)
68.  How does a bone grow in length?
69.  How does a bone grow in width?
70.  How does a bone remodel?
71.  BONE FRACTURES______ doesnt go all the way through_____ fracture comes through the skin____  bones are pushed together_____ counter, twisting
72.  What are the 4 steps in bone repair?
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