Supreme Court Cases & Other Quiz 2 Info...

21 Questions

Settings
Please wait...
Supreme Court Quizzes & Trivia

Blah


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The Supreme Court establishes judicial review, which allows it to determine whether or not a law is constitutional.
  • 2. 
    Took out prayer in school—made it unconstitutional for state officials to compose a school prayer and mandate its recesetation in public classrooms.
  • 3. 
    The Court established a 3 part test for determining whether a purely public practice sponsored by the government violates the establishment clause.
    1. Does the law or practice have a secular (nonreligious) purpose?
    2. Does the primary intent of effect of the law either advance or inhibit religion?
    3. Does the law or practice create an excessive entanglement of government and religion?
  • 4. 
    The Supreme Court determines that the Bill of Rights are not applicable to the states.
  • 5. 
    Test for possible government regulation of speech: Clear and Present Danger Test: Cannot falsely yell fire in a crowded theater because this results in a panic.
  • 6. 
    The court specified a more specific test from Schenk and ruled that the threat of danger has to be immediate.
  • 7. 
    Black arm bands to protest. Said that silent action to communicate an idea was okay.
  • 8. 
    Ruled that material is obscene if a majority of the community finds it offensive or if the material is clearly of a “prurient” interest.
  • 9. 
    The court gives a more specific test to determine true obscenity—the Miller test:
    1. Whether the “average person would find the work of a ‘prurient’ nature
    2. Whether the work depicts or describes in an offensive way sexual conduct
    3. Whether the work lacks serious literary, artistic, political, or scientific value.
  • 10. 
    Flag burning constitutes symbolic speech and is allowed.
  • 11. 
    Ruled that the prior restraint principle does not prevent people from being sued if they use slander (spoken) and libel (written) and other harmful and false statements, or statements that harm people’s reputations.
  • 12. 
    Used the court pathway to highlight the civil rights denied African Americans. (Separate but equal).
  • 13. 
    Federal trial courts are known as US ______ ______. There are __ of these.
  • 14. 
    There are __ ______ courts of appeals, we are # __.
  • 15. 
    The rights of citizens to political and social freedom and equality
  • 16. 
    Where differences in individual's wealth, status and power are not so great as to create advantage and disadvantage in the pursuit of personal achievement.
  • 17. 
    A ruling by the US Supreme Court that people of African descent brought into the US and held as slaves (or their descendants, whether or not they were slaves) were not protected by the Constitution and could never be US citizens.
  • 18. 
    Decision holding that a state ban on all abortions was unconstitutional.
  • 19. 
    In 1966, the Supreme Court ruled in "______ __ _______" that those accused of committing a crime had the right to have a lawyer present while being questioned by law authorities. "______" rights... (you have the right to remain silent, anything you say can be held against blah blah blah...)
  • 20. 
    A landmark United States Supreme Court case. In the 6-3 ruling, the justices struck down the sodomy law in Texas. (A sodomy law is a law that defines certain sexual acts as crimes.)
  • 21. 
    A decision by the United States Supreme Court, which ruled that the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution had extended the reach of certain provisions of the First Amendment—specifically the provisions protecting freedom of speech and freedom of the press.