Freud's Psychoanalytic Theories Trivia

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Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 19,967
Questions: 20 | Viewed: 19,433

1.

The majority view among psychologists today is that most aspects of personality are derived from _________ basic traits.

Answer: 5
Explanation:
The correct answer is 5. The majority view among psychologists today is that most aspects of personality are derived from five basic traits. These traits, known as the Big Five, include openness, conscientiousness, extraversion, agreeableness, and neuroticism. Research has shown that these traits can provide a comprehensive framework for understanding and describing personality.
2.

The component of personality that operates according to the reality principle is the

Answer: Ego
Explanation:
The ego is the component of personality that operates according to the reality principle. It helps to mediate between the demands of the id and the superego, finding realistic and socially acceptable ways to satisfy the id's desires. The ego is responsible for decision-making, problem-solving, and negotiating with the external world. It balances the impulsive and irrational desires of the id with the moral and ethical standards of the superego, allowing individuals to navigate the world in a rational and socially appropriate manner.
3.

The superego is Freud's term for

Answer: The moral component of personality
Explanation:
The superego is Freud's term for the moral component of personality. It represents the internalized values, morals, and ideals that individuals acquire from their parents and society. The superego acts as a moral compass, guiding individuals to behave in socially acceptable ways and suppressing any immoral or unacceptable impulses. It is responsible for feelings of guilt and shame when individuals violate their internalized moral standards.
4.

Hopefully, right now the words in this exam question are in your _________ awareness.

Answer: Conscious
Explanation:
The question is asking about the current state of awareness of the words in the exam question. "Conscious" is the correct answer because it refers to the state of being aware of something in the present moment. The other options, preconscious, unconscious, and subconscious, refer to different levels of awareness that are not applicable in this context.
5.

The thoughts, memories, and desires you have that you do not realize you have are in your __________ awareness.

Answer: Unconscious
Explanation:
The unconscious awareness refers to the thoughts, memories, and desires that exist within our mind but are not readily accessible to our conscious awareness. These unconscious elements can influence our behavior and emotions without us being aware of them. The superego, preconscious, and conscious do not specifically refer to this hidden aspect of our mind, making unconscious the correct answer.
6.

Freud believed that conflicts involving which two areas are especially important and often have far-reaching consequences?

Answer: Sexual and aggressive
Explanation:
Freud believed that conflicts involving sexual and aggressive impulses are especially important and often have far-reaching consequences. According to Freud's psychoanalytic theory, these two areas of human behavior play a significant role in shaping our personality and behavior. He argued that unresolved conflicts related to sexuality and aggression can lead to psychological issues and disturbances. Freud believed that understanding and resolving these conflicts through therapy is crucial for achieving psychological well-being.
7.

When people give a false, but plausible excuse to justify their unacceptable behavior, they are just using

Answer: Rationalization
Explanation:
When people give a false, but plausible excuse to justify their unacceptable behavior, they are engaging in rationalization. Rationalization is a defense mechanism in which individuals create logical and acceptable explanations or justifications for their actions, thoughts, or feelings that may otherwise be considered unacceptable or irrational. It allows individuals to maintain their self-esteem and protect themselves from feelings of guilt or shame by providing a seemingly reasonable explanation for their behavior, even if it is not entirely truthful.
8.

While cleaning up after her party last night, Angela forgot to put the leftover crab dip in the refrigerator. When she discovered the now spoiled dip in the morning, Angela said she didn't mind having to throw it out because it wasn't that good anyway. Most likely Angela is using

Answer: Rationalization
Explanation:
Angela is most likely using rationalization to justify her actions. Rationalization is a defense mechanism where a person creates logical or plausible explanations to justify their behavior or feelings. In this case, Angela is rationalizing throwing out the spoiled crab dip by saying it wasn't good anyway, which allows her to avoid feeling guilty or responsible for wasting food.
9.

According to Freud, a basic defense mechanism that protects a person from anxiety by keeping distressing thoughts and feelings out of the conscious mind is

Answer: Repression
Explanation:
Repression is a basic defense mechanism according to Freud that protects a person from anxiety by keeping distressing thoughts and feelings out of the conscious mind. This means that when faced with uncomfortable or distressing thoughts or memories, the mind pushes them down into the unconscious, preventing them from entering the conscious awareness. This mechanism helps to prevent the individual from experiencing overwhelming anxiety or emotional distress.
10.

By attributing our own unacceptable feelings to others and saying others have the feelings and not us, we are using

Answer: Projection
Explanation:
Projection is the defense mechanism being used when we attribute our own unacceptable feelings or thoughts to others. Instead of acknowledging these feelings within ourselves, we project them onto someone else, believing that they possess these feelings instead of us. This allows us to avoid facing our own discomfort or guilt by placing it onto others.
11.

Under stress, a college student cries and throws things. The behavior of the student is an example of

Answer: Regression
Explanation:
The behavior of the college student, crying and throwing things, is an example of regression. Regression refers to reverting to an earlier stage of development or behaving in a childlike manner when faced with stress or anxiety. In this case, the student's behavior is a regressive response to the stress they are experiencing, as they are resorting to behaviors that are more typical of a younger age.
12.

