Test # 3

41 Questions | Total Attempts: 55

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A set of sacred beliefs so commonly accepted by most people that it becomes part of the national culture.
    • A. 

      Religion

    • B. 

      Animism

    • C. 

      Civil Religion

    • D. 

      Secularism

  • 2. 
    An authority based on appeals to the past and a long-established way of doing things.
    • A. 

      Legal-rational authority

    • B. 

      Traditional authority

    • C. 

      Meritocracy

    • D. 

      Hegemony

  • 3. 
    Talcott Parsons’s theory that men and women perform their sex roles as breadwinners and wives/mothers, respectively, because the nuclear family is the ideal arrangement in modern societies, fulfilling the function of reproducing workers.
    • A. 

      Feminism

    • B. 

      Sexism

    • C. 

      Hegemonic Masculinity

    • D. 

      Sex role theory

  • 4. 
    The invisible lid on a women’s climb up the employment ladder is called the glass ceiling.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 5. 
    The promotional ride men take to the top of a work organization, especially in feminized jobs is called the glass escalator.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 6. 
    This occurs when a person’s sex is the basis for judgment, discrimination, and hatred against him or her.
    • A. 

      Essentialism

    • B. 

      Sexism

    • C. 

      Biological Determinsim

  • 7. 
    A line of thought that explains social behavior in terms of biological givens.
    • A. 

      Biological Determinism

    • B. 

      Sexism

    • C. 

      Hegemonic Masculinity

    • D. 

      Manifest Destiny

  • 8. 
    A society where status and mobility are based on individual attributes, ability, and achievement.
    • A. 

      Republic

    • B. 

      Democracy

    • C. 

      Meritocracy

  • 9. 
    A political ideology of a classless society, in which the means of production are shared through state ownership and in which rewards are not tied to productivity but need.
  • 10. 
    A general movement away from religiosity and spiritual belief toward a rational, scientific orientation, a trend adopted by industrialized nations in the form of separation of church and state.
    • A. 

      Animism

    • B. 

      Secularism

    • C. 

      Taoism

    • D. 

      Ethicalsim

  • 11. 
    The adherence to certain principles to lead a moral life, as in Buddhism and Taoism.
    • A. 

      Theism

    • B. 

      Animism

    • C. 

      Ethicalism

    • D. 

      Secularism

  • 12. 
    True by virtue of its own logic alone.
    • A. 

      Tautology

    • B. 

      Meritocracy

    • C. 

      Hegemony

  • 13. 
    Clothes, Cars, and Books are all examples of ___________.
  • 14. 
    The more often a person has received the benefit in the recent past, the less valuable that benefit becomes.
    • A. 

      Value Proposition

    • B. 

      Success Proposition

    • C. 

      Justice Proposition

    • D. 

      Deprivation/Satiation Proposition

  • 15. 
    The front is the act that we put on.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    The more valuable the benefit is to the participant, the more often the cost will be paid by the individual.
    • A. 

      Value Proposition

    • B. 

      System Proposition

    • C. 

      Deprivation/Satiation Proposition

    • D. 

      Success Proposition

  • 17. 
    Success Proposition is the more often an action is followed by a particular benefit, the more likely an actor will be to repeat the action.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    _________ is a process by which an enemy or an “other” is created.
  • 19. 
    A thought that explains social phenomena in terms of natural ones.
    • A. 

      Animism

    • B. 

      Essentialism

    • C. 

      Taoism

    • D. 

      Communism

  • 20. 
    Hegemonic Masculinity reffers to a dominant and privileged, if invisible, category of men.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    __________ occurs when only a handful of firms exist in a particular market.
  • 22. 
    Describes the things of mundane, everyday life.
    • A. 

      Profane

    • B. 

      Animism

    • C. 

      Sacred

  • 23. 
    ________ is the belief that spirits roam the natural world as in totemism.
  • 24. 
    The authority based on the supernatural appeal of an individual leader.
    • A. 

      Charismatic Authority

    • B. 

      Legal-rational Authority

    • C. 

      Traditional Authority

  • 25. 
    With a Legal-rational Authority the rules _______.