Tutor Questions Week 10

9 Questions | Total Attempts: 89

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Week Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following statements is correct regarding the development of the heart?
    • A. 

      The primitive heart tube undergoes a ventrocaudal folding down and to the left to ultimately to lie in its final resting position.

    • B. 

      The right atrium consists of the right vitelline vein, primitive right atrium, and the sinus venarum.

    • C. 

      The majority of the heart is derived from surrounding mesenchyme of endodermal original.

    • D. 

      The flexible septum secundum functions as a primitive valve allowing for right to left shunting of blood in the fetus

    • E. 

      A portion of the bulbis cordis (conus cordu) contributes to the aorticopulmonary septum

    • F. 

      The right sinus venosus is obliterated and does not significantly contribute to the adult heart.

  • 2. 
    The following values are obtained:  VO2 = 200 ml 02/min, Oxygen content within the pulmonary vein = 0.25ml 02/ml blood.  Oxygen content within pulmonary artery is 0.20 ml 02/ml blood.  Heart rate = 100 bpm.  Amount of blood in the left ventricle immediately following the closure of the mitral valve was determined to be 100mL.  What is this patient’s Ejection Fraction, and what would be the appropriate consultation?  Ficks CO= HR x SV     EF=SV/EDV
    • A. 

      Ejection fraction is approx 55% and is normal, they have nothing to worry about

    • B. 

      Ejection fraction is 40% indicating they may be experiencing some form of heart failure

    • C. 

      Ejection fraction is 65% indicating they are under the influence of some positive inotropic agents

    • D. 

      Ejection fraction is approx 40% and they have nothing to be concerned with, this is normal

    • E. 

      Ejection fraction is approximately 55%, and they should seek consultation

    • F. 

      Ejection fraction is 65% which is within the normal range

  • 3. 
    Which of the following adequately characterizes eccentric hypertrophy?
    • A. 

      It is associated with the S4 heart sound

    • B. 

      It is due to a prolonged increase in afterload

    • C. 

      It is the result prolonged volume overload within the left ventricle

    • D. 

      It is the sound made in response to the rebounding of pressure in the left atrium

  • 4. 
    What is the most likely cause of a mitral valve prolapsed?
    • A. 

      Hypertension

    • B. 

      Diabetes

    • C. 

      Myxomatous Degeneration

    • D. 

      Congenital

    • E. 

      Dilation of the ventricles

  • 5. 
    Which of the following is a derivative of the 4th aortic arch?
    • A. 

      Left subclavian artery

    • B. 

      Arch of Aorta

    • C. 

      Ductus arteriosus

    • D. 

      Left pulmonary artery

    • E. 

      Commoon carotid artery

    • F. 

      Stapedial artery

  • 6. 
    What is the correct pathway of chylomicrons?
    • A. 

      Small intestines to blood to liver to adipose cells via CII and LPL plasma interactions

    • B. 

      Small intestines to lymph to blood to adipose cells via CII and LPL plasma interactions

    • C. 

      Small intestines to lymph to blood to adipose cells via ApoB48 and LPL interactions

    • D. 

      Small intestines to liver to blood to adipose cells via CII and LPL interactions.

    • E. 

      Small intestines to lymphto liver via apoE to form LDL.

  • 7. 
    A patient comes to you complaining of shortness of breath and angina. You determine he is not having a heart attack. The man is only in his thirties and is not overweight, however, his LDL plasmas are very high. What is the likely diagnosis and a likely symptom that could be present?
    • A. 

      Abetaliportenemia and increased plasma triglycerides

    • B. 

      Type IV dyslipidemia and tendon xanthomas

    • C. 

      Type IIa dyslipidemia and xanthelasmas

    • D. 

      Type IIa dyslipidemia and eruptive xanthomas

    • E. 

      Type IV dyslipidemia and eruptive xanthomas

  • 8. 
    A person begins to run. What are some expected phsyogical responses?
    • A. 

      Increased stroke volume with overall increase of TPR

    • B. 

      Increased cardiac output with decrease in pulse pressure

    • C. 

      Increased Sympathetic Vasoconstriction with an overall decrease in TPR

    • D. 

      Increased Heart Rate with a decrease in venous tone.

    • E. 

      Increased Heart Rate with increased end systolic volume.

  • 9. 
    A patient presents to you complaining of swelling of the legs and shortness of breath. He seems troubled and you ask him how these symptoms make him feel? He states that he feels scared as he feels the symptoms are happening because he is being punished by God for being a bad person. Where should the patient’s statements, regarding his symptoms, be placed in the patient write up?
    • A. 

      Review of Systems

    • B. 

      HPI

    • C. 

      Social History

    • D. 

      Family History

    • E. 

      Does not belong in patient write up as it is an opinion of the patient

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