Cue-dependancy Theory (Tulving, 1972)
Theory is based around Tulving's _______ SPECIFICITY PRINCIPLE which states, 'the greater the similiarity between the encoding event and _______ event, the greater the likelihood of recalling the original memory.'
Examples of context-dependant forgetting:
LOCATION; Godden & _______ (next question)
MUSIC; Smith showed that without the same music as a _____ cue, recall is impaired
Examples of state-dependant forgetting:
ALCOHOL; Duka found that ______ with alcohol and ______ with alcohol worked best as participants were using the same physical state
EXERCISE: Miles & _______ found that learning while _____ and recalling while _____ worked best
FEAR; Lang found that students that were fearful of _____ and spiders and had their ____ induced when learning a list of words, recalled them better when induced again.