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American History

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American HIstory Test 3 Quiz

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The Agricultural Adjustment Act (AAA) of 1933:
    • A. 

      Provided federal subsidies to farmers who cut farm production

    • B. 

      Increased farm production to aid the hungry

    • C. 

      Froze the prices of farm products

    • D. 

      Did not require new taxes.

  • 2. 
    Which of the following statements most accurately charcterizes American support for the Allies and America's preparation for war in 1939 and 1940? 
    • A. 

      Roosevelt vetoed a bill to send 50 American destroyers to Britain in exchange for the right to build military bases on British territory in the Atlantic

    • B. 

      Roosevelt removed Henry Stimson and Frank Knox from cabinet posts because they did not support his preparations for war

    • C. 

      Congress initiated America’s first peacetime draft registration program

    • D. 

      Roosevelt vetoed a bill to increase defense spending as too provocative toward Germany

  • 3. 
    Family sitcoms in the 1950s like Like It To Beaver did all of the following Except
    • A. 

      Reinforced the popular image of the nuclear family as a peaceable child centered kingdom, secure from the scary Cold War and cushioned by economic abundance

    • B. 

      Reflected the renewed celebration of domesticity and polarization of traditional gender roles;

    • C. 

      Contributed to the conformity of the era by sending the message that ordinary was better and celebrating mainstream culture

    • D. 

      Offered a realistic portrayal of the isolation, infidelity, divorce, domestic violence, alcoholism, and financial problems that was actually facing many American families in the suburbs

  • 4. 
    The National Industry Recovery Administration (NRA) of 1933: 
    • A. 

      Strengthened the enforcement of anti-trust laws

    • B. 

      Established a system of industrial self-government by temporally planning and regulating the economy

    • C. 

      Failed to address working conditions

    • D. 

      Permitted child labor

  • 5. 
    When President Hoover was urged to support a federal relief program for the unemployed, he:
    • A. 

      Was reluctant to do so but changed his mind when economic conditions worsened

    • B. 

      Secretly funneled federal money to private relief agencies

    • C. 

      Persisted in holding that private charity, not federal aid, was the " American way"

    • D. 

      Followed the pattern established in emergency relief efforts for Europe during WWI and aggressively committed the machinery of the federal government to relief.

  • 6. 
    Reflecting the wartime empowerment of government and "military Keynesianism," the federal budget of the U.S. was how much larger in 1945 than it had been in 1939? 
    • A. 

      4 times

    • B. 

      6 times

    • C. 

      Ten times

    • D. 

      Three times

  • 7. 
    What was FDR's attitude toward putting people on the dole- that is, giving them cash subsidies as a form of relief? 
    • A. 

      He welcomed it as an opportunity to help those in need to ensure their votes for the Democratic Party

    • B. 

      He was indifferent to the means by which the needy got help, whether by cash subsidies or by work relief

    • C. 

      He found it distasteful, preferring work relief over cash subsidies

    • D. 

      He opposed it vigorously and saw to it that New Deal programs never involved direct cash subsidies.

  • 8. 
    The GI Bill of Rights offered returning WWII veterans all of the following EXCEPT: 
    • A. 

      Government funds for college

    • B. 

      Federal assistance to buy homes

    • C. 

      Low- interest loans to start business

    • D. 

      A guaranteed annual income

  • 9. 
    The stock market crash on Black Tuesday in 1929
    • A. 

      Caused the worst depression in American history

    • B. 

      Only effected those upper- class Americans who had been unwisely buying stocks on the margin

    • C. 

      Caused a worldwide depression by decimating Bill Gate's multi-national Microsoft corporation

    • D. 

      Had a ripple effect which set off the collapse of an already weakened American economy

  • 10. 
    The "Double V" campaign in WWI was an indication that 
    • A. 

      Black Americans were more assertive and more willing to organize for civil rights

    • B. 

      Organized labor was making a concerted effort to win the support of the American public

    • C. 

      The government had to convince the American people that the war in Europe was just as important as the war in the Pacific

    • D. 

      Working women were determined to get pay equal to their male co-workers

  • 11. 
    The National Security Council's Cold War strategy of Defense in Depth contained all of the following requirements EXCEPT
    • A. 

      The U.S. must maintain a system of forward military bases to deter Soviet attack

    • B. 

      Sharing atomic technology with the Soviet Union was imperative to maintaining a balance of power

    • C. 

      The U.S. must strive for naval and air superiority.

    • D. 

      The U.S. must commit to a peace time standing army though the draft

  • 12. 
    In Koromatsu vs. United States, the Supreme Court ruled that 
    • A. 

      All Japanese- Americans were to be deported after the battle of Midway was born

    • B. 

      The government must provide financial compensation to interred Japanese- Americans beginning in 1947

    • C. 

      The military did not have the authority to deny Americans their rights without due process of law

    • D. 

