History Of Nursing Trivia

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Quizzes Created: 355 | Total Attempts: 2,488,071
Questions: 20 | Viewed: 70,035

1.

The four major concepts in nursing theory are the

Answer: Person, Environment, Nursing, Health
Explanation:
This is an actual board exam question and is a common board question. Theorist always describes The nursing profession by first defining what is NURSING, followed by the PERSON, ENVIRONMENT, and HEALTH CONCEPT. The most popular theory was perhaps Nightingale's. She defined nursing as the utilization of the person's environment to assist him towards recovery. She defined the person as somebody who has reparative capabilities mediated and enhanced by factors in his environment. She describes the environment as something that would facilitate the person's reparative process and identifies different factors like sanitation, noise, etc., that affect a person's reparative state.
2.

The act of utilizing the environment of the patient to assist him in his recovery is theorized by

Answer: Nightingale
Explanation:
Florence nightingale did not believe in the germ theory, and perhaps this was her biggest mistake. Yet, her theory was the first in nursing. She believed that manipulation of environment that includes appropriate noise, nutrition, hygiene, light, comfort, sanitation etc. could provide the client’s body the nurturance it needs for repair and recovery.
3.

For her, Nursing is a theoretical system of knowledge that prescribes a process of analysis and action related to the care of the ill person.

Answer: Roy
Explanation:
Remember the word "THEOROYTICAL "For Callista Roy; Nursing is a theoretical body of knowledge that prescribes analysis and action to care for an ill person. She introduced the ADAPTATION MODEL and viewed the person as a BIOSPSYCHOSOCIAL BEING. She believed that by adaptation, Man could maintain homeostasis.
4.

According to her, Nursing is a helping or assistive profession to persons who are wholly or partly dependent or when those who are supposedly caring for them can no longer give care.  

Answer: Orem
Explanation:
In self-care deficit theory, Nursing is defined as A helping or assistive profession to a person who is wholly or partly dependent or when people who are to give care to them are no longer available. Self-care is the activities that a person does for himself to maintain health, life, and well-being.
5.

Nursing is a unique profession, Concerned with all the variables affecting an individual’s response to stressors, which are intra, inter, and extra personal in nature.

Answer: Neuman
Explanation:
Neuman divided stressors as either intra, inter, and extra personal in nature. She said that NURSING is concerned with eliminating these stressors to obtain a maximum level of wellness. The nurse helps the client through PRIMARY, SECONDARY, AND TERTIARY prevention modes. Please do not confuse this with LEAVELL and CLARK’S level of prevention.
6.

The unique function of the nurse is to assist the individual, sick or well, in the performance of those activities contributing to health that he would perform unaided if he has the necessary strength, will and knowledge, and do this in such a way as to help him gain independence as rapidly as possible.

Answer: Henderson
Explanation:
This was an actual board question. Remember this definition and associate it with Virginia Henderson. Henderson also describes the NATURE OF NURSING theory. She identified 14 basic needs of the client. She describes nursing roles as SUBSTITUTIVE: Doing everything for the client, SUPPLEMENTARY: Helping the client, and COMPLEMENTARY: Working with the client. According to her, breathing normally, Eliminating waste, Eating and drinking adequately, worship, and Playing are some of the basic needs.
7.

Caring is the essence and central unifying, a dominant domain that distinguishes nursing from other health disciplines. Care is an essential human need.    

Answer: Leininger
Explanation:
There are many theorists that describe nursing as CARE. The most popular was Jean Watson’s Human Caring Model. But this question pertains to Leininger's definition of caring. 
8.

 Caring involves 5 processes: knowing, being with, doing for, enabling, and maintaining belief.

Answer: Swanson
Explanation:
 Caring, according to Swanson, involves 5 processes. Knowing means understanding the client. Being with emphasizes the physical presence of the nurse for the patient. Doing for means doing things for the patient when he is incapable of doing it for himself. Enabling means helping clients transcend maturational and developmental stressors in life while maintaining belief is the ability of the nurse to inculcate meaning to these events.
9.

Caring is healing; it is communicated through the consciousness of the nurse to the individual being cared for. It allows access to a higher human spirit.  

Answer: Watson
Explanation:
The statement "Caring is healing; it is communicated through the consciousness of the nurse to the individual being cared for. It allows access to a higher human spirit." is attributed to Jean Watson. Jean Watson is known for her "Theory of Human Caring," which emphasizes the importance of caring in the nursing profession. She believes that caring is central to nursing practice and involves the nurse's consciousness in fostering healing and accessing the higher human spirit of both the caregiver and the individual being cared for.
10.

