Unit 4 Test: Evolution Spring 2013 Part B

25 Questions | Total Attempts: 35

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Unit 4 Test: Evolution        Spring 2013      Part B

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The ancient bipedal hominid called "Lucy" is a member of which species?
    • A. 

      Australopithecus aferensis

    • B. 

      Australopithecus africanus

    • C. 

      Homo sapiens

    • D. 

      Homo erectus

  • 2. 
    Which of the following is not a monkey?
    • A. 

      Homo sapiens

    • B. 

      Baboon

    • C. 

      Lemur

    • D. 

      Tarsier

  • 3. 
    Which of the following is not a characteristic of hominids?
    • A. 

      Prehensile tails

    • B. 

      Walking upright

    • C. 

      Opposable thumbs

    • D. 

      Large brains

  • 4. 
    In searching for the origins of humanity, what characteristic did scientists identify as the first step in human evolution?
    • A. 

      Bipedal locomotion

    • B. 

      Language

    • C. 

      Art and imagination

    • D. 

      Large brain

  • 5. 
    Modern whales have vestigieal pelvic bones and lungs instead of gills. What does this evidence suggest about whale ancestors?
    • A. 

      Whale ancestors lived on land.

    • B. 

      Whale ancestors did not evolve.

    • C. 

      Whale ancestors lived 850 million years ago.

    • D. 

      Whale ancestors ate opossums.

  • 6. 
    Charles Darwin's poetic grandfather was ___.
    • A. 

      Erasmus Darwin

    • B. 

      Eugene Darwin

    • C. 

      Carolus Linnaeus

    • D. 

      Georges de Buffon

  • 7. 
    The process of biological change over time by which descendants come to differ from their ancestors is called ___.
    • A. 

      Evolution

    • B. 

      Artificial selection

    • C. 

      Uniformitarianism

    • D. 

      Mutation

  • 8. 
    Which theory states that floods and earthquakes have occurred often in Earth's history?
    • A. 

      Catastrophism

    • B. 

      Uniformitarianism

    • C. 

      Gradualism

    • D. 

      Natural selection

  • 9. 
    Which scientist developed a classification system for organisms?
    • A. 

      Jean-Baptiste Lamarck

    • B. 

      Carolus Linnaeus

    • C. 

      Charles Darwin

    • D. 

      Georges de Buffon

  • 10. 
    What is the term for a feature that allows an organism to survive better in its environment?
    • A. 

      Variation

    • B. 

      Adaptation

    • C. 

      Homologous structure

    • D. 

      Vestigial structure

  • 11. 
    Which of the following is a term for a group of similar organisms that can reproduce and produce fertile offspring?
    • A. 

      Individual

    • B. 

      Population

    • C. 

      Species

    • D. 

      Fossil

  • 12. 
    Which of the following is a fossil?
    • A. 

      A plant that has recently died

    • B. 

      A group of similar organisms that can reproduce

    • C. 

      A structure or organ that no longer functions

    • D. 

      A trace of an organism that existed in the past

  • 13. 
    Which of the following facts supporting evolution would be found in the study of biogeography?
    • A. 

      Embryos of very different organisms have very similar developmental stages.

    • B. 

      A bats wing and a whales flipper have very similar bone structure.

    • C. 

      Large, flightless birds are found on different continents: Australia (Emu), Africa (Ostrich), and Rhea (South America).

    • D. 

      More primative fossils are found below more complex fossils in the rock layers.

  • 14. 
    When a few individuals start a new colony, it most likely results in ...
    • A. 

      Genetic drift through the founder effect.

    • B. 

      More variety in the new population.

    • C. 

      Extinction due to the bottleneck effect.

    • D. 

      Mutation due to disruptive selection.

  • 15. 
    Which of the five mechanisms of evolution is illustrated in the following scenario: A change in body color enabled animals to better hide from predators.
    • A. 

      Natural selection

    • B. 

      Gene flow

    • C. 

      Genetic drift

    • D. 

      Mutation

  • 16. 
    When an individual ___ from its population, the genetic diversity of the population decreases.
    • A. 

      Emigrates

    • B. 

      Immigrates

    • C. 

      Isolates

    • D. 

      Mutates

  • 17. 
    ___ is a type of reproductive isolation in which differing mating rituals prevent individuals from different populations from mating.
    • A. 

      Geographic isolation

    • B. 

      Behavioral isolation

    • C. 

      Temporal isolation

    • D. 

      Intersexual isolation

  • 18. 
    ___ is a type of reproductive isolation in which oceans, mountains, or deserts keep populations from interbreeding.
    • A. 

      Geographic isolation

    • B. 

      Behavioral isolation

    • C. 

      Temporal isolation

    • D. 

      Intersexual isolation

  • 19. 
    ___ is a process by which unrelated organisms independantly evolve similar features in response to changes in the environment.
    • A. 

      Coevolution

    • B. 

      Convergent evolution

    • C. 

      Divergent evolution

    • D. 

      Deevolution

  • 20. 
    The differences between members of the same species are known as ___.
    • A. 

      Variations

    • B. 

      Adaptations

    • C. 

      Mutations

    • D. 

      Genetic isolation

  • 21. 
    The process by which individuals that are better suited to their environment survive and reproduce more successfully than others is known as ___.
    • A. 

      Natural selection

    • B. 

      Sexual selection

    • C. 

      Genetic drift

    • D. 

      Gene flow

  • 22. 
    ___ is a form of reproductive isolation in which two populations reproduce during different times of the year.
    • A. 

      Temporal isolation

    • B. 

      Behavioral isolation

    • C. 

      Geographic isolation

    • D. 

      Mutagenic isolation

  • 23. 
    Scientists attempt to date fossils by examining the radioactive isotopes. This method is called ___.
    • A. 

      Radiometric dating

    • B. 

      Relative dating

    • C. 

      Speed dating

    • D. 

      Geologic time scaling

  • 24. 
    The four principles of natural selection are variation, adaptation, overproduction, and ___.
    • A. 

      Heritability

    • B. 

      DNA mutation

    • C. 

      Random mating

    • D. 

      Symbiosis

  • 25. 
    Genetic variation can arise from a random change in the DNA of a gene. This change is called a(n) ___.
    • A. 

      Mutation

    • B. 

      Gene flow

    • C. 

      Gene pool

    • D. 

      Allele

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