# Uvod U Arhitekturu RaČunara

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Milospb
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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 396
Questions: 50 | Attempts: 396

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• 1.

### Memorijske jedinice u opadajućem redosledu su

• A.

Bit, B, KB, MB, GB, TB

• B.

B, bit, MB, KB, GB, TB

• C.

TB, GB, MB, KB, B, bit

• D.

TB, MB, GB, KB, B, bit

C. TB, GB, MB, KB, B, bit
Explanation
The given answer is in the correct order of memory units in descending order. It starts with the largest unit, TB (terabyte), followed by GB (gigabyte), MB (megabyte), KB (kilobyte), B (byte), and finally bit. This order represents the hierarchy of memory units commonly used in computing, where each unit is a multiple or fraction of the previous unit.

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• 2.

### Čekiraj osnovne funkcije računara

• A.

Regulacija

• B.

Pamćenje podataka

• C.

Upravljanje

• D.

Zagrevanje

• E.

B. Pamćenje podataka
C. Upravljanje
Explanation
The correct answer is a list of basic computer functions. These functions include storing data (pamćenje podataka), managing (upravljanje) the computer's operations, and processing and transmitting data (obrada i prenos podataka). These functions are essential for the proper functioning of a computer system.

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• 3.

### Memorija koja upis i čitanje vrši po principu "prvi upisan - prvi očitan" ima oznaku

• A.

LIFO

• B.

FIFA

• C.

FIFO

• D.

LIFA

C. FIFO
Explanation
The correct answer is FIFO. FIFO stands for "First In, First Out," which means that the first item that is entered or written into the memory will be the first one to be read or accessed. This principle is commonly used in queueing systems, where the items are processed in the order they arrive. In the context of memory, FIFO ensures that the oldest data is read or accessed first before newer data.

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• 4.

naredba
Explanation
The correct answer is "naredba" because it is the term used to describe a machine sentence that is given to a computer in order to perform a specific action. In programming, a "naredba" is a line of code that tells the computer what to do, such as assigning a value to a variable or executing a loop. It is an essential concept in computer programming and is used to create complex instructions for the computer to follow.

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• 5.

### Elektronsko kolo koje služi za pamćenje binarnih podataka većih od 2 bita naziva se

registar
Explanation
A register is an electronic circuit used to store binary data that is larger than 2 bits. It is commonly used in computer systems to store and manipulate data. Registers are made up of flip-flops, which can store a single bit of information. Multiple flip-flops are connected together to form a register, allowing it to store multiple bits of data. Registers are an essential component of computer memory and are used for various purposes, such as storing program instructions, data values, and memory addresses.

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• 6.

### Word, Excel su

• A.

Sistemski programi

• B.

Aplikativni programi

• C.

Operativni sistem

• D.

Programski jezici

B. Aplikativni programi
Explanation
The correct answer is "aplikativni programi" because the given options are all related to computer programs, but "aplikativni programi" specifically refers to application programs. Application programs are designed to perform specific tasks or functions for the user, such as word processing (Word) or data analysis (Excel), as opposed to system programs (sistemski programi) or programming languages (programski jezici) which are used to create and manage software.

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• 7.

### Izbaci dva hardverska dela koja su u manjini

• A.

Web kamera

• B.

Monitor

• C.

štampač

• D.

Zvučnici

• E.

Skener

A. Web kamera
E. Skener
Explanation
This question is asking to remove two hardware parts that are in the minority. The correct answer is "web kamera" and "skener" because they are the only two items that are not commonly found in every computer setup. The other options, such as monitor, printer, and speakers, are typically essential components that are commonly included in computer systems.

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• 8.

### Delovi procesora su

• A.

Aritmetičko logička jedinica

• B.

RAM

• C.

ROM

• D.

Registri

• E.

Upravljačka jedinica

• F.

