Test Nutrition

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Nutrition Quizzes & Trivia

Nutrition, Wound Care, and Sterile Field :)


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What is the correct defintion of BMR, "Basometobolic Rate?"
    • A. 

      The measure of energy required to maintain the body @ rest.

    • B. 

      A ratio of height and weight correlated w/ overall mortality and nutritional risk.

    • C. 

      The specific chemical compounds and elements found in food.

    • D. 

      The breakdown of food.

  • 2. 
    A calorie is the measure of heat. A kilocalorie is = to 1,000 calories.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 3. 
    Select all that apply: Food habits-what we eat and when we eat it-have evolved over thousands of years. (Pg. 4 Essentials of Nutrition) What are some factors that influence our food patterns?
    • A. 

      Agriculture

    • B. 

      Climate

    • C. 

      Proximity of water

    • D. 

      Religion

  • 4. 
    The end product of protiens are Glucose, Fructose, and Galactose.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    The end product of fats are Fatty acids, Monoglycerides, Diglycerides and Glycerol.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    Select all that apply: Which of the following are Highly Saturated fats?
    • A. 

      Salad Oil

    • B. 

      Stick Margarine

    • C. 

      Butter

    • D. 

      Pop

    • E. 

      Beef Fat

  • 7. 
    Select all that apply: Which of the following are B-Complex vitamins?
    • A. 

      Vitamin K

    • B. 

      Thiamin

    • C. 

      Riboflavin

    • D. 

      Vitamin A

  • 8. 
    Select all that apply: Which three major minerals are important to out bones and teeth?
    • A. 

      Calcium

    • B. 

      Phosphorus

    • C. 

      Magnesium

    • D. 

      Sulfer

    • E. 

      Potassium

  • 9. 
    What are two trace elements that start with the letter "I?" _____&_________. *Be sure to put the (&) sign in between and the 4 letter word first or it will mark it wrong! :)
  • 10. 
    Carbohydrates give us what?
    • A. 

      Energy

    • B. 

      Presents :)

    • C. 

      Enzymes

    • D. 

      Protien

  • 11. 
    Enzymes act as a catalyst and do what?
    • A. 

      Slow things down

    • B. 

      Speed things up

    • C. 

      Neutralize them

    • D. 

      Nothing

  • 12. 
    Chyme is a mass of food tha enters the small intestine.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    If we tested the pH of a fluid from a body and it was acidic, where would it most likely have came from?
    • A. 

      The saliva

    • B. 

      The stomach

    • C. 

      The Large intestine

    • D. 

      The Small intestine

  • 14. 
    After food enters the Esophagus it enters into what?
    • A. 

      Pancreas

    • B. 

      Small Intestine

    • C. 

      Large Intestine

    • D. 

      Stomach

  • 15. 
    The Process of Digestion is as follows: Mouth-->Pharnyx--> Esophagus-->Stomach--> Small Intestine--> Large Intestine--> Rectume--> Anus
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    Active Transport of absorption need a "carrier" to move particles from greater concentration to lower concentration.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 17. 
    ___________ is the movement of water through a membrane that separates solutions of different concentrations.
    • A. 

      Diffusion

    • B. 

      Active Transport

    • C. 

      Osmosis

    • D. 

      Passive Diffusion

  • 18. 
    Bile is stored in the gullbladder and the liver emulsifies it.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    Absorption occurs in the what?
    • A. 

      Large Intestine

    • B. 

      Small Intestine

    • C. 

      Pancreas

    • D. 

      Stomach

  • 20. 
    Metabolism occurs in the cells with anabolism and catabolism.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    Anabolism ...?
    • A. 

      Speeds things up

    • B. 

      Build things up

    • C. 

      Breaks things down

    • D. 

      Speeds things down

  • 22. 
    Select all that apply for RDA:
    • A. 

      Stands for "Recommended Dietary Allowences."

    • B. 

      It's for vitamins, minerals and protiens.

    • C. 

      It's for vitamins and minerals.

    • D. 

      Required to list amount and % of daily allowence.

  • 23. 
    Which of the following are good sources of GRAINS?
    • A. 

      Steak, beans, eggs, milk

    • B. 

      Bread, crackers, rice, pasta

    • C. 

      Broccoli, carrots, sweetpotatoes, corn

    • D. 

