Soshum - SBMPTN 2016 - 2

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Soshum - SBMPTN 2016 - 2 - Quiz

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Berikut ini merupakan tujuan pelita I pada masa Orde Baru adalah….

    • A.

      A. Melaksanakan trilogy pembangunan

    • B.

      B. Pemerintah menitikberatkan pembangunan pada sector bidang ekonomi

    • C.

      C. Pemerintah menitikberatkan pembangunan pada sector pertanian menuju swasembada pangan, meningkatkan industry dan menghasilkan mesin industry sendiri

    • D.

      D. Untuk meningkatkan taraf hidup rakyat dan sekaligus meletakkan dasar – dasar bagi pembagunan dalam tahap – tahap berikutnya

    • E.

      E. Pemerintah berusaha menyediakan pangan, sandang, perumahan, sarana dan prasaran, mensejahterakan rakyat serta memperluas kesempatak kerja

    Correct Answer
    D. D. Untuk meningkatkan taraf hidup rakyat dan sekaligus meletakkan dasar – dasar bagi pembagunan dalam tahap – tahap berikutnya
    Explanation
    The correct answer (d) states that the purpose of Pelita I during the New Order era was to improve the living standards of the people and lay the foundations for development in the following stages. This suggests that Pelita I aimed to address the immediate needs of the people while also setting the groundwork for future development plans.

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  • 2. 

    Data – data di bawah ini : 1). Perbaikan ekonomi rakyat 2). Mengusahakan stabilitas politik 3). Melaksanakan pemilu yang berazazkan luber 4). Melanjutkan perjuangan anti imperalisme dan kolonialisme 5). Penataan pelaksanaan politik luar negeri Non blok 6). Pelaksanaan politik luar negeri bebas aktif untuk menunjang kepentingan nasional Dari data di atas yang termasuk program kerja Kabinet Ampera ( Catur Karya ) adalah....

    • A.

      A. 1, 3, 4 dan 6

    • B.

      B. 1, 2, 4 dan 5

    • C.

      C. 1, 2, 3 dan 5

    • D.

      D. 1, 2, 4 dan 6

    • E.

      E. 1, 3, 4 dan 5

    Correct Answer
    A. A. 1, 3, 4 dan 6
    Explanation
    The correct answer is a. 1, 3, 4, and 6. This is because the given data mentions the following programs of the Ampera Cabinet (Catur Karya): 1) Improving the people's economy, 3) Carrying out fair and free elections, 4) Continuing the struggle against imperialism and colonialism, and 6) Implementing an active foreign policy to support national interests.

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  • 3. 

    Parlemen Perancis pada saat terjadinya Revolusi bernama...

    • A.

      A. Guillotine

    • B.

      B. Bastille

    • C.

      C. Versailles

    • D.

      D. Washington

    • E.

      E. Etats Generaux

    Correct Answer
    E. E. Etats Generaux
    Explanation
    The correct answer is e. Etats Generaux. The Etats Generaux was the name of the French Parliament during the time of the Revolution. It was an assembly that represented the three estates of French society: the clergy, the nobility, and the commoners. The Etats Generaux played a crucial role in the events leading up to the Revolution, as it was convened in 1789 to address the country's financial crisis and social unrest. Its convening eventually led to the formation of the National Assembly and the beginning of the Revolution.

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  • 4. 

    Perhatikan pernyataan berikut ini : 1.     Gunung berapi, sungai tersebar tidak merata 2.     Hubungan timbal balik antar manusia dengan lingkungan 3.     Gejala geografi di suatu wilayah di uraikan secara rinci baik aspek fisik maupun sosialnya dalam karya ilmiah 4.     terjadi bencana banjir akibat penebangan hutan di daerah hulu sungai       Dari pernyataan di atas yang merupakan prinsip interelasi adalah nomor ....

    • A.

      1 dan 2

    • B.

      1 dan 3

    • C.

      2 dan 3

    • D.

      2 dan 4

    • E.

      3 dan 4

    Correct Answer
    D. 2 dan 4
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 2 and 4. The statement in option 2 talks about the reciprocal relationship between humans and the environment, implying that human activities can have an impact on the environment and vice versa. The statement in option 4 describes the occurrence of a flood as a result of deforestation in the upstream area of a river, indicating the interconnectedness between human actions and natural disasters. Both statements highlight the interdependence and interaction between human beings and their surroundings, making them examples of interrelation.

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  • 5. 

    Berikut ini merupakan ciri tanah subur, kecuali ….

    • A.

      pH tanah berkisar 6,5

    • B.

      kandungan unsur hara cukup bagi tanaman

    • C.

      mempunyai struktur yang gembur

    • D.

      di daerah yang berlitologi kapur

    • E.

      kedalaman efektif lebih dari 150 m

    Correct Answer
    D. di daerah yang berlitologi kapur
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "di daerah yang berlitologi kapur" because the presence of limestone (kapur) in the soil indicates that the soil is not fertile. Limestone is a type of rock that is high in calcium carbonate, which can make the soil alkaline and less suitable for plant growth. Therefore, the presence of limestone in an area is not a characteristic of fertile soil.

