Pathophysiology Trivia

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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 55,871
Questions: 20 | Viewed: 55,964

1.

What is the name for the study of disease involving the functional or physiological changes in the body that result from disease processes?

Answer: Pathophysiology
Explanation:
Pathophysiology is the study of disease involving the functional or physiological changes in the body that result from disease processes. It focuses on understanding the mechanisms by which diseases develop and progress, including the alterations in cellular and organ function. This field of study helps healthcare professionals, such as doctors and nurses, to better understand the underlying causes of diseases and develop effective treatment strategies. Pharmacology, immunology, pathology, and pathogenicity are related fields but do not specifically focus on the functional or physiological changes that occur in the body due to disease processes.
2.

What is a deviation from the normal state of health or from a state of wellness?

Answer: Disease
Explanation:
A deviation from the normal state of health or from a state of wellness is referred to as a disease. Disease is a broad term that encompasses any abnormal condition or disorder that affects the body's normal functioning. It can manifest in various ways, such as physical symptoms, mental impairments, or biochemical abnormalities. Diseases can be caused by pathogens, genetic factors, environmental factors, or a combination of these. They can range from mild to severe and can have short-term or long-term effects on an individual's well-being.
3.

An objective indication of disease that is obvious to an observer is referred to as what? 

Answer: Sign
Explanation:
A sign is an objective indication of a disease that is obvious to an observer. Unlike symptoms, which are subjective experiences reported by the patient, signs can be observed and measured by others. Signs can include physical abnormalities, such as a rash or abnormal vital signs, that can be detected through medical examination.
4.

A subjective indication of disease that is not obvious to an observer is referred to as what?

Answer: Symptom
Explanation:
A subjective indication of disease that is not obvious to an observer is referred to as a symptom. Symptoms are experienced by the individual affected by the disease and may include feelings of pain, discomfort, or changes in bodily functions. Unlike signs, which are objective and can be observed by others, symptoms are personal experiences that the person may describe or report to a healthcare professional.
5.

A rash is an example of what?

Answer: Sign
Explanation:
A rash is an example of a sign because it is a visible or measurable indication of a medical condition or disease. Signs are objective and can be observed or measured by a healthcare professional. In the case of a rash, it can be visually identified and often indicates an underlying issue such as an allergic reaction, infection, or skin disorder.
6.

Patient-reported perceptions such as pain, nausea, and chills are known as what?

Answer: Symptoms
Explanation:
Patient-reported perceptions such as pain, nausea, and chills are known as symptoms. Symptoms are subjective experiences or sensations that a patient reports and are not directly observable by others. They are important indicators of a patient's condition and can help healthcare professionals diagnose and treat various medical conditions.
7.

A collection of signs and symptoms that usually occur together in response to a certain condition is referred to as what?

Answer: Syndrome
Explanation:
A collection of signs and symptoms that usually occur together in response to a certain condition is referred to as a syndrome. This term is used to describe a specific set of symptoms that commonly occur in relation to a particular illness or disease. It helps healthcare professionals identify and classify certain conditions based on their characteristic symptoms, allowing for more accurate diagnosis and treatment.
8.

What is a term that is used to refer to the clinical evidence or effects of the disease?

Answer: Manifestations
Explanation:
Manifestations refers to the clinical evidence or effects of a disease. It includes the symptoms, signs, and other observable characteristics that indicate the presence of a particular disease. This term is commonly used in medical and healthcare settings to describe the outward presentation of a disease or condition.
9.

A disease that arises from the activity (treatment, procedures or errors) of a physician is known as what?

Answer: Iatrogenic
Explanation:
Iatrogenic refers to a disease or condition that is caused by medical treatment, procedures, or errors made by a physician. It can include complications from surgeries, adverse reactions to medications, or infections acquired in a healthcare setting. This term highlights the potential harm that can occur as a result of medical intervention, emphasizing the importance of patient safety and the need for healthcare providers to minimize iatrogenic risks.
10.

A designation assigned to a disease of unknown cause is what?

Answer: Idiopathic
Explanation:
The term "idiopathic" refers to a disease or condition that has an unknown cause. It is used when the exact origin or underlying factors of a disease cannot be determined or identified. This term is commonly used in medical contexts to describe conditions where the cause is unclear or unknown. The other options, such as enigmatic, illusory illness, indeterminate origin, and mysterious origin, do not specifically convey the concept of an unknown cause, making them incorrect choices.
11.

Tendencies that promote the development of disease are referred to as what?