Severni most

A. Aritmetičko logička jedinica
D. Registri
E. Upravljačka jedinica
Explanation
The correct answer includes three components: "aritmetičko logička jedinica" (arithmetic logic unit), "registri" (registers), and "upravljačka jedinica" (control unit). These are all essential parts of a processor. The arithmetic logic unit performs mathematical and logical operations, the registers store data and instructions, and the control unit manages the flow of data and instructions within the processor.

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• 9.

### Memorija koja upis i čitanje vrši po principu "poslednji upisan - prvi očitan" je

• A.

Red

• B.

Keš

• C.

Virtuelna

• D.

Asocijativna

• E.

Stek

E. Stek
Explanation
The correct answer is "stek." A stek, or stack in English, is a type of data structure that follows the "last in, first out" (LIFO) principle. This means that the last item that is inserted into the stack is the first one to be removed. In terms of memory, a stack is used to store variables and function calls, and it is commonly used in programming languages for managing function calls and storing local variables.

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• 10.

### Integrisana tehnologija podrazumeva

• A.

Hardverske komponente se dograđuju jedna po jedna

• B.

Hardverske komponente su već ugrađene

• C.

Hardverske komponente se ne mogu ugraditi

B. Hardverske komponente su već ugrađene
Explanation
Integrisana tehnologija podrazumeva da su hardverske komponente već ugrađene. To znači da su različite funkcionalnosti i komponente integrisane na jednom čipu ili modulu, što omogućava da se uređaj ili sistem koristi bez potrebe za dodatnim ugradnjama ili nadogradnjama hardvera. Ova integracija olakšava upotrebu i smanjuje potrebu za dodatnim prostorom ili resursima za ugradnju pojedinačnih komponenti.

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• 11.

• A.

Trajne memorije

• B.

Spoljne memorije

• C.

Privremene memorije

C. Privremene memorije
Explanation
The given correct answer is "privremene memorije". This suggests that RAM belongs to temporary memory. RAM (Random Access Memory) is a type of computer memory that stores data that is currently being used by the computer. It is volatile memory, meaning that its contents are lost when the computer is powered off or restarted. Therefore, it is considered temporary memory as opposed to permanent or external memory.

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• 12.

### U gejmerskoj industriji poznate su operativne memorije pod nazivom

• A.

ROM

• B.

PROM

• C.

EEPROM

• D.

RAMBUS

D. RAMBUS
Explanation
The correct answer is RAMBUS. RAMBUS is a well-known type of memory in the gaming industry. It is a high-speed memory interface that allows for faster data transfer rates compared to other types of memory. It is commonly used in gaming consoles and high-performance gaming computers to ensure smooth and efficient gameplay.

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• 13.

### Izbaci uljeza

• A.

ROM

• B.

PROM

• C.

RAM

• D.

EPROM

• E.

EEPROM

C. RAM
Explanation
The given question is asking to identify the term that does not belong in the given list. The terms listed are all types of computer memory, except for RAM, which stands for Random Access Memory. ROM, PROM, EPROM, and EEPROM are all types of non-volatile memory, while RAM is a type of volatile memory. Therefore, RAM is the correct answer as it is the odd one out in this list.

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• 14.

### Koja od navedenih tvrdnji je tačna

• A.

1MB=1024GB

• B.

1MB=1024KB

• C.

1KB=1000MB

• D.

1MB=1000KB

• E.

1GB=1024KB

B. 1MB=1024KB
Explanation
The correct answer is 1MB=1024KB. This is because in the binary system, 1MB is equal to 1024KB. The binary system is used in computers and digital storage devices, where the base is 2 instead of 10. Therefore, 1MB is equal to 2^10 KB, which is 1024KB.

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• 15.

### Koja memorijska komponenta može imati najveći kapacitet

• A.

CD

• B.

Registri

• C.

Disketa

• D.

HDD

• E.

Keš memorija

• F.

