The Battle Of The Crooked Billet

25 Questions

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Battle Quizzes & Trivia

This quiz is a way to assess students on the events surrounding the Revolutionary War battle, The Battle of the Crooked Billet. Before taking this quiz, students should view the documentary film The Battle of the Crooked Billet. Copies of the film can be purchased from: http://www. Battleofcrookedbillet. Com/dvd. Htm


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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    True or False? The Battle of Crooked Billet is well known in American history as a major event during the Revolutionary War.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 2. 
    What did General Lacy mean when he said “I have taken my home as that of my enemy”?
    • A. 

      The British had successfully routed his troops and captured his Buck’s county home.

    • B. 

      His Bucks County neighbors were generally loyal to the Crown.

    • C. 

      He had second thoughts about fighting for the Continental cause.

    • D. 

      He would fight back with techniques similar to those of the British.

  • 3. 
    True or False? The reason that the British wanted to attack General Lacy’s Militia was that he was effective in stopping goods and supplies from reaching Philadelphia.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    True or False? General Washington’s impression of the Continental militia was that they were unreliable and could not stand up to British regulars.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    What is the meaning of the phrase “Not worth a continental”?
    • A. 

      A continental soldier’s life was not valued.

    • B. 

      The paper Continental currency was worthless compared to British coins.

    • C. 

      The American colonies were not worth fighting over.

    • D. 

      The Continental soldiers were inferior to British soldiers.

  • 6. 
    The two major events marking the Philadelphia campaign were the __________ and the ____________. 
    • A. 

      Encampment of the Continental Army at Valley Forge

    • B. 

      Defense at the Crooked Billet

    • C. 

      British occupation of Philadelphia

    • D. 

      American victory at the Battle of Valley Forge

  • 7. 
    Two major events mark the Philadelphia campaign; Washington’s encampment at Valley Forge, and the British occupation of Philadelphia. What was the strategy of the Continental Army that kept General Lacy’s militia and other continental militia groups far from the Valley Forge encampment?
    • A. 

      Surround Philadelphia to attack the British garrison.

    • B. 

      Prevent farmers from supplying the British with food and supplies.

    • C. 

      Fool the British as to the whereabouts of the main encampment.

    • D. 

      All of the above are correct.

  • 8. 
    How long was a soldier in the Pennsylvania militia required to serve?
    • A. 

      Two months

    • B. 

      Six months

    • C. 

      One year

    • D. 

      Two years

  • 9. 
    What three causes contributed to the scouting parties failure to alert the Crooked Billet camp to the imminant attack?
    • A. 

      The scouting parties left late because, many of the men overslept.

    • B. 

      The scouting parties mistook the British for a column of their own men.

    • C. 

      Lieutenant Nelson failed to follow orders to direct his men to fire warning shots.

    • D. 

      The orders were confused and the scouting parties began to assemble an hour late.

    • E. 

      All three of the scouting parties failed to spot the British.

    • F. 

      Both of the men sent back to warn the camp deserted.

  • 10. 
    What was the result of Lieutenant Nelson’s failure to follow orders? (Choose all that apply)
    • A. 

      Nelson was discharged from service.

    • B. 

      The camp was not warned in time to prepare for the attack.

    • C. 

      The camp was alerted sooner than if Nelson had followed orders.

    • D. 

      Nelson was promoted to commanding officer.

    • E. 

      Nelson was court marshaled.

  • 11. 
    One of the stories of the Battle of the Crooked Billet is about the wife of a militia soldier who travels from up-state New York to retrieve a locket of hair from the grave of her dead husband. Which of the following is a clue to why this story may be more legend than fact? 
    • A. 

      All of the soldiers killed in action were identified and buried by their families.

    • B. 

      It is unlikely that a soldier from upstate New York was in the Battle of the Crooked Billet, because only local militia was involved.

    • C. 

      Although some soldiers were wounded, there is no record of any deaths at the Battle of The Crooked Billet.

    • D. 

      It would have been considered blasphemy in colonial times to disturb a grave.

  • 12. 
    What assumption did the British make that kept them from their goal of capturing Lacy and his men in a trap at the Horsham Road?
    • A. 

      The British hoped that the scouting parties would not warn the camp.

    • B. 

      The British did not realize that Lacy had knowledge of their plan from spies working in the area.