Answer: Risk factors
Explanation:
Risk factors are tendencies or conditions that increase the likelihood of developing a disease. These factors can include lifestyle choices, genetic predispositions, environmental exposures, and other variables that contribute to the development of a specific illness. By identifying and understanding risk factors, healthcare professionals can assess an individual's susceptibility to certain diseases and implement preventive measures or interventions to reduce the chances of disease occurrence.
12.

A disease that originates or is produced within the body is known as what?

Answer: Endogenous
Explanation:
Endogenous refers to a disease that originates or is produced within the body. This means that the disease is not caused by external factors or agents, but rather by internal factors such as genetic predisposition or malfunctioning of bodily systems. It is important to distinguish endogenous diseases from exogenous diseases, which are caused by external factors such as infections or toxins.
13.

A disease that originates or is produced outside the body is called what?

Answer: Exogenous
Explanation:
Exogenous refers to something that originates or is produced outside the body. In the context of diseases, exogenous means that the disease is caused by external factors such as infections or environmental factors. It is the opposite of endogenous, which refers to diseases that originate from within the body. Indigenous, exergonic, and endergonic are not applicable in this context and do not describe diseases originating outside the body.
14.

What are the structures in the nucleus of a cell that store genetic information?

Answer: Chromosomes
Explanation:
Chromosomes are the structures in the nucleus of a cell that store genetic information. They are made up of DNA and proteins, and they carry the genes that determine the characteristics and traits of an organism. Chromosomes are responsible for passing on genetic information from one generation to the next during cell division. They are essential for the proper functioning and development of an organism.
15.

How many pairs of chromosomes are present in each cell in the human body?

Answer: 23
Explanation:
Each cell in the human body contains 23 pairs of chromosomes. This is because humans have a total of 46 chromosomes, with 23 coming from each parent. These chromosomes carry genetic information and determine various traits and characteristics in an individual. Therefore, the correct answer is 23.
16.

What is the term used for a hereditary unit consisting of a sequence of DNA that contains information on protein synthesis?

Answer: Gene
Explanation:
A hereditary unit consisting of a sequence of DNA that contains information on protein synthesis is called a gene. Genes are responsible for encoding the instructions that determine the traits and characteristics of an organism. They are composed of specific sequences of nucleotides, which are the building blocks of DNA. Chromosomes are structures that contain genes, while a genome refers to the complete set of genetic material in an organism. Lysosomes are organelles involved in cellular waste disposal and have no direct relation to genes or DNA.
17.

What is the term that is used to identify a factor that triggers an acute episode?

Answer: Precipitating factor
Explanation:
A precipitating factor is a term used to identify a factor that triggers an acute episode. It refers to something that brings about or causes a specific event or condition. In the context of the question, a precipitating factor would be something that triggers an acute episode, such as a sudden increase in stress or exposure to a specific trigger. Other options like stress-inducing factor, contributing factor, determining factor, and causal factor may have similar connotations but do not specifically refer to the triggering of an acute episode.
18.

What is the term that applies to situations in which the disease progression is gradual with only vague or mild signs?

Answer: Insidious
Explanation:
The term that applies to situations in which the disease progression is gradual with only vague or mild signs is "insidious." This term is used to describe diseases that develop slowly and subtly over time, often with symptoms that are not easily recognizable or alarming. Unlike acute diseases that have a sudden onset and severe symptoms, chronic diseases that are long-lasting, invasive diseases that spread aggressively, or terminal diseases that are incurable, insidious diseases progress slowly and may go unnoticed or misdiagnosed for a long period of time.
19.

What is the development of disease or the sequence of events that leads to a disease process?

Answer: Pathogenesis
Explanation:
Pathogenesis refers to the development of a disease or the sequence of events that leads to a disease process. It involves understanding the mechanisms and processes by which a disease develops, including the interactions between the pathogen, the host, and the environment. Pathogenesis helps to explain how a disease progresses, from initial infection or exposure to the manifestation of symptoms and complications. It is an important concept in understanding and studying diseases, as it provides insights into the underlying mechanisms and potential targets for interventions and treatments.
20.

What disease develops gradually and stays for a long period of time?

Answer: Chronic
Explanation:
Chronic is the correct answer because it refers to a disease that develops gradually and stays for a long period of time. Unlike acute diseases that have a sudden onset and short duration, chronic diseases persist over an extended period, often for months or even years. These conditions require ongoing medical management and can have a significant impact on a person's quality of life. Examples of chronic diseases include diabetes, arthritis, heart disease, and asthma.
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