      The internment of Japanese- Americans was constitutional as a wartime necessity

  • 13. 
    When the Chinese Communists defeated the Nationalists in 1949, the U.S. 
    • A. 

      Recognized the new government of China

    • B. 

      Supported China's admission to the United Nations

    • C. 

      Waged a fierce internal political battle over which party was to blame for the "loss" of China

    • D. 

      Refused recognition to the regime on Taiwan

  • 14. 
    In response to criticism from the political left and right, in creating his "Second New Deal" in 1935 FDR chose to  
    • A. 

      Emphasize reform rather than recovery by backing legislation to expand the role of the federal government in providing for the welfare of citizens

    • B. 

      Remain committed to his original program

    • C. 

      Satisfy his conservative critics

    • D. 

      Co-opt Huey Long by offering him the vice-presidency on the 1936 Democratic ticket

  • 15. 
    The British economist whose ideas provided a rationale for government deficit spending to help alleviate economic depression during the 1930's
    • A. 

      Adam Smith

    • B. 

      Andrew Mellon

    • C. 

      JOhn Maynard Keynes

    • D. 

      Freddie Mercury

  • 16. 
    Which of the following most accurately characterizes the presidency of Dwight D. Eisenhower:
    • A. 

      A federal government undertook strong initiatives to solve the problems of discrimination and poverty

    • B. 

      The philosophy of "modern Republicanism" guided his pro-business legislative agenda as well as his extension of many welfare state policies of the New Deal

    • C. 

      A former Army general, Ike's leadership style was hands- on micromanagement of all aspects of his administration

    • D. 

      The nuclear arms race was brought to a virtual standstill

  • 17. 
    During WWII, the new federal agency which coordinated government and industrial planning was the 
    • A. 

      National Recovery Administration (NRA)

    • B. 

      National War Administration (NWA)

    • C. 

      Office of War Mobilization

    • D. 

      Federal Trade Commission

  • 18. 
    The Marshall included all of the following EXCEPT
    • A. 

      An offer of aid to communist countries

    • B. 

      The potential for increased American trade

    • C. 

      Massive economic assistance to war- torn countries

    • D. 

      A massive re-armament program by the U.S. to counter the Soviet's superiority in ICBM missiles and close the growing "missile gap."

  • 19. 
    Which of the following are elements of that "liberal consensus" which set the parameters for American political culture in the early Cold War
    • A. 

      Virulent anti-communism

    • B. 

      Reliance on Keynesianism economic principles to guide American capitalism

    • C. 

      Confidence in economic growth to solve social problems

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 20. 
    The fundamental failure of the New Deal to end the Great Depression was its 
    • A. 

      Close adherence to the flawed economic theory of Keynesianism

    • B. 

      Inability to solve the problem of wide- spread unemployment

    • C. 

      Excessive reliance on deficit spending

    • D. 

      Reluctance to experiment with innovative solutions and programs

  • 21. 
    In terms of military strategy, between 1941 and 1944 the Soviet Union was most interested in securing a guarantee that Britain and the United States would  
    • A. 

      Not stand in the way of the Soviet Union's annexation of much of northwest China after the war

    • B. 

      Open a second front in France to force Germany to withdraw troops from Russia

    • C. 

      Accede to the Soviet Union's establishment of satellite states in Eastern Europe after the war

    • D. 

      Send reinforcements to fight on the Eastern Front

    • E. 

      Hold Hitler down and shave off his mustache

  • 22. 
    At Yalta, an agreement was reached between Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin that:  
    • A. 

      As soon they were ready, atomic bombs would be used to ensure the surrender of Germany and Japan

    • B. 

      In principles, Eastern Europe would be a Soviet sphere of influence, although its dimensions remained dangerously vague.

    • C. 

      Reparations would be imposed to pay for the cost of rebuilding countries devastated by Hitler's aggression.

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 23. 
    The Lonely Crowd, David Riesman argued that:
    • A. 

      Americans in the 1950's had become "other directed, "picking up cues of taste and lifestyle from peers and media

    • B. 

      Americans had become "inner- directed," because of the Cold War and tended to wage their own private personal battles against communism

    • C. 

      Americans in the 1950s can be characterized by their deep moral convictions, individual creativity, and personal initiative

    • D. 

      Despite the Kinsey report, Americans were actually having less sex than ever and were growing increasing irritable because of it

  • 24. 
    Under this program passed by Congress in 1941, FDR declared that the US would become the "Arsenal of Democracy" but steer clear of the growing war
    • A. 

      Lend Lease

    • B. 

      Marshall Plan

    • C. 

      Neutrality Plan

    • D. 

      Appeasement Plan

  • 25. 
    In the late 1940s and early 1950s, the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) 
    • A. 

      Was dominated by Democrats investigating the abuses of power committed by Joseph McCarthy and other extreme anti- communists

    • B. 

