Theories Of Forgetting

5 Questions
Educational Psychology Quizzes & Trivia

Forgetting is not a very interesting trait to have and many people, if not everyone, dislike it. It affects your decison making and your day to day activities. Take this quiz and understand the different theories of forgeting. It is worth your time.

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Cue-dependancy Theory (Tulving, 1972) Theory is based around Tulving's  _______ SPECIFICITY PRINCIPLE which states, 'the greater the similiarity between the encoding event and _______ event, the greater the likelihood of recalling the original memory.' Examples of context-dependant forgetting:
    • LOCATION; Godden & _______ (next question)
    • MUSIC; Smith showed that without the same music as a _____ cue, recall is impaired
    Examples of state-dependant forgetting:
    • ALCOHOL; Duka found that ______ with alcohol and ______ with alcohol worked best as participants were using the same physical state
    • EXERCISE: Miles & _______ found that learning while _____ and recalling while _____ worked best
    • FEAR; Lang found that students that were fearful of _____ and spiders and had their ____ induced when learning a list of words, recalled them better when induced again.
  • 2. 
    Context-dependant Memory Experiment (Godden & _______, 1975) ___ participants, field experiment Aim: to investigate whether a natural environment can act as a ____ for recall Findings: recall was about _____ higher when the learning and recall contexts were the _____ Conclusion: environment can act as a contextual cue for ______
  • 3. 
    Evaluation of Context-dependant Memory Experiment STRENGTHS:
    • order effects, such as fatigue, were avoided using ______________ of the 4 conditions
    • findings support ______'s cue-dependancy theory
    • low ______ _______, task is unlike real-life
    • ________ such as weather conditions and noise levels could not be _________ in this field setting
  • 4. 
    Repression (Freud) Repression is one of our brain's defence _________. Freud believed that these blocked memories remain active in the unconcious mind and can trigger inexplained ______ illness, or inexplicable and abnormal behaviours. Evaluation STRENGTHS:
    • supported by research by Koehler (2002); sweat and stress study, _______ words caused more stress in individual
    • undermined by reasearch by Hadley & Mckay (2007); students shown words, _____ words were more likely to be recalled
  • 5. 
    KEY ISSUE - Eye Witness Testimony Reasons why it's accurate:
    • LOP Theory would suggest that any ______ information (crime scene, people involved - what they looked like) would only be processed shallowly and would not be well _________
    • RECON Theory would suggest that memories would become distorted over time due to ______ and _________ information
    • Cue-dependancy theory would suggest that _____ of events may be poor without state/______ cues
    • Repression theory suggests that witnesses to emotionally disturbing events will have a poor ______
    Reasons why it's accurate:
    • LOP theory also suggests that recall is likely to be accurate. If the information was processed _________, they're more likely to remember
    • Yuille & ______'s research into real-life accounts suggest that memories are accurate