Theories Of Remembering

6 Questions

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Theology Quizzes & Trivia

A quiz that asks different random questions that are designed to test your knowledge on different subject matters. It might not be as easy as you think but just try it out to see how you will do.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Levels of Processing Theory (____ & Lockhart 1972) They suggested that our memory for any piece of information depends on how deeply it is initially processed. ______ Processing (shallow): analysing the ______ appearance of information; less likely to be remembered. ______ Processing: analysing _____ information. ______ Processing (deep): analysing the ______ of information; most likely to be remembered.
  • 2. 
    Evaluation of Levels of Processing Theory (Craik & Lockhart 1972) STRENGTHS:
    • supported by Craik & ______'s research
    • the theory has practical applications; learning and ______
    • explains '________' memories
    WEAKNESSES:
    • there is no clear way of _________ processing
    • theory doesn't take into consideration _______ or imagery
  • 3. 
    Levels of Processing Experiment (Craik & Tulving 1975) ___ participants, laboratory experiment Aim: to test the levels of processing theory Findings: the percentage of words recognised was 17%  for those processed at a ________ level, 36% for words processed at a _______ level and 65% processed at a _______ level. Overall, therefore, the deeper the processing the ______ the recognition. Conclusion: they concluded that recognition was greater for those words that were processed at a _______ level.
  • 4. 
    Evaluation of Levels of Processing Experiment (Craik & Tulving 1975) STRENGTHS:
    • participants were naive to the fact it was a test of _______
    • used ______ measures design
    • data was ___________
    • highly ________
    WEAKNESSES:
    • unrealistic - lacked ______ ________
    • study ignored other factors such as _______ and imagery
  • 5. 
    Reconstructive Memory Theory (_______, 1932) His theory states that memory is an 'imaginative _______ of experience'. Evaluation STRENGTHS:
    • supported by research; ______ & Postman, Loftus & _____, Bartlett
    • has improved the _______ ______ ______
    WEAKNESSES
    • over-exaggerates the inaccuracy of _______
    • undermined by Yuille & ________'s research
  • 6. 
    Studies that support Reconstructive Memory Theory _____ & Postman: the black/ white mugger picture; over time ______ changed people's memories Bartlett: '____ __ ___ _____' story was told and because people couldn't understand it very well, they used _____ to make sense of it