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  • 6. 

    Yang tidak termasuk faktor pengontrol pelapukan adalah….

    • A.

      Batuan induk

    • B.

      Aktivitas organisme

    • C.

      Topografi

    • D.

      Iklim

    • E.

      Vegetasi Vegetasi

    Correct Answer
    E. Vegetasi Vegetasi
    Explanation
    Kunci : E (Topik: Tenaga Geologi)
    Faktor pengontrol pelapukan adalah:
    • Batuan induk
    • Aktivitas organisme
    • Topografi
    • Iklim

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  • 7. 

    Seorang siswa berceritera tentang pengalaman di luar negeri pada teman dengan bahasa Inggris tetapi temannya baru memberikan reaksi setelah ia beralih menggunakan bahasa Indonesia. Proses Interaksi sosial tersebut berbentuk ....

    • A.

      Kerjasama/kooperasi

    • B.

      Persaingan/kompetisi

    • C.

      Perseteruan/konflik

    • D.

      Pembauran/asimilasi

    • E.

      Penyesuaian/akomodasi

    Correct Answer
    E. Penyesuaian/akomodasi
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "penyesuaian/akomodasi". This is because the student initially tried to communicate in English, but switched to Indonesian when their friend did not respond. This shows that the student was adapting or adjusting their communication style to accommodate their friend's language preference, which is an example of social adjustment or accommodation.

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  • 8. 

    Contoh fungsi penting lembaga politik adalah ...

    • A.

      Mengatur hubungan umat beragama

    • B.

      Mengatur pemenuhan kebutuhan ekonomi

    • C.

      Meningkatkan mutu pendidikan nasional

    • D.

      Memelihara ketertiban dalam masyarakat

    • E.

      Mendekatkan hubungan manusia dengan Tuhan

    Correct Answer
    D. Memelihara ketertiban dalam masyarakat
    Explanation
    Lembaga politik memiliki fungsi penting dalam memelihara ketertiban dalam masyarakat. Lembaga politik bertanggung jawab dalam membuat dan menjalankan kebijakan-kebijakan yang berkaitan dengan hukum, keamanan, dan ketertiban masyarakat. Melalui lembaga politik, negara dapat menegakkan hukum, mengatur sistem keamanan, dan menangani permasalahan sosial yang dapat mengganggu ketertiban masyarakat. Dengan demikian, lembaga politik berperan dalam menjaga stabilitas dan harmoni dalam masyarakat.

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  • 9. 

    Anggota dalam nuclear family antara lain ... .

    • A.

      Ayah, ibu dan anak-anak yang belum menikah

    • B.

      Kakek, nenek, suami, istri, dan anak

    • C.

      Suami, adik ipar, dan anak-anak

    • D.

      Paman, bibi, kakek dan nenek

    • E.

      Keponakan, anak-anak, kakek dan nenek

    Correct Answer
    A. Ayah, ibu dan anak-anak yang belum menikah
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "ayah, ibu dan anak-anak yang belum menikah" because a nuclear family typically consists of a father, mother, and unmarried children. This answer accurately represents the members of a nuclear family.

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  • 10. 

    Perhatikan pernyataan berikut ini : 1. pendapatan yang siap dibelanjakan 2. pendapatan yang masih harus dikurangi pajak 3. pendapatan yang digunakan untuk konsumsi dan tabungan 4. pendapatan individual Dispossible income pada hakekatnya adalah …..

    • A.

      1 dan 2

    • B.

      1 dan 3

    • C.

      2 dan 3

    • D.

      2 dan 4

    • E.

      3 dan 4

    Correct Answer
    B. 1 dan 3
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1 dan 3. This is because disposable income refers to the income that is available for spending and saving after taxes have been deducted (pendapatan yang siap dibelanjakan) and after consumption and savings have been subtracted (pendapatan yang digunakan untuk konsumsi dan tabungan). Therefore, options 1 and 3 are the correct choices as they both include these two components of disposable income.

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  • 11. 

    Negara yang bertikai dalam perang dingin hanya berada dibalik Negara blok barat dan blok timur, tanpa bertemu dalam perang fisik SEBAB Perang dingin merupakan bentuk ketegangan dari konflik-konflik kepentingan perbedaan ideologi antara blok barat dan blok timur

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    • E.

      E

    Correct Answer
    A. A
    Explanation
    The reason why the correct answer is A is because the statement explains that the countries involved in the Cold War were only located behind the Western and Eastern Blocs, without engaging in physical warfare. This aligns with the definition of the Cold War, which was a state of tension and conflict between the ideologies of the Western and Eastern Blocs.

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  • 12. 

