Unit 7 - Cold War Conflicts

57 Questions
Cold War Quizzes & Trivia

A practice test for Unit 7.

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Following World War II, which of the following countries became the worlds superpowers?
    • A. 

      China

    • B. 

      United States

    • C. 

      England

    • D. 

      France

    • E. 

      Soviet Union

  • 2. 
    The United States has a _________ type of economy.
    • A. 

      Socialist

    • B. 

      Moderate

    • C. 

      Capitalist

    • D. 

      Liberal

    • E. 

      Anarchist

  • 3. 
    The Soviet Union had a __________ type of economy.
    • A. 

      Socialist

    • B. 

      Moderate

    • C. 

      Capitalist

    • D. 

      Liberal

    • E. 

      Anarchist

  • 4. 
    Following World War II, why was the Soviet Union angry with the United States? (mark all answers that are correct)
    • A. 

      The United States accidentally killed many friendly Soviet soldiers during the invasion of Germany.

    • B. 

      The Soviet Union felt that the United States' invasion of Europe affairs was innapropriate.

    • C. 

      The United States concealed the atomic bomb from the Soviet Union.

    • D. 

      The United States delayed in opening a western front in the European Theater of World War II, allowing Hitler to use all of his forces against the USSR.

    • E. 

      The Soviet Union was envious of the United States' new role as a world power.

  • 5. 
    Following World War II, why was the United States angry with the Soviet Union?
    • A. 

      The Soviet Union killed many innocent people during the Holocaust.

    • B. 

      The Soviet Union had made an alliance with Hitler at the beginning of the war.

    • C. 

      The United States was envious of the Soviet Union's role as the largest harvester of oil.

    • D. 

      The United States felt that the USSR sold Alaska to the US for too high a price.

    • E. 

      The United States did not agree with the Soviet Union's choice to invade China.

  • 6. 
    Who became president of the United States after the death of FDR?
    • A. 

      President Truman

    • B. 

      President MacArthur

    • C. 

      President Eisenhower

    • D. 

      President Kennedy

    • E. 

      President Carter

  • 7. 
    What did Stalin do to appease his western "allies" during the Potsdam Conference?
    • A. 

      He would give them back full control of Germany.

    • B. 

      He would cease invasions of China.

    • C. 

      He would cease invasions of Afghanistan.

    • D. 

      He would stop creating and selling nuclear weapons.

    • E. 

      He would allow free elections in Eastern Europe.

  • 8. 
    What were Satellite Nations?
    • A. 

      Small nations with democratic governments surrounding the United States.

    • B. 

      Small nations with Fascist governments surrounding Germany.

    • C. 

      Small nations with communist governments surrounding the Soviet Union.

    • D. 

      Small nations on space stations orbiting the planet.

  • 9. 
    What was the main reason why Stalin wanted to gain control over the Satellite Nations?
    • A. 

      He wanted to harvest raw materials from the land.

    • B. 

      He wanted to gain control of the Ural Mountains, which would give him natural protection from potential enemies.

    • C. 

      He wanted more land to build up an advanced military.

    • D. 

      He wanted more land to test out nuclear experiments.

    • E. 

      He wanted more land to start up a national space program.

  • 10. 
    What was the U.S' policy of containment, used during the Cold War?
    • A. 

      The United States would defend itself from the threat of communism while other nations could determine for themselves whether or not they wanted communism.

    • B. 

      The United States would directly attack the Soviet Union in an attempt to officially eliminate the threat of communism.

    • C. 

      The United States would not interfere with international ordeals and would "contain" all of their actions inside of the nation.

    • D. 

      The United States would not directly attack the Soviet Union, but would "contain" communism within Eastern Europe.

    • E. 

      The US would provide friendly nations with military and/or economic support.

  • 11. 
    What exactly was the "Cold War"?
    • A. 

      A conflict between the US and North Korea in which neither nation directly confronts the other on the battlefield.

    • B. 

      A conflict between the US and USSR over control of Alaska.

    • C. 

      A conflict between the US and USSR in which neither nation directly confronts the other on the battlefield.

    • D. 

      A conflict between the US and USSR in which both nations directly fought with each other for world dominance.

    • E. 

      A nuclear conflict between the US ans USSR.

  • 12. 
    What did the Truman Doctrine state?
    • A. 

      The US would contain communism within the Soviet Union and not allow it to spread into other countries.

    • B. 

      The US plan to invade North Korea.

    • C. 

      A revision of the Monroe Doctrine.

    • D. 

      President Truman's plan for making the United States superior to the USSR.

    • E. 

      The plan to stop the spread of communism by helping nations with military and.or economic support.

  • 13. 
    Where was the Truman Doctrine first used? (mark all answers that apply)
    • A. 

      China

    • B. 

