Medical Ethics Trivia Questions With Answers

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| By Shahemalbone6
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Shahemalbone6
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 4 | Total Attempts: 105,436
Questions: 16 | Viewed: 102,085

1.

The theory that combines the strengths of two theories is:

Answer: Virtue theory
Explanation:
 The virtue theory combines the strengths of both deontological and teleological theories. Similar to the deontological theory, it emphasizes the importance of moral character and virtues in guiding ethical behavior. At the same time, it also recognizes the significance of the consequences and outcomes of actions, which aligns with the teleological theory. By considering both character and consequences, the virtue theory provides a comprehensive approach to ethics that incorporates the strengths of both theories.
2.

The key difference between virtue theory and the other ethical theories is that:

Answer: Virtue theory emphasizes the moral character of the individual.
Explanation:
The correct answer is "Virtue theory emphasizes the moral character of the individual." This is because virtue theory focuses on the development of moral character and the cultivation of virtues, rather than solely on the consequences of actions or whether actions are beneficial. It emphasizes the importance of developing virtuous traits such as honesty, kindness, and courage, and believes that virtuous individuals will naturally make ethical choices. This distinguishes virtue theory from other ethical theories that may prioritize the consequences of actions or the idea of what is good or beneficial.
3.

If you do what's right regardless of who's around, you have the characteristics of:

Answer: Honesty
Explanation:
If you do what's right regardless of who's around, it means that you have the characteristic of honesty. Honesty is the quality of being truthful, sincere, and upright in your actions and words. It shows that you have integrity and are committed to doing what is morally and ethically right, regardless of the circumstances or the people involved.
4.

One of the strengths of the Utilitarian theory is that it helps resolve conflicts between individual and public duties of professionals. True or false?

Answer: True
Explanation:
The Utilitarian theory is based on the principle of maximizing overall happiness or utility. In the context of professional duties, this theory can help resolve conflicts between individual and public duties by considering the consequences of actions. It prioritizes the greater good and aims to achieve the best outcome for the majority of people involved. By weighing the potential benefits and harms, Utilitarianism provides a framework for professionals to make ethical decisions that balance their individual responsibilities with the needs of the public. Therefore, the statement is true.
5.

The required theory of industrialized and technological societies, as well as the political activity itself is:

Answer: Teleological theory
Explanation:
The teleological theory, also known as consequentialism, focuses on the outcomes or consequences of actions. In the context of industrialized and technological societies, this theory suggests that the political activity and the societal structures should be evaluated based on the overall benefits and results they produce. It emphasizes the importance of achieving desirable outcomes, such as economic growth, technological advancements, and social progress. This theory is often associated with utilitarianism, which seeks to maximize the overall happiness or well-being of the society.
6.

If two doctors have two different ideas, it is important in resolving the conflict to choose:

Answer: The right and most beneficial choice
Explanation:
In resolving a conflict between two doctors with different ideas, it is important to choose the right and most beneficial choice. This means considering both the correctness and the potential benefits of each idea before making a decision. By selecting the option that is both correct and advantageous, the conflict can be effectively resolved, ensuring the best outcome for all parties involved.
7.

"One of the weaknesses of the Deontological theory is it's ability to resolving conflicts among moral persons who disagree"

Answer: False
Explanation:
The statement suggests that one of the weaknesses of the Deontological theory is its inability to resolve conflicts among moral persons who disagree. However, this statement is false. Deontological ethics, also known as duty-based ethics, focuses on the inherent moral obligations and principles that guide our actions. It emphasizes following moral rules and duties regardless of the consequences. While conflicts may arise, Deontological theory provides a framework for resolving them by prioritizing moral duties and principles over personal preferences or opinions. Therefore, the given statement is incorrect.
8.

"Actions that can be taken to help prevent or remove harms or to simply improve the situation of others" are _____________. 

Answer: Beneficent actions
Explanation:
Beneficent actions refer to actions that are taken to help prevent or remove harms or to simply improve the situation of others. These actions are aimed at promoting the well-being and welfare of others. They can include acts of kindness, generosity, and compassion towards others. By engaging in beneficent actions, individuals can contribute to creating a positive and supportive environment for others, ultimately leading to a better and improved situation for everyone involved.
9.