    Pergerakan nasional Filipina melawan Spanyol melahirkan beberapa tokoh didalamnya yaitu 1. dr Jose Rizal 2. Andreas Bonifucio 3. Emilio Equinaldo 4. Manuel Roxas

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    • E.

      E

    Correct Answer
    A. A
    Explanation
    The correct answer is A because Dr. Jose Rizal is a well-known figure in the Philippine national movement against Spain. He was a writer, philosopher, and national hero who advocated for reforms and independence from Spanish colonial rule. His writings and activism played a significant role in inspiring Filipinos to fight for their rights and freedom.

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  • 13. 

    Nama peristiwa yang melibatkan Amerika Serikat , Uni Soviet dan Kuba di masa kepemimpinan John F. Kennedy dan Nikita Krushev adalah…

    • A.

      A. krisis misil Amerika Serikat

    • B.

      B. krisis misil Kuba

    • C.

      C. krisis misil Uni Soviet

    • D.

      D. krisis misil Eropa

    • E.

      E. krisis misil Panama

    Correct Answer
    B. B. krisis misil Kuba
    Explanation
    The correct answer is b. krisis misil Kuba. This crisis refers to the Cuban Missile Crisis, which occurred in 1962. It involved the United States, the Soviet Union, and Cuba during the leadership of John F. Kennedy and Nikita Khrushchev. The crisis was sparked when the United States discovered that the Soviet Union was installing nuclear missiles in Cuba, just 90 miles off the coast of Florida. This event brought the world to the brink of nuclear war and was resolved through intense negotiations and a deal in which the United States agreed not to invade Cuba, and the Soviet Union agreed to remove its missiles from Cuba.

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  • 14. 

    Di bawah ini yang termasuk tokoh penggagas Gerakan Non Blok adalah...

    • A.

      A. Presiden A. Halik Hasanah

    • B.

      B. Presiden Joseph Broz Tito

    • C.

      C. Presiden Narcisco Ramos

    • D.

      D. Presiden Leonid Breznev

    • E.

      E. Perdana Menteri Thanat Koman

    Correct Answer
    B. B. Presiden Joseph Broz Tito
    Explanation
    Presiden Joseph Broz Tito adalah salah satu tokoh penggagas Gerakan Non Blok. Gerakan Non Blok adalah gerakan politik yang didirikan pada tahun 1961 oleh sejumlah negara yang tidak ingin terikat dengan blok politik manapun, seperti NATO atau Pakta Warsawa. Tito merupakan salah satu pendiri gerakan ini dan menjadi salah satu tokoh utama dalam mempromosikan prinsip-prinsip Gerakan Non Blok, seperti kedaulatan negara, non-intervensi, dan penyelesaian konflik melalui perundingan damai.

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  • 15. 

    Zaman prasejarah ditandai oleh pola kehidupan gotong royong, terutama pada zaman ....

    • A.

      Paleolithikum

    • B.

      Neolithikum

    • C.

      Logam

    • D.

      Megalithikum

    • E.

      Besi

    Correct Answer
    B. Neolithikum
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Neolithikum. The question is asking about the time period characterized by a cooperative way of life, specifically during the prehistoric era. The Neolithic period, also known as the New Stone Age, is known for the development of agriculture, domestication of animals, and the establishment of permanent settlements. This shift from a nomadic lifestyle to a more settled and organized society marked a significant change in human history.

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  • 16. 

    Ketentuan-ketentuan pokok dari sistem tanam paksa dibawah ini ada yang tidak benar, yaitu ....

    • A.

      Penduduk menyediakan sebagian tanahnya untuk penanaman tanaman dagang yang dapat dijual di pasaran Eropa

    • B.

      Pekerjaan yang diperlukan untuk menanam tanaman dagang tidak melebihi pekerjaan yang diperlukan untuk menanam padi

    • C.

      Pembebasan pajak bagi tanah yang disediakan untuk tanaman dagang

    • D.

      Penduduk desa akan mengerjakan tanah- tanah mereka dibawah pengawasan kepala-kepala pribumi

    • E.

      Bagian tanah penduduk yang disediakan untuk tanaman dagang dengan diberi uang ganti rugi

    Correct Answer
    E. Bagian tanah penduduk yang disediakan untuk tanaman dagang dengan diberi uang ganti rugi
    Explanation
    The incorrect statement among the basic provisions of the forced cultivation system is that the villagers are compensated for the land they provide for commercial crops.

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  • 17. 

    Revolusi Prancis mendapat pengaruh dari ide-ide Perang Kemerdekaan Amerika karena:

    • A.

      Anti absolutisme dan feodalisme

    • B.

      Anti feodalisme dan liberalisme

    • C.

      Anti liberalisme dan nasionalisme

    • D.

      Mendukung nasionalisme

    • E.