    • C. 

      The British thought that Lacy was dependent on the Continental Army and would retreat to the main camp at Valley Forge.

    • D. 

      The British assumed that the ambush site would be deserted, when in fact it was occupied by a strong column of Continental Regulars.

  • 13. 
    True or False? Lacy’s inexperience with the local countryside was a contributing factor to the British success at the Battle of the Crooked Billet.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    Although there are stories of British casualties, the British only reported a few wounded. Consider the story of the militia soldier who kills a British soldier who was chasing him.  Assuming that the story has some truth to it, what might have occurred? 
  • 15. 
    Which part of Lacy’s forces took the brunt of the casualties?
    • A. 

      The baggage train

    • B. 

      The scouting parties

    • C. 

      The infantry units

    • D. 

      The cavalry unit

  • 16. 
    Although the Revolutionary War is often depicted as quaint, the film highlights a darker side of the struggle for independence.  According to the film, who was likely responsible for the atrocities committed at the Battle of the Crooked Billet?
    • A. 

      The Continental Regulars

    • B. 

      The British Regulars

    • C. 

      The Continental Militia

    • D. 

      The Loyalist Militia

    • E. 

      The Quakers

  • 17. 
    A significant point of the film is that the Revolutionary War was in fact America’s first _______. 
  • 18. 
    One story in the film tells of a wounded militiaman who was shot in the face by his own neighbor. Which of the following facts support this local tradition?
    • A. 

      A bounty in gold had been placed on the heads of militiamen by the British Crown.

    • B. 

      Many in the area were loyal to the crown and spared no quarter towards those who were not.

    • C. 

      Under British law, a loyalist could seize the land of rebel he kills in action.

    • D. 

      The militiaman had stolen his neighbor’s donkey and four ducks.

  • 19. 
    Although the Battle of the Crooked Billet was a tactical victory for the British it was not a strategic victory. Why?
    • A. 

      Lacy rebuilt his camp within 48 hours and continued with his mission to harass the enemy.

    • B. 

      The British attack alerted Washington to danger and prevented the British from attacking the main camp at Valley Forge.

    • C. 

      The area of Bucks and Montgomery Counties where the battle took place had no strategic importance to either side.

    • D. 

      Although the British killed some men and took some supplies, they failed to take the field.

  • 20. 
    After the Battle of the Crooked Billet what did the British do with the wagon train that they captured?
    • A. 

      All of the wagons and supplies were set ablaze.

    • B. 

      The supplies were sold and each soldier was paid a bonus.

    • C. 

      The supplies were donated to the Red Cross and given to local loyalist families.

    • D. 

      The British returned the wagons and supplies to the farmers.

  • 21. 
    Captain John Downey’s obituary details his violent death to an extreme not seen in contemporary obituaries. Why is Captain Downey’s obituary so graphic?
    • A. 

      The obituary was printed by a loyalist newspaper who wanted to frighten the population from joining with the rebels.

    • B. 

      The obituary was printed by a Continental newspaper that used it as propaganda to enrage the populace against the British.

    • C. 

      It was common to be graphic in obituaries during colonial period and there is likely no political agenda behind the article.

    • D. 

      The obituary was created by the filmmakers to sensationalize the event.

  • 22. 
    The monument to the Battle of Crooked Billet was erected in April 1861. Explain why the Battle of Crooked Billet was significant at that time? 
  • 23. 
    Why is the Battle of the Crooked Billet considered a massacre by some historians?
    • A. 

      Lacy’s troops were taken off guard.

    • B. 

      The attack completely decimated Lacy’s command.

    • C. 

      Many of those killed were reportedly brutalized and burnt alive.

    • D. 

      It was a major tactical error for Washington to assign a small force of militia to such a strategic area.

  • 24. 
    The stories of brutality and burning of men alive may be exaggerations of the truth (We will never know for sure). What we do know is that the stories had an immediate political effect. What was this effect?
    • A. 

      The brutality inflamed outrage against the British and garnished local support for the rebel cause.

    • B. 

      The violence made the King of England question his policies towards the Continentals.

    • C. 

      The violence against his own troops permitted Washington to justify the use of “savage tactics” against British soldiers and loyalists.

    • D. 

      The brutality resulted in the Geneva Convention.