Caring means that person, events, projects, and things matter to people. It reveals stress and coping options. Caring creates responsibility. It is an inherent feature of nursing practice. It helps the nurse assist clients in recovering in the face of the illness.

Answer: Benner
Explanation:
I think of CARE BEAR to facilitate the retention of Benner's beliefs. As in, Care Benner. For her, Caring means being CONNECTED or making things matter to people. Caring, according to Benner, gives meaning to illness and reestablishes connection.
11.

The unique characteristic of nursing as a profession is   .

Answer: Caring
Explanation:
Caring is considered the essence and central focus of nursing. While education, theory, and autonomy are important aspects of the nursing profession, caring sets nursing apart by emphasizing the compassionate and empathetic relationship between nurses and their patients.
12.

These are the distinctive individual qualities that differentiate people.    

Answer: Personality
Explanation:
 

Personality is qualities that make us different from each other. These are impressions that we made or the footprints that we leave behind. This is the result of the integration of one's talents, behavior, appearance, mood, character, morals, and impulses into one harmonious whole. Philosophy is the basic truth that fuels our soul and gives our life a purpose; it shapes the facets of a person's character. Charm is to attract other people to be a change agent. Character is our moral values and belief that guides our actions in life.
13.

  Refers to the moral values and beliefs that are used as guides to personal behavior and actions.

Answer: Character
Explanation:
Personality are qualities that make us different from each other. These are impressions that we made, or the footprints that we leave behind. This is the result of the integration of one's talents, behavior, appearance, mood, character, morals and impulses into one harmonious whole. Philosophy is the basic truth that fuel our soul and give our life a purpose, it shapes the facets of a person's character. Charm is to attract other people to be a change agent. Character is our moral values and belief that guides our actions in life.
14.

  As a nurse manager, which of the following best describes this function?

Answer: Provide in-service education programs, Use accurate nursing audits, formulate philosophy and vision of the institution.
Explanation:
A refers to being a change agent. B is a role of a patient advocate. C is a case manager, while D basically summarized the functions of a nurse manager. If you haven't read Lydia Venzon's Book: NURSING MANAGEMENT TOWARDS QUALITY CARE, I suggest reading it in advance for your management subjects in graduate school. Formulating philosophy and vision is in PLANNING. Nursing Audit is in CONTROLLING; In-service education programs are included in DIRECTING. These are the processes of Nursing Management.
15.

The nurse questions a doctor's order of Morphine sulfate 50 mg, IM for a client with pancreatitis. Which role best fits that statement?

Answer: Client advocate
Explanation:
As a client's advocate, nurses protect the client's rights and promote what is best. Knowing that Morphine causes spasms of the sphincter of Oddi and will lead to further increase in the client's pain, The nurse knew that the best treatment option for the client was not provided and intervened to provide the best possible care.
16.

What type of patient care model is the most common for student nurses and private duty nurses?

Answer: Total patient care
Explanation:
This is also known as case nursing. It is a method of nursing care wherein, one nurse is assigned to one patient for the delivery of total care. These are the method use by Nursing students, Private duty nurses and those in critical or isolation units.
17.

This patient care model works best when there are plenty of patient but few nurses

Answer: Functional nursing
Explanation:
Functional nursing is task oriented, One nurse is assigned on a particular task leading to task expertise and efficiency. The nurse will work fast because the procedures are repetitive leading to task mastery. This care is not recommended as this leads fragmented nursing care.
18.

RN assumes 24 hour responsibility for the client to maintain continuity of care across shifts, days or visits.    

Answer: Primary nursing
Explanation:
Your keyword in Primary nursing is the 24 hours. This does not necessarily mean the nurse is awake for 24 hours, She can have a SECONDARY NURSES that will take care of the patient in shifts where she is not around.
19.

Who developed the first theory of nursing?    

Answer: Nightingale
Explanation:
Florence Nightingale was a celebrated English social reformer, statistician, and the founder of modern nursing. Born in 1820, she gained prominence for her pioneering work in nursing during the Crimean War (1853-1856). Nightingale and her team of nurses cared for wounded soldiers and implemented significant improvements in sanitary conditions at the British army field hospital in Scutari, Turkey.
20.

She introduces the NATURE OF NURSING MODEL.    

Answer: Henderson
Explanation:
This was an actual board question. Remember this definition and associate it with Virginia Henderson. Henderson also describes the NATURE OF NURSING theory. She identified 14 basic needs of the client. She describes nursing roles as SUBSTITUTIVE : Doing everything for the client, SUPPLEMENTARY : Helping the client and COMPLEMENTARY : Working with the client. Breathing normally, Eliminating waste, Eating and drinking adequately, worshiping and playing are some of the basic needs according to her.
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