RAM

D. HDD
Explanation
HDD (Hard Disk Drive) can have the largest capacity among the given memory components. HDDs are non-volatile storage devices that use magnetic storage to store and retrieve digital information. They can have capacities ranging from a few gigabytes to several terabytes, making them ideal for storing large amounts of data such as operating systems, software applications, and multimedia files. In comparison, other memory components like CD, registers, diskettes, cache memory, and RAM have much smaller capacities.

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• 16.

### Kako se ide redosledom DDR1, DDR2, DDR3, DDR4, one imaju

• A.

Potrošnja je ista

• B.

Potrošnja se smanjuje

• C.

Potrošnja se povećava

• D.

Nema potrošnje

B. Potrošnja se smanjuje
Explanation
The correct answer is "potrošnja se smanjuje." This is because as the DDR generation increases from DDR1 to DDR4, the power consumption of the RAM modules decreases. This is due to advancements in technology and improvements in efficiency, allowing for lower power consumption while maintaining or even improving performance.

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• 17.

### Level 1 keš memorije (L1) se nalazi u

• A.

čipsetu na matičnoj ploči

• B.

Na ROM

• C.

U okviru procesora

C. U okviru procesora
Explanation
The correct answer is "u okviru procesora" which means "within the processor" in English. This means that the Level 1 cache memory (L1) is located within the processor.

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• 18.

### Svi elektronski delovi računara, fizički opipljivi delovi, nazivaju se

hardver
Explanation
The correct answer is "hardver" because in Serbian language, "hardver" is the term used to refer to all the physical, tangible components of a computer, such as the motherboard, processor, memory, and storage devices. This term is commonly used to distinguish these components from the software or "softver" which refers to the programs, applications, and operating systems that run on the hardware.

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• 19.

### Nedovoljan kapacitet operativne memorije može se nadomestiti sprezanjem RAM memorije i HDD, i ta memorija na HDD se naziva

• A.

Virtuelna

• B.

Asocijativna

• C.

ROM

• D.

Trajna

A. Virtuelna
Explanation
When the capacity of the RAM memory is insufficient, it can be compensated by combining it with the HDD, and this memory on the HDD is called "virtual" memory.

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• 20.

### Od navedenih iskaza tačan je

• A.

16 bit > 2 B

• B.

32 bit <3 B

• C.

21bit > 3 B

• D.

25 bit > 3 B

D. 25 bit > 3 B
Explanation
The given answer is correct because 25 bits is greater than 3 B (bytes). In computer systems, a bit is the smallest unit of data and a byte is a unit of storage that consists of 8 bits. Therefore, 25 bits is greater than 3 bytes.

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• 21.

### Skup svih programa u računaru naziva se

softver
Explanation
The correct answer is "softver" because it refers to the collection of all programs in a computer. Softver includes both the operating system and application software that are installed on a computer system. It is the set of instructions and data that enable a computer to perform specific tasks and functions.

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• 22.

### L1 keš memorija povećava zagrevanje procesora

• A.

DA

• B.

NE

A. DA
Explanation
The statement suggests that increasing the memory of the L1 cache will result in increased heating of the processor. This implies that the L1 cache is directly connected to the processor's heat generation. Therefore, the correct answer is "DA" (which means "YES" in Serbian), indicating that increasing the L1 cache memory will indeed increase the processor's heating.

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• 23.

• A.

• B.

Samo trajnu memoriju

• C.

• D.

Explanation
The correct answer is "privremenu i trajnu memoriju". This means that the computer contains both temporary memory (RAM) and permanent memory (hard drive or solid-state drive). Temporary memory is used to store data that is currently being processed by the computer, while permanent memory is used to store data that is saved for long-term use, even when the computer is turned off. Having both types of memory is essential for the computer to function properly and efficiently.

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• 24.

### DDR memorije u odnosu na SDRAM imaju

• A.

Istu brzinu prenosa

• B.

Dvostruko manju brzinu prenosa

• C.

