Theory Quiz 1

10 Questions | Total Attempts: 65

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Theory Quiz 1

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What theory does the following statement represent:People become stabilized in criminal roles when they are labeled as such, stigmatized and develop criminal identity, excluded from legitimate/conventional roles; regenerative responses less likely to create defiance and commitment to crime
    • A. 

      Individual Trait

    • B. 

      Labeling/Shaming

    • C. 

      Differential Association/Social Learning

    • D. 

      Conservative

  • 2. 
    Which of the following theorists are not associated with the theory in question #1?I.     LemertII.    QuinneyIII.   SampsonIV.   Sherman
    • A. 

      I & III

    • B. 

      I, III, & IV

    • C. 

      II & III

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 3. 
    What did the environmental/routine activities theory state?
    • A. 

      Crime is caused by suffering

    • B. 

      Prevent crime by reducing opportunities

    • C. 

      Crime causation is a developmental process

    • D. 

      Crime occurs because benefits outweigh costs

  • 4. 
    Which theorists are associated with the environmental/routine activities theory?
    • A. 

      Lombroso

    • B. 

      Merton, Messner and Rosenfeld

    • C. 

      Cohen and Felson, Clarke

    • D. 

      Cohen, Agnew, Cloward and Ohlin

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 5. 
    What does the theory that states "crime is due to a breakdown in morality  in society and leniency in the criminal justice system" recommend to stop crime?
    • A. 

      Reduce harshness of sentences

    • B. 

      Make peace

    • C. 

      Vigorously police minor offenses in disorderly communities

    • D. 

      Consider gender

  • 6. 
    What theory does the following statement represent?"Crime is caused or determined; biological deficiencies"
    • A. 

      Conservative

    • B. 

      Classical

    • C. 

      Control

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 7. 
    What theorist is associated with the theory in the previous question?
    • A. 

      Lombroso

    • B. 

      Quinney

    • C. 

      Laub & Sampson

    • D. 

      Lemert

  • 8. 
    The following statement represents social learning:"Gap between American Dream and opportunity to achieve goal creates strain"
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 9. 
    Which of the following theories are associated with strain due to inability to achieve a goal?
    • A. 

      Positivist

    • B. 

      Strain

    • C. 

      Anomie

    • D. 

      Conservative

  • 10. 
    Which theorists are associated with the deterrence/rational choice theory?
    • A. 

      Cohen & Felson

    • B. 

      Laub & Sampson

    • C. 

      Cornish and Clarke

    • D. 

      None of the above