The passage of the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments.
The removal of the US Army from the south as peacekeepers and law enforcers.
The election of Ulysses S Grant as President.
The railroad strikes of 1877 that stretched from Pittsburgh to St. Louis.
Ulysses S Grant
Republican Rutherford B Hayes agreed to end Reconstruction if he was allowed to become President.
President Rutherford Hayes had to pull out troops from the south to end the railroad strikes of 1877.
The Democrats regained control over the Senate, and passed a bill ending Reconstruction.
Congress agreed to end Reconstruction if the south promised to protect the rights of black citizens.
School teachers who taught at predominantly black schools
Black businessmen and landowners
Southern food supplies
Transportation networks, especially railroads
Industrial centers (cities with factories)
No southern states voted for Lincoln, showing that the north had more political power.
Abraham Lincoln vowed to limit the spread of slavery.
Abraham Lincoln vowed to immediately end slavery once elected.
The price of cotton increased.
The Civil War restarted.
Southern states passed segregation laws.
Violence continued in the south despite 10+ years of army occupation.
Reconstruction seemed like a waste of money.
The economic Depression of the 1870s made Americans concerned about other issues.
Harriet Beecher Stowe published a novel showing the horrors of Reconstruction.