Test Of English As A Foreign Language Trivia

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| By Giorgia Basilashvili
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Giorgia Basilashvili
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 11,105
Questions: 20 | Viewed: 11,105

1.

What is the incorrect word in the following sentence? "In 1732, coach travelers could got from New York to Philadelphia in about two days."

Answer: Got
Explanation:
"Got" should be "get." The modal verb "could" is followed by a base form verb, which in this case should be "get." "Could get" indicates the ability or possibility of making the journey within the specified time frame historically.
2.

Choose the word that needs to be corrected in this sentence: "Some of the District of Columbia are on low-lying, marshy ground."

Answer: Are
Explanation:
The word "are" should be changed to "is" because the subject "District of Columbia" is a singular noun referring to a specific place. In English, the verb should agree in number with its subject, and since "District of Columbia" is singular, the correct verb form is "is.
3.

What is the incorrect word in the following sentence? "Georgia’s economy is based main on agriculture."

Answer: Main
Explanation:
The adjective "main" should be the adverb "mainly" to correctly modify the verb "based." In English, adverbs describe verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs, providing more information about how actions are performed. "Mainly" indicates that agriculture is primarily, but not exclusively, the foundation of Georgia's economy, providing clarity and accuracy in describing the economic focus.
4.

What is the incorrect word in the following sentence? "The Paul Revere House was built in 1676, and today its the oldest wooden building in Boston."

Answer: Its
Explanation:
"Its" should be corrected to "it is" or the contraction "it’s," which accurately reflects the state of being of the Paul Revere House. "Its" is a possessive pronoun, implying ownership, which is not the intended meaning here. Instead, "it is" (or "it’s") clearly communicates that the house currently holds the status of being the oldest wooden building in Boston.
5.

What is the incorrect word in the following sentence? "Conifers such as cedars, firs, and pines bear its seeds in cones."

Answer: Its
Explanation:
"Its" should be "their" to match the plural subject "conifers." In English, possessive pronouns must agree in number with the nouns they modify. "Its" is singular and does not correctly refer to the plural noun "conifers." The correction to "their" ensures the sentence correctly communicates that these types of trees collectively bear seeds in cones.
6.

What is the incorrect word in the following sentence? "A dome is a semispherical structures on top of a building."

Answer: Structures
Explanation:
"Structures" should be corrected to "structure" to maintain subject-verb agreement. The subject "a dome" is singular, and therefore, the noun describing it must also be singular. By correcting "structures" to "structure," the sentence correctly states that the dome is a single semispherical structure.
7.

What is the incorrect word in the following sentence? "Succulents suck up water in just a few hour, but they can store it in their stems for months."

Answer: Hour
Explanation:
"Hour" should be "hours" to correctly reflect the plural form needed after "a few." In English, when quantifying time, space, or counts with phrases like "a few," the following noun must be plural if applicable, hence "a few hours." This indicates the brief duration it takes for succulents to absorb water.
8.

What is the incorrect word in the following sentence? "Flying buttresses enabled builders to put up tall but thinnest stone walls."

Answer: Thinnest
Explanation:
"Thinnest" should be corrected to "thin." The word "thinnest" implies a comparison with other objects, which is not the context here. The correction to "thin" appropriately describes the stone walls, indicating they are less thick than might be expected, without implying a comparison.
9.

What is the incorrect word in the following sentence? "In many languages the forms of a word varies to express contrasts such as number, gender, and tense."

Answer: Varies
Explanation:
"Varies" should be "vary" to agree with the plural subject "forms." In English, the verb must match the subject in number. Since "forms" is plural, the correct verb form is "vary," indicating that the forms of words change across different languages to express grammatical contrasts.
10.

What is the incorrect word in the following sentence? "A Milky Way object that erupted in the constellation Scorpius has provides information to astronomers since July."

Answer: Provides
Explanation:
"Provides" should be "provided" to correctly use the past tense in the context of ongoing information provision that began in the past. The past participle "provided" fits with the auxiliary verb "has," forming the present perfect tense, which indicates that the action started in the past and continues to the present.
11.

