Sociology Chapter 22-24

30 Questions | Total Attempts: 76

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Sociology Quizzes & Trivia

Final


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Demography is defined as the study of
    • A. 

      Democratic political systems

    • B. 

      Human culture

    • C. 

      Human population

    • D. 

      The natural environment

  • 2. 
    Which region of the world has both the lowest birth rate and the lowest infant mortality rate?
    • A. 

      Latin America

    • B. 

      Africa

    • C. 

      Europe

    • D. 

      Asia

  • 3. 
    Typically, high-income nations grow mostly from ______________, and low-income nations grow from _______________.
    • A. 

      Immigration. natural increase

    • B. 

      Emigration; natural increase

    • C. 

      Natural increase; immigration

    • D. 

      Internal migration; natural increase

  • 4. 
    In general, the higher the average income of a country,
    • A. 

      The faster the population increases

    • B. 

      The slower the population increases

    • C. 

      The lower the level of immigration

    • D. 

      The lower the level of urbanization

  • 5. 
    In the United States, urban decentralization has caused
    • A. 

      The expansion of suburbs

    • B. 

      The development of vast urban regions

    • C. 

      The growth of edge cities

    • D. 

      All of the above are correct

  • 6. 
    Which term was used by Ferdinand Tonnies to refer to a type of social organization in which people come together on the basis of individual self-interest?
    • A. 

      Mechanical solidarity

    • B. 

      Organic solidarity

    • C. 

      Gesellshaft

    • D. 

      Gemeinshaft

  • 7. 
    The World's third urban revolution is now taking place in
    • A. 

      The United States

    • B. 

      Europe and Japan

    • C. 

      Middle-income nations

    • D. 

      Low-income nations

  • 8. 
    The environmental deficit refers to
    • A. 

      Long-term harm to the environment caused by a shortsighted focus on material affluence

    • B. 

      The public's lack of interest in the natural environment

    • C. 

      The fact that natural scientist ignore the social dimensions of environmental problems

    • D. 

      The lack of funding for important environmental programs

  • 9. 
    Which of the following statements reflects the "limits to growth" thesis?
    • A. 

      People are rapidly consuming Earth's finite resources

    • B. 

      Whatever problems technology creates, technology can solve

    • C. 

      The quality of life on Earth is getting better

    • D. 

      Higher living standards today will benefit future generations

  • 10. 
    Environmental racism is the idea that
    • A. 

      Few minorities are found within the environmental movement

    • B. 

      Prejudice is the major cause of pollution and other environmental problems

    • C. 

      Environmental dangers are greatest for the poor and minorities

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 11. 
    Which of the following is true about collective behavior?
    • A. 

      It usually involves a large number of people

    • B. 

      It is often spontaneous

    • C. 

      It is often controversial

    • D. 

      All of the above are correct

  • 12. 
    Which of the following is a good example of a collectivity?
    • A. 

      Students quietyly working out in the college weight room

    • B. 

      Excited soccer fans throwing bottle as they leave a stadium

    • C. 

      Students in line in the cafeteria waiting to be served

    • D. 

      All of the above are correct

  • 13. 
    A mob differs from a riot in that the mob?
    • A. 

      Typically has a clear objective

    • B. 

      Is not violent

    • C. 

      Does not involve people with intense emotion

    • D. 

      Lasts a long time

  • 14. 
    Which theory says that "crowds can make people go crazy"?
    • A. 

      Emergent-norm theory

    • B. 

      Convergence theory

    • C. 

      Contagion theory

    • D. 

      Subcultural theory

  • 15. 
    When sociologists speak of "mass behavior," they have in mind
    • A. 

      People taking part in a riot or mob

    • B. 

      Many people spread over a large area thinking or acting in a particular way

    • C. 

      Irrational behavior on the part of people in a crowd

    • D. 

      People imitating what they see others do

  • 16. 
    Hula hoops, streaking, and collecting Pokemon cards are all examples of
    • A. 

      Style

    • B. 

      Fashion

    • C. 

      Fads

    • D. 

      Popular social movements

  • 17. 
    Which of the following is an example of a technological disaster?
    • A. 

      The collapse of the World Trade Center towers on September 11, 2001

    • B. 

      The deaths of millions of civilians during World War II

    • C. 

      Hurricane Katrina slamming into the Gulf Coast

    • D. 

      The radiation leak from the Chernobyl nuclear power plant

  • 18. 
    Deprivation theory explains that social movements arise among people who
    • A. 

      Feel adrift in society

    • B. 

      Are poor and feel they have little more to lose

    • C. 

      Believe that they lack rights, income, or something else that they think they should have

    • D. 

      Are moved to action by particular cultural symbols

  • 19. 
    The claim that social movements cannot arise without factors such as effort, money, and leadership is made by which theory
    • A. 

      Resource-mobilization theory

    • B. 

      Deprivation theory

    • C. 

      Mass-society theory

    • D. 

      Political-economy theory

  • 20. 
    The effect of gender on the operation of social movements in the United States is demonstrated by the fact that
    • A. 

      Few women are interested in most publice issues

    • B. 

      Men have usually taken leadership roles

    • C. 

      Men tend to avoid participation in social movements

    • D. 

      Women typically have taken leadership roles

  • 21. 
    Sociologists use the term "modernity" to refer to social patterns that emerged
    • A. 

      With the first human civilizations

    • B. 

      After the fall of Rome

    • C. 

      After the Industrial Revolution

    • D. 

      Along with the Information Revolution

  • 22. 
    Which of the following are common causes of social change
    • A. 

      Invention of new ideas and things

    • B. 

      Diffusion from one cultural system to another

    • C. 

      Discovery of existing things

    • D. 

      All of the above are correct

  • 23. 
    Karl Marx highlighted the importance of which of the following in the process of social change?
    • A. 

      Immigration and demographic factors

    • B. 

      Ideas

    • C. 

      Social conflict

    • D. 

      Cultural diffusion

  • 24. 
    Max Weber's analysis of how Calvinism helped create the spirit of capitalism highlighted the importance of which of the following in the process of social change
    • A. 

      Invention

    • B. 

      Ideas

    • C. 

      Social conflict

    • D. 

      Cultural diffusion

  • 25. 
    Which term was used by Ferdinand Tonnies to describe a traditional society?
    • A. 

      Gemeinschaft

    • B. 

      Gesellschaft

    • C. 

      Mechanical solidarity

    • D. 

      Organic solidarity