Anatomy And Physiology

32 Questions  I  By Karlyparrish
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Anatomy Quizzes & Trivia
Final, a and p, biology

  
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Questions and Answers

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1.  The 5 special senses are ___, _____, _____, ____,____.
2.  Mechanoreceptors respond to.......
3.  Nociceptors respond to......
4.  What are the 4 steps in the process of sensation?1.2.3.4.
5.  Name and describe ALL receptors associated with the skin/touch.1. Free nerve ending = unspecific, simple. found throughout the body. pain, temp., itch, movement2. Touch= more complex  crude touch-- something has contacted skin  find touch- where, what, and texture (specific)
6.   ------ TYPES OF TOUCH RECEPTORS ----Merkel disc=
A.
B.
C.
7.  --- TYPES OF TOUCH RECEPTORS ---Pacinian Corpuscles=
A.
B.
C.
8.  Explain thermal sensation.thermoreceptors- free nerve endings. warmth vs. coldness - different receptors. anything above or below stimulate pain receptors.
9.  Explain painful sensation. Nociceptors- free nerve endings. everywhere except brain. extreme, thermal, mechanical, or chemical stimuli. tissue damage causes release of prostaglandins, kinins, and potassium ions. pain may persist because chemicals linger.
10.  Fungiform taste buds
A.
B.
C.
11.  Foliate taste buds
A.
B.
C.
12.  Filiform taste buds
A.
B.
C.
13.  Tastant dissolved in salivia - taste pores - contact with taste hairs - release of neurotransmitter - depoloarization of axons- facial nerve- medulla oblongata-thalamus- cerebral cortex
14.  LIST THE EXTRINSIC EYE MUSCLES1. ________ -parallel2. ___________- up3. ______ - down4. __________ - outward5. __________ - inward6. __________ - roll up7. _________ - roll down
15.  ___, ____, _____ are the 3 layers of the eyeball.
16.  What is the function of the vascular layer of the eye?
17.  What is the function of the nervous layer of the eye?
18.  What is the function of aqueous humor?
19.  What is the function of vitreous humor?
20.  EXTERNAL EAR____ part you rest your glasses on_____ opening through temporal membrane_____ between meatus and middle ear
21.  INNER EAR_________ = series of tunnels and chambers in temporal bone. the three regions are chochlea, semicircular canals, and vestibule. lined with periosteum. filled with perilymp_____ = inside bony. vestibular and basilar membrane. filled with endolymph. cochlear duct is inbetween.
22.  List the steps in the physiology of hearing.
23.  What are otoacoustic emissions?
24.  Describe dynamic equilibrium and how it is maintained.
25.  What are the components of (bones) matrix?
26.  What are the components of (bones) cells?
27.  What are the 3 types of bone cells?
28.  What is the function of osteoclasts?
29.  COMPACT BONE =
A.
B.
C.
30.  LAMELLAR BONE=
A.
B.
C.
31.  How does a bone remodel?
32.  BONE FRACTURES______ doesnt go all the way through_____ fracture comes through the skin____  bones are pushed together_____ counter, twisting
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