Dvostruko veću brzinu prenosa

C. Dvostruko veću brzinu prenosa
Explanation
DDR memorije imaju dvostruko veću brzinu prenosa u odnosu na SDRAM. To znači da DDR memorije mogu prenositi podatke brže nego što to može SDRAM. Ovo je postignuto korišćenjem naprednijih tehnologija i poboljšanja u arhitekturi memorije. Ova brža brzina prenosa omogućava efikasniji rad sistema i bolje performanse pri izvršavanju zahtevnih zadataka.

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• 25.

### Operativna memorija je

• A.

Iste brzine kao spoljna memorija

• B.

Sporija od spoljne memorije

• C.

Brža od spoljne memorije

• D.

C. Brža od spoljne memorije
Explanation
The correct answer is "brža od spoljne memorije" which translates to "faster than external memory." This means that the operational memory, also known as RAM (Random Access Memory), is faster in terms of data access and retrieval compared to external memory devices such as hard drives or solid-state drives. RAM is designed to provide quick and temporary storage for data that the computer's processor needs to access frequently, while external memory devices are used for long-term storage of data.

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• 26.

### Broj bitova koji se mogu zamemorisati u RAM poznat je pod nazivom

• A.

Jedinica prenosa

• B.

Kapacitet memorije

• C.

Brzina prenosa

• D.

Cena

B. Kapacitet memorije
Explanation
The correct answer is "kapacitet memorije" (memory capacity). The question asks for the term used to refer to the number of bits that can be stored in RAM. The term "jedinica prenosa" refers to the unit of transmission, "brzina prenosa" refers to the transmission speed, and "cena" refers to the price. Therefore, the most appropriate term to describe the number of bits that can be stored in RAM is "kapacitet memorije" (memory capacity).

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• 27.

### Veštačka memorija koja pomaže pri funkcionisanju RAM naziva se

• A.

Statička

• B.

Dinamička

• C.

Keš

• D.

Virtuelna

• E.

Registarska

• F.

ROM

D. Virtuelna
Explanation
The correct answer is "virtuelna". Virtual memory is a memory management technique that uses a portion of the computer's hard drive as an extension of RAM. It helps in improving the overall performance of the system by allowing it to run more programs simultaneously and handle larger amounts of data. Unlike static or dynamic memory, virtual memory is not physically present in the computer but is created and managed by the operating system.

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• 28.

### Osobina keš memorije

• A.

Mala brzina veliki kapacitet

• B.

Veliki kapacitet velika brzina

• C.

Mali kapacitet velika brzina

• D.

Mali kapacitet mala brzina

C. Mali kapacitet velika brzina
Explanation
This answer states that the characteristic of cache memory is small capacity and high speed. Cache memory is a type of memory that is closer to the CPU than main memory, and it is used to store frequently accessed data for faster retrieval. The small capacity refers to the limited amount of data that can be stored in cache memory compared to main memory. The high speed refers to the quick access time of cache memory, which allows the CPU to retrieve data faster. Therefore, the answer accurately describes the characteristic of cache memory.

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• 29.

### Računarska azbuka se naziva (upiši jednu reč)

binarna
Explanation
The correct answer is "binarna" because "Računarska azbuka" refers to the computer alphabet or computer code, and "binarna" means binary in Serbian. Binary is a base-2 numeral system that uses only two digits, 0 and 1, to represent numbers and perform calculations in computers. Therefore, "binarna" is the appropriate term to describe the computer alphabet or code.

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• 30.

### Registarska memorija ima brzinu

• A.

Dva puta bržu od procesora

• B.

Procesora

• C.

Dva puta sporiju od procesora

• D.

Zavisi od karakteristike procesora

B. Procesora
Explanation
The given correct answer, "procesora," suggests that the speed of the register memory is dependent on the characteristics or specifications of the processor. The register memory's speed is not explicitly stated in the question, but it is implied that it is related to or influenced by the processor's capabilities. Therefore, the answer "procesora" indicates that the speed of the register memory is determined by the processor's characteristics.

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• 31.

### Na slici je

• A.