When people attempt to bolster their self-esteem by forming an imaginary or real alliance with some person or group, they are using

Answer: Identification
Explanation:
Identification is the correct answer because it refers to the psychological process in which individuals bolster their self-esteem by forming an imaginary or real alliance with some person or group. Through identification, individuals adopt the characteristics, beliefs, or values of the person or group they identify with, which helps them boost their self-esteem and feel a sense of belonging. This process allows individuals to feel more confident and secure by associating themselves with others who possess qualities they desire or admire.
13.

According to Freud's theory, the developmental periods that leave their mark on adult personality are

Answer: Psychosexual stages
Explanation:
Freud's theory suggests that the developmental periods that have a lasting impact on adult personality are the psychosexual stages. These stages, including the oral, anal, phallic, latency, and genital stages, represent different focuses of pleasure and conflicts during different periods of childhood. Freud believed that unresolved conflicts or fixations at any of these stages could result in personality traits and behaviors in adulthood. Defense mechanisms and psychological stages are not specific to Freud's theory of personality development, making psychosexual stages the correct answer.
14.

According to Freud's theory, either excessive gratification or excessive frustration of needs may result in

Answer: Fixation
Explanation:
According to Freud's theory, fixation occurs when a person becomes "stuck" at a particular stage of psychosexual development due to either excessive gratification or excessive frustration of needs. This means that the individual's personality and behavior may be heavily influenced by unresolved conflicts and unresolved desires from that particular stage. Fixation can manifest in various ways, such as being overly focused on certain behaviors or traits associated with that stage. It can also lead to difficulties in adapting to new situations and hinder personal growth and development.
15.

The correct order of Freud's psychosexual stages of development is

Answer: Oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital
Explanation:
Freud's psychosexual stages of development are a theory that describes the progression of a person's sexual and psychological development from infancy to adulthood. According to Freud, the correct order of these stages is oral, anal, phallic, latency, and genital. In the oral stage, the focus is on the mouth and the infant's pleasure is derived from sucking and oral stimulation. The anal stage follows, where the child's pleasure is centered around bowel movements and control. The phallic stage is characterized by the child's curiosity about their own genitals and their attraction to the opposite-sex parent. The latency stage is a period of relative calm and sexual feelings are repressed. Finally, in the genital stage, sexual feelings re-emerge and mature, leading to adult sexual relationships.
16.

Freud believed that smoking, overeating, and habitual gum chewing could result from fixation in the _______ stage.

Answer: Oral
Explanation:
Freud believed that smoking, overeating, and habitual gum chewing could result from fixation in the oral stage. This stage occurs during infancy, where the primary source of pleasure and satisfaction is through the mouth. Fixation in this stage may lead to an oral personality, characterized by dependency, oral aggression, and a tendency to seek oral stimulation as a way to cope with stress or anxiety. Therefore, Freud's belief is that these behaviors are a result of unresolved conflicts or fixation in the oral stage of psychosexual development.
17.

The crucial development task associated with the anal stage is

Answer: Toilet training
Explanation:
During the anal stage of psychosexual development, children begin to gain control over their bowel movements and become aware of their bodily functions. Toilet training is a crucial task during this stage as it involves teaching the child to use the toilet and develop proper bathroom habits. Successful completion of toilet training allows the child to gain a sense of independence and mastery over their body, which is an important milestone in their development.
18.

Freud believed that during the phallic stage, children develop erotically tinged desires for

Answer: The parent of the opposite sex
Explanation:
During the phallic stage, Freud believed that children develop erotically tinged desires for the parent of the opposite sex. This stage occurs between the ages of 3 and 6, and according to Freud's psychoanalytic theory, it is during this stage that children experience the Oedipus complex (for boys) or the Electra complex (for girls). These complexes involve a child's attraction to the parent of the opposite sex and feelings of rivalry or jealousy towards the same-sex parent. Freud believed that successfully navigating this stage was crucial for healthy psychosexual development.
19.

Four-year old Sam has erotically tinged desires for his mother and also feels hostility to his father. Freud would conclude that Sam is experiencing the

Answer: Oedipal complex
Explanation:
Freud would conclude that Sam is experiencing the Oedipal complex. This is because the Oedipal complex refers to a psychosexual stage in which a child develops unconscious sexual desires for their opposite-sex parent and feels hostility towards their same-sex parent. In this case, Sam's erotically tinged desires for his mother and hostility towards his father align with the characteristics of the Oedipal complex.
20.

A child's sexuality is largely suppressed during the

Answer: Latency stage
Explanation:
During the latency stage of psychosexual development, which typically occurs between the ages of 6 and 12, a child's sexuality is largely suppressed. This stage is characterized by a focus on developing social and cognitive skills, rather than sexual interests or desires. Freud believed that during this stage, children repress their sexual urges and channel their energy into other activities, such as schoolwork and hobbies. Therefore, it can be inferred that the correct answer is the latency stage.
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