Unit 4 Test: Evolution Spring 2013 Part A

25 Questions | Total Attempts: 36

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Unit 4 Test: Evolution        Spring 2013   Part A

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The ancient bipedal hominid called "Taung Child" is a member of which species?
    • A. 

      Australopithecus aferensis

    • B. 

      Australopithecus africanus

    • C. 

      Homo sapiens

    • D. 

      Homo erectus

  • 2. 
    The ancient bipedal hominid called "Handy Man" is a member of which species?
    • A. 

      Homo neanderthalensis

    • B. 

      Homo habilis

    • C. 

      Homo sapiens

    • D. 

      Homo erectus

  • 3. 
    Modern humans are members of which species?
    • A. 

      Homo neanderthalensis

    • B. 

      Homo habilis

    • C. 

      Homo sapiens

    • D. 

      Homo erectus

  • 4. 
    The oldest living primate group are the ___.
    • A. 

      Prosimians

    • B. 

      Old world monkeys

    • C. 

      Hominids

    • D. 

      Gorillas

  • 5. 
    What is the only hominid to co-exist with Homo sapiens in Europe?
    • A. 

      Homo erectus

    • B. 

      Homo neanderthalensis

    • C. 

      Homo habilis

    • D. 

      Homo robustus

  • 6. 
    Humans are thought to be descendants of ___.
    • A. 

      Homo erectus

    • B. 

      Homo neanderthalensis

    • C. 

      Homo habilis

    • D. 

      Paranthropus boisei

  • 7. 
    What two groups are most hominid species classified into?
    • A. 

      Australopithecus and Homo

    • B. 

      Africanus and habilis

    • C. 

      Homo and sapiens

    • D. 

      Australopithecus and Anthropida

  • 8. 
    Why is it most common to find only the skull of an ancient hominid?
    • A. 

      They only buried the heads of the dead.

    • B. 

      Scavengers can carry off the smaller bones much more easily.

    • C. 

      Skulls tend to look more like rocks.

    • D. 

      Other hominids cannibalize their dead.

  • 9. 
    Scientist often take dirt samples from the area around the fossil find. They do this to ....
    • A. 

      Help determine the relative age of the fossil

    • B. 

      Keep the fossil from rotting

    • C. 

      Provide visual context for where the fossil was found

    • D. 

      Provide a keep-sake of the discovery

  • 10. 
    To help unravel the mysteries of human evolution, paleoanthropologists use all of the following except ___.
    • A. 

      Fossilized bones

    • B. 

      Endocasts of the brains

    • C. 

      Molecular clocks

    • D. 

      Written historical records

  • 11. 
    Which of the following facts supporting evolution would be found in the study of paleontology?
    • A. 

      Embryos of very different organisms have very similar developmental stages.

    • B. 

      A bats wing and a whales flipper have very similar bone structure.

    • C. 

      Large, flightless birds are found on different continents: Australia (Emu), Africa (Ostrich), and Rhea (South America).

    • D. 

      More primative fossils are found below more complex fossils in the rock layers.

  • 12. 
    All of the following branches of science provide evidence for evolution EXCEPT ___.
    • A. 

      Biogeography

    • B. 

      Embriology

    • C. 

      Paleontology

    • D. 

      Oncology

  • 13. 
    The wing of an ostrich would be classified as a(n) ___.
    • A. 

      Homologous structure

    • B. 

      Analogous structure

    • C. 

      Vestigial structure

    • D. 

      Fossil structure

  • 14. 
    Charles Darwin found fossils that looked like ancient versions of living species. From this evidence Darwin suggested that Earth was
    • A. 

      Only 6000 years old.

    • B. 

      Only 2000 years old.

    • C. 

      Less than 6000 years old.

    • D. 

      Much more than 6000 years old.

  • 15. 
    If an organism has a vestigial structure, that structure likely once had a function in a(n)
    • A. 

      Earlier ancestor.

    • B. 

      Close relative.

    • C. 

      Unrelated organism.

    • D. 

      Embryological stage.

  • 16. 
    What type of selection occurs when individuals in a population with the intermediate phenotype are selected for?
    • A. 

      Directional selection

    • B. 

      Stabilizing selection

    • C. 

      Intermediate selection

    • D. 

      Disruptive selection

  • 17. 
    The combined alleles of all the individuals in a population is called the ___.
    • A. 

      Allele frequency

    • B. 

      Gene pool

    • C. 

      Adaptation

    • D. 

      Phenotype frequency

  • 18. 
    Which effect of natural selection is depicted in the graph?
    • A. 

      Directional selection

    • B. 

      Disruptive selection

    • C. 

      Stabilizing selection

    • D. 

      Sexual selection

  • 19. 
    Which effect of natural selection is depicted in the graph?
    • A. 

      Directional selection

    • B. 

      Disruptive selection

    • C. 

      Stabilizing selection

    • D. 

      Sexual selection

  • 20. 
    The movement of alleles from one population to another is called ___.
    • A. 

      The founder effect

    • B. 

      Microevolution

    • C. 

      Genetic drift

    • D. 

      Gene flow

  • 21. 
    Which of the following is not a mechanism for evolution?
    • A. 

      Natural selection

    • B. 

      Sexual selection

    • C. 

      Genetic drift

    • D. 

      Random mating

  • 22. 
    When a male bird of paradise displays its tail feathers, it is exhibiting ____ behavior.
    • A. 

      Intrasexual selection

    • B. 

      Intersexual selection

    • C. 

      Isolation

    • D. 

      Natural selection

  • 23. 
    ___ is a type of evolution in which organisms change in response to other organisms with which they have ecological relationships.
    • A. 

      Coevolution

    • B. 

      Convergent evolution

    • C. 

      Divergent evolution

    • D. 

      Deevolution

  • 24. 
    A ___ is a group of individuals of the same species in the same geographic area.
    • A. 

      Population

    • B. 

      Species

    • C. 

      Breeding family

    • D. 

      Community

  • 25. 
    Bipedalism is an important adaptive advantage for all of the following reasons EXCEPT ___.
    • A. 

      Bipedalism frees the hands to use tools

    • B. 

      Bipedalism frees the hands to carry food

    • C. 

      Bipedalism frees the hands to carry young

    • D. 

      Bipedalism frees the hands to walk faster

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