Wk 7 Lect 7 The Understanding Of Pretense As A Mental State

19 Questions

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Wk 7 Lect 7 The Understanding Of Pretense As A Mental State

WK 7 Lect 7 The understanding of pretense as a mental state


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Leslie argues that the ability to metarepresent (so mental representation) underlies pretence. So, even a 2 year old must understand that pretend play is based on mental representation. This is:
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 2. 
    Decoupling (so the child doesn't get confused) the primary representation (banana) and secondary representation (telephone) enables the child to simultaneously entertain 2 conflicting representations. Ultimately then the child can distinguish the imagined world from the real world. This is:
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    Decoupling prevents what Leslie calls representational abuse. This is:
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    __ % of the 4 year olds thought Moe was pretending to be a rabbit and __ % of 5 year olds. __% of 4 year olds and __% of 5 year olds didnt think Moe was pretending to be a rabbit.!!
    • A. 

      25,56,19,37

    • B. 

      56,25,37,19

    • C. 

      56,25,19,37

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 5. 
    Lillard concluded then that children under 6 appear to understand that pretense is based on mental representation. This is:
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    Intention is first evident in JA and has also been shown to be associated with imitation. SO, INTENTIONALITY IS INVOLVED IN BOTH JA AND IMITATION. This is:
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    Similar to ques 6, both JA and imitation are impaired in c with autism. This is:
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      FAlse

  • 8. 
    Early pretense emerges in the context of the social interactions with the care-giver. This is:
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    WK 8 LEct 8 The role of social-cognition in the transmission of human culture. __ possess some form of culture.
    • A. 

      Humans

    • B. 

      Dogs

    • C. 

      Chimpanzees

    • D. 

      Birds

  • 10. 
    Same outcome with different method is indication of culture. This is:
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    According to Whiten et al, chimps possess __ different cultural traditions.
    • A. 

      9

    • B. 

      19

    • C. 

      29

    • D. 

      39

  • 12. 
    Researchers believe it is our propensity to __ and JA that gives us cultural transmission over the apes.
    • A. 

      Talk

    • B. 

      Imitate

    • C. 

      Play

    • D. 

      Learn

  • 13. 
    Imitation is also __ & __ & __.
    • A. 

      Mimicry

    • B. 

      Emulation

    • C. 

      An action they've seen someone else produce

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 14. 
    With the opaque box, human children and chimps imitated ALL of the actions that led to the outcome even though some were redundant. This is:
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    With the transparent box the children overimitated. That is they could see there was no reason to copy the behaviour to get the reward but they did! This is:
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    When does overimitation start to emerge in children?
    • A. 

      24 months

    • B. 

      12 months

    • C. 

      18 months

  • 17. 
    When is overimitation well established in children?
    • A. 

      24 months

    • B. 

      18 months

    • C. 

      12 months

  • 18. 
    Older toddlers, so 18 months, not 12 or 15 months, are motivated to copy others to be social and to promote shared experiences with play partner. So they engage in synchronic imitation. This is:
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      FAlse

  • 19. 
    In the chimps 1/3 engaged in overimitation which explains transmission of some culture eg, ant eating. This is:
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False