Pancreatic enzymes are administered with meals.
Children with CF cannot receive a well-balanced diet.
Uptake of fat-soluble vitamins is decreased in CF.
Excretion of water-soluble vitamins is increased in CF.
Important because it encourages effective breathing.
Contraindicated because it causes coughing.
Important because it stimulates underactive sweat glands.
Contraindicated because it causes forced expiration.
There is a 50% chance the baby will have CF.
CF can be diagnosed prenatally.
There is a 100% chance the baby will have CF.
CF is not usually inherited.
Bacterial, usually S. aureus
Bacterial, usually H. Influenzae
Bacterial, usually B-hemolytic streptococci
Promotes less labored breathing
Soothes inflamed mucus membranes
Give tepid baths to reduce fever
Encourage food intake to maintain caloric needs
Have child wear heavy clothing to prevent chilling
Give small amounts of favorite fluids frequently to prevent dehydration
Fats and proteins must be greatly curtailed.
Diet should be high in calories and protein.
Most fruits and vegetables are not well tolerated.
Diet should be high in easily digested carbs and fats.
Many treatment options exist.
Immediate surgery is necessary.
The condition is incompatible with life.
The child will have permanent disabilities.
Avoid using any latex product.
Use only nonallergenic latex products.
Teach family about long-term management of asthma.
Administer medication for long-term desensitization.
Monitor closely for signs of infection.
Place the child with operated side of the head on the bed.
Pump the shunt reservoir often to maintain patency.
Maintain Trendelenburg position to decrease pressure on the shunt.
Burns are the most frequent cause of accidental death during childhood.
Prognosis for burned child is directly related to amount of tissue destroyed.
Standard "rule of nines" chart is typically used for assessing the size of a burn in small children.
Children under age 2 years have a significantly lower mortality than older children.
Place her in a tub of cool water.
Encourage her to drink clear liquids.
Remover her burned clothing and jewelry.
Leave the rug in place until the ambulance arrives.
Oral feeding are contraindicated.
Enteral feedings must be stopped during painful procedures.
Presence of a paralytic ileus precludes use of enteral feedings.
The feedings will be high carb, low protein.
Strike the chest wall with a flat-hand position.
Percuss before and after positioning for postural drainage.
Percuss over the entire trunk anteriorly and posteriorly.
Cover the skin with a shirt or gown before percussing.
Spinal cord injury
Neonatal myasthenia gravis
Anticonvulsant meds are sometimes useful for controlling spasticity.
Meds that would be useful in reducing spasticity are too toxic for children.
Many different meds can be highly effective in controlling spasticity.
Implantation of a pump to deliver medication into the intrathecal space to decrease spasticity has recently become available.
Recommend genetic counseling.
Explain that the disease is easily treated.
Suggest ways to limit use of muscles.
Assist family in finding a nursing facility to provide his care.