      Mendukung pengakuan hak azasi manusia

    Correct Answer
    E. Mendukung pengakuan hak azasi manusia
    Explanation
    The French Revolution was influenced by the ideas of the American War of Independence because it supported the recognition of human rights. The French Revolution was a period of radical social and political change in France, where the monarchy was overthrown and replaced with a republic. The ideas of the American Revolution, such as the belief in the natural rights of individuals, equality, and the right to liberty, inspired the French revolutionaries. The French Revolution sought to establish a society based on these principles and recognized the importance of recognizing and protecting the fundamental rights of all individuals.

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  • 18. 

    Akibat ditawannya Presiden Soekarno dan Wakilnya Muh. Hatta oleh tentara Belanda pada aksi militernya yang kedua, maka Presiden Soekarno memberikan kepada Syafrudin Prawiranegara untuk mengadakan PDRI. Syafrudin waktu itu menjabat sebagai ....

    • A.

      Menteri Pertahanan

    • B.

      Menteri Luar Negari

    • C.

      Menteri Keamanan

    • D.

      Menteri Kemakmuran

    • E.

      Menteri Dalam Negeri

    Correct Answer
    D. Menteri Kemakmuran
    Explanation
    Presiden Soekarno memberikan tugas kepada Syafrudin Prawiranegara untuk mengadakan PDRI sebagai akibat dari ditawannya Presiden Soekarno dan Wakilnya Muh. Hatta oleh tentara Belanda. Therefore, Syafrudin Prawiranegara must have held the position of Minister of Prosperity at that time.

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  • 19. 

    Tokoh-tokoh Wali Songo yang banyak berperan menyebarkan agama Islam di wilayah Jawa Tengah antara lain adalah ....

    • A.

      Sunan Kalijaga, Sunan Kudus, Sunan Muria

    • B.

      Sunan Bonang, Sunan Ampel, Sunan Gunung Jati

    • C.

      Sunan Kalijaga, Sunan Muria, Sunan Giri

    • D.

      Sunan Ampel, Sunan Kalijaga, Sunan Gunung Jati

    • E.

      Sunan Ampel, Sunan Giri, Sunan Bonang

    Correct Answer
    A. Sunan Kalijaga, Sunan Kudus, Sunan Muria
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Sunan Kalijaga, Sunan Kudus, Sunan Muria. These three figures, along with other Wali Songo, played a significant role in spreading Islam in Central Java. Sunan Kalijaga was known for his teachings that emphasized the importance of unity, tolerance, and cultural adaptation in spreading Islam. Sunan Kudus was known for his efforts in establishing Islamic communities and spreading Islamic teachings in Kudus. Sunan Muria was known for his role in spreading Islam in the northern coast of Java and establishing Islamic boarding schools.

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  • 20. 

    Perdebatan yang berkepanjangan di Konstituante di tahun 1959 dalam memutuskan masalah UUD telah mendorong pimpinan TNI AD mendesak Presiden Soekarno agar secepatnya membubarkan parpol-parpol SEBAB Perbedaan pandangan antara kekuatan politik di Konstituante dinilai oleh pimpinan TNI AD dan sebagian pimpinan politik, telah mengarah kepada perpecahan nasional.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    • E.

      E

    Correct Answer
    D. D
    Explanation
    The prolonged debate in the Constituent Assembly in 1959 regarding the decision on the Constitution has led the leadership of the Indonesian National Army (TNI AD) to urge President Soekarno to dissolve political parties as soon as possible. The reason for this is that the differences in views between political forces in the Constituent Assembly, as perceived by the TNI AD leadership and some political leaders, have led to national division.

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  • 21. 

    Batu tulis Calcutta dikenal sebagai sebuah batu bersejarah yang ....
    1. terdapat di Calcutta berisi raja-raja di Indonesia
    2. memuat raja Airlangga pada waktu melarikan diri dari kepungan musuh
    3. berisi perkembangan agama hindu di pulau Jawa dan terbawa ke Calcutta
    4. menyusun sejarah kerajaan berdasarkan kronologi

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    • E.

      E

    Correct Answer
    C. C
    Explanation
    Batu tulis Calcutta dikenal sebagai sebuah batu bersejarah yang berisi perkembangan agama Hindu di pulau Jawa dan terbawa ke Calcutta.

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  • 22. 

    Dalam perjanjian Konstatinopel tahun 1887 (Suez Canal Convention) antara lain dikemukakan sebagai berikut:
    1. Terusan suez harus tetap terbuka untuk semua jenis kapal dagang negara mana pun baik dalam keadaan damai maupun perang
    2. Dalam keadaan perang terusan suez tertutup bagi semua jenis kapal, selain kapal-kapal Mesir dan Inggris
    3. Dilarang mengadakan blokade atau serangan terhadap terusan Suez
    4. Mengingat jasa Ferdinand de Lesseps yang menggali terusan Suez, maka Prancis memperoleh hak istimewa di Prancis

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    • E.

