Wh9 Mid-year Exam 1st Semester December 2018 Part Two

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Wh9 Mid-year Exam 1st Semester December 2018 Part Two

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Why was the system called the triangular trade?
    • A. 

      Large ships were shaped like triangles.

    • B. 

      Lateen sails were triangular.

    • C. 

      The captains of the ships wore triangular shaped hats.

    • D. 

      When a line is drawn explaining the three stages of trade, it looks like a triangle.

  • 2. 
    The Pilgrim settlers who founded __________were mainly interested in religious freedom. 
    • A. 

      Canada

    • B. 

      Plymouth

    • C. 

      Jamestown

    • D. 

      St. Augustine

  • 3. 
    The group known as the _______ founded the colony known as Massachusetts Bay. 
    • A. 

      Conquistadors

    • B. 

      Jesuits

    • C. 

      Puritans

    • D. 

      Missionaries

  • 4. 
    Capitalism is an economic system based on _____ ownership of property and the investment of wealth to earn profit. 
    • A. 

      Government

    • B. 

      Public

    • C. 

      Monarchy

    • D. 

      Private

  • 5. 
    Which colony made a lot of money from the sale of tobacco?
    • A. 

      St. Augustine

    • B. 

      Porto Bello

    • C. 

      Jamestown

    • D. 

      Montreal

  • 6. 
    Which country had a series of missions from St. Augustine all the way past Tallahassee, Florida?
    • A. 

      Spain

    • B. 

      Portugal

    • C. 

      France

    • D. 

      England

  • 7. 
    About how many Africans were taken to the Americas as slaves between 1500 and 1870?
    • A. 

      One million

    • B. 

      Ten million

    • C. 

      100 million

    • D. 

      10 billion

  • 8. 
    What concept was the belief in "divine right" used to support?
    • A. 

      Absolute rule

    • B. 

      Freedom of religion

    • C. 

      Separation of church and state

    • D. 

      Waging war for religious purposes

  • 9. 
    Who inherited the Austrian throne only after Charles VI had the other European powers sign an agreement declaring they would recognize the heir?
    • A. 

      Frederick the Great

    • B. 

      Anastasia Romanov

    • C. 

      William of Orange

    • D. 

      Maria Theresa

  • 10. 
    During the reign of Ivan the Terrible, which of the following groups suffered the greatest loss of power?
    • A. 

      The serfs

    • B. 

      The boyars

    • C. 

      The monarchy

    • D. 

      The Russian Orthodox church

  • 11. 
    What king became France's most powerful ruler and boasted "I am the state"?
    • A. 

      Henry II

    • B. 

      Henry IV

    • C. 

      Louis IX

    • D. 

      Louis XIV

  • 12. 
    What was the Thirty Years' War a conflict over?
    • A. 

      The closing of Catholic churches by Ferdinand II

    • B. 

      The French Revolution

    • C. 

      Spices

    • D. 

      Religion, territory, and power among European ruling families

  • 13. 
    What was the significance of the English Bill of Rights?
    • A. 

      It established the group of government ministers known as the cabinet.

    • B. 

      It allowed for the bloodless overthrow of King James II.

    • C. 

      It made clear the limits of royal power.

    • D. 

      It restored power to the monarch.

  • 14. 
    Under Maria Theresa, Austria's greatest enemy was
    • A. 

      Prussia.

    • B. 

      Hungary.

    • C. 

      Bohemia.

    • D. 

      The Ottoman Empire.

  • 15. 
    Frederick II came to power as the
    • A. 

      King of Prussia.

    • B. 

      King of Austria.

    • C. 

      Elector of Brandenburg.

    • D. 

      Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire.

  • 16. 
    The first Russian ruler to adopt the title czar, meaning "Caesar," was
    • A. 

      Peter the Great.

    • B. 

      Ivan the Terrible.

    • C. 

      Michael Romanov.

    • D. 

      Anastasia Romanov.

  • 17. 
    Ivan the Terrible's cruelty was aimed mainly at
    • A. 

      Serfs.

    • B. 

      Nobles.

    • C. 

      Priests.

    • D. 

      Merchants.

  • 18. 
    In Russia, the boyars were
    • A. 

      Landowning nobles.

    • B. 

      Slave-like laborers.

    • C. 

      Career soldiers.

    • D. 

      Merchants.

  • 19. 
    Peter the Great's main reason for visiting the West was to
    • A. 

      Gain allies for Russia.

    • B. 

      Gain a warm-water seaport for Russia.

    • C. 

      Learn about Western customs and technology.

    • D. 

      Impress the West with Russia's learning and technology.

  • 20. 
    The site for St. Petersburg was chosen because it was near
    • A. 

      Moscow

    • B. 