      Greece

    • C. 

      North Korea

    • D. 

      France

    • E. 

      Turkey

  • 14. 
    Why was it important that the US use the Marshall Plan?
    • A. 

      Europe needed the United States' support; it was completely devastated.

    • B. 

      The South Koreans needed support in fighting against North Korea.

    • C. 

      The US needed to have CIA agents located in the USSR.

    • D. 

      The US needed to keep KGB agents out of the US.

    • E. 

      The US needed to keep a free market in China.

  • 15. 
    Which of the following countries owned parts of Germany after World War II?
    • A. 

      The United States

    • B. 

      Italy

    • C. 

      The Soviet Union

    • D. 

      Great Britain

    • E. 

      France

  • 16. 
    Why was it hard for the western countries to keep control of West Berlin?
    • A. 

      The citizens of West Berlin wanted to join the Soviet Union.

    • B. 

      The Soviet Union already controlled all of Berlin.

    • C. 

      Berlin was located in Eastern Germany (the section of Germany owned by the USSR).

    • D. 

      The Berlin Airlift prevented the Western countries from contacting West Berlin.

    • E. 

      The Western countries were not allowed to take control of West Berlin without appearing aggressive and imperialistic to their allies.

  • 17. 
    What did Stalin do in an attempt to take control of all of Berlin?
    • A. 

      He sent the West Berliners propaganda convincing them to join the Soviet Union.

    • B. 

      He destroyed in and rebuilt it as a communist city.

    • C. 

      He blockaded the city, preventing the citizens from accessing food or water.

    • D. 

      He bough all of Berlin from the Western countries.

    • E. 

      Nothing; Stalin never attempted to take control of Berlin.

  • 18. 
    What did the Western countries do in an attempt to save West Berlin from Stalin?
    • A. 

      The US formed a treaty with the USSR, and the USSR moved away from West Berlin.

    • B. 

      American and British pilots flew food and supplies into West Berlin.

    • C. 

      The United States confronted the Soviet Union in battle at Berlin.

    • D. 

      The United States threatened to bomb Moscow if the USSR didn't back off.

    • E. 

      Nothing; Berlin was conquered by the Soviet Union before the Western powers could intervene.

  • 19. 
    What was NATO?
    • A. 

      An economic alliance between the Eastern European nations.

    • B. 

      A political alliance between the Eastern European nations, in which the countries would support each other if one was attacked.

    • C. 

      An economic alliance between the Western European nations, the United States, and Canada.

    • D. 

      A political alliance between the Western European nations, the United States, and Canada., in which the countries would support each other if one was attacked.

    • E. 

      None of the above.

  • 20. 
    Which of the following parties were fighting for superiority in China following World War II?
    • A. 

      Nationalists

    • B. 

      Monarchists

    • C. 

      Fascists

    • D. 

      Communists

    • E. 

      Anarchists

  • 21. 
    Before it was split into a northern and southern sector, Korea was owned by which country?
    • A. 

      China

    • B. 

      The Soviet Union

    • C. 

      Monglia

    • D. 

      Japan

    • E. 

      Germany

  • 22. 
    Following World War II, Korea was split up into 2 different sectors: communist _______ Korea and democratic _______ Korea.
    • A. 

      East, West

    • B. 

      West, East

    • C. 

      South, North

    • D. 

      North, South

    • E. 

      Korea was split up into more than 2 sections.

  • 23. 
    The Korean War began when North Korean forces crossed over ___________ in an attempt to take control over South Korea.
    • A. 

      The 27th parallel

    • B. 

      The 37th parallel

    • C. 

      The 38th parallel

    • D. 

      The 39th parallel

    • E. 

      The DMZ

  • 24. 
    What city was the capitol of Korea (it was conquered by the North Koreans at the beginning of the Korean War)?
    • A. 

      Pyongyang

    • B. 

      Tokyo

    • C. 

      Ho Chi Minh City

    • D. 

      Seoul

    • E. 

      Beijing

  • 25. 
    When the UN chose to intervene in the Korean War and assist South Korea, why did the Soviet Union veto?
    • A. 

      The Soviet Union did not want to come across as supporting violence to their allies.

    • B. 

      The Soviet Union was boycotting the UN.

    • C. 

      The Soviet Union did not want to fuel the flames of the Cold War.

    • D. 

      The Soviet Union is not a member of the UN Security Council and thus cannot veto any decisions.

    • E. 

      The Soviet Union left the UN a few months earlier and thus were not permitted to make any decisions.

  • 26. 
    Who commanded the American army in the Korean War?
    • A. 

      General Eisenhower

    • B. 

      General Patton

    • C. 

      General MacArthur

    • D. 

      General Tso

    • E. 

