Systems T3

74 Questions | Total Attempts: 58

SettingsSettingsSettings
Please wait...
Good Luck Quizzes & Trivia

Good luck!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The massage therapist has a noticeable tremor of the right thumb that goes away as soon as s/he reaches for the oil bottle and gets to work. This is most likely caused by:
    • A. 

      Motor cortex dysfunction

    • B. 

      Cerebellum dysfunction

    • C. 

      Basal ganglia dysfunction

    • D. 

      Dysfunction of integrated higher motor centre transmission

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 2. 
    The client's ankles move together in a continuous intertwining action. This is most likely caused by:
    • A. 

      Motor cortex dysfunction

    • B. 

      Cerebellum dysfunction

    • C. 

      Basal ganglia dysfunction

    • D. 

      Dysfunction of integrated higher motor centre transmission

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 3. 
    During walking, the body parts do not work well together and the person staggers, seeming to misjudge where the ground is and unbalancing easily. This is most likely caused by:
    • A. 

      Motor cortex dysfunction

    • B. 

      Cerebellum dysfunction

    • C. 

      Basal ganglia dysfunction

    • D. 

      Dysfunction of integrated higher motor centre transmission

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 4. 
    Mild active free limb movements create "stabbing" feelings inside the joint. This is most likely caused by:
    • A. 

      Motor cortex dysfunction

    • B. 

      Cerebellum dysfunction

    • C. 

      Basal ganglia dysfunction

    • D. 

      Dysfunction of integrated higher motor centre transmission

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 5. 
    The person cannot watch someone demonstrate an unfamiliar motor skill and then figure out how to reproduce it. This is most likely caused by:
    • A. 

      Motor cortex dysfunction

    • B. 

      Cerebellum dysfunction

    • C. 

      Basal ganglia dysfunction

    • D. 

      Dysfunction of integrated higher motor centre transmission

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 6. 
    Manual pressure results in a rapid, jerky reaction in the muscles being worked on, which then expands to involve more and more muscles. This is most likely caused by:
    • A. 

      Motor cortex dysfunction

    • B. 

      Cerebellum dysfunction

    • C. 

      Basal ganglia dysfunction

    • D. 

      Dysfunction of integrated higher motor centre transmission

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 7. 
    The client sitting in your waiting room struggles to get up when you arrive; despite concentrating hard, s/he has a few unsuccessful tries before you reach over to help. This is most likely caused by:
    • A. 

      Motor cortex dysfunction

    • B. 

      Cerebellum dysfunction

    • C. 

      Basal ganglia dysfunction

    • D. 

      Dysfunction of integrated higher motor centre transmission

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 8. 
    When you ask your client to indicate the exact location of the knee pain, s/he keeps missing the knee, passing it altogether or coming up short. This is most likely caused by:
    • A. 

      Motor cortex dysfunction

    • B. 

      Cerebellum dysfunction

    • C. 

      Basal ganglia dysfunction

    • D. 

      Dysfunction of integrated higher motor centre transmission

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 9. 
    Impaired swallowing, a massage therapist concern because of the choking risk, is called:
    • A. 

      Dysarthria

    • B. 

      Dysdiadochokinesia

    • C. 

      Dysphagia

    • D. 

      Dysaesthesia

    • E. 

      Dyskinesia

  • 10. 
    Which of the following is NOT an accurate statement about rigidity?
    • A. 

      The affected joints are expected to be in flexed holding positions.

    • B. 

      Affected joints will tend to release farther if the therapist applies consistent gentle overpressure.

    • C. 

      It would not be surprising if the person has dysarthria.

    • D. 

      GTO reflex functions are expected to perform normally.

    • E. 

      It would not be surprising if the person has chronic constipation.

  • 11. 
    A client who has an allydynia reaction to a heat application is most likely to tell you that s/he:
    • A. 

      Finds it too hot.

    • B. 

      Is getting nasty "prickly heat" sensations.

    • C. 