      Like McCarthy and his senate committee, was known for its careful investigations of alleged subversive activities

    • C. 

      Targeted the film and television industries, universities, and the executive branch of the federal government

    • D. 

      Confined itself to investigating anti-American propaganda and sentiment abroad.

  • 26. 
    The Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) 
    • A. 

      Built the Tennessee Valley Authority

    • B. 

      Displaced as many as 200,000 black tenant farmers from their land

    • C. 

      Sent 250,000 young men to do reforestation and conservation work

    • D. 

      Enlisted approximately equal numbers of young men and young women, although the sexes were not mixed in CCC camps or projects

  • 27. 
    What was the outcome of the Korean War 
    • A. 

      The U.S. radically reduced its involvement in Asians affairs

    • B. 

      The U.S. contained communism and Korea remained divided

    • C. 

      The U.S. decided to abandon the containment policy when it came to dealing with southwest Asia

    • D. 

      Civilian control of the military was permanently eroded by Truman's failure to exert control over General Douglas MacArthur

  • 28. 
    In his 1947 "Truman Doctrine" speech, President Harry Truman
    • A. 

      Avoided extreme rhetoric for fear that it would scare the nation

    • B. 

      Concentrated only on the short- range objective of aiding Greece and Turkey

    • C. 

      Urged Congress to preemptively strike the Soviets with "unanswerable force"

    • D. 

      Declared that the U.S. would contain communism by supporting "free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation" by communists

  • 29. 
    The nickname given to FDR's economic advisors was the 
    • A. 

      Kitchen cabinet

    • B. 

      Council of Economic Advisors

    • C. 

      Big Three

    • D. 

      Brains trust

  • 30. 
    The policy toward the Soviet Union advocated by George Kennan in the late 1940s was called  
    • A. 

      Detente

    • B. 

      Massive retaliation

    • C. 

      Containment

    • D. 

      Brinkmanship

  • 31. 
    FDR's "Four Freedoms" for which he insisted the US must fight in WWII to preserve included 
    • A. 

      Freedom of speech, freedom of worship, freedom from want, freedom from fear

    • B. 

      Freedom of press, freedom of worship, freedom from Hitler, freedom from fear

    • C. 

      Freedom of speech, freedom of the seas, freedom from want, freedom from fear

    • D. 

      Freedom of speech, freedom of worship, freedom from want, freedom from communism

  • 32. 
    Which of the following statements most accurately characterizes Joseph's McCarthy's anticommunist crusade  
    • A. 

      It began in 1947, when he prosecuted 205 known communists working in the State Department

    • B. 

      His only real success in uncovering communist spies was the case of Julius and Ethel Rosenberg

    • C. 

      His witch hunting and red baiting tactics encouraged conformity of thought and narrowed political discourse in America

    • D. 

      He died of alcoholism in 1950 before his work was complete.

  • 33. 
    This popular poster symbol of American women during WWII donned overalls in order to encourage American women to enter the workforce for the war effort 
    • A. 

      Hortence the Mule Faced Girl

    • B. 

      Clara Bow

    • C. 

      Rita Hayworth

    • D. 

      Rosie the Riveter

  • 34. 
    Dr. Benjamin's Spock's book Baby and Child Care 
    • A. 

      Convinced many Americans of the necessity for strict birth control to limit dangerous population growth

    • B. 

      Influenced countless baby boom parents with its emphasis on creating a nurturing environment for children

    • C. 

      Stressed the need for "corporal punishment" in order to toughen American children for the Cold War

    • D. 

      Was blacklisted by the HUAC for being too soft on communism

  • 35. 
    One of the main causes of the Cold War was 
    • A. 

      The American desire for a secure buffer zone in eastern Europe

    • B. 

      The Soviet's surprising offer to cooperate with the U.S. in a joint effort to rebuild the war torn world

    • C. 

      The rigid "perspective of rightness" of both the US. and Soviet Union which made them consistently misinterpret and misunderstand the other's intensions

    • D. 

      Truman and Stalin's close personal friendship and effective working relationship

  • 36. 
    Compare and contrast the experiences of industrial workers and farmers during the Great Depression of the 1930's. How was each group affected economically and psychologically?  What kinds of protest did each undertake?  To what extent did each group not protest their plight? Why?  Be sure to mention several specific New Deal programs and use at least four specific interviews from Hard Times to back up your analysis.  
  • 37. 
    Did the New Deal represent a revolutionary change from previous government policies? Or was it actually a relatively conservative program aimed primarily to preserve American industrial capitalism?  In answering the question, consider the fundamental goals and philosophies of FDR, Elanor, and the Brains Trust.  Also discuss how members of the public during the 1930s viewed the New Deal.  Be sure to mention several specific specific New Deal programs and use at least four specific interviews from Hard times to back up your analysis.