      Peter's favorite palace.

    • C. 

      Water routes to Europe.

    • D. 

      Major roadways to Europe.

  • 21. 
    The Thirty Years War started with a Bohemian Protestant revolt in the Holy Roman Empire against their ______________ rulers.
    • A. 

      English

    • B. 

      Dutch

    • C. 

      Bourbon

    • D. 

      Hapsburg

  • 22. 
    Who was the most Catholic King?
    • A. 

      King Louis XIV

    • B. 

      King Charles II of England

    • C. 

      King Philip II of Spain

    • D. 

      King Gustavus Adolphus

  • 23. 
    Who “restored the monarchy”?
    • A. 

      King Louis XIV

    • B. 

      King Charles II of England

    • C. 

      King Philip II of Spain

    • D. 

      King Gustavus Adolphus

  • 24. 
    Who was the Sun King?
    • A. 

      King Louis XIV

    • B. 

      King Charles II of England

    • C. 

      King Philip II of Spain

    • D. 

      King Gustavus Adolphus

  • 25. 
    Early in the colonization of the Americas, ____________ was brought to Spain which initially made Spain a wealthy country.
    • A. 

      Tobacco

    • B. 

      Gold and silver

    • C. 

      Cotton

    • D. 

      Slaves

  • 26. 
    The  _______   Armada was defeated in 1588 by stormy weather and the English navy.
    • A. 

      Ottoman

    • B. 

      Spanish

    • C. 

      Portuguese

    • D. 

      French

  • 27. 
    Philip II believed it was his duty to defend ____________ from its enemies in Europe and the Ottoman Empire.
    • A. 

      Huguenots

    • B. 

      Slavery

    • C. 

      Catholicism

    • D. 

      Calvinism

  • 28. 
    Who were government agents who collected taxes and administered justice?
    • A. 

      Intendants

    • B. 

      Cardinals

    • C. 

      Huguenots

    • D. 

      Edict Peoples

  • 29. 
    Huguenots were _________________.
    • A. 

      French Protestants

    • B. 

      Actors in a new art form

    • C. 

      Bohemians

    • D. 

      Swedish soldiers

  • 30. 
    Who was the minister for the boy king Louis XIV?
    • A. 

      Minister Jean Colbert

    • B. 

      Lawrence Huguenot

    • C. 

      Cardinal Mazarin

    • D. 

      Pope Pius III

  • 31. 
    Which country is known for developing a great army? The Junkers (nobles) were officers.
    • A. 

      Denmark

    • B. 

      Prussia

    • C. 

      Russia

    • D. 

      Austria

  • 32. 
    Russia has always wanted a _________________.
    • A. 

      Good government

    • B. 

      Building for artists

    • C. 

      Warm water port

    • D. 

      Place in the sun

  • 33. 
    The heliocentric, or sun-centered, theory was proposed by
    • A. 

      Galileo Galilei.

    • B. 

      Nicolaus Copernicus.

    • C. 

      Francis Bacon.

    • D. 

      Isaac Newton.

  • 34. 
    Francis Bacon helped to develop
    • A. 

      The microscope

    • B. 

      The law of the pendulum

    • C. 

      The scientific method.

    • D. 

      The barometer.

  • 35. 
    Isaac Newton explained the
    • A. 

      Law of universal gravitation.

    • B. 

      Anatomy of the human body.

    • C. 

      Chemical composition of matter.

    • D. 

      Function of blood vessels.

  • 36. 
    The idea of a direct democracy is explained by _________. 
    • A. 

      Locke

    • B. 

      Rousseau

    • C. 

      Newton

    • D. 

      Bacon

  • 37. 
    The Bill of Rights was influenced by
    • A. 

      Shali Kashvili.

    • B. 

      Johannes Gutenberg.

    • C. 

      Cardinal Richelieu.

    • D. 

      Voltaire.

  • 38. 
    The heliocentric theory challenged the
    • A. 

      Political scientists.

    • B. 

      Observed patterns.

    • C. 

      Geocentric theory.

    • D. 

      Mathematical theories.

  • 39. 
    Salons helped to spread
    • A. 

      The geocentric theory.

    • B. 

      Spices.

    • C. 

      Throughout Europe, because of the desire to have new hair cuts.

    • D. 

      Enlightenment thinking.

  • 40. 
    The American Revolution was influenced by
    • A. 

      The Holy Roman Empire.

    • B. 

      Chinese scientists.

    • C. 

      The philosophes.

    • D. 

      Spices

  • 41. 
    What was Montesquieu's influence on the U.S. Constitution?
    • A. 

      Public elections

    • B. 

      Branches of government which provide for a separation of power.

    • C. 

      The Bill of Rights

    • D. 

