Primary Health Care Trivia With Answers

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| By Thatmelliekid
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Thatmelliekid
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 3 | Total Attempts: 30,934
Questions: 20 | Viewed: 29,528

1.

______________ is the capacity of individuals, groups and communities to make independent decisions

Answer: Self-Determinism
Explanation:
Self-determinism refers to the capacity of individuals, groups, and communities to make independent decisions. It emphasizes the importance of autonomy and the ability to choose one's own path or course of action. This concept recognizes the inherent power and agency that individuals possess in shaping their own lives and making decisions that align with their values and goals. Self-determinism promotes self-reliance, self-empowerment, and the freedom to exercise one's own will. It is a fundamental aspect of personal and collective identity, allowing individuals and communities to assert their autonomy and make choices that reflect their unique needs and aspirations.
2.

At risk population groups in Australia for concerning health needs & higher risk of disease:

Answer: Indigenous HealthDisabilityRural and remote area populationPrison population
Explanation:
The correct answer includes the population groups in Australia that are at a higher risk of disease and have concerning health needs. These groups include Indigenous Health, Disability, Rural and remote area population, and Prison population. These groups often face various challenges such as limited access to healthcare services, higher rates of chronic diseases, and social determinants of health that contribute to their increased risk of disease. Therefore, addressing the health needs of these population groups is crucial for improving overall health outcomes in Australia.
3.

The current issues influencing community nursing practice:

Answer: Equity central principle & social model of health & redressing health inequities that lead to illness is a primary focus
Explanation:
The correct answer is "equity central principle & social model of health & redressing health inequities that lead to illness is a primary focus." This answer accurately reflects the current issues influencing community nursing practice, which include the central principle of equity, the social model of health, and the focus on addressing health inequities that lead to illness. These factors highlight the importance of addressing social determinants of health and promoting health equity in community nursing practice.
4.

Australian community nurses work with two major foci which are:

Answer: PHC & Community Based Clinical Care
Explanation:
The correct answer is PHC & Community Based Clinical Care. Australian community nurses focus on providing primary healthcare (PHC) services, which involve promoting and maintaining the overall health and well-being of individuals and communities. They also provide community-based clinical care, which includes delivering healthcare services in community settings such as homes, schools, and aged care facilities. This combination of PHC and community-based clinical care allows community nurses to address the healthcare needs of individuals and communities in a holistic and comprehensive manner.
5.

1. Scope of practice  2. New models of care 3. Transdisciplinary  as opposed to multidisciplinary teams 4. Individualised funding 5. Technology 6. Developing knowledge and skills 7. Variable health literacy 8. Subacute/post-acute care 9. Community-Based Palliative Care 10. Developing research 11. Workforce 12. Cultural diversity 13. Value systems   are all challenges of ______________ practice

Answer: Contemporary
Explanation:
The challenges mentioned in the question, such as new models of care, technology, developing research, and cultural diversity, are all aspects of contemporary practice. This suggests that the correct answer is "contemporary" as it encompasses all these challenges.
6.

What does OARS stand for?

Answer: Open questions, Affirmations, Reflection & Summarise
Explanation:
OARS stands for Open questions, Affirmations, Reflection, and Summarize. This acronym is commonly used in motivational interviewing, a counseling technique. Open questions are used to encourage the client to provide more detailed responses. Affirmations involve recognizing and acknowledging the client's strengths and positive qualities. Reflection involves paraphrasing and summarizing what the client has said to show understanding and empathy. Summarizing is the process of recapping and condensing the main points of the conversation.
7.

_____________ is the process by which formerly separate economies, states & cultures are being tied together, & people are becoming increasingly aware of their growing interdependence

Answer: Globalization
Explanation:
Globalization refers to the process through which economies, states, and cultures that were once separate are now interconnected. It involves the integration of markets, the exchange of goods and services, and the flow of information and ideas across borders. As a result of globalization, people are becoming more aware of their interdependence, recognizing that events and decisions in one part of the world can have significant impacts on other regions. This interconnectedness has led to increased economic, political, and cultural interactions between nations and has shaped the modern world.
8.

Older people are defined as being:

Answer: 70 years or older
Explanation:
The correct answer is 70 years or older. This age range is commonly used to define older people. It is generally accepted that individuals who are 70 years or older are considered to be in the older age group.
9.

_______ is a group of symptoms associated with a slow progressive loss of intellectual functions — including attention, memory, judgment, language, orientation,  motor & spatial skills and is a disorder, not an identity.

Answer: Dementia
Explanation:
Dementia is a group of symptoms associated with a slow progressive loss of intellectual functions. This includes attention, memory, judgment, language, orientation, motor, and spatial skills. Dementia is a disorder, not an identity.
10.

Which type of care considers emotional, physical, social, economic and spiritual needs of the person?

Answer: Holistic
Explanation:
Holistic care is an approach that considers and addresses all aspects of a person's well-being, including emotional, physical, social, economic, and spiritual needs. This type of care focuses on treating the whole person rather than just their specific symptoms or conditions. It recognizes that all these aspects are interconnected and play a role in a person's overall health and quality of life. Holistic care aims to promote balance and harmony in all areas of a person's life to achieve optimal well-being.
11.