      General Lee

  • 27. 
    What small section of Korea allowed the UN to keep forces in the country in the middle of the Korean War?
    • A. 

      The DMZ

    • B. 

      The 38th Parallel

    • C. 

      Seoul

    • D. 

      Inchon

    • E. 

      Pusan

  • 28. 
    Where did the U.S launch a surprise amphibious invasion against the DPRK in the third phase of the war?
    • A. 

      The DMZ

    • B. 

      The 38th Parallel

    • C. 

      Seoul

    • D. 

      Inchon

    • E. 

      Pusan

  • 29. 
    What did the Chinese do when the American army approached the far north of Korea?
    • A. 

      They attacked the Americans.

    • B. 

      They set up a massive defensive wall between Korea and China.

    • C. 

      They retreated the section of China bordering Korea.

    • D. 

      They went to the UN, demanding that the US stop their northern expansion.

    • E. 

      They crossed the 38th Parallel and attacked the Americans.

  • 30. 
    How did the US general suggest the Chinese be stopped?
    • A. 

      The United States would build a defensive wall at the 38th Parallel.

    • B. 

      The United States would blockade China.

    • C. 

      The United States would nuke the Chinese.

    • D. 

      The United States would sign a peace treaty with China.

    • E. 

      The United States would abandon South Korea and leave them to fight for themselves.

  • 31. 
    Which of the following were the terms of the peace treaty ending the Korean War?
    • A. 

      The Soviet Union would gain control over North Korea.

    • B. 

      A cease-fire line would be indicated.

    • C. 

      The United States would gain control over South Korea.

    • D. 

      South Korea would surrender to North Korea and give them all of their land.

    • E. 

      A DMZ would be established.

  • 32. 
    What was the Loyalty Review Board was searching for...
    • A. 

      Anarchist employees in the government.

    • B. 

      Communist employees in the government.

    • C. 

      KGB agents in the government.

    • D. 

      Any employee disloyal to the government.

    • E. 

      None of the above.

  • 33. 
    Why did many people quit their government positions when the Loyalty Review Board was formed?
    • A. 

      They were communists who were afraid of being discovered by the government.

    • B. 

      They felt that the Board violated their rights.

    • C. 

      They thought that Truman was being too strict with his domestic policies.

    • D. 

      They did not want to go through the bureaucratic system associated with the Board.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 34. 
    What was the job of the House Un-American Activities Committee?
    • A. 

      Search for Communist influence in the movie industry.

    • B. 

      Search for Communist influence in literature.

    • C. 

      Search for undercover KGB agents hiding in the US.

    • D. 

      Insert undercover CIA agents into the Soviet Union.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 35. 
    Who were the Hollywood Ten?
    • A. 

      Hollywood actors who refused to testify before HUAC.

    • B. 

      Undercover KGB agents hiding in Hollywood.

    • C. 

      Hollywood screenwriters and directors who were practicing illegal activities in the stock market.

    • D. 

      Hollywood movies that were claimed as communist propaganda.

    • E. 

      None of the above.

  • 36. 
    What did the McCarran Act do?
    • A. 

      Raise tariff on imported goods.

    • B. 

      Give the government permission to invade the citizen's privacy in order to search for suspicious activities.

    • C. 

      Made it unlawful to plan any action that might lead to the establishment of a totalitarian dictatorship in the US.

    • D. 

      Gave women the right to vote.

    • E. 

      Made it illegal for the Communist Party to exist in the US.

  • 37. 
    Why did Senator McCarthy charge Communists with taking over the government?
    • A. 

      He legitimately believed that communists were taking over.

    • B. 

      He was looking for a campaign issue.

    • C. 

      He was trying to fuel the fires of the Cold War.

    • D. 

      He wanted to get rid of enemy senators who opposed his opinions.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 38. 
    What is McCarthyism?
    • A. 

      Tactics used to turn 2 enemies against each other.

    • B. 

      Another word for jingoism.

    • C. 

      Tactics used to remove enemies from states of power.

    • D. 

      Tactics used to advance your career.

    • E. 

      Tactics used to scare people into supporting your cause.

  • 39. 
    Why would McCarthy only accuse the government of submission to communism while in the Senate?
    • A. 

      He wanted to expose his enemies while in their presence.

    • B. 

      He could not be tried/sued for slander while in the Senate.

    • C. 

      He was too afraid to speak about communism in the government while exposed in the public.

    • D. 

      He did not want to come across as too imperialistic in his fight against communism.

    • E. 

      None of the above.

  • 40. 
    Which bomb (first developed by the US) was 67x stronger than the nuclear bomb?
    • A. 

      The A-Bomb

    • B. 

      The Unun-Bomb

    • C. 

      The H-Bomb

    • D. 

      The He-Bomb

    • E. 