      E

    Correct Answer
    B. B
    Explanation
    The correct answer is B because it states that in times of war, the Suez Canal is closed to all ships except those from Egypt and Britain. This implies that during times of peace, the canal is open to all types of merchant ships from any country.

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  • 23. 

    Warna coklat pada peta topografi menggambarkan …..

    • A.

      Persawahan

    • B.

      Pegunungan

    • C.

      Dataran tinggi

    • D.

      puncak gunung

    • E.

      Daerah rendah

    Correct Answer
    B. Pegunungan
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "pegunungan". The brown color on a topographic map represents mountainous areas.

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  • 24. 

    Sungai yang bisa mengimbangi pengangkatan pada daerah lapisan batuan yang dilalui sehingaa air sungai mengikis pinggir - pinggir tebing yang ada pada sungai disebut …

    • A.

      Sungai obsekuen

    • B.

      Sungai resekuen

    • C.

      Sungai anteseden

    • D.

      Sungai epigenesa

    • E.

      Sungai orogenesa

    Correct Answer
    C. Sungai anteseden
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Sungai anteseden". This term refers to a river that can keep up with the uplift of the rock layers it passes through, causing the river to erode the edges of the riverbanks.

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  • 25. 

    Perbandingan jumlah uap air yang dikandung dengan jumlah maksimal uap air yang dapat dikandung pada suhu dan tekanan yang sama disebut …

    • A.

      Kelembapan mutlak

    • B.

      Kelembapan absolut

    • C.

      Kelembapan nisbi

    • D.

      Kelembapan potensial

    • E.

      Kelembapan normal

    Correct Answer
    C. Kelembapan nisbi
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Kelembapan nisbi". The term "kelembapan nisbi" refers to the comparison of the amount of water vapor present with the maximum amount of water vapor that can be held at the same temperature and pressure. It is a measure of the humidity level relative to the maximum capacity of the air to hold moisture.

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  • 26. 

    Berikut ini merupakan factor penarik urbanisasi …

    • A.

      Sempitnya lapangan kerja

    • B.

      Penghasilan rendah

    • C.

      Minimnya fasilitas

    • D.

      Keinginan untuk hidup lebih layak

    • E.

      Pemasaran hasil produksi

    Correct Answer
    E. Pemasaran hasil produksi
    Explanation
    The given factors are all reasons that attract people to urban areas. However, the factor "pemasaran hasil produksi" specifically refers to the marketing of production outputs. This suggests that one of the reasons people are drawn to urban areas is the opportunity for better marketing and selling of their products. This could include access to larger markets, better distribution networks, or more effective advertising and promotional strategies.

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  • 27. 

    Berikut ini yang merupakan akibat dari rotasi bumi adalah …
    1. Terjadinya siang dan malam
    2. Peredaran semu benda angkasa
    3. Perbedaan waktu
    4. Gerak semu tahunan matahari

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    • E.

      E

    Correct Answer
    A. A
    Explanation
    Rotasi bumi adalah gerakan bumi yang berputar pada porosnya sendiri. Rotasi ini menyebabkan terjadinya siang dan malam. Ketika bumi berputar, bagian yang terkena sinar matahari akan mengalami siang, sedangkan bagian yang tidak terkena sinar matahari akan mengalami malam. Oleh karena itu, terjadinya siang dan malam merupakan akibat langsung dari rotasi bumi.

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  • 28. 

    Berikut ini hubungan yang benar dari macam erosi berdasarkan penyebabnya adalah …
    1. Abrasi > oleh air laut
    2. Deplasi > oleh angin
    3. Ablasi > oleh air
    4. Eskarasi > oleh es/gletser

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    • E.

      E

    Correct Answer
    E. E
    Explanation
    The correct answer for this question is E. Eskarasi > oleh es/gletser. This is because eskarasi refers to the erosion caused by glaciers or ice.

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  • 29. 

    Alat pengukur tekanan udara disebut barometer. SEBAB Semakin tinggi suatu tempat maka akan semakin tinggi juga tekanan udaranya.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    • E.

      E

    Correct Answer
    B. B
    Explanation
    The correct answer is B because the statement in the SEBAB section supports the statement in the question. It explains that as the altitude increases, the air pressure also increases. Therefore, it is logical to conclude that a device used to measure air pressure is called a barometer.

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  • 30. 

    Indonesia mempunyai 3 zona waktu, Barat, Tengah, dan Timur. SEBAB Indonesia terletak di garis 60 LU – 110 LS

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    • E.

      E

    Correct Answer
    B. B
    Explanation
    The correct answer is B. Indonesia is located between 60 degrees latitude north and 110 degrees latitude south. This range of latitude covers a significant distance from west to east, which explains why Indonesia has three time zones - West, Central, and East. The different time zones help to account for the variations in sunrise and sunset times across the country.

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  • 31. 

    Kota A memiliki ketinggian 10 meter di atas permukaan laut dan rata‑rata suhu udara di kota A = 27,5 ºC. Berapakah rata‑rata suhu udara kota B yang memiliki ketinggian 210 m di atas permukaan laut, jika setiap naik 100 meter, suhu turun 0,6ºC?