      Is feeling an intense achiness in the tissues.

    • D. 

      Feels that the body part is going numb.

    • E. 

      Finds it too heavy.

  • 12. 
    The main reason you would NOT simultaneously massage and stretch a spastic muscle is:
    • A. 

      The GTO reflex is weakened and cannot adequately protect the muscle attachments.

    • B. 

      Spastic muscles respond better to light, gentle techniques.

    • C. 

      Spastic muscles should not be stretched.

    • D. 

      It is too stimulating for the muscle spindle reflexes.

    • E. 

      The type of technique will be too painful for spastic muscles and will initiate abnormal withdrawal reflex responses.

  • 13. 
    When a person experiences movement that is not actually occurring, this is called __________ and it is a ________ dysfunction.
    • A. 

      Dystonia; basal ganglia

    • B. 

      Involuntary; basal ganglia

    • C. 

      Vertigo; cerebellum

    • D. 

      A "phantom" phenomenon; sensory

    • E. 

      Decomposition of movement; cerebellum

  • 14. 
    Which of the following statements is FALSE?
    • A. 

      The most common vascular damage in the brain is "stroke," which is an infarction.

    • B. 

      The bleeding/edema that can result from a CNS lesion often creates more damage than the original problem.

    • C. 

      Metal elements such as lead and aluminum are classified as CNS poisons and may be the cause of permanent damage.

    • D. 

      Carbon monoxide damages the brain through depriving cells of oxygen.

    • E. 

      None of the above (all are true)

  • 15. 
    Babinski's Sign is an example of:
    • A. 

      A clonic reflex response typical of spasticity.

    • B. 

      Impairment of the "righting" reflex.

    • C. 

      Reversion to a more primitive reflex response.

    • D. 

      A disordered agonist/antagonist reflex relationship.

    • E. 

      Flexion dominance.

  • 16. 
    Gliosis, the formation of specialized scar tissue in the CNS, is a function of:
    • A. 

      Neurons.

    • B. 

      Astrocytes.

    • C. 

      Ependyma.

    • D. 

      Microglia.

    • E. 

      Oligodendrocytes.

  • 17. 
    With respect to spasticity, which is the FALSE statement?
    • A. 

      The key problem in spasticity is that basic reflexes and primitive movement patterns lose modification and oversight from higher motor centres.

    • B. 

      Because of its integrated higher motor centre origin, spasticity will always affect the whole body.

    • C. 

      Individuals with spasticity can often have quite low resting muscle tone.

    • D. 

      The person with spasticity will often have a series of reflex reactions in response to one stimulus.

    • E. 

      Spastic muscles will react aggressively to stretch, especially rapid stretch, so the massage therapist must proceed slowly, stop the stretch when the clonus begins, reduce the stretch a bit, and wait for the reaction to die down before proceeding.

  • 18. 
    When a client in MS Clinic tells you that s/he gets "feathery tingling sensations" from your hand massage, you know this should be documented as:
    • A. 

      Hypaesthesia

    • B. 

      Dysaesthesia

    • C. 

      Hyperasthesia

    • D. 

      Paraesthesia

    • E. 

      Anaesthesia

  • 19. 
    Broca's aphasia is a non-fluent type - despite having good comprehension of language, the person produces little or not verbal output.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    The term "paraplegic" is used to describe any circumstance where a person has a paralytic condition involving 2 limbs.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    Since contractures only occur in non-contractile fascial structures, applying fairly aggressive stretch or pressure to them will not exacerbate spasticity.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    Unfortunately, because of the type of impairment that causes rigidity, hydrotherapy applications cannot help the massage therapist reduce tone in affected muscles.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    When an infection is affecting cellular components of the brain tissue, it is referred to as encephalitis.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    In order for a client with nystagmus to see you when you are conversing, it is best to stand or sit very still in her/her direct line of vision.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    Facial rigidity can have many social implications, and has the potential to cause communication errors between the massage therapist and the client.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

Related Topics