      Representatives

  • 42. 
    This political thinker believed that all humans are naturally selfish and wicked. He argued, therefore, that strong governments are necessary to control human behavior. To avoid chaos, he said, people enter into a social contract. They give up their rights in exchange for law and order.
    • A. 

      Baron de Montesquieu

    • B. 

      Thomas Hobbes

    • C. 

      John Locke

    • D. 

      Denis Diderot

  • 43. 
    How did the Declaration of Independence embody Enlightenment ideals?
    • A. 

      It stated that all titles of nobility should be abolished.

    • B. 

      It protected the rights of the accused and prohibited cruel punishment.

    • C. 

      It set up a system of checks and balances for the U.S. government.

    • D. 

      It said that people have rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.

  • 44. 
    Philosophe is the ________ word for philosopher.
    • A. 

      Spanish

    • B. 

      English

    • C. 

      French

    • D. 

      Russian

  • 45. 
    In A Vindication of the Rights of Women, this political thinker presented an argument for the education of women. She also declared that women should have the same political rights as men.
    • A. 

      Montesquieu

    • B. 

      Mary Wollstonecraft

    • C. 

      Cesare Bonesana Beccaria

    • D. 

      Jean Jacques Rousseau

  • 46. 
    He is credited for inventing the thermometer in 1714. 
    • A. 

      Celsius

    • B. 

      Edward Jenner

    • C. 

      Fahrenheit

    • D. 

      Torricelli

  • 47. 
    Part of the Enlightenment was an attitude recognizing the ______________________.
    • A. 

      Importance of spices

    • B. 

      Importance of the individual

    • C. 

      Rules of life based on Church rules

    • D. 

      Monarchs as the source of knowledge

  • 48. 
    Salon gatherings were hosted by _______________.
    • A. 

      Wealthy women in their homes

    • B. 

      Philosophers at universities

    • C. 

      Government officials

    • D. 

      Hair stylists

  • 49. 
    What type of music started during the Enlightenment?
    • A. 

      Rock

    • B. 

      Hip hop

    • C. 

      Classical

    • D. 

      Country

  • 50. 
    Magazines and newspapers saw _____________ during the Enlightenment.
    • A. 

      A rapid decline

    • B. 

      A loss in readers

    • C. 

      An increase

    • D. 

      A decline

  • 51. 
    John Wesley had a vision in which he realized the gift of God’s grace assured him of ______.
    • A. 

      Free government food

    • B. 

      Salvation

    • C. 

      A golden cow

    • D. 

      Nothing except what he could make

  • 52. 
    Geocentric means __________.
    • A. 

      Earth centered

    • B. 

      Moon centered

    • C. 

      Sun centered

    • D. 

      Planet

  • 53. 
    Between 1550 and 1789, Enlightenment ideas swept
    • A. 

      Only through France.

    • B. 

      Only through European society.

    • C. 

      Through European society and colonial America.

    • D. 

      Throughout the world.

  • 54. 
    Which of the following events occurred after the American Revolution?
    • A. 

      Constitutional Convention

    • B. 

      French and Indian War

    • C. 

      Stamp Act

    • D. 

      Navigation Acts

  • 55. 
    What did the American colonists protest as "taxation without representation"?
    • A. 

      French and Indian War

    • B. 

      Navigation Acts

    • C. 

      Stamp Act

    • D. 

      Import tax on tea

  • 56. 
    Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
    • A. 

      John Locke

    • B. 

      Samuel Adams

    • C. 

      Thomas Jefferson

    • D. 

      Benjamin Franklin

  • 57. 
    What was the Boston Tea Party?
    • A. 

      A group of high society women from Boston who drank tea and other beverages while conducting a salon

    • B. 

      A group of Patriots who thought we were Taxed Enough Already

    • C. 

      A protest by the Sons of Liberty who dressed like Indians and through tea into Boston Harbor thereby greatly angering Parliament and the King

    • D. 

      A religious gathering of people opposed to alcohol consumption

  • 58. 
    In 1775 British troops fired on American militia on their way from Boston to Concord. This is known as ___________________.
    • A. 

      The Boston Massacre

    • B. 

      The Shot Heard ‘Round the World

    • C. 

      The First Fight Follies

    • D. 

      The Hunger Times

  • 59. 
    Enlightenment Ideas _____________ the Declaration of Independence.
    • A. 

      Replaced

    • B. 

      influenced

    • C. 

      Ended

    • D. 

      Clouded

  • 60. 
    Who surrendered at Yorktown in 1781?
    • A. 

      George Washington and the Continental Army

    • B. 

      The French and the Indians

    • C. 

      Ben Franklin and the Sons of Liberty

    • D. 

