Yes - It should be chosen by the government
Yes - It should be chosen based on what language is spoken by the majority of the residents
Maybe - Two or more national languages should be acceptable
No - No national language should be selected
There should be a book of crimes with associated punishments that the courts adhere to.
Criminals should be tried in front of a jury of their peers. The jury would select a fitting punishment.
Criminals would be tried in a court and those convicted would be punished via "eye for an eye."
Like the old west. Things should be settled outside the law 90% of the time. The government interferes when needed.
Ungoverned - Assistance would be available for families that need it
Governed - Nationwide child limit set by the government
Governed - Child limits based on income, property ownership, IQ, etc.
Ungoverned - But females would be so unwanted that many of them would be killed after birth
Citizens are taxed based on income
Citizens are taxed based on usage (sales tax, fuel tax, school tax, etc)
No taxes, and no free government programs or utilities
Citizens are taxed at will based on the governments revenue needs for that particular month
Citizens in the top 50% income bracket pay the taxes, while those in the bottom 50% receive benefits.