    • A.

      26,00 ºC

    • B.

      26,30 ºC

    • C.

      27,00 ºC

    • D.

      27,74 ºC

    • E.

      28,00 ºC

    Correct Answer
    B. 26,30 ºC
    Explanation
    As the height of Kota B is 210 meters above sea level, it means that the temperature in Kota B would decrease by (210/100) * 0.6 = 1.26 ºC. Therefore, the average temperature in Kota B would be 27.5 ºC - 1.26 ºC = 26.24 ºC. Since the answer choices are rounded to two decimal places, the closest option to 26.24 ºC is 26.30 ºC.

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  • 32. 

    Pabrik tekstil sebaiknya ditempatkan sebagai daerah pemasaran SEBAB Industri tekstil memiliki indeks material diatas satu

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    • E.

      E

    Correct Answer
    E. E
    Explanation
    The correct answer is E. This is because the textile industry has a material index above one. This suggests that the industry requires more raw materials than it produces finished products. Therefore, placing the textile factory in a marketing area would provide easier access to raw materials and potentially reduce transportation costs.

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  • 33. 

    Bukti pengaruh iklim hujan tropik terhadap evolusi perubahan bentang alam akibat hilangnya top soil secara cepat adalah.. 1. bukit sisa 2. lahan kritis 3. dataran fluvial 4. batu jamur

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    • E.

      E

    Correct Answer
    A. A
    Explanation
    The correct answer is A. "Bukit sisa" refers to the remaining hills or mounds of land after the rapid loss of topsoil due to the influence of tropical rain climate. The heavy rainfall in tropical regions can cause erosion and wash away the top layer of soil, leaving behind these hills as evidence of the rapid changes in the landscape.

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  • 34. 

    Dibawah ini merupakan jenis-jenis peta menurut isi, sebagai berikut :1. Peta Topografi      2. Peta Hasil Perikanan Laut3. Peta Iklim                                   4. Peta Dunia5. Peta Hasil Tambang                   6. Peta Kelurahan                            7. Peta Benua Asia – Eropa/ ErasiaYang merupakan peta tematik adalah …..

    • A.

      1,2,3

    • B.

      4,5,6

    • C.

      3,5,2

    • D.

      1,4,7

    • E.

      7,6,1

    Correct Answer
    C. 3,5,2
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 3,5,2. The question asks for the type of thematic map among the given options. A thematic map is a map that focuses on a specific theme or topic, such as climate, fisheries, or topography. Option 3 represents a climate map, which focuses on the climate patterns and conditions of a particular area. Option 5 represents a map of mining resources, which highlights the locations and types of mineral resources in an area. Option 2 represents a map of fishing resources, which shows the distribution and abundance of fish in a specific region. Therefore, options 3, 5, and 2 are all examples of thematic maps.

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  • 35. 

    Keterangan : 1 : Golongan Eropa Timur 2 : Golongan Timur Asing 3 : Golongan pribumi Gambar diatas menunjukkan stratifikasi sosial yang bersifat ... .

    • A.

      Tertutup

    • B.

      Terbuka

    • C.

      Terbatas

    • D.

      Campuran

    • E.

      Dinamis

    Correct Answer
    A. Tertutup
    Explanation
    The picture above shows a social stratification that is closed. This means that there are clear divisions and barriers between different social groups, and individuals have limited mobility between these groups. The social hierarchy is rigid and individuals' social status is largely determined by their birth or family background.

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  • 36. 

    Dalam suatu komuniti manusia yang satu memandang manusia yang lainnya dalam keseluruhan dan bukan dari satu aspeknya saja, sebab komuniti terbentuk bedasarkan adanya... 1. suatu pamrih 2. wilayah tertentu 3. kepentingan ekonomi 4. kehidupan bersama

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    • E.

      E

    Correct Answer
    C. C
    Explanation
    The correct answer is option 4, kehidupan bersama. This is because a community is formed based on the shared living and coexistence of individuals, where they view each other as a whole and not just from one aspect. This implies that they consider the overall well-being and harmony of the community as a whole.

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  • 37. 

    Seorang laki-laki kerja di salon. Lama-lama sikapnya seperti perempuan, suka dandan, bersolek dan jalan lenggak-lenggok. Hal tersebut merupakan contoh dari perilaku menyimpang akibat …

    • A.

      Sosialisasi tidak sempurna

    • B.

      Sosialisasi kebudayaan menyimpang

    • C.

      Sosialisasi sub-budaya menyimpang

    • D.

      Sosialisasi primer menyimpang

    • E.