      Milk, yogurt, icecream, nuts

  • 24. 
    Which are good sources of VEGETABLES?
    • A. 

      Milk, bread, rice, pasta

    • B. 

      Steak, beans, corn, mashed potatoes

    • C. 

      Corn, broccoli, spinach, potatoes

    • D. 

      Milk, icecream, chicken, pumpkin pie

  • 25. 
    Which of the following is a good source of MEAT AND BEANS?
    • A. 

      Milk, eggs, broccoli, mashed potatoes

    • B. 

      Chilli, water, french fries, corn

    • C. 

      Icecream, pancakes, syrup, beans

    • D. 

      Steak, beans, eggs, chicken, tuna

  • 26. 
    For the growth and development part of nutrition, infants--> school age children have what?
    • A. 

      Rapid growth; high protien, vitamin, mineral and energy requirements.

    • B. 

      Energy needs that increase to meet greater metabolic demands.

    • C. 

      Metabolism that slows down and has a decrease need for energy.

  • 27. 
    Select all that apply: Flexitarians eat what of the following?
    • A. 

      Plant foods

    • B. 

      Steaks

    • C. 

      Fish

    • D. 

      Poultry

    • E. 

      Eggs

    • F. 

      Dairy

  • 28. 
    Vegan Vegetarians eat only plant foods.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 29. 
    A defiency of folic acid may result in a baby being born w/o a brain. Also, may result in Spinal Fida.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 30. 
    Carbohydrates are the ______ source of energy. It supports 4 kcals for every gram.
    • A. 

      3rd

    • B. 

      2nd

    • C. 

      1st

  • 31. 
    Protien is essential for body tissues, growth, and maintenance. It supports 4kcals per gram.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 32. 
    The smallest unit of a protien is what?
    • A. 

      Glucose

    • B. 

      Amino Acids

    • C. 

      Glycogen

    • D. 

      Fructose

  • 33. 
    Indispinsable protiens have to be injested. The body doesn't make them.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 34. 
    Fat-Soluble vitamins include, C and B. They are NOT stored, ingested and they ARE easily absorbed by the G.I tract.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 35. 
    Fat Soluble Vitamins are A,D,and K. They are stored in fat.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 36. 
    What does Villi do?
    • A. 

      Give us energy

    • B. 

      Give us nutrients

    • C. 

      Gives us more area for nutrients to be absorbed

    • D. 

      Nothing

  • 37. 
    Classifications for BMI, "Body Mass Index." Underweight: ____ Normal: ____-____ Overweight: ____-____ Obese: ______ Extreme Obesity: ______ *Your answer should be written with a comma between each set, no spaces and dashes between the numbers that require it. :)
  • 38. 
    When doing a Urine laboratory assessment, if nitrogen is negative it's a sign of low protien.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 39. 
    Which one of the following diets consists of "see-through" liquids at room temp., no fiber, 500-1000kcal of simple sugars and electrolytes and is only usede for short-term.
    • A. 

      Pureed Diet

    • B. 

      Full Liquid Diet

    • C. 

      Mechanical Soft Diet

    • D. 

      Clear Liquid Diet

  • 40. 
    Which one of the following diets include pudding, ice cream, soups and yogurts, consists of everything on a clear liquid diet + milk and is for patients having trouble swallowing/chewing. NOT for stroke clients!
    • A. 

      Full Liquid Diet

    • B. 

      Pureed Diet

    • C. 

      Dysphagia Diet

    • D. 

      Soft Diet

  • 41. 
    A Pureed Diet consists of chopped, ground or pureed foods and is for clients having trouble chewing/swallowing.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 42. 
    A  ____________ Diet consists of thickened liquids for patients who have swallowing problems such as stroke patients and those that have an impaired gag reflex. Do NOT include stringy, dry or raw foods. All food SHOULD be small in size and the patient should be positioned at 30-45 or higher degrees.
  • 43. 
    A Mechanical Soft diet is for clients whom are having trouble chewing (poor dentation). This diet should include soft textures, and tender or chopped. Should NOT include tough in nature, seeds, raw eggs, or fruits with pits.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 44. 
    A Regular Diet should consist  of foods from the food pyramid and should be based on 2000kcals.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 45. 
    Select all that apply: Some common food allergies include..
    • A. 

      Adhesive Tape

    • B. 

      Nuts

    • C. 

