English Morphology Exam Trivia

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What is morphology?

Answer: The study of the rules governing word formation
Morphology is the study of the rules that govern word formation. It focuses on the structure and formation of words, including the analysis of prefixes, suffixes, and other morphemes. This field of linguistics examines how words are created and how they can be modified to convey different meanings. By studying morphology, linguists can better understand the building blocks of language and how words are formed in different languages.

What is a morpheme?

Answer: The smallest meaningful unit of a word
A morpheme is the smallest meaningful unit of a word. It is a combination of sounds that has a specific meaning in a language. For example, in the word "cats," there are two morphemes: "cat," which refers to the animal, and "s," which indicates plurality. Each morpheme carries its own meaning and cannot be further divided into smaller meaningful units. Therefore, the correct answer is "The smallest meaningful unit of a word."

How many morphemes does the word "antiestablishment" have?

Answer: 3
The word "antiestablishment" has three morphemes: "anti," "establish," and "ment." The prefix "anti" means against, "establish" is the root word, and the suffix "ment" is added to form a noun. Each of these morphemes carries its own meaning and contributes to the overall meaning of the word.

What is the main difference between free and bound morphemes?

Answer: Free morphemes can stand alone, but bound morphemes have to be attached to a base morpheme/root.
Free morphemes can stand alone and have meaning on their own, while bound morphemes cannot stand alone and must be attached to a base morpheme or root to convey meaning. This is the main difference between free and bound morphemes.

The closed class is the functional category of words that are not derivable.

Answer: True
The closed class refers to functional categories, such as prepositions, conjunctions, and pronouns, that cannot be derived from other words. These categories are considered closed because they have a limited number of members and do not easily admit new words. Therefore, the statement that the closed class is the functional category of words that are not derivable is true.

______________ is a word formation process in which you put existing words together to create new words.

Answer: Compounding
Compounding is a word formation process where existing words are combined to create new words. This process involves putting together two or more words to form a new word with a different meaning. For example, the words "sun" and "flower" can be compounded to create the word "sunflower." This process is commonly used in English to create new words and expand the vocabulary of the language.
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