      Sosialisasi sekunder menyimpang

    Correct Answer
    C. Sosialisasi sub-budaya menyimpang
    Explanation
    The given scenario of a man working in a salon and gradually adopting feminine behaviors such as grooming and walking in a graceful manner suggests that he is influenced by a deviant subculture. This means that he is adopting behaviors and norms that are different from the mainstream culture and are considered deviant or outside of societal norms. This behavior can be attributed to the individual's exposure and socialization within a specific subculture that promotes these deviant behaviors.

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  • 38. 

    Manusia sebagai sebuah proses perkembangan yang akan mengakhiri konflik dengan konflik. Definisi konflik tersebut merupakan pendapat …

    • A.

      Soerjono Soekanto

    • B.

      Pitirim A. Sorokin

    • C.

      Karl Marx

    • D.

      Koentjaraningrat

    • E.

      Selo Soemardjan

    Correct Answer
    C. Karl Marx
    Explanation
    Karl Marx is the correct answer because he is known for his theory of social conflict, which states that society is divided into two classes - the bourgeoisie (the ruling class) and the proletariat (the working class). According to Marx, these two classes are in constant conflict with each other, as the bourgeoisie exploits the proletariat for their own economic gain. Marx believed that this conflict would eventually lead to a revolution and the establishment of a communist society. Therefore, his ideas align with the statement that humans are a process of development that will end conflict with conflict.

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  • 39. 

    Berikut ini yang bukan merupakan syarat-syarat terjadinya revolusi …

    • A.

      Harus ada keinginan dari masyarakat untuk mengadakan suatu perubahan.

    • B.

      Adanya pemimpin yang mampu memimpin masyarakat untuk mengadakan perubahan.

    • C.

      Adanya pemimpin yang dapat menampung keinginan atau aspirasi dari masyarakat dan merumuskannya menjadi program kerja.

    • D.

      Ada tujuan waktu yang dapat dicapai dalam jangka waktu lama.

    • E.

      Harus ada momentum yang tepat untuk memulai gerakan.

    Correct Answer
    D. Ada tujuan waktu yang dapat dicapai dalam jangka waktu lama.
    Explanation
    The given answer states that "Ada tujuan waktu yang dapat dicapai dalam jangka waktu lama" (There must be a long-term achievable goal). This means that one of the requirements for a revolution is to have a clear and long-term objective that can be achieved over time. Without a specific goal that can be pursued and accomplished in the long run, a revolution may lack direction and sustainability. The other options mentioned in the question are related to the need for societal desire for change, capable leaders, and the right timing to initiate the movement, which are all important factors in the occurrence of a revolution.

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  • 40. 

    Berikut ini merupakan Hakikat Sosiologi adalah … 1. Sosiologi termasuk dalam kelompok ilmu sosial. 2. Sosiologi merupakan disiplin ilmu yang kategoris 3. Sosiologi merupakan ilmu murni : mengembangkan ilmu secara teoritis. 4. Sosiologi bersifat abstrak.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    • E.

      E

    Correct Answer
    E. E
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is E. This answer suggests that all of the statements (A, B, C, and D) are correct explanations of the nature of sociology. It implies that sociology is a social science, a categorical discipline, a pure science that develops theories, and an abstract field of study.

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  • 41. 

    Berikut ini merupakan sifat pengendalian social adalah …
    1. preventif
    2. persuasive
    3. represif
    4. koersif

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    • E.

      E

    Correct Answer
    B. B
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "persuasive". Persuasive control is a type of social control that aims to influence people's behavior through persuasion, convincing them to comply with certain norms or rules. It involves using communication and social influence techniques to encourage individuals to voluntarily adhere to desired behaviors or values. This type of control is often used in advertising, public relations, and social campaigns to promote positive social change.

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  • 42. 

    Manusia mempunyai naluri gregariousness SEBAB Manusia punya kecenderungan untuk bekerja sama dengan orang lain.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    • E.

      E

    Correct Answer
    B. B
    Explanation
    The given statement suggests that humans have a natural instinct for gregariousness, which means they have a tendency to seek companionship and social interaction. This is supported by the fact that humans also have a tendency to cooperate and work together with others. Therefore, option B is the correct answer as it provides a logical and valid explanation for the given statement.

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  • 43. 

    Dalam konteks masyarakat multicultural terdapat unsur amalgamasi. SEBAB Amalgamasi merupakan perkawinan antar ras/suku.

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    • D.

      D

    • E.

      E

    Correct Answer
    A. A
    Explanation
    The correct answer is A. In the context of a multicultural society, there is an element of amalgamation. This is because amalgamation refers to the intermarriage between different races/ethnicities.

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  • 44. 

    Model berdandan remaja di kawasan perkotaan seperti pakaian dan model rambut yang dipakai Agnes Monica cenderung mengikuti mode remaja Jepang yang disebut ’’ harajuku” yaitu model yang berkiblat pada komik-komik Jepang . Demikian pula yang terjadi di tahun 1980 - an ketika orang-orang mengikuti model rambut ” Demi Moore”. Dari kasus tersebut dapat disimpulkan bahwa di dunia mode telah  mengikuti teori .....

