Test02 For Exam

23 | Total Attempts: 14

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Test02 For Exam

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Cultural safety can be defined as
    • A. 

      Describing the pratices of diverse ethnic groups

    • B. 

      Learning about the diverse cultural practices of consumers and clients

    • C. 

      Describing how once can be safe when using different cultural beliefs

    • D. 

      Nurses learning about their own attitudes and values in their own culture

  • 2. 
    Anxiety and affective disorders have a higher incidence in females.  This could be due to
    • A. 

      The reliability and validity of classification systems

    • B. 

      Women's employment prospects versus family responsibilities

    • C. 

      Biolgoical, psychological and cultural influences

    • D. 

      Women seeking medical advice more than men

  • 3. 
    Professional ethical codes of conduct consider primarily
    • A. 

      Standards of professional integrity

    • B. 

      All of the above

    • C. 

      Standards of professional competence

    • D. 

      Standards of professional etiquette

  • 4. 
    When controlling measures are instigated by nurses, patients may primarily feel that
    • A. 

      Their autonomy has been restricted.

    • B. 

      They would be better off at home

    • C. 

      Their behaviour has not warranted this form of treatment

    • D. 

      They are not being comprehensively looked after

  • 5. 
    The major difference, for a child, between an authoratative parent and an authoritarian parent according to Baumrind (1971) was that
    • A. 

      An authoraitative parent was involved and confronting

    • B. 

      An authoritarian parent had clear expectations of the child

    • C. 

      An authoritarian parent was warm and supportive

    • D. 

      An authoritative parent had clear, rational expectations

  • 6. 
    Caring and supportive interventions for consumers in an inpatient setting include
    • A. 

      Giving medication advice and PRN medication promptly

    • B. 

      The consumer being consulted about the care planned, and nurses' flexibility in providing care

    • C. 

      Involvement of family and significant others in the treatment process

    • D. 

      Devising alternative approahces to care with the multidisciplinary team

  • 7. 
    A defence mechanism can be described as:
    • A. 

      A person placing defences against others by not being socially involved

    • B. 

      A conscious process whereby anxiety expereienced by the ego is reduced

    • C. 

      An unconscious process whereby anxiety expereienced by the ego is reduced

    • D. 

      A way of allowing a person to understand how their ego works in conjunction with their id and superego

  • 8. 
    The condition in which a consumer has more than one mental health disorder at a time is known as
    • A. 

      Ethnocentrism

    • B. 

      Mortality

    • C. 

      Co-morbidity

    • D. 

      Co-depence

  • 9. 
    One of the main influences on one's self-concept, life relationships and life experiences is
    • A. 

      Personal control

    • B. 

      Attachment

    • C. 

      Reslilience

    • D. 

      Humanism

  • 10. 
    Which of teh following constittes a misconception about mental health
    • A. 

      The media can be used as a tool to educate and change public opinion

    • B. 

      People with a mental illness will never recover

    • C. 

      The media can have a negative impact on the image of mental illness

    • D. 

      More contact with people with a mental illness can lessen stigma

  • 11. 
    When evaluating a diagnosis or classification of a consumer, what would you consider to be imperative in this daignosis?
    • A. 

      The cultural sensitivity of the diagnostic criteria

    • B. 

      Whether the multidisciplinary team has been involved

    • C. 

      A comparison between DMS-IV and ICD-10 classification systems

    • D. 

      Whether the family and significan others have been involved

  • 12. 
    THe nature versus nurture debate focuses on
    • A. 

      Behavioural influences vs cognitive changes in the individual

    • B. 

      Biological inheritance vs environmental influences on an individual

    • C. 

      Psychological determinants vs psychoanalytical influences on the indivdiual

    • D. 

      Humanistic pscyhology vs behavioural changes in an individual

  • 13. 
    One of the significant causes of mortality for both Aboriginal people and Maori people is
    • A. 

      Bipolar disorder

    • B. 

      Drug dependence

    • C. 

      Depression

    • D. 

      Suicide

  • 14. 
    Once principle of therapeutic communication when the nruse works with a client with a mental disorder is that the
    • A. 

      Nurse should have a social relationship with teh client

    • B. 

      Client's behaviours should be recorded

    • C. 

      Nurse should self-disclose when indicated

    • D. 

      Client is the primary focus of the interaction

  • 15. 
    Which defence mechanism is seen at work in the following example?Julie is a four-year old toilet trained child who beomces incontienent following the birth of her new sister
    • A. 

      Rationalisation

    • B. 

      Intellectualisation

    • C. 

      Regression

    • D. 

      Denial

  • 16. 
    Standards of practice in mental health nursing predominantly
    • A. 

      Describe the expected performance of nurses providing mental health care

    • B. 

      Recognize individual differences in each nurses' workplace

    • C. 

      Document rules of practice among mental healht nurses in all states and countries

    • D. 

      Involve the department of health in individual states and countries

  • 17. 
    An underlying premise of Allport's (1961) dimensions of maturity is
    • A. 

      Autonomy vs shame and doubt

    • B. 

      Acceptance of self and others

    • C. 

      Definite moral standards

    • D. 

      Emotional security

  • 18. 
    The id, ego and superego comprise the forces underpinning which theory of personality?
    • A. 

      The biomedical theory

    • B. 

      The cognitive psychology theory

    • C. 

      Psychoanalytic theory

    • D. 

      The humanistic psychoology theory

  • 19. 
    Erikson's work on stage development envisaged successful personality development as
    • A. 

      An outcome of adolescent disequilibrium among peers

    • B. 

      An outcome of conflict resolution through eight psychological stages

    • C. 

      An outcome of attachement between mother and child

    • D. 

      An outcome of four broad stages in cognitive development

  • 20. 
    It has been argued that moral development is mroe compelx than simple developmental stage theories indicate.  Taking into account underlying critical factors, which of the following family charactersitics helps moral development the most?
    • A. 

      A degree of support and interactive family communication

    • B. 

      Exploring self-reliance in an individual within a family

    • C. 

      A degree of family adaptability, cohesiveness and communication

    • D. 

      Warm, non-demanding and non-controlling parents

  • 21. 
    The nurse is using cognitive therapy with a client who visits the mental health centre.  The nurse should explain to the client that cognitive therapy is aimed at
    • A. 

      Solving the client's problems for him

    • B. 

      Educating clients aobut their disorders and emotional experiences

    • C. 

      Reinforcing desired behaviours on a dialy basis

    • D. 

      Changing the client's ways of viewing experiences

  • 22. 
    Which defence mechanism is seen at work in the following example?Mary has been unassertive with her supervisor at work and when she comes home she slams cupboards and screams at her husband.
    • A. 

      Displacement

    • B. 

      Regression

    • C. 

      Sublimation

    • D. 

      Projection

  • 23. 
    Once the nurse has reviewed his or her own personal beliefes and attitudes, it is possible for the nurse to
    • A. 

      Avoid clients that the nurse dislikes

    • B. 

      Have a therapeutic relationship with a client

    • C. 

      Change learned behaviours

    • D. 

      Alter intrinsic biological factors