The large number of colonies that the United States obtained in the Spanish-American War.
The great increase in population resulting from immigration.
The United States’ development of largest industrial capacity.
American business leaders’ success in limiting labor unions.
To prevent the U.S. from being excluded from trade with Africa.
To open Japan’s closed society to the world.
Ensure that immigrants to the U.S. felt welcome.
To prevent Europe from using its spheres of influence in Asia to exclude the U.S. from trading with those regions.
Assist in the development of Latin American industry.
Maintain U.S. influence in the western hemisphere.
Ensure that European nations did not exclude the U.S. from trade with Africa and Asia.
Reinforce U.S. isolationism.
William Howard Taft
Providing financial aid to a Latin American country in exchange for the right to build a military base there.
Accepting monetary payment from a Latin American country in exchange for not toppling its government.
Giving money to Latin American peasants so that they could buy land from the rich.
Coining money for Latin American countries to save them the cost.
Radical political ideas
Increased leisure time for entertainment like movies, radio, and sports.
Americans getting into serious debt through buying on credit.
More than half of Americans getting involved in the stock market.
The growth of new industries and in purchases of consumer goods.
Riots by black residents of New York.
Ending segregation in the South.
African-American art and literature.
Efforts to recruit black soldiers during World War I.
Farmers’ income grew substantially throughout the 1920s.
Farmers lost their farms because they could not repay their debts.
Most of the land in the middle-U.S. lost several feet of fertile topsoil.
A world famine occurred.
To restore consumer confidence in banks by protecting their deposits up to $2500.
Promote the insurance industry devastated by the Depression.
To establish a new national bank.
Establish a new method of government management for the Federal Reserve Bank.
Promote conservation of energy.
Establish a national service group for people opposed to military service.
Protect old landmark buildings.
Employ young men in jobs working on natural resource conservation.
Americans’ fears of getting involved in World War II.
Americans’ beliefs that they were still in a Depression and shouldn’t be loaning property, including military equipment, to other countries.
Americans’ fears that they would never be repaid.
The general dissatisfaction of the time with Roosevelt.
They were afraid that Britain would never return the goods that were loaned to them.
They thought the program was too costly.
They were afraid that helping the British obtain military equipment would lead to the U.S. getting involved in World War II.
They supported the German side in the war.
To support the campaign for equal pay for women
To encourage women to work in factories to support the World War II war effort
To support the polio vaccination program
To support the “Keep America Beautiful” campaign sponsored by President Johnson’s wife, Lady Byrd Johnson.
Unwavering hatred of the Japanese
Avenging the attack on Pearl Harbor
Sparing the lives of Japanese civilians
Sparing the lives of U.S. servicemen
Britain and the United States wanted to make sure the Soviet Union didn’t take over all of Europe.
To create a second front to challenge Germany from the west to assist the Soviet Union’s approach from the east.
They considered rescuing the French from German rule to be essential to good relations with France after the war.
That was the only way to end the stalemate created by trench warfare.
Rationed the availability of products such as meat, sugar, and gasoline.
Required producers to ship their products directly to federal government facilities, which then distributed them for military use or consumer purchase.
Prohibited the production of luxury goods.
Prohibited purchase of appliances unless the purchaser’s previous appliances were over ten years old.
His view that the Americans would never be able to build a plane with a long enough range to reach Germany.
The Battle of Britain.
Hitler’s taunting of the U.S. to “come get me.”
U.S. supply of planes to Britain.