Procesor

• B.

HDD

• C.

RAM

• D.

Napajanje

• E.

Matična ploča

B. HDD
Explanation
The correct answer is HDD because it is the only component listed that is a storage device. The other components listed are all related to the functioning and processing of the computer.

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• 32.

### Na slici je

• A.

ROM

• B.

RAM

• C.

KEŠ

• D.

Grafička

B. RAM
Explanation
The correct answer is RAM because it is a type of computer memory that is used to store data that is being actively used by the computer. ROM, on the other hand, stands for Read-Only Memory and is used to store permanent data that cannot be modified. KEŠ refers to cache memory, which is used to store frequently accessed data for faster retrieval. Finally, "Grafička" means "Graphics" in Croatian, so it is not related to computer memory.

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• 33.

### Na slici je

• A.

Napajanje

• B.

HDD

• C.

Matična ploča

• D.

Zvučna karta

C. Matična ploča
Explanation
The correct answer is "Matična ploča" (Motherboard). The given options are "Napajanje" (Power supply), "HDD" (Hard Disk Drive), "Matična ploča" (Motherboard), and "Zvučna karta" (Sound card). Based on the information provided, the image is showing the components of a computer system. Among the options, the motherboard is a central component that connects and allows communication between all other hardware components in a computer. Therefore, it is the most appropriate answer choice.

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• 34.

### Na slici je

• A.

HDD

• B.

RAM

• C.

Procesor

• D.

Napajanje

D. Napajanje
Explanation
The correct answer is "Napajanje" because it is the only option that makes sense in the context of the given options. The other options, HDD, RAM, and Procesor, are all components of a computer, while "Napajanje" refers to the power supply unit that provides electricity to the computer.

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• 35.

### Na slici je

• A.

Procesor

• B.

Socet

• C.

RAM

• D.

ROM

• E.

Kuler

B. Socet
Explanation
The correct answer is "Socet." The given image shows various computer components, and the word "Socet" is written below them. Based on common knowledge, a "Socet" refers to a socket or a connector on a motherboard where the processor is installed. Therefore, it can be inferred that the image is depicting different computer parts, and the correct answer is the socket or connector for the processor.

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• 36.

### Select the ones you like

• A.

Napajanje

• B.

Procesor

• C.

Kuler

• D.

HDD

C. Kuler
Explanation
The correct answer is "Kuler". This is likely because "Kuler" is a commonly used term in computer hardware, referring to a cooling device that helps to dissipate heat from the processor or other components. It is an important component in maintaining the temperature and performance of the computer system.

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• 37.

### Na slici je

• A.

HDD

• B.

RAM

• C.

Procesor

• D.

Napajanje

C. Procesor
Explanation
The correct answer is "Procesor". This is because the question is asking what is shown in the picture, and out of the options given (HDD, RAM, Procesor, Napajanje), the only option that matches what is typically depicted in a picture is the "Procesor" or processor.

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• 38.

### Na slici je

• A.

HDD

• B.

Napajanje

• C.

Optički uređaj

C. Optički uređaj
Explanation
The correct answer is "Optički uređaj" because in the given options, "HDD" refers to a hard disk drive, "Napajanje" refers to a power supply, and "Optički uređaj" refers to an optical device. Since the question asks for an item that is shown in the picture, we can deduce that the correct answer is "Optički uređaj" as it is the only option that represents a device that could be visible in a picture.

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• 39.

### Na slici je

• A.

Mrežna karta

• B.

Grafička karta

• C.

Zvučna karta

• D.

Grafička i zvučna karta

D. Grafička i zvučna karta
Explanation
The correct answer is "grafička i zvučna karta" (graphic and sound card). The image most likely depicts a computer hardware component that serves both graphic and sound functions. This type of card is commonly found in desktop computers and is responsible for processing and outputting high-quality graphics and audio.

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• 40.

### Na slici je

• A.

Grafička karta

• B.

Zvučna karta

• C.

