Ultimate Trivia Facts About Earth And Space! Quiz

19 Questions | Total Attempts: 115

SettingsSettingsSettings
Please wait...
Ultimate Trivia Facts About Earth And Space! Quiz

.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which statement about the structure of an atom is true?
    • A. 

      Neutrons are not found in the atomic nucleus.

    • B. 

      An electron ‘cloud’ surrounds each atom.

    • C. 

      A proton ‘cloud’ surrounds each atom.

    • D. 

      Protons and electrons are roughly equal in mass.

  • 2. 
    The Milky Way is an example of a galaxy with a _______________.
    • A. 

      Globular shape

    • B. 

      Irregular shape

    • C. 

      Spiral shape

    • D. 

      Elliptical shape

  • 3. 
    The Earth moves in predictable patterns. One of these patterns causes approximately 12 hours of daylight and 12 hours of darkness during a 24-hour period in areas around the equator. This movement is referred to as
    • A. 

      A rotation

    • B. 

      A photoperiod

    • C. 

      A revolution

    • D. 

      A period

  • 4. 
    The Earth moves in predicable patterns. One of these patterns causes the seasons as the Earth moves around the Sun along its elliptical orbit. This movement is referred to as
    • A. 

      A rotation

    • B. 

      A photoperiod

    • C. 

      A equinox

    • D. 

      A revolution

  • 5. 
    Which factor best explains the reason that average summer temperatures are higher than winter temperatures in North America?
    • A. 

      The Earth is closer to the sun during the summer months.

    • B. 

      Cyclical activity on the Sun causes more radiant energy to be produced.

    • C. 

      North America is tilted toward the Sun during the summer months.

    • D. 

      Ocean water temperatures near the Equator influence North America during the summer.

  • 6. 
    Which of these are caused primarily by the gravitational force between Earth and the Moon?
    • A. 

      The cyclical nature of tides

    • B. 

      The predictable pattern of the seasons

    • C. 

      The Coriolis Effect

    • D. 

      The movement of tectonic plates

  • 7. 
    An example of a main-sequence star, one that is considered average on the H R diagram, would be
    • A. 

      Betelgeuse

    • B. 

      Aldelaran

    • C. 

      Rigel

    • D. 

      The the Sun

  • 8. 
    A large cloud of gas and dust from which a star begins is known as a
    • A. 

      Black hole

    • B. 

      Quasar

    • C. 

      Super nova

    • D. 

      Nebula

  • 9. 
    Which of the following BEST explains why astronomers use units called light years to make measurements?
    • A. 

      Most stars give off the same amount of light each year, and each star is mapped.

    • B. 

      Stars can give off light for many years and never move in space.

    • C. 

      Light travels a large distance in one year, and objects in space are very far apart.

    • D. 

      About the same number of stars begin giving off light and dying each year

  • 10. 
    Which statement is the best evidence for the conclusion that faults and volcanoes are results of the movement of tectonic plates?
    • A. 

      Volcanoes are most often located in the middle of tectonic plates

    • B. 

      New volcanoes are located near inactive plate boundaries

    • C. 

      Faults and volcanoes existed before there were any tectonic plates

    • D. 

      Faults and volcanoes are often found at tectonic plate boundaries

  • 11. 
    A convergent boundary is formed when two tectonic plates meet and push against each other..What type of landform would occur at this type of boundary?
    • A. 

      Canyon

    • B. 

      Coastline

    • C. 

      Mountain

    • D. 

      Plains

  • 12. 
    When the seafloor spreads apart, volcanoes such as those along the Ring of Fire and ridges such as the Mid-Atlantic Ridge are formed because
    • A. 

      Sediments are deposited where the floor spreads, causing volcanoes.

    • B. 

      As the plates pull apart, magma moves to the surface, building ridges

    • C. 

      Ocean water erodes the weak spots on tectonic plates, building ridges

    • D. 

      Cold ocean water causes fissures that weaken the rocks, causing ridges

  • 13. 
    Using the topographic map shown, which letter marks a place where the change in elevation is gradual?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

  • 14. 
    Which point on the diagram best represents the relationship between Earth and the Sun when it is summer in South America?
    • A. 

      A

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      C

    • D. 

      D

  • 15. 
    What will happen to sandstone, a sedimentary rock, when it is exposed to extreme heat and pressure?
    • A. 

      It will erode

    • B. 

      It will become an igneous rock.

    • C. 

      It will crystallize.

    • D. 

      It will become a metamorphic rock

  • 16. 
    What is the phase of the moon indicated by the 1 in the diagram shown above?
    • A. 

      Waning crescent phase

    • B. 

      Waning gibbous phase

    • C. 

      Waxing crescent phase

    • D. 

      Waxing gibbous phase

  • 17. 
    The appearance of the moon changes in a predictable way in a pattern that lasts approximately 28 days. The changes in appearance are called phases of the moon. What is the main cause of moon phases?
    • A. 

      The distance between the Earth and the moon.

    • B. 

      The tilt of Earth on its axis compared to the tilt of the moon on its axis.

    • C. 

      The amount of sunlight the moon’s surface is exposed to.

    • D. 

      The position of the moon in relationship to the Earth and Sun.

  • 18. 
    Where on the diagram should the student place the moon to accurately show its position relative to the Earth and the sun during a full moon?
    • A. 

      1

    • B. 

      2

    • C. 

      3

    • D. 

      4

  • 19. 
    In 4 minutes about how far did the car travel?
    • A. 

      2.1 km

    • B. 

      3.3 km

    • C. 

      4.1 km

    • D. 

      5.4 km