The assessment is to test your underpinning knowledge in Emergency care to Medical Emergencies.

5 Sample Questions

The primary mechanism of heat loss in humans is:

  • A. Convection and evaporation
  • B. Radiation and convection
  • C. Evaporation and radiation
  • D. Conduction and convection

The mechanisms the body uses to promote heat loss work only when:

  • A. The environmental air temperature is greater than the core body temperature
  • B. The environmental air or external object is cooler than the body’s surface temperature
  • C. The environmental air is fully saturated with moisture
  • D. The temperature gradient between the core body temperature and the skin temperature is greater than 20 degrees Fahrenheit

A common set of signs and symptoms associated with a patient suffering from hypothermia who has a core body temperature of 93 to 95 degrees Fahrenheit includes:

  • A. No shivering, bradycardia, slow respiratory rate, and normal level of consciousness
  • B. Vigorous shivering, increase in heart and respiratory rate, and some clumsiness
  • C. Some shivering, increase in urine output, decrease in blood pressure, and confusion
  • D. Usually no symptoms or signs appear at this temperature, other than the patient “feeling cold”

You are dispatched to the football practice field on a hot August day in response to a report of “several people down.” Several members of the team have been practicing in the heat for more than 2 hours. The coach calls you to look at a group of four players who have slumped to the ground. Which of the following players is the highest transport priority?

  • A. A 16-year-old who has vomited and is complaining of severe muscle cramps in his legs; he says he gets dizzy when he sits up
  • B. A 17-year-old who is irrational and confused; his skin is hot and wet, and his heart rate is 138
  • C. A 14-year-old who is irritable and nauseated and has vomited twice; his heart rate is 100, and his skin is hot and wet
  • D. A 15-year-old who is complaining of severe cramping in his right leg, feels sick to his stomach, and has a severe headache; his skin is hot and wet

You are called to the scene of a snowmobile accident. The snowmobile broke through the ice of a local pond. The driver managed to crawl back to the side of the pond, where he used his cell phone to call for help. His skin is cold and wet, his pulse is 88, his respirations are 18, his blood pressure is 126/70, he is lethargic but oriented to time, person, and place. Which of the following statements best describes this patient’s condition?

  • A. He is suffering from severe hypothermia and needs to be rewarmed immediately by whatever means available, with rapid transport to appropriate medical facility
  • B. He is suffering from mild to moderate hypothermia; he should have wet clothes removed, be placed in a warm blanket, and be given something warm to drink; patient should be transported to the nearest appropriate medical facility
  • C. He has mild hypothermia and should be allowed to “warm up” in the ambulance and change into dry clothing before going home
  • D. He has severe hypothermia and needs to be infused with warm normal saline and given warmed humidified oxygen