The first systems of____ _______ in colonial America: constables and night watchmen were drawn from the ranks of ordinary citizens. Each colony had a _____ in each country who selected juries and managed _______.
______ ______ is a form of corruption in which the political party in power hires and promotes police officers receiving job-related “favors” in return.
____ _____ a style of policing that emphasizes centralized police organizations, increased use of technology, and limitations on police discretion through regulations and guidelines.
The four basic responsibilities of the police are: to ____ ____, ____ _____, to ____ _____ and to _____ _____.
There are _____ local police departments, ____ sheriffs’ departments, more than ____ special agencies, limited to policing parks,schools, airports, and other, 49 state police departments, with Hawaii being the one exception, 70 federal law enforcement agencies.
_____ is the primary law enforcement officer in a county, usually elected to the post be a popular vote. Responsibilities include: investigating drug crimes, maintaining the county jail, carrying out civil and criminal processes within county lines, keeping order in the county courthouse, collect taxes, etc.
_____ is the medical examiner of a county, elected by popular vote
___ is the federal Bureau of Investigation, the branch of the department of justice responsible for investigating violations of federal law. Has jurisdiction over federal crimes, including white-collar crime, spying, kidnapping, extortion,stolen property, bank robbery, interstate gambling.
_____ ______ is the security services provided by private corporations or individuals instead of by the officers.
The importance of private security today: in the United states, business and citizens spend $__ billion a year on private security.____ _____ of crime and _____ _____ in the workplace have fueled the growth in spending on private security.