What is the incorrect word in the following sentence? "Much fossils are found in coal-bearing rocks."

Answer: Much
Explanation:
"Much" should be corrected to "many." "Much" is used with uncountable nouns, whereas "many" is used with countable nouns. Since "fossils" is countable, "many" is the appropriate word to quantify how numerous the fossils are in coal-bearing rocks.
12.

What is the incorrect word in the following sentence? "When salt is added to ice, this mixture becomes coldly enough to freeze ice cream."

Answer: Coldly
Explanation:
"Coldly" should be "cold." The word "coldly" is an adverb, which does not fit this context because it modifies verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs. "Cold," an adjective, is needed to describe the state of the mixture adequately. The correct expression is "cold enough," meaning sufficiently low in temperature.
13.

What is the incorrect word in the following sentence? "During the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries Long Island was chiefly an agricultural region with fishing, whaling, and build ships as the important industries."

Answer: Build ships
Explanation:
"Build ships" should be "building ships." The noun phrase "building ships" uses the gerund form "building" to describe one of the industries as an ongoing or habitual activity during the historical period mentioned, aligning grammatically with "fishing" and "whaling."
14.

What is the incorrect word in the following sentence? "No one who has studied the Battle of Little Bighorn know the exact route that Custer and his detachment took."

Answer: Know
Explanation:
"Know" should be "knows" to agree with the singular subject "no one." In English, the verb must conform to the singularity of the pronoun "no one," which is always treated as singular, thus requiring the singular verb form "knows."
15.

What is the incorrect word in the following sentence? "The folktales which the brothers Grimm had collecting were translated into English in 1823."

Answer: Collecting
Explanation:
"Collecting" should be "collected." The past participle "collected" is needed to complete the past perfect tense with "had," indicating that the action of collecting the folktales was completed before another past action (their translation).
16.

What is the incorrect word in the following sentence? "In our solar system, nine planets, fifty-seven moons, several dozen comets, several million asteroids, and billions of meteorites have so far been discover."

Answer: Discover
Explanation:
 The correct form of the word in the sentence should be "discovered" instead of "discover." This is because the sentence is describing actions that have already happened, so the past participle "discovered" is needed to match the past tense context of the sentence. The word "discover" is in its base form, which is typically used for simple present tense or imperative forms, neither of which fit this past tense sentence. Therefore, "discover" should be changed to "discovered" to correctly indicate that these celestial bodies have already been found or identified.
17.

What is the incorrect word in the following sentence? "From the 1850s until after the turn of the century, many of America’s super-rich families made Newport his favorite summer resort."

Answer: His
Explanation:
"His" should be "their." The possessive pronoun "their" correctly refers back to the plural noun "families," aligning the possessive pronoun in number with its antecedent, thus accurately indicating that Newport was a favored resort for multiple families, not just one.
18.

What is the incorrect word in the following sentence? "Mars may looks red because it is covered with a layer of soft red iron oxide."

Answer: Looks
Explanation:
"Looks" should be "look." The modal "may" requires the base form of the verb that follows. "Look" without the 's' is the base form and is grammatically correct in this modal construction, describing the potential appearance of Mars.
19.

What is the incorrect word in the following sentence? "The radioactive substances that pose the greatest harm to humanity have neither very short or very long half-lives."

Answer: Or
Explanation:
"Or" should be "nor." The correct conjunction in the correlative pair "neither... nor" is "nor," not "or." This conjunction is used to link items in a negative construction, properly indicating that the substances do not have either very short or very long half-lives.
20.

What is the incorrect word in the following sentence? "A robin cocks its head to peer at a worm with one eyes and not to hear it, as was once thought."

Answer: Eyes
Explanation:
"Eyes" should be "eye." The phrase "with one eye" is the correct expression, indicating that the robin uses a single eye to focus on the worm. This correction is necessary for grammatical correctness and to convey the specific behavior of the bird accurately.
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