Risks fall into two main categories:

Answer: Potential & Occupational
Explanation:
The correct answer is Potential & Occupational. This is because risks can be categorized into two main types: potential risks, which refer to risks that have the potential to occur but have not yet happened, and occupational risks, which are specific to a particular occupation or workplace. These two categories cover a wide range of risks that individuals and societies may face in their daily lives and work environments.
12.

Which Code outlines the nursing profession’s commitment to respect, promote, protect and uphold the fundamental rights of people who are both the recipients and providers of nursing and healthcare 

Answer: Ethical Code
Explanation:
The correct answer is Ethical Code. The ethical code outlines the nursing profession's commitment to respect, promote, protect, and uphold the fundamental rights of people who are both the recipients and providers of nursing and healthcare. This code serves as a guide for nurses in their practice and ensures that they adhere to ethical principles and standards when caring for patients. It emphasizes the importance of treating individuals with dignity, advocating for their rights, and maintaining confidentiality and privacy.
13.

When given a gift from a patient how should a nurse respond?

Answer: Decline politely
Explanation:
When given a gift from a patient, a nurse should decline politely. Accepting gifts from patients can create ethical concerns and potential conflicts of interest. It is important for nurses to maintain professional boundaries and avoid any perception of favoritism or special treatment. Declining the gift politely ensures that the nurse upholds professional standards and avoids compromising the therapeutic relationship with the patient.
14.

The Tort of Negligence often arise when:

Answer: Nurses work outside the boundaries of practice
Explanation:
When nurses work outside the boundaries of practice, it means they are performing tasks or procedures that are beyond their scope of expertise or training. This can lead to potential harm or injury to the patients under their care. The tort of negligence arises when a healthcare professional fails to meet the standard of care expected from them, causing harm or injury to a patient. Therefore, if nurses work outside the boundaries of practice, they may be held liable for negligence if their actions result in harm to the patient.
15.

How many deaths a year in Australia need coronial inquiries? 

Answer: 5000
Explanation:
In Australia, a coronial inquiry is required for deaths that are unexpected, unnatural, or suspicious. These inquiries are conducted to determine the cause and circumstances of the death. The correct answer of 5000 suggests that there are approximately 5000 deaths in Australia each year that fall under these criteria and require a coronial inquiry.
16.

Legislation ensures the investigation of situations in which a death:  

Answer: Appears to have been unexpected, unnatural, violent or to have resulted directly or indirectly from accident or injuryOccurs during an anestheticThe identity of the person who died is unknownOccurs as a result of anesthetic and is not due to natural causes.The person who died was a person ‘held in care’ immediately before their death
Explanation:
Legislation ensures the investigation of situations in which a death appears to have been unexpected, unnatural, violent or to have resulted directly or indirectly from accident or injury. It also includes deaths that occur during an anesthetic, deaths where the identity of the person who died is unknown, deaths that occur as a result of an anesthetic and are not due to natural causes, deaths of individuals who were 'held in care' immediately before their death, and deaths of individuals under the age of 16. These circumstances require investigation to determine the cause and circumstances surrounding the death.
17.

Epidemiology is the science that studies the patterns, causes, and effects of health and disease conditions in defined:

Answer: Populations
Explanation:
Epidemiology is the scientific study of health and disease patterns, causes, and effects in populations. It focuses on understanding the distribution and determinants of diseases in specific groups of people, such as communities or countries. By studying populations, epidemiologists can identify risk factors, develop prevention strategies, and inform public health policies to improve the overall health of a community or population.
18.

Active involvement of people sharing in the issues that affect their lives by drawing on existing human & material resources to enhance self-help & social support and the key principles are Complementary to primary health care & health promotion is know as:

Answer: Community Development
Explanation:
Community development refers to the active involvement of people in addressing the issues that impact their lives. It involves utilizing the existing resources, both human and material, to enhance self-help and social support. The key principles of community development include being complementary to primary health care and health promotion. This approach empowers individuals and communities to take control of their own development and create positive changes in their social, economic, and environmental conditions.
19.

SWOT stands for:

Answer: Strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats
Explanation:
SWOT stands for strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats. This framework is commonly used in business and strategic planning to analyze and evaluate an organization's internal and external factors. By identifying strengths and weaknesses within the organization, as well as opportunities and threats in the external environment, businesses can develop strategies to capitalize on their strengths, address weaknesses, seize opportunities, and mitigate threats. SWOT analysis helps in making informed decisions and developing effective strategies for business growth and success.
20.

_________ populations are populations that are more likely to experience poor health.

Answer: Vulnerable
Explanation:
Vulnerable populations are populations that are more likely to experience poor health because they have higher risks and fewer resources to prevent or address health issues. These populations may include individuals who are economically disadvantaged, homeless, elderly, children, pregnant women, racial and ethnic minorities, and individuals with chronic illnesses or disabilities. They may face barriers such as limited access to healthcare, lack of health insurance, inadequate education, and social determinants of health that contribute to their increased vulnerability to poor health outcomes.
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