      The British under General Cornwallis

  • 61. 
    After we won the Revolutionary War, what set up a weak national government?
    • A. 

      The Articles of Confederation

    • B. 

      The Declaration of Independence

    • C. 

      The Bill of Rights

    • D. 

      The Boston Tea Party

  • 62. 
    When governmental power is divided between a national government and the state governments causing layers of government, it is called ____________.
    • A. 

      Three Branches of Government

    • B. 

      Constitutionalism

    • C. 

      Republicanism

    • D. 

      Federalism

  • 63. 
    The Bill of Rights is the ______________.
    • A. 

      First ten amendments to the Constitution

    • B. 

      Document that created the Constitution

    • C. 

      Navigational law of the sea

    • D. 

      Reason Thomas Jefferson was so influential

  • 64. 
    When five Bostonians died at ______, it caused widespread outrage throughout the colonies.
    • A. 

      Lexington and Concord

    • B. 

      Battle of Bunker Hill

    • C. 

      The Boston Massacre

    • D. 

      The Boston Tea Party

  • 65. 
    What or who legally protects our rights of free speech, freedom of worship, freedom of the press, and freedom of assembly, among others?
    • A. 

      Amendment I of the Constitution

    • B. 

      Presidents

    • C. 

      Supreme Court Justices

    • D. 

      Barack Obama

  • 66. 
    About what percentage of France's population belonged to the Third Estate?
    • A. 

      1

    • B. 

      10

    • C. 

      50

    • D. 

      97 or 98

  • 67. 
    What happened on July 14, Bastille Day?
    • A. 

      Robespierre was executed by guillotine.

    • B. 

      French women marched all the way to Versailles.

    • C. 

      A mob stormed a prison looking for gunpowder. They cut off the head of the warden and put it on a pike.

    • D. 

      All of the above are true.

  • 68. 
    About what percent of France's population belonged to the First and Second Estates?
    • A. 

      2

    • B. 

      10

    • C. 

      50

    • D. 

      98

  • 69. 
    The social and political system used in France in the 1770s, called the ___, had been in place since the Middle Ages.
    • A. 

      Frankish Kingdom

    • B. 

      Old Regime or Ancien Régime

    • C. 

      Mercantilism

    • D. 

      Continental System

  • 70. 
    When Third Estate delegates were forced to find a new meeting place, they made a pledge called the _________ to continue their meeting until they had drawn up a new constitution.
    • A. 

      Constitution Oath

    • B. 

      New France Oath

    • C. 

      Pledge of Allegiance to the France

    • D. 

      Tennis Court Oath

  • 71. 
    Prior to the French Revolution, the Church owned _____ of the property in France.
    • A. 

      1%

    • B. 

      10%

    • C. 

      20%

    • D. 

      25%

  • 72. 
    After realizing that they would not have equal representation at the meeting of the Estates-General, the Third Estate set up the ______________.
    • A. 

      Army

    • B. 

      New Church

    • C. 

      National Assembly

    • D. 

      Guillotine

  • 73. 
    King Louis XVI and his wife Marie Antoinette known for _____________.
    • A. 

      Being strong leaders

    • B. 

      Holding Church services at Versailles

    • C. 

      Working with the poor in soup kitchens

    • D. 

      Wasting money

  • 74. 
    In October 1789, Parisian women revolted over rising price of _______.
    • A. 

      Wine

    • B. 

      Cloth

    • C. 

      Bread

    • D. 

      Marriage

  • 75. 
    During the French Revolution, the French were ___________.
    • A. 

      Normal

    • B. 

      Sane

    • C. 

      Crazy

    • D. 

      Refreshing

  • 76. 
    Which event came before the American Revolution?
    • A. 

      English Civil War

    • B. 

      French Revolution

    • C. 

      ISIS

    • D. 

      American Civil Rights Movement

  • 77. 
    It was all about the _________.
    • A. 

      Fame

    • B. 

      Entertainment

    • C. 

      Spices

    • D. 

      Destruction

  • 78. 
    How are heretics punished?
    • A. 

      They are burned at the stake with all their heretical writings.

    • B. 

      They are beheaded (head cut off).

    • C. 

      They are drawn and quartered.

    • D. 

      They are starved in a dungeon.

  • 79. 
    How are traitors punished?
    • A. 

      They are burned at the stake with all their heretical writings.

    • B. 

      They are beheaded (head cut off).

    • C. 

      They are drawn and quartered.

    • D. 

      They are starved in a dungeon.

  • 80. 
    In this part of the French Revolution things were totally crazy. No one was safe from Revolutionary Courts or the Guillontine.
    • A. 

      The Great Fear

    • B. 

      Reign of Terror

    • C. 

      Prussian invasion

    • D. 

      Boston Tea Party