      Egss

    • D. 

      Wheat

    • E. 

      Shellfish

    • F. 

      Milk

    • G. 

      Broccoli

  • 46. 
    Glycemic Index is when Carbohydrates are controlled. There are three levels of index. High Index, Moderate and Low Index, in which each have there own qualities. During High index Blood sugar does what?
    • A. 

      Lowers quickly

    • B. 

      Raises quickly

    • C. 

      Raises slowly

    • D. 

      Lowers slowly

  • 47. 
    During Low Index, the blood sugar does what?
    • A. 

      Raises slowly

    • B. 

      Lowers slowly

    • C. 

      Lowers quickly

    • D. 

      Raises quickly

  • 48. 
    As High Index includes, soft drinks, white bread/potatoes, carrots and honey, and Low Index includes, apples, bran cereals, chocolate, and milk, what does Moderate Index include?
    • A. 

      Beans,nuts,steak,water

    • B. 

      Apples, milk, chocolate, syrup

    • C. 

      Water, bread, broccoli, cheese

    • D. 

      Bananas, corn, popcorn, sweet potatoes, rice

  • 49. 
    Vitamins B and C are not stored in the body. They are water-soluble and can be excreted in the urine.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 50. 
    Vitamin C acts as a catalyst for facilitating blood clotting factors.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 51. 
    Vitamin C functions in the production of collagen and is vital component for wound healing along with protien.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 52. 
    Patients with feeding tubes should be in a semi-fowlers position.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 53. 
    For the first initial feeding of an NG tube patient, we will assess the tube placement by..
    • A. 

      X-ray

    • B. 

      Bowel sounds

    • C. 

      Proper positioning

    • D. 

      Aspirating gastric content and measuring the pH

  • 54. 
    After the first feeding of a NG tube patient, the second shift nurse comes in and needs to asses that the tube is placed right. He/She will...
    • A. 

      Get another x-ray of the patient

    • B. 

      Check bowel sounds

    • C. 

      Assure proper postitioning

    • D. 

      Aspirate the gastric content and measure the pH

  • 55. 
    TPN stands for "Total Parental Nutrition."
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 56. 
    PICC, "Percutaneously Inserted Central Catheter" is a central line located in the Aorta.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 57. 
    PPN, "Peripheral Parental Nutrition" is when the concentration of glucose is..
    • A. 

      Increased

    • B. 

      Decreased

    • C. 

      Neutralized

  • 58. 
    Stage II Pressure Ulcers are a full thickness tissue loss. Bone, tendon, or muscles ARE NOT exposed.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 59. 
    Stage II Pressure Ulcers is..
    • A. 

      A partial-thickness skin loss involving the epidermis, dermis or both.

    • B. 

      A full thickness tissue loss with exposed bone, tendon or muscle.

    • C. 

      Intact skin with nonblanchable redness of a localized area.

  • 60. 
    Secondary Intention for wound healing is wound's edges are not approximated and what?
    • A. 

      Tissue loss is greater

    • B. 

      Tissue loss is minimal

  • 61. 
    Wound assessment should include, inspection of dressing and would color, palpation of wound edges, and the measurements of the wound.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 62. 
    Select all that apply: Purulent drainage of a wound is an infection drainage and could include which of the following?
    • A. 

      Thickness

    • B. 

      Yellow,green,tan or brown in color

    • C. 

      Red in color

    • D. 

      Active bleeding

    • E. 

      Watery plasma

  • 63. 
    Scenario: You are a student nurse whom is preparing to watch the nurse perform sterile field and a wound dressing change. The nurse asks the patient to lie on his side so that the wound can drain down. She puts a towel under the wound on the bed, gets all of her supplies, puts on clean gloves and begins to remove the old dressing. She assesses all the old dressings and wound and palpates the edges of the wound. She then throws away her gloves and begins to set up her sterile field. She opens the sterile field and it drops below her waist, but proceeds to place it on the table. She then opens all her supplies and irrigates the wound from top to bottom. The nurse takes all her measurements and puts her fluff on the wound, followed by her cover pads and then ABD pads. She then tapes it up and throws away all the trash. Has the nurse performed a proper sterile field and wound dressing change? *True= Yes *False= No
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 64. 
    Check this link out for the digestion process. :) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A7jKCfx-0Mo *Hit TRUE :)
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False