      The N-Bomb

  • 41. 
    What was brinkmanship?
    • A. 

      Threatening the enemy into submission with nuclear weapons.

    • B. 

      Forcing your enemy to exhaust their resources by engaging in a fierce competition with them.

    • C. 

      Intense national pride and aggressive foreign policy.

    • D. 

      The willingness to push nations to the brink of nuclear war to keep peace.

    • E. 

      None of the above.

  • 42. 
    What did brinkmanship cause between the US and the Soviet Union?
    • A. 

      The Space Race

    • B. 

      The Cold War

    • C. 

      Nuclear War

    • D. 

      An arms race.

    • E. 

      All of the above.

  • 43. 
    The CIA operates...
    • A. 

      Within the US.

    • B. 

      Outside of the US.

    • C. 

      In the Soviet Union.

    • D. 

      In China.

    • E. 

      In North Korea.

  • 44. 
    In the heart of the Cold War, the middle-eastern country of Iran nationalized their oil fields, meaning...
    • A. 

      They discovered oil fields.

    • B. 

      They took control of all commercially owned oil fields.

    • C. 

      They gave the people control over ex-government controlled oil fields.

    • D. 

      They bought oil fields from Iranian companies.

    • E. 

      None of the above.

  • 45. 
    What was the Warsaw Pact?
    • A. 

      A military alliance.

    • B. 

      An alliance of communist nations.

    • C. 

      The Soviet Union's response to the formation of NATO.

    • D. 

      All of the above.

    • E. 

      None of the above.

  • 46. 
    The Suez War was a conflict between...
    • A. 

      East Germany and West Germany

    • B. 

      The Soviet Union and the US

    • C. 

      Iran and the CIA

    • D. 

      The USSR and Afghanistan

    • E. 

      Israel and Egypt

  • 47. 
    What did the UN do to support the Hungarian uprising?
    • A. 

      Airlifted food and supplies into Hungary.

    • B. 

      Provided the Hungarians with weapons.

    • C. 

      Persuaded the Soviet Union to give Hungary freedom.

    • D. 

      Helped the HUngarians fight for independence.

    • E. 

      Nothing.

  • 48. 
    What was Sputnik? (mark all that apply)
    • A. 

      The first space satellite.

    • B. 

      An American satellite.

    • C. 

      A Chinese satellite.

    • D. 

      A Russian satellite.

    • E. 

      An Iranian satellite.

  • 49. 
    First leader of the Soviet Union.
    • A. 

      Vladimir Lenin

    • B. 

      Josef Stalin

    • C. 

      Mikhail Gorbachev

    • D. 

      Nikita Krushchev

    • E. 

      John Lennon

  • 50. 
    Coined the term "Iron Curtain"
    • A. 

      Winston Churchill

    • B. 

      Harry Truman

    • C. 

      Josef Stalin

    • D. 

      JFK

    • E. 

      FDR

  • 51. 
    Proposed the US policy of containment.
    • A. 

      Harry Truman

    • B. 

      Douglas MacArthur

    • C. 

      General Eisenhower

    • D. 

      George Kennan

    • E. 

      Joseph McCarthy

  • 52. 
    Suggested that the US give aid to European nations that needed it.
    • A. 

      George Kennan

    • B. 

      Douglas MacArthur

    • C. 

      Harry Truman

    • D. 

      Joseph McCarthy

    • E. 

      George Marshall

  • 53. 
    Leader of the Chinese Communist Revolution.
    • A. 

      Chiang Kai-shek

    • B. 

      Mao Zedong

    • C. 

      Kim Jong-il

    • D. 

      Kim Il-sung

    • E. 

      Hideki Tojo

  • 54. 
    An American government employee accused of being a Soviet spy.
    • A. 

      Richard Nixon

    • B. 

      Julius Rosenberg

    • C. 

      Alger Hiss

    • D. 

      Joseph McCarthy

    • E. 

      Francis Gary Powers

  • 55. 
    A senator who's hunt for communists in the government is reminiscent of the Salem Witch Trials.
    • A. 

      Douglas MacArthur

    • B. 

      Richard Nixon

    • C. 

      Harry Truman

    • D. 

      Joseph McCarthy

    • E. 

      George Marshall

  • 56. 
    President of the United States after Truman.
    • A. 

      JFK

    • B. 

      Dwight D. Eisenhower

    • C. 

      Jimmy Carter

    • D. 

      Ronald Reagan

    • E. 

      George H. W. Bush

  • 57. 
    Flew an American U-2 spy plane; was caught and tried by the Soviet Union.
    • A. 

      George Marshall

    • B. 

      Joseph McCarthy

    • C. 

      Francis Gary Powers

    • D. 

      Alger Hiss

    • E. 

      The Rosenbergs