Grafička i zvučna karta

• D.

Mrežna karta

D. Mrežna karta
Explanation
The correct answer is "mrežna karta" which translates to "network card" in English. This suggests that the image represents a network card.

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• 41.

### Na slici je računarska mreža u obliku

• A.

Stablo

• B.

Hibridna

• C.

Magistrala

• D.

Zvezda

C. Magistrala
Explanation
The image shows a computer network in the shape of a star. In a star network, all devices are connected to a central hub or switch, which acts as a central point of communication. This is different from a tree network, where devices are connected in a hierarchical structure, and a hybrid network, which is a combination of different network topologies. Therefore, the correct answer is "magistrala" (bus).

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• 42.

### Na slici je računarska mreža u obliku

• A.

Stablo

• B.

Prsten

• C.

Magistrala

• D.

Zvezda

D. Zvezda
Explanation
The correct answer is "zvezda" because the image shows a computer network in the shape of a star. In a star network, all devices are connected to a central hub or switch, allowing for easy communication between devices. This type of network is commonly used in small to medium-sized networks where simplicity and ease of management are important.

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• 43.

### Na slici je mreža računara u obliku

• A.

Hibridna

• B.

Magistrala

• C.

Zvezda

• D.

Prsten

• E.

Stablo

D. Prsten
Explanation
The correct answer is "prsten" (ring). In a ring network topology, each computer is connected to two other computers, forming a circular loop. This allows for data to be transmitted in both directions. This type of network topology provides redundancy and fault tolerance, as data can be rerouted in case of a failure. It is commonly used in local area networks (LANs) and is suitable for small to medium-sized networks.

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• 44.

### ROM memorija je trajna memorija

• A.

DA

• B.

NE

A. DA
Explanation
ROM (Read-Only Memory) is a type of computer memory that stores data permanently, even when the computer is turned off or loses power. It is non-volatile and cannot be easily modified or erased, hence the name "Read-Only". This makes ROM a form of permanent or long-term storage, which is why it is considered as a type of permanent memory. Therefore, the statement "ROM memorija je trajna memorija" (ROM memory is permanent memory) is correct.

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• 45.

### Prenos signala u jednom smeru naziva se

• A.

Simpleksni

• B.

Dupleksni

• C.

Poludupleksni

A. Simpleksni
Explanation
The correct answer is "simpleksni." This term refers to the transmission of signals in only one direction. In simplex communication, data can only flow from one device to another, but not in the opposite direction. This type of communication is commonly used in situations where one device needs to continuously transmit data, while the other device only needs to receive it.

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• 46.

### Čekiraj elemente koji se koriste prilikom prenosa vođenim EMT

• A.

• B.

Mikrotalasi

• C.

Kabl sa upredenim paricama

• D.

Optičko vlakno

• E.

Infracrveni prenos

• F.

Koaksjalni kabl

C. Kabl sa upredenim paricama
D. Optičko vlakno
F. Koaksjalni kabl
Explanation
The elements that are used in guided EMT transmission are twisted pair cable, optical fiber, and coaxial cable. These elements are used to transmit signals in different ways. Twisted pair cable uses pairs of wires twisted together to reduce interference and is commonly used in Ethernet networks. Optical fiber uses light signals to transmit data and is known for its high bandwidth and immunity to electromagnetic interference. Coaxial cable uses a central conductor surrounded by an insulating layer and a shield to transmit signals with low loss and high bandwidth. These three elements are commonly used in different types of communication systems for guided EMT transmission.

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• 47.

### Nevođeni EMT

• A.

• B.

Mikrotalasi

• C.

Mobilna telegoija

• D.

Satelitska telefonija

• E.

svetlosni prenos (infracrveni prenos i laserski)

B. Mikrotalasi
C. Mobilna telegoija
D. Satelitska telefonija
E.  svetlosni prenos (infracrveni prenos i laserski)
• 48.

• A.

NE

• B.

DA