Critical Thinking Trivia

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| By Erntze
E
Erntze
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 94,561
Questions: 7 | Viewed: 94,005

1.

What is the definition of critical thinking? 

Answer: Disciplined thinking and judgment.
Explanation:
Critical thinking is defined as disciplined thinking that is clear, rational, open-minded, and informed by evidence. It involves analyzing and evaluating information, arguments, or situations in a systematic and logical manner. Critical thinking is not solely about finding faults or weaknesses but rather involves assessing the validity, reliability, and relevance of information and arguments. It includes higher-level thinking that aims to solve problems, make informed decisions, and develop a deeper understanding of complex issues. So, the most comprehensive definition from the provided options would be:
2.

What is the exact problem with relativistic thinking? 

Answer: Relativistic thinking promotes a view that something is the truth because it is the truth in my point of view.
Explanation:
Relativistic thinking promotes a view that something is the truth because it is the truth in my point of view. This is problematic because it disregards objective truth and allows for subjective beliefs to be considered as valid and equal to factual evidence. It undermines the importance of evidence-based reasoning and critical thinking, leading to a lack of accountability and the potential for misinformation to be accepted as truth.
3.

'For this entire semester, I've been playing and having fun every day. My studies are not going well. However, I believe I can score an A for the exam next week'.  What is the mistake that the person has committed here with respect to critical thinking? 

Answer: Wishful thinking
Explanation:
The mistake that the person has committed here with respect to critical thinking is wishful thinking. Wishful thinking refers to forming beliefs or making decisions based on what one wishes were true rather than on evidence or rational thinking. In this case, the person believes they can score an A for the exam next week despite their studies not going well throughout the semester, which is an example of wishful thinking as it is based on their desire rather than a realistic assessment of their abilities and preparation.
4.

Lecturer: You all should focus on this section. It's a critical section that requires a lot of thought and review. Peter: Ah, I know everything. This section is not a problem for me. I don't need to learn this.   What mistake has Peter committed here with respect to critical thinking?    

Answer: Self-serving bias
Explanation:
Peter has committed the mistake of self-serving bias. Self-serving bias is a cognitive bias where individuals tend to attribute their successes to internal factors and their failures to external factors. In this case, Peter is overconfident in his abilities and believes that he already knows everything in the critical section, dismissing the need to learn and review it. This bias prevents him from objectively assessing his own knowledge and skills, potentially leading to a lack of effort and preparation in a section that actually requires it.
5.

When you encounter information, what should be kept in mind?

Answer: All of the above
Explanation:
When encountering information, it is important to keep in mind whether it is current, complete, and accurate. This is because outdated information may not be relevant or reliable, incomplete information may lead to incorrect conclusions, and inaccurate information can be misleading. Therefore, considering all three factors is crucial in evaluating the reliability and usefulness of the information.
6.

What is the meaning of current information?

Answer: It is up to date.
Explanation:
The meaning of current information is that it is up to date. This implies that the information is recent and reflects the most recent developments or updates on a particular topic. It suggests that the information is timely and relevant, providing the latest insights or data. "Hot" could also imply that the topic is currently trending or of great interest, but it does not necessarily indicate the timeliness or freshness of the information. "Complete information" refers to having all the necessary or relevant details, but it does not necessarily guarantee that the information is current. Therefore, the most appropriate choice is "It is up to date."
7.

What is the worst thing for a critical thinker?

Answer: Reaching to conclusion too soon.
Explanation:
A critical thinker values evidence, reasoning, and careful analysis before reaching a conclusion. Reaching a conclusion too soon can hinder the critical thinking process as it may overlook important information or alternative perspectives. It is important for a critical thinker to consider all available evidence and evaluate different possibilities before coming to a final decision.
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