STS 214 Quiz 5

15 Questions | Total Attempts: 38

SettingsSettingsSettings
Please wait...
STS 214 Quiz 5

214 Quiz 5


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Wagner and Steinzor, in "introduction", say that scientists  unfamiliar with the legal system generally assume that the path from the laboratory to policy makers is
    • A. 

      Irrelevant to most policy makers

    • B. 

      Unnecessary

    • C. 

      Impossible

    • D. 

      Straight and uncomplicated

  • 2. 
    In "introduction", wagner and steinzor say that the legal system makes most decisions through
    • A. 

      A political process

    • B. 

      A scientific process

    • C. 

      An adversarial process

    • D. 

      A rational process

  • 3. 
    Wagner and Steinzor, in "introduction", say that three developments have placed science under intense pressure. Which of the following is NOT one of those developments?
    • A. 

      The expansion of liability

    • B. 

      The failure of the federal government to provide adequate financial support to public research

    • C. 

      The rise of fundamentalist religion

    • D. 

      The dramatic expansion of regulation

  • 4. 
    Wagner and Steinzor, in "introduction", say that lawyers place _____ on objectivity than scientists do
    • A. 

      The same value

    • B. 

      Significantly less value

    • C. 

      Greater value

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 5. 
    Wagner and Steinzor, in "introduction", say that restoring the balance between scientific independence  in the rough handling that science receives by policymakers in the real world will require
    • A. 

      That scientists officially run for political office

    • B. 

      This tab placement of "safety zones" between scientists and those who run legal institution

    • C. 

      A constitutional amendment protecting scientific autonomy

    • D. 

      That policymakers receive advanced training

  • 6. 
    Sheldon Krimsky, in "Publication bias, data ownership...", says that the academic norm of "disinterestedness"
    • A. 

      Has become stronger because of the introduction of corporate funding

    • B. 

      Shows signs of weakening because of the introduction of corporate funding

    • C. 

      No longer operates

    • D. 

      None of the above: he does not mention disinterestedness

  • 7. 
    In "Publication bias, data ownership...:" Sheldon Krimsky says that in the biomedical sciences, the time it might take to correct errors or to discover bias resulting from covert commercial interests
    • A. 

      Is insignificant

    • B. 

      Has a cost in morbidity and mortality

    • C. 

      Is irrelevant

    • D. 

      Cannot be assessed

  • 8. 
    Sheldon Krimsky, in "Publication bias, data ownership...", says the negative influence of marketing on academic publications
    • A. 

      Can be seen across all the journals in biomedical research

    • B. 

      Focuses on the prestigious, high impact journals

    • C. 

      Is grossly exaggerated

    • D. 

      Is heaviest among less prosperous journals

  • 9. 
    Sheldon Krimsky, in "Publication bias, data ownership...", has identified three ethical norms that should serve as standards for the integrity of clinical and environmental research. The first norm holds that
    • A. 

      The roles of those who produce knowledge and those stakeholders who have a financial interest in that knowledge should be kept separate and distinct

    • B. 

      The roles of those who produce knowledge and those stakeholders who have a financial interest in that knowledge are identical

    • C. 

      The roles of those who produce knowledge and those stakeholders who have a financial interest in that knowledge are basically irrelevant

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 10. 
    Sheldon Krimsky, in "Publication bias, data ownership...", says that
    • A. 

      It is impossible to remove science from its social context

    • B. 

      Science, properly done, has no social context

    • C. 

      Science controls its social context

    • D. 

      The concept of a social context for science is irrational

  • 11. 
    In "Data Wars...", Donald Hornstein says that what science has to tell policymakers
    • A. 

      Has always been contested terrain

    • B. 

      Has rarely been contested terrain

    • C. 

      Ultimately cannot be contested terrain

    • D. 

      Has never been contested terrain

  • 12. 
    In "Data Wars...", Donald Hornstein says there have been so many episodes in which science is said to have been misused by policymakers that
    • A. 

      It is no longer possible to keep track of these events

    • B. 

      It is possible to identify different patterns of distortion

    • C. 

      Science has lost all of its independence and autonomy

    • D. 

      Scientific findings are no longer credible

  • 13. 
    In "Data Wars...", Donald Hornstein says the "sound-science" narrative soon expanded
    • A. 

      Into demands that scientific laboratories be open to public inspection

    • B. 

      Into the nebulous claim that much public health and environmental regulation was unscientific

    • C. 

      Into claims that the entire scientific community had become corrupted

    • D. 

      Into assertions that scientists receiving federal funding should be subjected to FBI investigations

  • 14. 
    In "Data Wars...", Donald Hornstein says that the shelby amendment, sometimes called the "Data Access Amendment",
    • A. 

      Was the result of extensive congressional investigation of problems in federally funded research

    • B. 

      Was added as a rider to a larger appropriations bill

    • C. 

      Was requested by Pres. Richard Nixon

    • D. 

      Was requested by Pres. Ronald Reagan

  • 15. 
    In "Data Wars...", Donald Hornstein says that the Shelby Amendment is entirely asymmetrical because
    • A. 

      It does not allow access to corporate funded research

    • B. 

      It does not allow access to federally funded research

    • C. 

      It does not allow access to defense department research

    • D. 

      It does not allow access to research funded by state governments

Back to Top Back to top