    • A.

      Evolusi unilinear

    • B.

      Revolusi progressif

    • C.

      Evolusi universal

    • D.

      Evolusi multilineal

    • E.

      revolusi industri

    Correct Answer
    A. Evolusi unilinear
    Explanation
    The given answer, "evolusi unilinear," suggests that the world of fashion follows a linear evolution, where trends and styles progress in a single, continuous line. This means that fashion trends evolve and change over time, with each new trend building upon the previous one. The example of Agnes Monica following the Harajuku fashion trend and people in the 1980s imitating Demi Moore's hairstyle supports this idea of a linear progression in fashion.

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  • 45. 

           Suatu usaha manajemen konflik dengan kalaborasi menurut sikap pihak-pihak yang berkonflik   dapat dilakukan dengan....

    • A.

      Tidak kooperatif dan tidak asertif

    • B.

      Tidak kooperatif tapi asertif

    • C.

      Koopertaif tapi tidak asertif

    • D.

      Cukup kooperatif dan cukup asertif

    • E.

      Kooperatif dan asertif

    Correct Answer
    E. Kooperatif dan asertif
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "kooperatif dan asertif". This means that in managing conflict with collaboration, the parties involved should be both cooperative and assertive. Being cooperative means being willing to work together and find a solution that satisfies all parties involved. Being assertive means expressing one's needs, opinions, and concerns effectively and standing up for oneself without being aggressive. Both of these qualities are necessary in order to effectively manage conflict and reach a mutually beneficial resolution.

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  • 46. 

    Penelitian merupakan aktifitas ilmiah untuk mencari korelasi antara beberapa variabel.            konsep tersebut menunjukkan penelitian harus berlandaskan..       

    • A.

      Analisis

    • B.

      Discovery

    • C.

      Tujuan tertentu

    • D.

      Kompetensi

    • E.

      Obyektifitas

    Correct Answer
    A. Analisis
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "analisis" because the concept mentioned in the question is that research is a scientific activity to find correlations between variables. Analysis is an essential part of the research process as it involves examining and interpreting the data collected to draw meaningful conclusions and identify relationships between the variables.

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  • 47. 

    Iuran yang dibayarkan atas penggunan barang yang balas jasanya diperoleh secara langsung disebut

    • A.

      Pajak

    • B.

      Subsidi

    • C.

      Retribusi

    • D.

      Belanja

    • E.

      Hibah

    Correct Answer
    C. Retribusi
    Explanation
    Retribusi is the correct answer because it refers to the fee or payment made for the use of goods or services provided directly by the government. It is different from taxes, subsidies, expenses, or grants, as it specifically relates to the compensation for the use of government-provided goods or services.

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  • 48. 

    Semakin merata distribusi pendapatan maka, koefisien Gini

    • A.

      Mendekati 0

    • B.

      Mendekati 1

    • C.

      Mendekati -1

    • D.

      Mendekati 2

    • E.

      Mendekati -2

    Correct Answer
    A. Mendekati 0
    Explanation
    When the distribution of income becomes more equal, the Gini coefficient tends to approach 0. The Gini coefficient is a measure of income inequality, with a value of 0 indicating perfect equality (where everyone has the same income) and a value of 1 indicating maximum inequality (where one person has all the income). Therefore, as the income distribution becomes more equal, the Gini coefficient will decrease and approach 0.

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  • 49. 

    Pak Budi menyetorkan uang di Bank pada atas nama rekening sendiri sebesar 10.000.000,-. Pak Budi menerima buku cek dari Bank, maka pada saat itu terjadi perubahan

    • A.

      Uang giral menjadi uang kartal

    • B.

      Uang nominal menjadi cek

    • C.

      Uang kartal menjadi uang giral

    • D.

      Uang cek menjadi uang giral

    • E.

      Uang kartal menjadi uang cek

    Correct Answer
    C. Uang kartal menjadi uang giral
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Uang kartal menjadi uang giral". This is because when Pak Budi deposits money in the bank, it is converted from physical cash (uang kartal) into digital form (uang giral) in his bank account. The book of checks he receives from the bank is a form of uang giral that he can use to make payments.

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  • 50. 

    Berikut ini contoh uang kartal dan uang giral :1. uang logam 4. uang kertas 2. cek 5. giro bilyet3. kartu kreditYang termasuk uang kartal adalah …..

    • A.

      1 dan 2

    • B.

      1 dan 3

    • C.

      1 dan 4

    • D.

      2, 3 dan 5

    • E.

      3, 4 dan 5

    Correct Answer
    C. 1 dan 4
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1 dan 4 because uang kartal refers to physical currency such as coins and banknotes, which are represented by options 1 (uang logam) and 4 (uang kertas). Options 2, 3, and 5 refer to non-physical forms of payment such as checks (cek), giro bilyet, and credit cards (kartu kredit), which are classified as uang giral.

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