Stopping a medication that is shown to be harmful is an example of :

Answer: Non-maleficence
Explanation:
Stopping a medication that is shown to be harmful aligns with the principle of non-maleficence. Non-maleficence refers to the ethical obligation to do no harm or to minimize harm to the patient. In this situation, stopping the medication is a proactive measure taken to prevent further harm to the patient, demonstrating a commitment to their well-being and safety.
10.

Double effect in medical ethics is usually regarded as the combined effect of:

Answer: Beneficence and Non-malpractice
Explanation:
Double effect in medical ethics refers to the simultaneous occurrence of two outcomes when administering a medical intervention. Beneficence is the principle that requires healthcare professionals to act in the best interest of the patient, seeking to maximize benefits and minimize harm. Non-malpractice, on the other hand, refers to the ethical duty of healthcare providers to avoid causing harm to the patient. Therefore, the combined effect of beneficence and non-malpractice encompasses the ethical consideration of maximizing benefits while minimizing harm in medical decision-making.
11.

The capacity to think, decide, and act on the basis of thought and decision freely & independently (without any hindrance) best describes :

Answer: Autonomy
Explanation:
Autonomy refers to the ability to think, decide, and act freely and independently, without any external constraints or interference. It emphasizes individual freedom and self-governance, allowing individuals to make their own choices and take responsibility for their actions. This concept is often associated with personal autonomy, where individuals have the right to make decisions about their own lives, and professional autonomy, where professionals have the freedom to make decisions within their field of expertise. Autonomy is an important ethical principle that promotes self-determination and respects individual rights and freedoms.
12.

Sometimes, there are good reasons for overriding the truth-telling principle. Such as:

Answer: Patients who do not want the truth if the news is bad.
Explanation:
In certain situations, it may be necessary to override the truth-telling principle for valid reasons. One such reason is when patients do not wish to know the truth, especially if the news is bad. Respecting the autonomy and emotional well-being of patients is crucial, and if they explicitly express their preference to not be informed about negative outcomes, it may be ethically justifiable to withhold the truth. This approach acknowledges the importance of patient-centered care and the individual's right to make decisions about their own healthcare.
13.

"Patient-physician privilege" best describes:

Answer: Confidentiality
Explanation:
Confidentiality refers to the ethical principle of keeping information shared by a patient with their physician private and protected. It is an important aspect of the patient-physician relationship, ensuring that patients feel comfortable sharing sensitive information without fear of it being disclosed without their consent. Confidentiality allows patients to trust their physicians and promotes open and honest communication, enabling healthcare providers to provide appropriate and effective care.
14.

Practical Obstacles to the Practice of Confidentiality include:

Answer: Information about patients is increasingly stored on large electronic databases, which may not be secure.
Explanation:
The correct answer is "information about patients is increasingly stored on large electronic databases which may not be secured absolutely." This is because modern medical treatment involves a small number of medical professionals is not a practical obstacle to the practice of confidentiality. While it may limit the number of individuals who have access to patient information, it does not address the issue of secure storage of electronic data. Similarly, approved research is not a practical obstacle to confidentiality as it is conducted under strict ethical guidelines. Therefore, the only valid obstacle mentioned is the potential lack of absolute security in storing patient information on electronic databases.
15.

What does the term "non-maleficence" primarily refer to?

Answer: The obligation to avoid causing harm or minimizing potential harm to the patient.
Explanation:
The term "non-maleficence" in medical ethics pertains to the principle of avoiding harm or minimizing potential harm to the patient. It underscores the moral obligation of healthcare providers to not cause unnecessary harm to the patient and to act in a way that prevents harm when possible. This principle complements the principle of beneficence, which focuses on promoting the patient's well-being.
16.

What ethical concept is central to the dilemma of allocating limited organ transplants and justifying who receives them?

Answer: Justice
Explanation:
The ethical concept central to the allocation of limited organ transplants is "justice." Organ allocation decisions are complex and involve considerations of fairness and equitable distribution of a scarce resource. The principle of justice in medical ethics emphasizes the need for fair and just allocation methods to ensure that patients have an equal opportunity to receive organs based on need and medical criteria rather than factors such as socioeconomic status or privilege.
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